Hazrat Musleh Mau'ood, Khalifatul Masih II, in the Eyes of Non-Ahmadies
The Ahmadiyya Gazette, February 1997
(This article was written in Urdu by Choudhery Muhammed Siddique Sahib,
Incharge Khilafat Library, Rabwah and rendered into English by Dr. Abdus
Salam Malik and Dr. Basharat Munir Mirza. May Allah reward them all.)
The time of the advent of the Holy Founder of Ahmadiyya Community is
known as Faij-e Aawaj (Age of Darkness). Not only the followers of Islam
had stopped following the teachings of Islam but the opponents and enemies
of Islam were also using every means possible in their efforts to destroy
and annihilate Islam. They were trying to attack Islam and the Holy Founder
of Islam, Hazrat Muhammad (saw) from different directions in order to
dishearten Muslims. The Holy Founder of the Ahmadiyya Community, Hazrat
Mirza Ghulam Ahmad (as.), had started early in his life written and spoken
struggle to establish the superiority and vitality of Islam over all other
religions and most convincingly countered the attacks of the enemies of
Islam. He called the opponents of Islam and non-believers to open challenges
but few dared to accept his challenge.
In this connection, in the 1880's, the leaders of Arya Samaj, viz.,
Munshi Inderman Muradabadi and Master Murlee Dhar, etc., had discussion
and debate with Hazrat Promised Messiah (as.) about the truthfulness of
Islam and asked for a sign to prove that Islam is a living religion. Therefore
Hazrat Promised Messiah (as.) accepted their challenge and, in order to
dedicate special prayers for this purpose, spent 40 days in seclusion
Almighty Allah accepted his humble and sincere supplications and gave
him the promise of manifesting a clear and bright sign to establish the
truth of Islam. Therefore, while still in Hoshiarpur, he was given the
glad tidings of a boy from his own progeny who will be endowed with many
superior qualities and distinctive attributes.
He (the promised son) will be a manifestation of the majesty and mercy
of Allah. He will grow with great speed (in a short period of time) and
in beauty and benevolence will be like you. He will cause the excellence
and eminence of Quran and Magnificence of Allah to be established in this
world. He will be steadfast and of supreme resolve in his endeavors. He
will be extremely intelligent and knowledgeable and he will be filled
with secular and spiritual knowledge. He will be pious and handsome. He
will be endowed with majesty and grandeur. Nations of the world will receive
blessings from him; and he will cause the deliverance of the captives
and the oppressed. (Advertisement, February 20, 1886)
According to the revelation and knowledge given by Allah, Hazrat Promised
Messiah (as.) presented this prophecy as a sign to his opponents and published
it widely. Thereafter, on January 12, 1889, as a manifestation of this
prophecy, Almighty Allah bestowed on him that beloved and revered son.
Hazrat Mirza Mahmood Ahmad, the second Imam of Ahmadiyya community, Al-Muslehul
Mauood was born.
The prophecy given by Allah was fulfilled. All the attributes foretold
in the prophecy became evident in his noble personage. His heart was filled
with the love of Allah and his holy messenger (saw). His soul and bosom
was illumined with the love and knowledge of the Holy Quran. He flourished
with rapidity and became an instrument of establishing the superiority
and status of the word of God (the Holy Quran) in all comers of the world.
No scholar in the entire world could dare challenge him.
The enemies tried their level best to put obstacles in his way but Almighty
Allah, purely by His grace, utterly humiliated them all, and established
the steadfastness and high resolve of Hazrat Musleh Mauood (ra). These
virtues and attributes and high stature was established with such clarity
and so convincingly that not only his followers but his arch enemies and
rivals, all were forced to acknowledge his status and virtues. Almighty
Allah, by His grace, spread his fame in all corners of the world and people
living in different parts of the world became his ardent admirers.
In the following, we are going to present, very briefly, the opinions
expressed by people from different walks of life who were impressed by
his personal attributes.
The Superiority of Islam and the Status of Quran
In the prophecy about Hazrat Musleh Mauood, one of the purposes of his birth
was this, "So that ..... the superiority of Islam and status of Quran
become manifest on people." About the fulfillment of this sign, we
quote the renowned Muslim leader of Indo-Pak subcontinent and poet, the
editor of daily newspaper "Zimindar", Maulvi Zafar Ali Khan. While
addressing the opponents of the Khalifatul Masih II, he said:
"Listen carefully, you and your followers will never be
able to compete with Mirza Mahmood Ahmad. Mirza Mahmood has the Quran
and he has got knowledge of the Quran. What have you got?....You have
not read the Quran even in your dreams.....Mirza Mahmood has got a community
with him which is ready to sacrifice everything they have at his slightest
hint.....Mirza Mahmood has got a party of preachers, experts in different
fields. In every country of the world he has established his dominion."
(Aik Khaufnak Saazish, p. 196, author Mazhar Ali Azhar)
In his tenure as the Imam of the Jamaat, he had the Holy Quran translated
in different languages in order to spread it to all the nations of the world.
