At the time of Promised Messiah’s death, he was nineteen years of age. Standing at the head of the bed where his father’s body rested he made a passionate speech which is indicative of his high resolve.
“If all others should leave the Jamaat of the Promised Messiah and I should be left alone, I will stand by the covenant of allegiance. The purpose for which Hazrat Ahmad was sent to this world, I shall leave no stone unturned to fulfill that purpose.”
The Second Caliph, raziallah anho, lived another fifty seven years after making the above pledge. Every day of his life bears testimony to the fact that he lived up to his high resolve.
A few years after Hazrat Ahmad’s death, he wrote a booklet: Who can put out the Light of the Righteous? Commenting on this Hazrat Khalifat al-Masih the First wrote to Maulvi Muhammad Ali: You and I have both written in refutation of the objections raised by our opponents against the Promised Messiah, but Mian Mahmood has outstripped both of us.
In 1911, under the auspices of the First Caliph he founded the organization Ansar Allah that turned out to be a valuable asset in the propagation of Islam. He went on a visit to Egypt and Saudi Arabia in 1912 during the course of which he performed Hajj (pilgrimage to the house of God in Mecca).
Next year he started the publication of a weekly newspaper Al-Fazl of which he was himself the editor. The first issue was published on June 19th, 1913, later it became a daily and has been the official organ of the Community since then. During the Caliphate of the First Caliph he went on a preaching tour of several Indian cities. Everyone benefited from his inspiring speeches.
Though he was an inexperienced youth at the time of his father’s death, yet he was able to detect signs of dissent during the early years of the First Caliphate. One of his greatest feats is that he had the keen insight to foresee the looming danger of rift in the Community. The dissenters wanted to do away with the institution of Caliphate. Despite the fact that he faced severe opposition from many quarters, he deflected every move with shrewdness. This spared the Jamaat from many future discords.
The dissidents were learned and experienced members of the Jamaat, they considered Sadr Anjuman (Central Ahmadiyya Organization) their personal domain. In their meetings they referred to the Second Caliph as ‘Just a kid’, (an inexperienced youth). History nonetheless witnessed the fact that this ‘kid’ succeeded marvelously in his endeavors while his opponents failed miserably.