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Hazrat Abu Dujana Ansari(ra)

A Badri Companion of the Holy Prophet(sa)

(Friday Sermon - March 16, 2018 )

Background

Hazrat Abu Dujana Ansari(ra) was a companion of the Prophet(sa). He accepted Islam before the migration of the Holy Prophet(sa) to Medina. He was a resident of Medina. He also had the honour of participating in the Battle of Badr alongside the Holy Prophet(sa) where he exhibited his mettle in great bravery. Likewise, he also had the opportunity to participate in the Battle of Uhud. After the turning point during the battle – that is, at first the Muslims were winning but then the battle took a turn, because the disbelievers attacked again due to a designated place being abandoned, and thus the battle turned against the Muslims – among those Companions, who remained the closest to the Holy Prophet(sa) at that time was Hazrat Abu Dujana(ra). And he sustained many injuries, while defending the Holy Prophet(sa). However, despite the injuries, he did not retreat. (Siyar Al-Sahaba, Vol. 3, p. 207, Hazrat Abu Dujana Ansari(ra), Darul-Isha‘at Karachi 2004) (Al-Isti‘ab, Vol. 4, p. 1644, Abu Dujana(ra), Darul Jil, Beirut 1992)

The sword of the Prophet(sa)

Another incident, which is found among the narrations about him is that when the Holy Prophet(sa), at one occasion, raised his sword and asked, “Who will put this sword to its rightful use, today?” It was Hazrat Abu Dujana Ansari(ra), who came forward upon hearing this. He said, “I promise to fulfil the right of this sword.” The Holy Prophet(sa), seeing his passion, handed his sword over to him. Then, he gathered the courage once again and asked, “O Messenger(sa) of Allah! How shall the right of this sword be fulfilled?” The Holy Prophet(sa) replied: “This sword shall not cause the bloodshed of any Muslim. secondly, the enemy from among the disbelievers shall not escape from it.”  (Sahih Muslim, kitab fazail al-sahaba, bab min fadhl abu dujana(ra), hadith 6353) (kanzul ‘ummal, vol. 4, p. 339, hadith 10792, moaissisatur-risalah, beirut 1985)

It was only to be used against those enemies from among the disbelievers who sought to wage war against the Muslims. He then took this sword and marched onto the battlefield with great pride and honour. Upon this, the Holy Prophet(sa) said: “Usually, Allah the exalted dislikes such an expression of arrogance. however, today, Allah the exalted greatly liked the manner in which Abu Dujana marched onto the battlefield.” (Usdul Ghabah, vol. 6, p. 93, abu dujana, darul kutub al-‘ilmiyah, beirut 1996)

Martyrdom

He was martyred whilst fighting Musaylimah, the Liar, during the battle of Yamama. He made a most courageous plan to open the door of the fort (which had been locked from inside as he [Musylimah] hid in there). He told his companions to throw him over the wall. It was a very high rampart. When he was thrown over in this manner, he broke his leg. Despite this, he fought with great courage and opened the door of the fort and Muslims entered [the fort]. He demonstrated astonishing courage and bravery. Nevertheless, he was martyred whilst fighting in this condition. (Usdul Ghabah, Vol. 2, p. 551, Samak bin Khursha(ra), Darul Kutub Al-‘Ilmiyah, Beirut 1996)

Two blessed deeds

Once, when he was ill, he said to his companion:

“Perhaps Allah the exalted will accept two deeds of mine. Firstly, that I do not indulge in any vain discourse, nor speak behind anyone’s back. Secondly, I do not hold any grudge or malice in my heart against another Muslim.” (al-tabqat al-kubra li-ibni sa‘d, vol. 3, p. 420, bab abu dujana(ra), darul kutub al-‘ilmiyah, beirut 1990)