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Friday Sermon: Ramadhan, Worship and Righteous deeds

Sermon Delivered by Hazrat Mirza Masroor Ahmad at Head of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community.

Ramadhan, Worship and Righteous deeds

Ramadhan, Worship and Righteous deeds


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NOTE: Alislam Team takes full responsibility for any errors or miscommunication in this Synopsis of the Friday Sermon

With the grace of God we are currently going through the holy month of Ramadan. Fortunate are those who will benefit from this blessed month. Blessings of Ramadan are attained by understanding the reality of fasting and by fully benefitting from it. Doubtlessly, the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be on him) said that in this month the doors of Paradise are opened, the doors of Hell are shut and Satan is restricted in fetters. However, are these doors opened for everyone and is Satan shackled for everyone and indeed are the doors of Hell shut down for everyone? Certainly, this is not for everyone, rather it is the believers who are addressed here. But is it that one achieves the beneficence of Ramadan through outward and apparent faith alone? If this was so, why would good works be repeatedly enjoined? In fact, we are told that a person belonging to any religion who does good works will be rewarded.

One does not become the recipient of Paradise by merely keeping fast and going through Ramadan. It is essential to fulfil its requisites and its conditions and to focus on good works. Otherwise, there are many in the world who eat in the morning and then do not eat anything till evening. There are the so-called ascetics who adopt the habit of not eating for days at a stretch while paying no attention to worship. There are those who cannot eat due to some constraint, others are instructed by doctors to practice dietary abstinence while others, especially women, do not eating anything in their enthusiasm for diet control. A couple of days ago a mother came to see Hadhrat Khalifatul Masih whose young daughter has become obsessed to lose weight and has stopped eating. She only eats little and once a day and has lost 15 pounds in one month. Hadhrat Khalifatul Masih is aware that there are those who fast and sleep most of the day to pass the fast. When the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be on him) enjoined to fast and said that Satan is shackled during Ramadan and the doors of Paradise are opened up while the doors of Hell are shut, it signified that one must follow good works. Of course one eats Sehri in the morning and breaks the fast with Iftar. There are those who fast without waking or eating in the morning. It should not be assumed from this that one has earned the merit for fasting and Satan has been shackled for one. Only that person can attain the beneficence of fasting who also does good works and keeps fast with fear and awe of God and while doing so tries to adapt each action of his or her in accordance to the pleasure of God.

The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be on him) said that the fast of that person gains acceptance who fasts in a state of belief with introspection. While fasting draws one to do good it also draws one to shun evil and a believer tries and raise the level of his or her worship of God, his or her attention is drawn to nawafil (optional worship) in addition to obligatory worship, attention is drawn to fulfil the rights of people, attention is drawn towards financial giving and to pay the dues of the underprivileged. Then alone can one avail of the blessings of fasting.

The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be on him) used to pay alms and give to charity throughout the year on a matchless scale but during Ramadan his charity used to gain the intensity of fierce wind. He used to also take his level of worship of God to an extreme level. He said that it should not be assumed that one would gain without making any effort during Ramadan and he drew our attention to seeking true beneficence. He said that God has no need to keep one starved of food and water, that is, one who tells lies and acts on lies. Indeed, such fasting is pointless. When he drew our attention to the fact that a liar’s fasting is not accepted, he drew attention from the smallest of ills to the biggest of sins. When he enjoined a person to give up lying and stay firm on truth and the person obeyed him, all his moral and spiritual weaknesses were removed. Indeed, falsehood has been likened to shirk (associating partners with Allah). The Qur’an states: ‘Shun therefore the abomination of idols, and shun all words of untruth,’ (22:31)

Explaining the above verse, the Promised Messiah (on whom be peace) said that the impurity of idols and the impurity of falsehood should be avoided. Falsehood is an idol and one who relies on falsehood leaves his or her reliance on God. On one hand a person who fasts claims to do so in obedience to the commandment of God, for God states in the Qur’an: ‘O ye who believe! fasting is prescribed for you,’ (2:184) but on the other hand by using untruth he or she gives falsehood the same importance as he or she gives to the One on Whose commandment he or she is fasting. This diarchy cannot be. God has stated ‘fasting is for Me and I will be its reward.’ It is not possible that one does something for the sake of God, to attract His love and God alone is the reward of that act but then untruth is also added to that act.