He himself wrote the introduction to the Quran in which he answered the
criticism and objection raised against Islam and the founder of Islam by
orientalists and people of other religions. People from different parts
of the world gave their opinions about these translations. Here are presented
a few examples.
- Mr. Charles S. Bradon, Head of the Department of History and Religious
Literature, Evanston University, USA, wrote that, on the whole, this
is a very valuable addition in the Islamic literature in the English
language. He further expressed his appreciation for the valuable addition,
in English, of Islamic literature by Ahmadiyya community.
- Famous orientalist, Mr. H. A. R. Gibbs, said that it was so far the
best effort in translating the Quran in English.
- Mr. Richard Bell wrote that it was an effort to interpret the Islamic
teachings according to the needs of this age and its problems. It is
a proof that Ahmadiyya Community was spiritually alive and progressive.
- A. J. Arbury said that it would not be an exaggeration to consider
this work to be an evidence of the command of Islamic teachings.
- Famous Dutch Weekly Newspaper, Dewaagsohel, in its March 15, 1954
issue, writes, "In this edition the original Arabic text and its
Dutch translation is given together. In its introduction, written by
Hazrat Mirza Bashiruddin Mahmood Ahmad, the universal teachings of Quran
has been presented as superior to the teachings of Bible and Vedas.
According to this introduction the prophecies of the Old Testament are
not about Messiah, instead these are about the Holy Prophet of Islam."
(Tehrik-e-Jadid and Foreign Missions).
- Huzoor delivered a speech about Islam in the Religions Conference,
in London, in 1924. Different newspapers including The Times, Morning
Post, The Daily Telegraph, Daily News and Manchester Guardian reported
its summary and praised it immensely. The organizer of the conference
and famous clergyman of London, Dr. Walter Wash, said that he has drawn
this conclusion from this conference that Islam is a living religion
and this was the purpose with which the Imam of Ahmadiyya community
came to London. (Al-Mubashirat, p. 78)
- In 1945, Huzoor delivered a lecture in Lahore on Islamic Economic
System, which was later published as a book and it was translated in
different languages. Its Spanish translation was published in Spain.
The second most widely published newspaper in Spain, "Madrid",
wrote a review in its July 21, 1948 issue which shows how he was able
to establish the superiority of Islam. "Hazrat Mirza Bashiruddin
Mahmood Ahmad in his lecture, comprehensively sheds light on the teachings
and the principles of Islam which enables one to comprehend that the
economic system forms the basis of Islam. He has brilliantly shown the
difference between the Islamic system and Communism." (Al-Fazal,
December 31, 1948)
Handsome and Pious Son, a Righteous Servant Will Be Given To You
In addition to other signs in the prophecy one sign pertains to him being
pious and handsome. In this regard Mr. M. Aslam writes his impression, "We
were delighted to meet with Sahibzada Mirza Bashiruddin Mahmood Ahmad. Sahibzada
Sahib is an extremely courteous and modest man. In addition to being courteous,
he is also a very profound thinker.... I will always remember the piety,
righteousness, broadmindedness and modesty of Sahibzada Sahib." (Ta'assurrat-e-Qadian,
Khan Bahadur Seth Ahmad Aladin of Hayderabad Deccan writes, "Respected
Mirza Bashiruddin Mahmood Ahmad Sahib has been specially kind and benevolent
towards me. His practical life, broadmindedness and unwavering faith in
Allah has always impressed me." (Al-Hakam, Jubilee No., 1931)
In 1924, on his journey to Europe, Huzoor stayed in Arab countries.
During his stay in Arab countries, the press gave him extensive coverage.
Here are some of the reviews of the Arab press.
- Widely published newspaper "Akhbaar Al-Qabas", Damascus,
wrote in its August 8, 1924 issue, "Indian delegation comprising
of great religious scholars and learned people, led by the Imam of Ahmadiyya
community, Mirza Bashiruddin Ahmad, arrived in the Capital (Damascus)
and stayed in Central Hotel. During our audience with him, we observed
his depth of religious knowledge, superior stature and his great devotion
and dedication to Islamic interests and related matters."
- Journal "Alif Wal Ya", in its August 9, 1924, issue, writes
about their experience about an audience with Huzoor, "We met with
him as representatives of our newspaper and we found that he was encircled
by many of his companions. We could clearly see the signs of piety and
righteousness and their love and devotion for their leader and Imam
on their faces. We also saw two of the renowned scholars of Damascus,
Maulvi Bahajatul Batar and Ahmad Al-noor Balaqi and quite a few of the
educated young men of Damascus in his company. We observed that he spoke
fluent Arabic and would frequently quote Quranic verses and sayings
of the Holy Prophet (saw) to support his arguments and if he could not
remember any Hadeeth or Quranic verse then he would use logic. And this
Mahdi Sahib (Hazrat Imam Jamaat) is of average height and wears his
national Indian dress and wears a white turban. He is extremely intelligent,
speaks fluently and with great command and use powerful arguments in
his support. He neither gets tired nor gets bored from discussions and
- The same newspaper writes in its August 10, 1924 issue, "He
was talking in Arabic language which very much resembled the literary
Arabic. He was middle aged (between 30 and 40 years of age). His immense
intelligence is apparent from his facial features. And his audience
gets very much impressed with his gracefulness and magnificence."
