Varieties of the Wahyi of Nabuwwat
On pages 3 and 4 of his book Mr. Faruqi, after writing down the varieties of the Wahyi of Nabuwwat, has quoted the following passage from page 577 of lzala-i-Auham :
"Every intelligent person would readily grasp if the Lord God is true in His promise, given in the verse wherein the word Khataman Nabiyeen occurs, and in the Hadith it has been clearly stated, that following the demise of the Holy Prophet, Gibreel has been barred from bringing the Wahyi of Nabuwwat on anyone. If all this is true, if all this is correct, then, after the Holy Prophet, no one can come as an Apostle."
Then Mr. Faruqi writes:
"Since the Divine Revelation had reached its fulfilment in the Holy Quran, and the religion of Islam had been perfected and a complete code of guidance for human beings had been vouchsafed, for all time to come, hence no full-fledged prophet can come after the last, the final and the best of the Prophets i.e. Muhammad (peace and the blessings of Allah be upon him)." (Truth Triumphs, page 5)
On page 21 and 22 of the same book, Mr. Faruqi writes:
"A revelation to a prophet can modify or cancel the previous revealed laws, or the `Book' but the revelation to a follower (Mohaddath ) cannot do so. The revelation to a prophet helps complete the Divine Law for guidance, but since with the revelation of the Holy Quran, the Divine Laws have been completed for the guidance of mankind, hence the `revelation' to the Promised Messiah is not the `revelation' of prophethood.
From these two passages quoted by Mr. Faruqi, it appears that for him Wahyi of Nabuwwat is only that Wahyi which embodies a new Sharia, since this Wahyi, alone can modify or cancel the whole, or a portion of an earlier Sharia . He is right when he says that this kind of Wahyi cannot come now, to replace the Holy Quran, since Sharia embodied in it had been completed and made perfect. Therefore, to the end of days, Wahyi to replace the Islamic Sharia can never come, not even for making minor modifications. In the above quotation from Izala-i-Auham, by Wahyi of Nabuwwat, the Promised Messiah, in fact, means the Wahyi which comes down on a law-giving prophet, or an independent prophet. It is our genuine and deep conviction that this kind of prophet cannot come now.
According to the Promised Messiah, one meaning of Wahyi of Nabuwwat is also the Wahyi wherein the recipient is called a Nabi . In `Arbayeen ' he has quoted a verse from the Quran: "If he had. forged on us anything We had not said, indeed We would have caught him by his right hand, and cut open his jugular vein." The Promised Messiah quoted this verse in support of his claim, since he had passed the period of 23 years which was given to the Holy Prophet himself. To this the critic said that even a false Prophet could get this span of life subsequently to the public presentation of his fraudulent claim. In reply to this question, the Promised Messiah wrote:
"From this it stands proved that all the sacred Scriptures from the Lord God are fully agreed on the point that a false prophet is invariably destroyed, root and branch. For anyone to urge, here, that the emperor Akbar made the claim, or that Raushan Din Jallandhri did so, or someone else, and he was not destroyed within time margin - this is an additional absurdity committed by these people. Evidently, if it is really true that these people ever made a claim, that, they were prophets, and then were not destroyed for 23 years this must first be proved on the basis of the exact words wherein they made this stupendous claim. In fact, the exact text of the Revelation must be reproduced in which they received the Wahyi that `I am an Apostle of the Lord'. The exact words should be set down of this Wahyi, with the proof in support of this Wahyi being genuine. For all this discourse is on the Wahyi of Nabuwwat in this connection it is of the utmost importance that definite words should be put forth as having been received in Revelation, that this was the Word of God come down on them." (`Arbayeen, page 125)
Since in the Wahyi received by the Promised Messiah, he had been called Prophet and Apostle, in this sense the Wahyi under reference was also the Wahyi of Nabuwwat . Yet, of course, it is true that he was not a mustaqil, not an independent Prophet and Apostle, i.e., he had not reached this elevation without the saving grace of obedience to the Holy Prophet and the spiritual blessing emanating from him, so that the Promised Messiah was a Nabi from one angle, and an Ummati from another – a zilli Nabi, to put it in another style of expression.
Moreover, coming down on an Ummati, in its nature and fullness if this Wahyi is found to be of a perfect degree, under the statement in this behalf of the Promised Messiah, as recorded in his Alwasiyat the Prophets agree that the Wahyi of such a degree is the Nabuwwat in itself. Writes the Promised Messiah, in Alwasiyat :
"When that communion, in its nature and fullness, reaches the point of perfection, and there is no impurity or denseness left in it, and quite openly when it embraces knowledge of things in the domains of the Unknown, that Wahyi, in another style of expression, is called Nabuwwat, this being a point where all the Prophets agree. Therefore, it was not possible that the people, of whom it had been said (in the Holy Quran) that they were the best, because raised, and reared for the benefit of mankind, and who had been taught to pray `Guide us to the straight path - the path of those on whom had descended the blessings of the Lord' - all the members of this Ummat would have gone deprived of this high rank, not even one single individual equal to the task of rising to it." (Alwasiyat, page 16)
Evidently, therefore, Mr. Faruqi is not justified in laying it down that only Tashri'i Wahyi is called the Wahyi Nabuwwat . But of course, he would be quite right to say that the Wahyi of Nabuwwat, which descended on the Promised Messiah was not of the kind that embodies a new Sharia . In this respect, it was only the Wahyi of Nabuwwat-i-zillia .