There are two Eid festivals
in a year. One is called Eid-ul-Fitr and the other, which comes
about 10 weeks later is called Eid-ul-Adha. Eid-ul-Fitr
is celebrated at the end of the month of fasting. On this day, Muslim
rejoice for having been given the strength to fulfil their obligation
celebrated on the 10th of the month of Thul-Haj to commemorate
the obedience of Hadhrat Ibrahim and his son Hadhrat Ishmael, peace be
on both of them. Allah accepted the devotion and obedience of both of
them and directed that a lamb be sacrificed instead of Hadhrat Ishmael,
peace be upon him. Muslims who gather in Makkah for Hajj, offer
their sacrifices on the occasion of Eid-ul-Adha, following the
example of Prophet Ibrahim, peace be upon him. This act of sacrifices
animals is repeated by Muslims all over the world.
All Muslims, men, women,
and children, join in the congregational two Raka'at Prayer held
in the open outside a village or town, if possible, on both Eid-ul-Fitr
and Eid-ul-Adha occasions.
Early in the morning,
on an Eid day, after taking a bath, Muslims, young and old, put on their
best clothes. Children specially, wear new garments. Perfume is worn by
men and women alike, as it was the practice of the Holy Prophet, peace
and blessings Allah be upon him, to wear perfume on such occasion. Specially
dishes are prepared on Eid days in Muslim homes.
On the occasion of Eid-ul-Fitr,
one should pay Fitrana before the Eid Prayer. Fitrana is
spent on the poor and needy so that they, too, can join in the festivities
of Eid Every member of the household is required to contribute towards
the Fitrana at the rate fixed for that year. Fitrana is
due in respect of children also, even of newborn babies, whose parents
are expected to make the nescessary payments. One should have a full breakfast
before proceeding to the Eidgah, the place where Eid Prayer is
offered. On the occasion of Eid-ul-Adha, it is reported that Rasul
ullah, (Peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) preferred not to eat
anything until he slaughtered his own animal for sacrifice. With the meat
of that sacrifice he would have the first meal of the day, but to eat
before that is not forbidden.
As was the practice
of the Holy Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, Muslims
generally go to the Eid-gah by one route and return by another
The time for Eid Prayer
is before noon. Like Friday Prayer, Eid Prayer is always offered in congregation.
No Athan or Iqama is called for Eid Prayers.
In the first Raka'at
of Eid Prayer, after reciting Takbeer-i-Tahreema and Thanaa, but
before reciting Atta'-awwuz the Imam raises his hands to his earlobes
seven times saying Allahu Akbar each time in a loud voice and then
drops his arms to his side each time until after the seventh Takbeer
when he folds his arms the normal fashion and proceeds with the Prayer.
The followers also raise their hands to their earlobes saying Allahu
Akbar but in an inaudible voice and then leave their hands hanging
by their sides as done by the Imam. In the second Rak'at
there are five Takbeerat, i.e. the Imam and the followers
raise their hands to their ears five times saying Allahu Akbar
and then leaving them hanging on their sides each time.
At the end of second
Rak'at, after the recitation of At'tashahud, and Durood
and some of the prescribed Prayers, the Imam turns his face towards
the right saying Assalamo Alalkum wa Rahmatullah and then turn his face
to the left saying the same, to mark the end of the Prayer.
After the Eid Prayer,
the Imam delivers a sermon. Like for the Friday Prayer, Eid sermon
consists of two parts. It should be noted that the sermon for the Friday
Prayer precedes the Prayer, while on the occasion of Eid, the sermon follows
After the two Rak'at
Eid-ul-Adha Prayer, the Imam and the congregation recite
the following words of glorification of God in an audible voice:
**** Arabic text **************
Allahu Akbar, la ilaha illallahu wallhu akbar Allahu Akbar,
wa lillahil hamd.
Allah is the
Greatest; Allah is the Greatest. There is none worthy of worship except
Allah; Allah is the Greatest, Allah is the Greatest and all Praise
belongs to Him.
Similarly, from the
time of Fajr Prayer on the 9th Dhul Haj till the 'Asr
time of the 13th of Dhul Haj, loud recitations of the above verses
are made after each congregational Fardh Prayer service.
Note: To recite the
abovementioned verses while going to the Eid gah and while coming
back, is to follow the practice of the Holy Prophet of Islam, may peace
and blessings of Allah be upon him.
SALAT UL VITR
Vitr literally means
odd. There are three Raka'at in this Prayer. It is offered after
the Isha'a Prayer. It is preferable to recite Sura A'ala,
Sura Kaferoon and Sura Ikhlas respectively
in these Raka'at. However, this is not necessary. Any Sura
or verses of the Holy Quran can be recited. In the third Rak'at
of Vitr, after performing the Ruku, Dua-e-Qunut should
be recited which is as follows:
***** Arabic text *********
Allahumma inna nasta
'inuka wa nastaghfiruka, wa nu 'minu bika wa natawakkalu 'alaika, wa nuthni
'alaikal khaira, wa nash-kuruka wala nakfuruk, wa nakhla'u wa natRuku
man yafjuruk. Allahumma iyyaka na'budu wa laka nausalli wa nasjudu, wa
ilaika nas'a wa nahfidu, wa narju rahmataka, wa nakhsha aThbaka. Inna
aThabaka bil kuffari mulhiq.
O Allah, we beseech
Thy help and ask Thy protection and believe in Thee and trust in Thee
and we praise Thee in the best manner and we thank Thee and we are
not ungrateful to Thee, and we cast off and forsake him who disobeys
Thee. O Allah! Thee alone do we serve and to Thee alone do we pray
and make obeisance and to Thee we flee and we are quick and we hope
for Thy mercy and we fear Thy chastisement, for surely Thy chastisement
overtakes the unbeliehers.
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