- Another famous newspaper of Damascus, "Fatal Arab", in
its August issue, writes, "He is in 40th year of his life. His
facial features reflect his intense intelligence. He sports a full black
beard. He has wheat complexion. Majesty and magnanimity is evident from
his face. His eyes reflect extraordinary knowledge and intelligence.
When you face him you realize that you are standing in front of a person
who understands you very well before you could understand him. He is
always smiling which sometimes is hidden and sometimes becomes apparent.
You will marvel at the meanings and awe hidden behind this smile."
Man of Excellence and Majesty
One of the signs attributed to the promised son in this prophecy was that
he will be a person of majesty and excellence. In this reference, Mr. Mian
Sultan Ahmad Wajoodi, member of Provincial Congress Committee, Punjab of
former united India, writes "If Kamal Ataturk used to rule over 2,94,416
square miles and 15.2 million people, if Joseph Stalin was the undisputed
ruler of 171 million people, if Mussolini was the king of 42 million Italian
and 8.6 million Ethiopian people, if Adolph Hitler rules over 65 million
Germans, then Mirza Bashir-ud Din Mahmood Ahmad also rules over people spread
all over the world belonging to all nations of the world, whose obedience
is considered the most important obligation of their lives by these people."
(Al-Hakam, Jubilee Number, December 1939)
Intelligent and a Man of Understanding
Another attribute foretold in the prophecy was Intelligence. We have already
presented the opinion of Arabic Newspapers in this regard. We now present
the acknowledgment of Chaudhry Fatal Haq, who admits the inability of his
party to counter the extraordinary intelligence and knowledge of Huzoor,
in these words,
"The amount of money being spent by Qadiani Jamaat and
the incredible brain which is working behind this movement, is enough
to destroy even the strongest kingdoms in seconds." (Newspaper "Mujahid",
10 August, 1935)
Prof. Stenko, of Yugoslavian origin, Head of the Department of Religious
studies in Wagner College, Pennsylvania, USA, visited Pakistan in 1960-61,
while studying comparative religious studies. After returning to USA he
wrote a comprehensive thesis on, "The Ahmadiyya Movement in Islam".
In this he wrote about Ahmadiyya Community and Hazrat Imam Jamaat. He found
Huzoor to be a leader of great resolve and extremely intelligent. He also
mentioned that, like his father, Huzoor also claimed to be in communion
with Almighty Allah. (Eastern World, December, 1961)
Of High Resolve, Steadfast in His Endeavors and Filled With Secular
and Religious Knowledge
Huzoor was also endowed with great facility in the knowledge of worldly
as well as spiritual fields of learning. He was also of very high resolve.
Even his opponents have admitted this, for example,
- Khwaja Hasan Nizami paints his picture like this, "Most of the
time he is sick. But these illnesses do not in any way interfere with
his proficiency. Even in worst times of opposition, he kept his cool
and continued with his mission and established his Mogul audacity and
also established that Mogul race has got special talent of administration.
He has got political astuteness and is also very strong in religious
knowledge and sagacity. He is also well versed with military profession,
that is, he is expert in both intellectual as well as lettered warfare."
(Adil, Delhi, 24 April 1933 as reported in Khalid, November 1955).
- During his stay in Damascus, on his way to Europe and England, Newspaper,
"Al-Imran", in its August 10, 1924, issue wrote, under following
caption, Mahdi in Damascus, "Respected Ahmad Qadiani Sahib, the
Khalifa of Mahdi in India, arrived in Damascus, along with his companions
who are great scholars in his Jamaat. Shortly after the news of his
arrival was published, many scholars and learned people went to see
and discuss with him his claim. They found him to be a scholar with
extensive research and depth of knowledge of all religions and their
history and philosophy and one who is given the knowledge and understanding
of the philosophy of divine law."
- In 1919, a meeting of Martin Historical Society, Islamia College,
Lahore was held under the Chairmanship of Professor Syed Abdul Qadir,
in Lahore. In this meeting Huzoor delivered a speech on the topic of,
"The Beginning of Differences in Islam". In this meeting,
Professor Abdul Qadir introduced Huzoor in these words, "Gentlemen,
normally when someone comes to deliver a lecture, it is routine for
the president of the meeting to introduce him to the audience. But today's
lecturer is a person of such dignity, fame and status that you will
hardly find any one who is not familiar with him. He is the son of that
remarkable and holy person who had created a major upheaval in the entire
religious world and particularly in Christian world." (Ta'assurat-e-Qadian,
- The same professor, in the closing remarks, said, "Gentlemen
I have also studied history somewhat and when I came here this evening
I thought I knew most of Islamic history and I can easily critique it.