The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be on him) enjoined to shun verbal untruth as well as untruth by practice, for example saying something and not doing it. He enjoined that if someone picks up a fight with a person who is fasting, the response should be say ‘I am fasting’. However, if the response is also antagonistic then it will be untruth by practice. If one does not fulfil the dues of one’s work it is untruth by practice. If a husband and wife continue to quarrel and make no change during Ramadan with the thought of betterment during this month, and inculcate love and affection so that God’s love is sought, then they may verbally profess to fast for God but they acts prove it to be false. The extreme of this is when precedence is given to one’s trade/business over worship in spite of the month of Ramadan. Some people even exceed this and indulge in falsehood for the sake of making profit, as if falsehood is of more significance than God for them. Fasting of people who practice this is starvation.

Certainly, Ramadan can be a source of revolutionary change, but it is for those who bring about pious changes in themselves, who try and adapt their word and deed in accordance to God’s pleasure, who try and establish God’s kingdom so that they can avail of God’s enhanced mercy and forgiveness during Ramadan. They crush to smithereens the untruth of their ‘self’ (nafs) and this is when revolutionary change comes to pass. While during Ramadan worship of God and heightened and careful study of the Qur’an is essential, it is also essential that the impact of the worship and the study is evident in one’s moral condition. The Promised Messiah (on whom be peace) once said that at the time he was not in need of enjoining not to spill blood for none other than the very wicked kill the innocent. He said what he would enjoin was that truth should not be killed by insisting on injustice. He said one should stay firm on truth and give truthful testimony, for God has stated: ‘Shun therefore the abomination of idols, and shun all words of untruth,’. The Promised Messiah (on whom be peace) explained that the impurity of idols and untruth should be avoided because untruth is not any less harmful than idol-worship. He said anything that diverts one from the straightforward path of truth is an idol in one’s way. He also said the damage done by the tongue is very perilous and that is why a righteous person keeps great control over his tongue. Hadhrat Khalifatul Masih said if everyone self-reflects they will realise who is following the poignant advice of the Promised Messiah (on whom be peace) for this advice of his was particularly for people of his Jama’at. Adherence to these words would solve our domestic problems, disputes between brothers that time to time appear, would be removed, at least problems of our mutual dealings in Ahmadi society would be removed. These problems are indeed created by not adhering to truth and by giving preference to one’s ego. This is why the Promised Messiah (on whom be peace) gave so much importance to truth. Adopting truth requires a degree of humility and God likes humility. The most important advice among all that the Promised Messiah (on whom be peace) enjoined us in the extract quoted is that anything that diverts us from the straightforward path of truth is an idol in our way.

If we are to take full benefit from the month of Ramadan, we will have to straighten our paths of truth. We can only reach the doors of Paradise by reflecting over and putting in practice the pronouncement of the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be on him) when he said that the standard of one’s word and deed should be raised otherwise, God is not interested in anyone starving. In His infinite compassion, God has ascribed blessings and in Ramadan He removes all boundaries to attain these blessings when He invites to enter the paradise of His pleasure but this cannot be done without adopting truthfulness of word and deed. If this is done, then like the navigation system in vehicles that leads to the correct destination, one would arrive at the correct place, otherwise, in spite of Ramadan, one would remain lost. The vehicle navigation system is prone to error, sometimes it does not show new roads, sometimes it opts for a route that ends up being longer, other times in search of a short route one ends up driving around small streets, gets stuck in traffic. But if the path towards God is straight, it leads directly to the doors of Paradise.

