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Argument 7: Defeat of Enemies

The seventh argument, also a composite of many arguments, argues from the fact that those who chose the way of hostility against Hazrat Mirza Sahib suffered defeat, disgrace, discomfiture, and even death. The argument is rooted in human and divine nature. If we find our dear ones molested, we are roused against the molester, resisting him and, if necessary, punishing him in whatever way we can. If we find our plans hindered, we try to put the hindrance out of the way. Similarly we should expect God to remove the hindrance to His Own plans, to show special regard for the Messengers whom He charges with their execution, to humiliate their enemies, and to defeat those who seek to defeat His Messengers. If God did not do so, His interest in His Messengers and His regard for them would go undemonstrated, unproved. The claims of those Messengers would remain for ever in doubt. Earthly kings and rulers with limited means and powers stand by their deputies. Those who try to disgrace or defeat the deputies are disgraced and defeated by the kings whom the deputies represent.

The Holy Quran and enemies of God's Messengers

It appears from the Holy Quran that what seems so clearly indicated by our own nature and judgment is in full accord with God's Own teaching. Enemies of God's Messengers must suffer for their misdeeds. The Holy Quran says:
'And who is more unjust than he who forges a lie against Allah or gives the lie to His Signs? Surely the unjust shall not prosper.'1
To forge lies against God is serious; equally serious is deliberate enmity and hostility shown to His true Messengers. Forgers of lies against Allah cannot succeed, according to the Holy Quran. No more can they who choose to oppose and defeat the true Messengers of God.
'And surely have the Messengers been mocked at before thee but that which they mocked at encompassed those of them who scoffed. Say, "Go about in the earth, and see what was the end of those who treated the Prophets as liars".'2
Those who scoff at true prophets become victims of their own machinations. God-fearing people must ever remember what happened to those who decried true prophets as impostors.

There are many verses of this kind. The point need not be stressed further. We may accept it as a Law of God that the opponents of His Messengers and Apostles meet with destruction and prove an object-lesson for others.

Hazrat Mirza Sahib had the same assurances on the subject. One of his revelations says: 'I will humiliate him who seeks to humiliate thee. '

This promise revealed to Hazrat Mirza Sahib is in accordance with God's eternal law. The enemies of Hazrat Mirza Sahib suffered defeat and disgrace enough to make everybody think.