But now after listening to Mirza Sahib's speech I realized that I am
only a beginner. The difference in my depth of knowledge and that of
Mirza Sahib's depth of knowledge is the same as between the light of
this table lamp (the lamp sitting on the table) and that big electric
lamp (which was hanging from the ceiling).
Gentlemen, the brilliance and command with which Mirza Sahib has
commented on this very difficult subject in Islamic history is unique
to him. There are very few people who could talk on this very complicated
chapter in Islamic history. As far as I know there is none here in
Lahore. I wish we had such knowledgeable people in our society. I
think that if a person of such extraordinary intellect and status
would become a member of our society, it would bring great honor to
our society." (Ta'assurrat-e-Qadian, p. 162-163)
- In this regards, the observations of Mian Sultan Ahmad Wajoodi, member
Provincial Congress Committee, are also very interesting. He writes,
"Mirza Mahmood Ahmad has immense power to work. He is a man of
extraordinary personality. He delivers speeches for hours without interruption.
His speeches are fluent and full of knowledge. He is the author of voluminous
books. After meeting with him one gets deeply impressed with his lofty
conduct. He has got great talent of administration. At the age 50 he
has got vigor of a young man. He is a great patron of Urdu language."
(Al-Hakam, Jubilee Number, December, 1939, p. 36)
- Here is another powerful evidence in support of the attribute "will
be given secular and spiritual knowledge". On February 21, 1945,
Huzur delivered a historical lecture on the topic of "Islamic Economic
System", under the auspices of Ahmadiyya Intercollegiate Association,
Lahore. This lecture created a great stir in literary world. This lecture
has since been translated in many different languages of the world including
English, French and German. An influential organ of Spanish ministry
of Industry and commerce, "Information Commercial Industrial"
wrote about it in its October, 1946, issue, "Notwithstanding the
sentimental aspect, a brilliant comparison of Islamic economic system
with communism is presented in this book. It is established with overwhelming
proofs that communism is not only against the political principles and
movements but also threatens the religious values. This book is a source
of excellent information. Hazrat Imam Jamaat Ahmadiyya is deserves to
be congratulated on this lecture." (Al-Mubbasshirat).
- At the time of the construction of the city of Rabwah, Hazrat Khalifatul
Masih II invited the representatives of major newspapers of Pakistan
and showed them the maps and other details of the project. The construction
of Rabwah is a clear evidence of "High Resolve" of Huzoor.
Mr. Waqar Ambalvi, famous journalist of daily newspaper "Safina",
writes, "Last Sunday the leader of Ahmadiyya community invited
the newspaper representatives from Lahore to visit the location of their
new city and took us on its tour. The details of this tour has already
been published in newspapers. As immigrants, Rabwah is an example for
us. Six million immigrants have moved in Pakistan but they are helpless,
devastated and scattered. These immigrants were Muslims, believed in
their creator and followers of the Holy Prophet Mohammed (saw) and stood
for equality and brotherhood among Muslims but even a calamity of this
magnitude could not unite them. On the other hand we have always been
criticizing Ahmadies because of their beliefs but their organization,
brotherhood and mutual support in the time of need had resulted in the
beginning of building of a new Qadian before our own eyes. We also came
as immigrants among whom were such people that every one of them could
build such cities but their wealth was not spent on any poor person
except for themselves. Rabwah is also an important example for us from
another aspect. We can learn our lesson from it and build similar cities
for the rest of the immigrants. Rabwah is an example for our public
and Government and shows us that those who only indulge in making grandiose
claims do not achieve anything and practical people achieve their goals
without making any claims." (Safina, Lahore, November 13, 1948)
- In December, 1948, Huzoor delivered a lecture at Maniard Hall, Law
College, Lahore under the auspices of Ahmadiyya Intercollegiate Association,
on the topic of "Condition of Islamic World and Its Future".
This meeting was presided by Honorable Justice S. A. Rahman. It is evident
from the concluding remarks of the president that Almighty Allah has
indeed endowed Huzoor with secular and spiritual knowledge. In his remarks
the Honorable Justice stated, "I am greatly thankful to Ahmadiyya
Intercollegiate Association that it gave me the opportunity to listen
to such literary lecture. Respected Mirza Sahib has covered an extensive
topic in such a short time and shed light on many aspects. We should
consider the constructive suggestions presented by him and try to implement
them seriously." (Al-Fazal, December 14, 1948)
- After the creation of Pakistan, Huzoor delivered many speeches on
the topic of the stability and the strengthening of Pakistan. On one
such occasion Huzoor addressed a meeting on the topic of "Pakistan
and its Future", under the chairmanship of Mr. Malik Feroz Khan
Noon. At the end, in his presidential remarks, Mr. Noon, said, "Mirza
Sahib has limitless treasure of knowledge in his mind. He has told us
a lot of things in this brief time and has analysed the topic in real
depth." (Al-Fazal, December 9, 1947)
In short, Almighty Allah, by his grace, had given him excellence in
every field of knowledge.