This Ramadan each one of us should try and straighten our paths, raise the standards of our truthfulness of word and deed, and try and reach the paradise of God’s pleasure. May God enable us to do so. The subject-matter [of the sermon] has been shortened and God willing may also be addressed next Friday.

Next Hadhrat Khalifatul Masih gave the news of the passing away of an elder of the Jama’at. Choudhry Shabbir Ahmad sahib passed away on 22 July. He was 95 years old. He served the Jama’at for a very long period as Vakilul Maal. He was one of the elders who played a very significant role in the Jama’at from the time of Hadhrat Khalifatul Masih II (may Allah be pleased with him). He served the Jama’at most selflessly and today we are enjoying the fruits of his service and that of other elders. Shabbir sahib’s father and mother were both companions of the Promised Messiah (on whom be peace). He took his early education in Sialkot but passed his matriculation in Qadian where he stayed in the company of Hadhrat Khalifatul Masih II (may Allah be pleased with him). For his college education Shabbir sahib returned to Sialkot. Later, he also had the occasion to work with Maulana Sher Ali sahib when he was translating the Holy Qur’an. Shabbir sahib used to do the typing for him. He was employed as journalist in Lahore for a while. He was also a poet, most polite and courteous and an epitome of virtues. In 1940 he worked in accounts for the military and although he dedicated his life (Waqf) in 1944 it was not until 1950 that Hadhrat Khalifatul Masih II (may Allah be pleased with him) summoned him. Shabbir sahib resigned from his job and came to Rabwah where he served as Vakil Maal till he passed away. He was enabled to serve the Jama’at from the second Khilafat till now. He also served in the auxiliary organisations. One of Shabbir sahib’s skills was recitation of nazm (poem) which he did at Jalsa in Rabwah and also here in the UK. Once Hadhrat Khalifatul Masih IV (may Allah have mercy on him) told him that his rendition was evocative of old Jalsas.

When Shabbir sahib went on tours he took with him a projector and slides. Rather than make long speeches, he used to convey his message through slides by showing images of our missions, schools, hospitals and mosques. This served as a Tarbiyyat tool for our own people and a Tabligh tool for those outside the Jama’at. He came to UK for 2009 Jalsa to present the thanksgiving report for the Khilafat Jubilee. One of his sons is a missionary in USA and another is in Rabwah. His third son is the secretary Taleem UK, Fazal Ahmad Tahir sahib. Shabbir sahib’s daughters and sons-in-law are also connected to the Jama’at.

By way of Tabligh he used to regularly post Jama’at literature to his non-Ahmadi relatives. His treatment with those he worked with was kind and courteous. His daughter tells that rather than advice his family over matters he would present a good model or would narrate a tale in a manner that one was drawn towards bettering oneself. He always praised and glorified God with gratefulness.

Hadhrat Khalifatul Masih II (may Allah be pleased with him) advised him at the time of his Waqf to be concerned about Jama’at work as a mother is concerned about her children. Hadhrat Khalifatul Masih said this advice should be heeded by all those who dedicate their lives.

Shabbir sahib used to forgo any personal/family needs to serve the Jama’at, he would say that he left home to serve religion and God would take care of his tasks. Some of his practices are a lesson for everyone. Once all the Jama’at books were bounded and Shabbir sahib realised that one of his personal books also got bounded along the Jama’at books. He did not rest until he found out the individual cost of binding that his book incurred and paid it to the Jama’at. Those who worked with him say he would always give advice in a most delightful manner and often said that service of faith should be done with interest and love and one should never seek reward for it. When his inspectors went out for tours he used to tell them to take the message in the words of the Khalifa of the time. He also told them that as they went out on tours they were the representatives of the centre and as such should be careful of their word and deed.

Hadhrat Khalifatul Masih said he had only spoken briefly about Shabbir sahib with whom he had worked personally. He said that Shabbir sahib was a man of many qualities, he worked diligently and cheerfully. He had a great connection with Khilafat. He was an excellent helper of the Khalifa of the time and used to pray abundantly for the Khalifa of the time. May God elevate his status and may He provide many like him to the Jama’at.

