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A Brief History of Ahmadiyya Movement In Islam

Miscellaneous

During the blessed reign of the Second Caliph that lasted over fifty years, numerous scholars and elders of the Jamaat had the honor of serving the Community with distinction. In order to be fully familiar with the history of the Movement, it is crucial to know their life story as well. Some of these elders are listed below:
    Hadhrat Mirza Bashir Ahmad: M.A. (razillah anho): He was the second son of Promised Messiah (AS), and younger brother of Hadhrat Khalifat al-Masih the Second. He was given the honorific title of 'Qamaral Anbiya' in one of the Hadhrat Ahmad's revelations. He was a skilled writer and an outstanding author. He penned several scholarly works: Seerat Khatam al-Nabiyyen (Life of Prophet Muhammad, s.a.s.), Seeart al-Mahdi (Life of Imam Mahdi), Silsila Ahmdiyya (The Ahmadiyya Movement), Tableghe Hidayat (Guide to Preaching), and Hamara Khuda (Our God).

    He had a special talent for handling organizational matters and solving complex problems. For this reason he was a lifetime advisor of Hadhrat Khalifat al-Masih II. He devoted his life to the service of the Jamaat. His affection and deep concern for every member of the Community was admirable. He passed away on September 2nd, 1963.

    Hadhrat Mirza Sharif Ahmad, raziallah anho: He was the third son of the Promised Messiah (AS). He too was born in fulfillment of a glad tiding given to Hadhrat Ahmad (AS). He epitomized righteousness and generosity. He was the youngest brother of the Second Caliph (RA). He devoted his life for the service of the Community. He passed away on December 26, 1961.

    Hadhrat Dr. Mufti Muhammad Sadiq, raziallah anho: He was among the elder companions of the Promised Messiah (AS) who bore an intense love for their holy master. He had a special talent for preaching Islam to the Christians. He edited the Badr newspaper.

    He had the honor of preaching Islam in the UK and founded the Jamaat in the USA in 1921 during the blessed Caliphate of Hadhrat Al-Musleh Mauood. He learnt Hebrew and authored a primer. His famous book ‘Zikre Habib’ is on the life of Hadhrat Ahmad (AS).

    He corresponded with famous Russian writer Count Leo Tolstoy and sent him a photograph of the Promised Messiah (AS), a copy of Review of Religions and picture of the Jesus tomb in Kashmir. Tolstoy (1828-1910) was much impressed and expressed his sentiments of joy in his reply of June 5th, 1903. He passed away in Rabwah on January 13, 1957.

    Hadhrat Maulvi Sher Ali, raziallah anho: He was an extremely pious, selfless and down to earth person. He was also an exceptionally good writer. He translated the Holy Quran into English during his stay in England in 1936. Whenever Hudhoor traveled he was appointed acting Ameer (second in command) in his absence. In a revelation of Hadhrat Ahmad (AS) he was referred to as an angel, indeed in his life he was practically an angel. He was the first president of Ansar Allah organization. He breathed his last in Lahore on November 13th, 1947 at the age of 72.

    Hadhrat Dr. Mir Muhammad Isameel, raziallah anho: He was a brother of Hadhrat Amman Jan and maternal uncle of the Second Caliph. Hadhrat Meryam Siddiqa was his daughter. He was a very pious, & a noble person who was enveloped in saintliness. An outstanding writer and a poet his poetry was very popular in the Community. He passed away at Qadian in 1947.

    Hadhrat Sayyed Mir Muhammad Ishaq, raziallah anho: He was a brother of Hadhrat Amma Jan (RA) and younger maternal uncle of the Second Caliph. He was a great scholar, an orator, and an accomplished debater. He looked after the needy and the orphans of the Community. His lectures on the science of Hadith were full of wisdom and very popular. He made an Urdu translation of the Holy Quran. As an expert in the comparative study of religions, he authored close to twenty books on Hinduism and Christianity.

    He was an able administrator who discharged the duties of Director of Annual Conference and Director of Dar al-Ziyafat (Community Canteen) competently for a long time. He passed away in 1944.

    Hadhrat Maulvi Sayyed Muhamad Sarwar Shah, raziallah anho: He was a learned divine of the Community. He was principal of Jamia Ahmadiyya (theological college) and a revered teacher of Hadhrat Khalifat al-Masih the Second. In Hudhoor's absence he used to lead the Prayer services (Salat) in Mubarak Mosque, Qadian.

    Hadhrat Hafez Raushan Ali, raziallah anho: He was one of the eminent scholars of the Movement. He used to recite the Holy Quran in a melodious voice. Two of his famous students were Maulana J.D. Shams and Maulana Abul Atta. He accompanied Hudhoor in his travel to Europe in 1924. He died in 1929.

    Hadhrat Maulana Abdur Raheem Nayyar, raziallah anho: He was a companion of the Promised Messiah (AS). He was one of the pioneers of Ahmadiyyat or true Islam in West Africa. Thousands of people accepted Ahmadiyyat through his strenuous efforts. His speaking style held the audience in awe.

    Hadhrat Maulana Ghulam Rasool Rajekee, raziallah anho: One of the spiritual personage, top-notch speaker, and divine of the Movement. He was born in 1879 and took the Baiat at the hand of the Promised Messiah (AS) in 1899. He had a special communion with Allah the Exalted, he was very famous by virtue of his supplications. God Almighty granted his supplications by way of frequent revelations and visions. He did tremendous amount of preaching work in every nook and corner of the Indian sub-continent.

    His autobiography in Urdu ‘Hayate Qudsi’ is a must for readers of inspirational books. He composed poetry in Urdu, Punjabi, Arabic, and Persian. He died on December 15th, 1963. A mosque is named after him in Rabwah.

    Hadhrat Maulana Jalal al-Din Shamas: The honorable Maulana was one of the brilliant scholars, successful preacher and fiery orator of the Movement. He was engaged in missionary work for several years in the Middle East and the UK. On his return he held important portfolios of the Movement. During the long illness of the Second Caliph he led the daily Prayer services and delivered Friday sermons. For his glorious services to the cause of the Movement, Hudhoor honored him with the title ‘Khalde Ahmadiyyat’. He died on October 13th, 1966 at Rabwah.

    Hadhrat Dr. Hashmat Allah Khan, raziallah anho: He was a personal physician of Hadhrat Khalifat al-Masih the Second (RA). He discharged this responsibility with total dedication. Day or night he was at Hudhoor's beck and call. He was also ever ready to serve the family of the Promised Messiah (AS). He was enthralled by the rare beauty of the Holy Quran. He accompanied the Second Caliph in his two travels to Europe. He had an intense fear of Allah and a strong religious conviction. He died on April 13th, 1967.

Besides these elders, here is a list of those fortunate Ahmadis who were Directors of various departments of the Movement.
  1. Hadhrat Chaudhry Fateh Muhammad Sial, MA.
  2. Hadhrat Maulvi Abdul Mughni Khan
  3. Hadhrat Maulvi Abdur Raheem Dard, MA.
  4. Hadhrat Sayyed Zain al-Abedeen Waliy Allah Shah
  5. Hadhrat Khan Sahib Maulvi Farzand Ali