Enemies of the Promised Messiah

I have mentioned before a great Maulvi, leader of the Ahl-i-Hadith sect and the companion of Hazrat Mirza Sahib from early childhood, who wrote a review of Hazrat Mirza Sahib's first big book, the Barahin-i-Ahmadiyya. The Maulvi described this work of Hazrat Mirza Sahib as one without a parallel in the history of Islam. This same Maulvi became angry and turned into a mortal enemy when Hazrat Mirza Sahib announced his claim to be the Promised Messiah. The Maulvi began to think that whatever importance and fame Hazrat Mirza Sahib had attained was due to his review of Barahin-i-Ahmadiyya. Mirza Sahib, the Maulvi thought, owed his reputation to this review. The Maulvi's praise had led Hazrat Mirza Sahib to think excessively of himself! So, the Maulvi declared, he would repudiate Hazrat Mirza Sahib by criticizing and exposing him, just as he had raised him to importance by his earlier praise. With this intention the Maulvi set out to tour all over India. He persuaded scores of Ulema to put their signatures to a Fatwa of Kufr prepared by him. Not only Hazrat Mirza Sahib himself but also his followers were Kafirs. Those who did not think them Kafirs were Kafirs too. This Fatwa was printed and published throughout the country. The Maulvi thought he had schemed successfully for the disgrace of Mirza Sahib. However, he did not know that God had decided to dispose of the Maulvi's schemes in His Own way. Angels in heaven were rehearsing the Divine Promise contained in
'That which they mocked at encompassed those of them who scoffed.' 3
They also rehearsed the Divine Promise given to Hazrat Mirza Sahib himself:
'I will humiliate him who seeks to humiliate thee.'
It so happened, dear reader, that not long after the publication of this Fatwa the popularity of the Maulvi began to decline. Until now, he had never passed through a street in metropolitan Lahore without shop-keepers and all others standing in their places out of deference and respect for him. Even non-Muslims, Hindus and others, would follow suit and show reverence to him in imitation of Muslims. Wherever he went he was received with demonstrations of reverence. Seeing his hold on the people, the highest in the country's hierarchy, the Provincial Governor, the Governor-General, received him with great courtesy. After the publication of the Fatwa, however, for no apparent reason, the great regard he enjoyed among all classes of people began to decline. The decline went on until the members of his own sect decided to abandon him. He was no longer the leader he had once been. I have myself seen him at a railway station carrying his own heavy baggage - packages under his arms, on his back, and in his hands - as he walked, one in a crowd. People around hardly knew who he was. For some reason he lost standing in his own neighbourhood. Tradesmen and shop-keepers refused to sell anything to him on credit. He obtained his groceries through others. His domestic life also became bitter. Relations with his family deteriorated. His wife secured a separation; some of his sons and their wives refused to see him. One of the sons gave up Islam. His last days were most miserable. He lost all respect and importance, and died unhonoured, unsung, his end a moving commentary on the verse:
'And go about in the earth to see the end of those who treated the Messengers of God as liars.'4
A second example of disgraceful death suffered by an enemy is that of Chiragh Din of Jumma. This man first counted himself a follower of Hazrat Mirza Sahib, but later decided to claim spiritual office for himself. He declared that he had been commanded by God to reform the world. He published pamphlets and articles against Hazrat Mirza Sahib. Not content with this, he decided to pray against him. The prayer was to be printed and published. The prayer said:
'O God, this man [meaning Hazrat Mirza Sahib] is the cause of grave mischief in your religion. He is also frightening people by telling them that the plague has come on account of him and that the earthquakes are the result of a denial of his claims.'

'O God, prove him a liar. Remove the plague, so that the lie becomes evident and truth manifest from falsehood.' (A pamphlet by Chiragh Din, cited in Haqiqat-ul-Wahy)

This prayer was sent to the press. But how the Hand of God seized him! The prayer had only been copied by the katib and had not yet been pressed on the printing stone when the plague which he knew had been described by Hazrat Mirza Sahib as a Divine Sign, and for the disappearance of which this Maulvi had addressed this prayer to God, seized him and his family. First, his two sons (his only children) died. Then his wife left him and ran away with someone else. Then he himself fell a victim to it and died. While he was dying he said, 'O God even You have abandoned me.'

The death of Chiragh Din of Jummu was eloquent proof that hostility to men of God is no ordinary thing. Sooner or later it involves the offender in divine punishment.

Others besides Chiragh Din addressed the Dua-i-mubahila (prayer for a divine decree) and were soon seized by God. One was Maulvi Ghulam Dastgir of Kasur, a scholar of the Hanafi School and a man of great influence in his sect. He also prayed invoking divine punishment for the liar. Within a few months this Maulvi died of plague, an object-lesson to all. Another was Faqir Mirza of Dulmiyal, in the district of Jhelum, who started broadcasting that the Promised Messiah (on whom be peace) was to end life by the 27th of Ramadhan 1321 A.H. He had had a revelation to this effect, he said. He put this claim in writing and handed the writing to local members of the Ahmadiyya Jama'at. It contained accounts of a vision and the definite claim that if Hazrat Mirza Sahib and his Movement did not come to an end by the 27th of Ramadhan 1321 A.H. he would be willing to accept any punishment. The writing was attested by a large number of signatories. An examination of the document showed that it had been written on the 7th of Ramadhan. The 27th of Ramadhan passed. Nothing happened. The truthful had nothing to fear from the boasts of liars. But the following year, in the month of Ramadhan, plague visited Dulmiyal and claimed his wife. Later he himself fell a victim to it and exactly one year after he had signed away the fateful document, that is, on the 7th of Ramadhan 1322 A.H., he died in racking pain. A few days later his daughter also died.

Examples of deaths invited by hostile deniers as the Judgment of God are many. They run to hundreds or even thousands.