Liberator of Captives
Another attribute of Hazrat Musleh Mauood foretold in the prophecy was that
he will liberate the captives. The whole world is witness to the fact that
he used all his means and performed such services to help liberate different
nations of the world that even his opponents were forced to acknowledge
this. For example in 1930, when Hindu autocracy and Dogra rulers of Kashmir
started persecuting Muslim majority populace and deprived them of all their
rights, at that time all Muslim leaders, Nawabs and politicians requested
Hazrat Musleh Mauood to help these oppressed Muslim people. And it was Huzoor
whose tireless efforts and leadership resulted in the success of their movement
and Kashmiris were able to breathe a sigh of relief.
On July 25, 1931, renowned Muslim leaders including Poet of the East
Doctor Sir Mohammad Iqbal, Nawab Sahib Ganjpura, Sir Zulfiqar Ali Khan,
Khan Bahadur Sheikh Rahim Bakhsh Retired Session Judge, Syed Mohsin Shah
Tirmizi, Khwaja Hasan Nizami, Syed Habib, editor newspaper "Siasat",
Maulvi Hasrat Mohani etc., gathered in Simla and "All India Kashmir
Committee" was founded. At the recommendation of Dr. Sir Iqbal, Hazrat
Musleh Mauood was requested to accept its presidency. (Sarguzasht by Abdul
Majid Salik, p. 293).
The Muslim press lauded the successful leadership of Huzoor which had
resulted in the deliverance of Kashmiri Muslims who had been robbed of
even the very basic human rights for ages. The newspaper "Siasat"
writes, "At the time when condition of Kashmir was critical, those
who chose Hazrat Mirza Sahib despite doctrinal differences, they made
a perfect choice. Had they not chosen Mirza Sahib because of the differences
in their beliefs, this movement would have ended in utter failure and
would have resulted in major loss for the Muslim Umma (nation)."
(Tarikh-e-Ahmadiyyat, p. 113, ref. Daily, "Siasat" , May 18,
Similarly Mr. Abdul Majid Salik writes about The Movement For Liberation
of Kashmir, "Sheikh Mohammad Abdullah (Lion Of Kashmir) and other
workers used to keep open contact with Mirza Mahmood Ahmad and some of
his workers. The only reason for their contacts was the fact that Mirza
Sahib had many resources and he was helping the Kashmir Movement in many
respects and workers of Kashmir Movement were naturally obliged to him."
(Zikr-e-lqbal by Salik, p. 188)
In United India, Muslims were the biggest minority and they were under
British and Hindu subjugation for long time. Huzoor used every available
opportunity to liberate these Muslims. Therefore every unbiased student
of history of Indo-Pak subcontinent is bound to acknowledge his efforts
in this regard. At every occasion and every point Huzoor guided the movement
of liberation of Muslims of Indo-Pak in the right direction and it was
equally acknowledged by his proponents and opponents. Herein we present
- In 1937, all parties Conference was organized and the issue of separate
and combined election was under discussion. Qaid-e-Azam Mohammad Ali
Jinnah and other Muslim leaders were in favor of combined elections
but Huzoor delivered such an effective speech in favor of separate elections
that every one agreed with his suggestion. Maulana Mohammad Ali Jauhar
was greatly impressed by this speech so he wrote in his newspaper "Hamdard",
"It will be ungratefulness on our part if we do not mention Mirza
Mahmood Ahmad and his organized Jamaat who dedicated all their efforts
and resources for the welfare of Muslims irrespective of their doctrinal
On the one hand they are taking interest in Muslim politics and
on the other hand they are doing their best to improve Muslim organization,
propagation and commerce. And in not too distant a future we will
see that the character of this well organized community of Muslims
will become the guiding light for Muslim Ummah in general and for
those people in particular who make grandiose claims of service of
Islam but in fact are worthless. Those gentlemen who had the honor
to attend this general meeting in Qadian in which Respected Mirza
Sahib has talked about his future plans and modus operandi would definitely
agree with my opinion." (Ta'assurrat-e-Qadia, ref. "Hamdard",
Delhi, dated December 26, 1927)
- Also, the newspaper "Mashriq", Gorakhpur, wrote, "All
the Muslims are obliged to Respected Imam Jamaat Ahmadiyya for his favors.
It was because of his movement that "Wartman" was prosecuted.
It was his Jamaat which pursued the issue of "Rangeela Rasool".
They were fearless and did not hesitate to go to jails. It was his pamphlet
which made Governor Sahib to deliver justice. At this point in time
every Muslim sect in India is afraid from the British or Hindus or other
nations. It is only the Jamaat of Ahmad (as) which is, like the Muslims
of the Early Period, are not afraid of any person or nation and are
doing pure Islamic work." (Mashriq, dated September 22, 1927)
- In June, 1929, the Simon Commission report was published. The Commission
had recommended that federation, comprising of provinces and states,
should be established. Indian leaders were not satisfied with the recommendations
and law and order situation was about to be seriously disrupted in the
country. The Viceroy, after consultation with British Government and
Minister for India, announced to convene Round Table Conference. In
this conference the issue of independence of colonies was to be decided.