Some other deaths were also announced. Hadhrat Khalifatul Masih said he would lead the funeral Prayer in absentia for them all after Jummah.

Maqbool Ahmad Zafar sahib was a missionary who passed away on 25 July. He had served as an Arabic teacher at the Jamia. He was a learned man who had all the qualities of a Waqfe Zindagi/murrabi. May God grant steadfastness to his family and elevate his status.

Maraj Sultana sahib was the wife of a dervish. She was a courageous lady and had served as gen. sec of Qadian Lajna. May God elevate her status.

Maryam Sultana sahib was the wife of Dr Muhammad Ahmad Khan shaheed. She passed away on 18 July. She was a hardworking lady who was very keen on Tabligh. She demonstrated bravery and resolve after her husband was martyred in Lahore in 1957. When his body was returned to her, she was alone with young children with no one to support or console her. Her husband was a Moosi and she was concerned about his burial. She showed courage and hired a truck and travelled to be with the Jama’at with her husband’s body and her young children in the truck. She brought up her children very well. May God with His grace continue to produce servants of Ahmadiyyat among her children and their children. May God elevate her status.

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Synopsis:
  • Blessings of Ramadan are attained by understanding the reality of fasting and by fully benefitting from it. Doubtlessly, the Holy Prophet(saw) said that in this month the doors of Paradise are opened, the doors of Hell are shut and Satan is restricted in fetters. However, are these doors opened for everyone and is Satan shackled for everyone and indeed are the doors of Hell shut down for everyone? Certainly, this is not for everyone, rather it is the believers who are addressed here.
  • One does not become the recipient of Paradise by merely keeping fast and going through Ramadan. It is essential to fulfil its requisites and its conditions and to focus on good works. Otherwise, there are many in the world who eat in the morning and then do not eat anything till evening. There are the so-called ascetics who adopt the habit of not eating for days at a stretch while paying no attention to worship.
  • The Holy Prophet(saw) used to pay alms and give to charity throughout the year on a matchless scale but during Ramadan his charity used to gain the intensity of fierce wind. He used to also take his level of worship of God to an extreme level. He said that it should not be assumed that one would gain without making any effort during Ramadan and he drew our attention to seeking true beneficence.
  • Certainly, Ramadan can be a source of revolutionary change, but it is for those who bring about pious changes in themselves, who try and adapt their word and deed in accordance to God’s pleasure, who try and establish God’s kingdom so that they can avail of God’s enhanced mercy and forgiveness during Ramadan. They crush to smithereens the untruth of their ‘self’ (nafs) and this is when revolutionary change comes to pass.