Thousands of men defeated in argument and chagrined by defeat addressed desperate prayers to God, asking for the death or discomfiture of Hazrat Mirza Sahib. The result was their own discomfiture or death. The wonderful part of it is that God showed this tragic Sign in characteristically different ways. Those who prayed for the death of the 'liar' in their own lifetime, died in the lifetime of Hazrat Mirza Sahib. Those who said that a longer life was no sign of being truthful (that, in fact liars had longer lives, that Masailma the pretender lived long after the Holy Prophet and so on) lived long and were proved the spiritual kin of Masailma the pretender.

A sign of the latter kind was provided by Maulvi Sana Ullah of Amritsar, editor of the weekly Ahl-i-Hadith. The Maulvi exceeded all bounds. Hazrat Mirza Sahib, following the teaching of the Holy Quran, invited the Maulvi to a Mubahila (prayer for a divine decree). The verse of the Holy Quran sanctioning this method of invoking decision by God says:

'Now, who disputes with thee concerning it, after what has come to thee of knowledge, say to him, "Come let us call our sons and your sons and our women and your women and our people and your people, and let us pray fervently and invoke the curse of Allah on those who lie".'5
The challenge to seek a decision by such a serious prayer frightened the Maulvi. All methods to persuade him to seek a divine decision in this way failed. The Maulvi did not accept the challenge, but did not stop his hostility. Hazrat Mirza Sahib then wrote out a prayer and proposed that the Maulvi should copy and publish it in his paper Ahl-i-Hadith. The prayer invoked Almighty God to decide between him and the Maulvi on the criterion that the pretender would die in the lifetime of the other. Even this did not meet with the Maulvi's acceptance. Again and again he wrote, and wrote strongly, that this was no criterion, and that he did not accept it. The Holy Quran, he said, taught that the liar had a longer lease of life. The Law of God proved the same. Masailma lived longer than the Holy Prophet. God convicted the Maulvi by his own criterion. God gave him a long life and made him live after Hazrat Mirza Sahib had died. The Maulvi thus proved himself a Sign of God.

Enemies' disgraceful end

In different ways the enemies of the Promised Messiah met with a disgraceful end. Those who said the criterion was 'short life for the liar' died in his lifetime. Those who said the criterion was 'long life for the liar' lived after him. Abu Jahl and Masailma (examples respectively of a short and a long life, relative to the Holy Prophet's), were reproduced in the history of the Promised Messiah, who was proved true like his prototype, the Holy Prophet (on whom be peace). The dealings of God with the enemies of the Promised Messiah were appropriate to their own professions. Not accidents, but a divine design seemed to determine the end of each. Enemies of the Promised Messiah have suffered in other ways. They have experienced punishments of many different kinds. The afflictions they have seen are without parallel in history. A description of them would take too long and this is not the place for it.

Examples of them have been experienced by nearly every country and every people. Plague, earthquakes, war-fever, famine. wars, have visited different parts of the world and spread ruin. Individual enemies have suffered in most peculiar ways. Often an enemy met his end through a malady or misfortune he wished on the Promised Messiah. If someone maliciously accused him of suffering from leprosy, then leprosy seized the accuser. If someone gave out that the Promised Messiah had died or was destined to die of plague, then plague claimed the author of the wishful lie. Dr Abdul Hakim Khan of Patiala claimed to prophesy that Hazrat Mirza Sahib would die of lung-disease. The doctor himself died of protracted lung-disease. Hundreds of other examples can be cited. Whatever lie was invented against Hazrat Mirza Sahib claimed the inventor as its victim. Dreadful Signs were shown by God in his support. It is necessary only to contemplate them with an open mind. The power and revenge of God became evident in them. They demonstrated clearly that Hazrat Mirza Sahib was a true servant of God. The tremendous and watchful regard which God showed for him and which He continues to show can mean nothing else.

  1. Al-An'am, 22.
  2. Al-An'am, 11-12.
  3. Al-An'am, 11; and Al-Anbiya, 42.
  4. Al-An'am, 12.
  5. Al-lmran, 62.


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