In November 1930, the first Round Table Conference was organized. Huzoor
by his farsightedness realized that, in this conference, the greatest
attention will be paid to Simon Commission Report. Therefore, on this
issue Huzoor authored a book, "The Solution of Current Political
Issue of India" got it translated and circulated it extensively.
On this book, scores of Muslim and British leaders sent letters of gratitude
and wrote reviews. Here we present a few of these as an example:
- Sir Hugh Romer thanked him and wrote that this was the only detailed
critique on Simon Commission Report which came to his knowledge.
He applauded Imam Jamaat Ahmadiyya for the sincerity, wisdom and
detail with which he has expressed the opinion of his Jamaat. He
also expressed appreciation for the lofty opinion of His Holiness
on this issue."
- Mr. L. M. Emery, who later became Minister for India, wrote about
it and greatly appreciated the spirit with which that book was written
and the wisdom of the writer with which he solved those complicated
- Dr. Sir Zia-ud-Din of Aligarh wrote, "I have read this book
with keen interest and I request you to publish it in Europe and
widely circulate it... Your Holiness has performed a very important
and valuable service of Islam."
- Seth Haji Abdullah Haroon, M.L.A., Karachi, wrote, "In my
opinion, of all the books written on politics in India, The Solution
of Current Political Issue of India, is among the best."
- Dr. Sir Iqbal wrote, "I have read some parts of the critique,
it is excellent and most comprehensive."
- The newspaper "Inqilab", Lahore, in its November 16,
1930, issue wrote, "Respected Mirza Sahib performed a very
valuable service of Islam by writing this critique. It was the job
of big Islamic organizations that Mirza Sahib performed all alone."
- The newspaper "Siasat" wrote in its editorial, "If
we disregard the doctrinal differences then Mirza Sahib has done
such work in the field of writing that from the point of view of
volume and profitability it is deserving of every praise. The way
in which he has brought his Jamaat into politics along with other
Muslims and led it with such success that every honest and unbiased
person is bound to appreciate it. The whole world is impressed by
his political wisdom. By uniting Muslims against Nehru Report, presenting
Muslim point of view before Simon Commission, doing powerful logical
discussions on current issues from Islamic point of view and by
writing books for the rights of Muslims full of arguments, he has
performed a very commendable service."
In short, right at the time of need, this book clearly explained
the genuine nature of Muslim rights and demands to the members of
The Round Table Conference. The conference recommended constitutional
government for India and improved upon the recommendations of the
Simon Commission and thus he helped liberate the oppressed.
- During the second world war when fighting involved Egypt and the
possibility of involvement of the Holy Land in war was raised. Viewing
this possibility Huzoor delivered a sermon to prevent the spread of
fighting to the holy land and Egypt. The newspaper "Zamzam"
in its July 19, 1942, issue applauded this service of Huzoor in these
words, "Under these circumstances... the Imam Sahib has shown such
love for Islam with reference to Egypt and Holy Land of Hijaz that we
are greatly indebted to him for it and by expressing his concern he
has rightly represented the feelings of Muslims."
- The Honorable Khan Bahadur Sheikh Sir Abdul Qadir, Law Member, Government
of India, Delhi, acknowledged the services of Huzoor for Islamic cause
in these words, "I have been having the opportunity to interact
with Ahmadiyya Jamaat with reference to general interest of Muslims.
I am greatly impressed by his deep interest in issues involving general
welfare and progress of Muslims." (Al-Hakam, Jubilee Number, December,
In short, Huzoor used every opportunity to promote the rights, liberty,
welfare and the good of Muslims and yet politicians and Ulema of these
days who have a biased mentality, are doing their level best to spread
misconceptions in public against Ahmadiyya Jamaat and Hazrat Imam Jamaat
Ahmadiyya. They should seriously consider these reviews of their elders
and senior politicians and should try to improve their character and bring
about change in it.
Nations Will Be Blessed By Him
In 1948, the issue of the division of Palestine was under discussion in
the Security Council. At the wishes of Arabs, Huzur instructed Respected
Chaudry Mohammad Zafarullah Khan to stay in USA to present their case. Subsequently
he presented the Arab case. The Arab delegations thanked Huzoor by sending
a telegram and wrote, "We have been greatly relieved. We hope that
this will immensely support our demands." (Al-Fazal, November 8, 1947)
Huzoor's instruction to Hazrat Chaudry Sahib to stay on in New York
and the gratitude of Arab delegations show that Huzoor was a source of
blessing and mercy for all nations of the world.
Meek of Heart
Another attribute foretold in the prophecy was that he will be kind and
soft at heart. Allah did bestow on him the softness of heart and kindness.