  • If we are to take full benefit from the month of Ramadan, we will have to straighten our paths of truth. We can only reach the doors of Paradise by reflecting over and putting in practice the pronouncement of the Holy Prophet(saw) when he said that the standard of one’s word and deed should be raised otherwise, God is not interested in anyone starving.
  • Next Hadhrat Khalifatul Masih gave the news of the passing away of an elder of the Jama’at. Choudhry Shabbir Ahmad sahib passed away on 22 July. He was 95 years old. He served the Jama’at for a very long period as Vakilul Maal. He was one of the elders who played a very significant role in the Jama’at from the time of Hadhrat Khalifatul Masih II(ra). He served the Jama’at most selflessly and today we are enjoying the fruits of his service and that of other elders.
  • Hadhrat Khalifatul Masih said he had only spoken briefly about Shabbir sahib with whom he had worked personally. He said that Shabbir sahib was a man of many qualities, he worked diligently and cheerfully. He had a great connection with Khilafat. He was an excellent helper of the Khalifa of the time and used to pray abundantly for the Khalifa of the time. May God elevate his status and may He provide many like him to the Jama’at.
  • Death of Maqbool Ahmad Zafar sahib Missionary, Maraj Sultana sahiba and Maryam Sultana sahiba.
  • رمضان کی برکتیں روزہ کی حقیقت کو جاننے اور اس سے بھرپور فائد ہ اٹھانے سےملتی ہیں، بیشک آنحضرت ﷺ کا یہ ارشاد بر حق ہے کہ رمضان کا مہینہ آتا ہے تو جنت کے دروازے کھول دیئے جاتے ہیں اور دوزخ کے دروازے بند کر دئیے جاتے ہیں، اور شیطان کو جکڑ دیا جاتا ہے ، لیکن کیا ہر ایک کیلئے یہ دروازے کھول دئیے جاتے ہیں ، کیا ہر ایک کے شیطان کو جکڑ دیا جاتا ہے ، کیا ہر ایک کیلئے دوزخ کے دروازے بند کر دیئے جاتے ہیں ، یقینا ہر ایک کیلئے تو ایسا نہیں ہو سکتا ، بلکہ یہاں مومنین کو مخاطب کیا ۔
  • پس یقینا روزے رکھنا یا رمضان کے مہینے میں سے گزرنا انسان کو جنت کا وارث نہیں بنا دیتا بلکہ اس کے ساتھ کچھ لوازمات بھی ہیں جن کو پورا کرنا ضروری ہے ، اعمال صالحہ کی طرف توجہ بھی ضروری ہے، جنہیں بجا لانا ایک مومن کا فرض بھی ہے ، ورنہ صبح کھانا کھا کر پھر شام تک کچھ نہ کھانا تو ایسے لوگ تو بہت سارے دنیا میں ہیں جو صبح کھاتے ہیں اور شام کو کھاتے ہیں ، بلکہ بعض نام نہاد فقیر جو ہیں وہ ایسی عادت ڈالتے ہیں ، مجاہدہ کرتےہیں کہ کئی کئی دن کا فاقہ کر لیتے ہیں لیکن عبادت اور نیکی ان میں کوئی نہیں ہوتی۔
  • مالی قربانی کے ضمن میں آ تا ہے کہ آنحضرت ﷺ رمضان کے علااوہ بھی سارا سال بے انتہا صد قہ و خیرات کرتے تھے لیکن رمضان کے مہینے میں تو لگتا تھا کہ اس طر ح صد قہ و خیرات ہو رہا جس طرح تیز آ ندھی چل رہی ہے، عبادات کے معیار بھی اپنی انتہاؤں سے بھی اوپر نکل جاتے تھے ، پس آ پ نے ہمیں فرمایا کہ یہ نہ سمجھو کہ رمضان آ یا ور بغیر سب کچھ کئے ، سب کچھ مل گیا صرف اس بات پر کہ تم نے روزہ رکھ لیا ہے ۔