He was endowed with love for the poor, had keen awareness of their needs
and had the will to try to provide for their needs. He was always involved
in the service of humanity. As a matter of faith he tried his best to maintain
the dignity of Humanity. He was not only aware of the needs of non-Muslims
but he also provided regular allowances for widows and orphans of non-Muslims,
Sikhs and Hindus and he continued these allowances for widows and orphans
of Qadian even after partition of India and Pakistan.
Then during the turbulent times of partition he provided protection
to the Muslims of Batala district and its surrounding villages in Qadian.
He did his best to protect their lives, belongings and honor and effectively
arranged for their safe passage to Pakistan by contacting the concerned
government agencies. These services of his were acknowledged by the press
and newspaper of those days and learned people from every school of thought
and belief commended him and praised his kindheartedness and service.
In order to inculcate the practice of providing service to mankind and
for their best possible training and education and to develop a sense
of responsibility in members of every age in his community, he established
the organizations of Ansarullah, Khuddam-ul-Ahmadiyya and Atfal-ul-Ahmadiyya
in men and Lajna Imaillah and Nasirat-ul-Ahmadiyya in women. These organizations
have been very effective and resulted in a sense of competition to excel
in doing good.
The Demise of Hazrat Musleh Mau'ood
According to the prophecy he completed the task assigned to him by Allah
in the best possible way and was finally raised to heaven to be in the presence
of Almighty Allah, his Lord. Inna Lillahe wa Inna Ilaihe Rajayoon.
In short, he was a source of mercy and blessings for his followers as
well as non-believers and the wise and learned in the world were aware
of his status and value. Therefore at his demise not only the press and
non-believers in his own country but people from all over the world acknowledged
his services and mourned his death. Herein are presented some of these
- At the news of his passing away, the President of Pakistan, Field
Marshal Mohammad Ayub Khan, sent the following condolence telegram,
"Mirza Nasir Ahmad Sahib, Rabwah! I am grieved to learn of sad
demise of Mirza Bashiruddin Mahmood Ahmad. May his soul rest in peace
and God grant you and member of your family and his followers courage
to bear this loss. Mohammad Ayub Khan."
- Condolence message received from Mr. Malik Ameer Mohammad Khan, Governor
of West Pakistan, read: "Mirza Nasir Ahmad, Rabwah. Deeply grieved
to learn of sad news of your revered father Mirza Bashiruddin Mahmood
Ahmad. Please accept yourself and convey to other members of family
and Ahmadiyya community my heartfelt condolence and sympathies in this
great loss. May the departed soul rest in peace. Malik Ameer Mohammad
Khan, Governor West Pakistan."
A large number of newspapers carried obituaries with the news of his
demise. Here are some examples:
- The Morning News, Karachi, wrote in its November 9, 1965, issue,
"Mirza Mahmood Ahmad was born in January 1889 in Qadian, which
was the center of Community before partition of India and Pakistan.
He has left behind 13 sons, 9 daughters, more than 3 million followers
and a network of Ahmadiyya missions all over the world. He was the eldest
son of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, the founder of Ahmadiyya Jamaat. After Maulvi
Nooruddin, he became the second caliph of Jamaat in 1914. After becoming
the caliph he spent his entire life in constant and tireless struggle
so that Islam could be spread all over the world and in Africa, Europe
and America in particular. He visited Europe twice so that local conditions
could be analyzed and propagation of Islam in western countries could
be expanded. During his tenure, 92 new missions were established in
foreign countries where 162 missionaries are propagating Islam. These
missions are working with full vigor and spirit of dedication and therefore
are very effective in changing the false notions about Islam into truth.
Ahmadi missionaries have been very successful in African countries particularly
along the western coastal areas. There they have to face intense opposition
from the Christian missionaries and work extremely hard. He translated
Holy Quran and its commentary in more than a dozen languages. In addition
to that he has left behind invaluable and extensive literature in defense
of Islam. In the days when movement for independence was at its height,
Mirza Bashiruddin Mahmood Ahmad supported Muslim League with full force.
Before that in 1924 when the shudhi movement was in its full force in
U P and Arya Samaj (sect of Hindus) were converting Muslims to Hinduism
in great numbers, Mirza Sahib accepted that challenge and opposed it
with great vigor. In 1931 he was elected as President of All India Kashmir
Committee and he infused new life in the movement of Kashmir Independence
and in 1948 created a full battalion of volunteers from his Jamaat and
gave under Government control at his expense to take part in war in
Kashmir." (Al-Fazal, December 3, 1965)
- The Pakistan Times, in its November 9, 1965, issue paid tribute to
Huzoor in the following words, "Imam Jamaat Ahmadiyya, Mirza Bashiruddin
Mahmood Ahmad, after a long illness passed away in Rabwah on Monday
morning. He will be laid to rest in Rabwah at 10 o'clock on Tuesday
morning. Before his burial a meeting of Election Of Caliph Committee
will be held in which new Imam will be elected. According to the news
received from Rabwah, a large number of members of Ahmadiyya Jamaat
are arriving in Rabwah from all over Pakistan to pay last tribute to
their departed Imam... Mirza Bashiruddin Mahmood Ahmad was elected Imam
in 1914. He opened missions all over the world particularly in Africa,
Europe and America. In this connection he opened 96 new missions abroad
and now there total number is 152. The Jamaat's missions have great
success in Africa, particularly on the west coast. There they had to
work extremely hard against the Christian preachers. When movement for
Pakistan was at its peak, Mirza Sahib supported Muslim League vigorously.
Before that in 1924, when Shudhi movement was started by Arya Samaj
to convert Muslims in UP to Hinduism en masses, he fought back with
great courage.......In addition to translation of Holy Quran in more
than a dozen languages and commentary, he has left behind an extensive
and valuable literary treasure." (Al-Fazal, December 3, 1965)
- The daily Nawa-e-Waqt, published the news of his demise in these
words, "Lahore November 8.--Spiritual Leader of Ahmadiyya community,
Mirza Bashiruddin Mahmood Ahmad passed away this morning. He was ill
for a long time. He was 77 years of age. He will be laid to rest tomorrow
in Rabwah. For the election of new spiritual leader, a meeting of Elective
Council is in progress in Rabwah and new Spiritual Leader will be elected
before the burial of Mirza Bashiruddin Mahmood Ahmad. He was elected
the head of Jamaat in 1914. He opened new mission all over the world
in general and in Africa, Europe and America in particular. In this
connection he himself twice visited Europe. He opened 96 new missions
in total. These missions are working against Christian missions particularly
along west coast of Africa. During the movement for Pakistan, the Late
Mirza Bashirud Din Mahmood Ahmad supported Muslim League. In 1922 when
Arya Samaj started the movement to convert Muslims in UP to Hinduism,
Mirza Sahib worked a lot to stop those conversions. He got Holy Quran
translated in more than a dozen languages including Dutch, German, Indonesian
and Swahili languages. He was also the President of All India Kashmir
Committee in 1931. In 1948, he created "Furqan Battalion"
of volunteers and gave it under the high command to participate in Kashmir
Jihad. Members of the Ahmadiyya community are arriving in Rabwah to
participate in the funeral of Mirza Bashiruddin Mahmood Ahmad, many
of them are arriving from overseas." (Al-Fazal, November 13, 1965)
- Daily newspaper Mashriq, in its November 10, 1965, issue gave the
news of his demise, "In the history of Ahmadiyya Jamaat this stage
has come after 51 years and it is going to elect new leader. After the
demise of the founder of the Ahmadiyya community (Hazrat) Mirza Ghulam
Ahmad (as) Maulvi Nooruddin was elected as first caliph. He remained
in this office for six years until his demise. After him the elder son
of (Hazrat) Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, Mirza Bashiruddin Mahmood Ahmad was
elected as second caliph." (Al-Fazal, November 13, 1965)
- Daily Imroze of Lahore counted his countless services to the Muslims
in its November 13, 1965 issue and particularly mentioned the missions
in Africa, Europe and Africa, leadership in the political affairs of
the nation and the translations of the Holy Qur'an. Similar tributes
were paid by "Nai Roshani" of Karachi dated November 10, 1965,
and Daily Hrriyyat of the same date, The light of Karachi dated December
18, 1965, and Weekly Insaf, Rawalpindi of December 4, 1965.
There were many more Pakistani newspapers, including the Daily Naee
Roshni (Nov. 10, 1965); the Daily Huniat (Nov. 8, 1965); the English Daily,
The Light (Nov. 16, 1965); and the weekly Insaaf of Rawalpindi. There
were also many letters to the Editors from many individuals, too numerous
to mention here.
Newspapers from outside Pakistan include the Sidq-i-Jadid, Lukhnow,
India (Nov. 19, 1965); Newspaper Roshni, Srinagar, Kashmir (Nov. 11, 1965);
the Daily Haqeeqat, Lukhnow(Nov. 10, 1965); The daily Tribune, Ambala,
India (Nov. 9, 1965); The Daily Samaj Katak, Orisa, India (Nov. 13, 1965);
The Liberian Star, Liberia, West Africa; etc., etc.
The President of Liberia, William V. S. Tubman, sent a message of condolence
and said: "I offer my sincere condolences to the Ahmadiyya community.
My heart-felt sympathies are with you. Please convey my sentiments to
The prophecy required that the Musleh Mau'ood find fame in the corners
of the earth. Such a large scale mention of his demise illustrates that
he, in fact, had won fame all over the world. The prophecy, therefore,
was fulfilled in him in all its grand details.
Let us humbly pray that Allah elevate him in ranks in Jannatul Firdaus
and count him among His very chosen servants. May we become able to mould
our lives as he wished us to serve the cause of Ahmadiyyat. Ameen!