  • پس یقینا رمضان انقلاب لانے کا باعث بنتا ہے ، شیطان بھی اس میں جکڑا جاتا ہے ، جنت بھی قریب کر دی جاتی ہے ، لیکن اس کیلئے جو اپنی حالت میں پاک تبدیلی پیدا کرنے کی کو شش کرے، اپنے ہر قول و فعل کو خدا تعالیٰ کی رضا کے مطابق ڈھالنے کی کوشش کرے، خدا تعالیٰ کے قریب ہونے کی کوشش کرے، خدا تعالیٰ کی حکومت کو اپنے پر قائم کرنے کی کوشش کرےتاکہ اﷲ تعالیٰ کی رحمت اور مغفرت اور بخشش، جو عام حالات کی نسبت کئی گنا بڑھ جاتی ہے، اس سے بھرپور فائدہ اٹھائے، اور اپنے نفس کے بتوں اور جھوٹے خداؤں کو جو لامحسوس طریق پر خدا تعالیٰ کے مقابلے پر کھڑے ہو جاتے ہیں ، ان کو ریزہ ریزہ کر کے ہوا میں اڑا دو۔
  • پس اگر ہم نے رمضان سے بھرپور فائدہ اٹھانا ہے تو ہمیں اپنے حق بات کے قبلوں کو بھی درست کرنا ہوگا،ہمارا قبلہ خدا تعالیٰ کی طرف ہوگا تو ہم اﷲ تعالیٰ کے اس اعلان سے فائدہ اٹھا سکتے ہیں کہ میں نے تمہارے لئے جنت کے دروازے رمضان کی برکات کی وجہ سے کھول دئیے ہیں ، ہمیں آنحضرت ﷺ کے اس ارشاد پر غور کر کے اور عمل کر کے ہی جنت کے دروازے ملیں گے کہ اپنے قول و عمل کی سچائی کے معیار اونچے کرو ، ورنہ اگر اس طرف توجہ نہیں تو خدا تعالیٰ کو تمہارے بھوکا پیاسا رہنے کی کوئی ضرورت نہیں ہے۔
  • حضور نے فرمایا کہ میں اس وقت سلسلہ کے ایک دیرینہ بزرگ کا ذکر کرنا چاہتا ہوں جن کی گزشتہ دنوں وفات ہوئی ہے ، یہ بزرگ مکرم چوہدری شبیر احمد صاحب ہیں ،ا ٓپ کی وفات ۲۲ جولائی کو ۹۵ سال کی عمر میں ہوئی ، آ پ کو لمبا عرصہ بطور وکیل المال اول خدمت کرنے کی توفیق ملی ، یہ وہ بزرگ ہیں جنہیں حضرت خلیفۃ المسیح الثانی ؓکے دور سے جماعتی نظام میں اگر بنیادی اینٹیں نہیں تو کم از کم درمیانی اینٹوں کا ضرور کردار ادا کیا ہے ، اور ان لوگوں نے بے نفس ہو کر جماعت کی خدمت کی توفیق پائی ہے ، آج یہ جو ہم پھل کھا رہے ہیں اس میں ان پرانے لوگوں کی بے نفس خدمات کا بہت بڑاحصہ ہے۔
  • حضرت خلیفۃ المسیح نے فرمایا کہ میں نے بہت مختصر ذکر کیا ہے ان کا ، میں نے بھی ان کے ساتھ کام کیا ہے ۔ حضور نے فرمایا کہ شبیر صاحب بڑی خصوصیات کے حامل تھے اور کام انتھک اور خوش مزاجی سے کیا کرتے تھے، خلافت سے بھی بے انتہا وفا کا تعلق تھا، بہر حال یہ بزرگ جو بہرحال وفا کے ساتھ اپنے کام میں مگن تھے ، خلیفہ وقت کے سلطان نصیر بھی تھےاور پھر اس کے ساتھ ہی خلیفہ وقت کیلئے دعائیں بھی بے انتہا کیا کرتے تھے، اﷲ تعالیٰ ان کے درجات بلند فرمائے، اور ایسے کام کرنے والے کارکن ہمیشہ جماعت کو مہیا فرماتا چلا جائے ۔
  • مربی مقبول احمد ظفر صاحب کی وفات، مراج سلطانہ صاحبہ کی وفات، مریم سلطانہ صاحبہ کی وفات۔
About Friday Sermon

The Jumu'ah (Friday) prayer is one form of congregational worship in Islam. It takes place every Friday. Regular attendance at the Jumu'ah prayer is enjoined on the believer. According to a Saying of Muhammadsa this congregational prayer is twenty-five times more blessed than worship performed alone. (Bukhari)

Friday Sermons in the Quran

“O ye who believe! When the call is made for Prayer on Friday, hasten to the remembrance of Allah, and leave off all business. That is best for you, if you only knew.” more

Friday Sermons in the Hadith

“… (He who) offers the Prayers and listens quitely when the Imam stands up for sermon, will have his sins forgiven between that Friday and the next”(Bukhari)