Friday Sermon: Men of Excellence

February 8th, 2019

After reciting the Tashahhud, Ta’awwuz, and Surah Al-Fatihah, Hazrat Khalifatul Masih V (aba) stated:

The first of the companions whom I shall relate the accounts of today is Hazrat Abu Mulail Bin al-Az’ar. His mother’s name was Umme Amr Bint Ashraf. He belonged to the Aus tribe of the Ansar. He had the honour of participating in the Battles of Badr and Uhud.

The second companion to be mentioned is Hazrat Anas Bin Mu’aaz Ansari. He belonged to the Banu Najjar clan of the Khazraj tribe of the Ansar. His mother’s name was Umm Unaas Bint Khalid. He participated in all of the Battles along with the Holy Prophet (sa) including the Battles of Badr, Uhud and Khandaq. His brother Hazrat Ubayy Bin Mu’aaz also participated in the Battle of Uhud along with him. It is mentioned in a narration that he died during the period of the Khilafat of Hazrat Usman (ra). In another narration, it is mentioned that Hazrat Anas Bin Mu’az and his brother, Hazrat Ubayy Bin Mu’aaz, were martyred during the incident of Bi’r-e-Ma’unah.

Hazrat Abu Shaikh Ubayy Bin Thabit (ra). His title was Abu Shaikh. Hazrat Ubayy Bin Thabit belonged to the Banu ‘Adi clan of the Khazraj tribe of the Ansar. His title was Abu Shaikh. He participated in the Battles of Badr and Uhud. He passed away on the day of the incident of Bi’r-e-Ma’unah.

Hazrat Abu Burda Bin Nayyaar. His title was Abu Burdah. He was more commonly known by his title, while his actual name was Hani. In one narration, his name is also mentioned as Haris and in another one it is mentioned as Malik. He belonged to the Bali clan of the tribe of Banu Qaza’ah. He participated in the Second Bai’at at Aqabah. Moreover, he also participated in all of the battles along with the Holy Prophet (sa) including the Battles of Badr, Uhud and Khandaq. On the day of the victory of Mecca, Hazrat Abu Burda was holding the flag of Banu Hartiha. Hazrat Abu Burda (ra) passed away in the early part of Hazrat Mu’awiyah’s era.

Hazrat Asad bin Yazid. The name of the father of Hazrat Asad was Yazid bin Al-Faqi’ and he belonged to the branch of Banu Zuraiq of the Ansar tribe of Banu Khazraj. He participated alongside the Holy Prophet (sa) in the battles of Badr and Uhud. ‘Allama Ibn Ishaq has recorded the name of Sa’d bin Yazid, insetad of Asad among the companions of Badr. There are various opinions regarding the name of Asad bin Yazid. Others have stated the following names: Sa’d bin Zaid, Sa’eed bin Al-Faqi’ and Sa’d bin Yazid.

Another Companion who took part in the Battle of Badr is by the name of Hazrat Tamim Bin Yar Ansari. The name of the father of Hazrat Tamim was Yar. He belonged to the branch of Banu Jadara bin ‘Auf bin Al-Harith of the tribe of Khazraj. He participated alongside the Holy Prophet (sa) in the battles of Badr and Uhud.

Hazrat Aus bin Thabit bin Munzir. He was also an Ansari. His title was Abu Shaddad. The name of the father of Hazrat Aus was Thabit. He was the father of the well-known companion, Hazrat Shaddad bin Aus. He belonged to the Ansar tribe of Banu ‘Amr bin Malik bin Najjar. He participated in the second pledge at ‘Aqba and thus accepted Islam. He participated alongside the Holy Prophet (sa) in the battles of Badr and Uhud. The well-known poet, Hazrat Hassan bin Thabit and Hazrat Ubai bin Thabit were his brothers. When Hazrat Usman bin ‘Affan migrated to Medina, he stayed at his home. The Holy Prophet (sa) formed a bond of brotherhood between Hazrat Usman bin ‘Affan and Hazrat Aus [bin Thabit]. In regard to his demise, ‘Abdullah bin Muhammad bin ‘Ammara Ansari says that he was martyred during the battle of Uhud.

Hazrat Thabit bin Khansaa. He belonged to the tribe of Banu Ghanam bin ‘Adi bin Najjar. He had the honour to participate in the battle of Badr. This is all that is known about him.

Hazrat Aus bin Samit was another companion who participated in the Battle of Badr. Hazrat Aus bin Samit was Hazrat Abadah bin Samit’s brother. Hazrat Aus participated in the Battle of Badr, Uhud and all other battles alongside the Holy Prophet (sa). The Holy Prophet (sa) established a bond of brotherhood between Hazrat Aus bin Samit and Hazrat Mursad bin Abi Mursad Al-Ghanwi.

It is stated in narrations that on one occasion, Hazrat Aus (ra) expressed Zihar towards his wife, Khuwalia bint Malik. According to ancient Arab customs, Zihar was when an individual would declare his wife to be like his own mother or sister, as a way of severing marital ties with her. Islam however abolished this custom and has stated that one cannot seek divorce merely through uttering this statement, i.e. by simply declaring one’s wife to be like one’s own mother or sister. This is indeed a deplorable act and as a punishment, Islam has stated that one ought to atone for this error, the atonement for such an act is to feed 60 poor people.

Regarding Zihar, the Quranic injunction is as follows; God Almighty says: “ Those among you who put away their wives by calling them mothers — they do not become their mothers; their mothers are only those who gave them birth; and they certainly utter words that are manifestly evil and untrue; but surely Allah is the Effacer of sins, Most Forgiving. As to those who call their wives mothers, and then would go back on what they have said, the penalty for it is the freeing of a slave before they touch each other. (In those days there were slaves and therefore they had to free a slave). This is what you are admonished with. And Allah is Well-Aware of what you do. But whoso does not find one (that is if one does not have a slave they can free), he must fast for two successive months, before they touch each other. And whoso is not able to do so, should feed sixty poor people. This is so, that you may truly believe in Allah and His Messenger. And these are the limits prescribed by Allah; and for the disbelievers is a painful punishment.”

In any case, these are the limits set by God Almighty, and this matter was also presented before the Promised Messiah (as) as well and he prescribed the same punishment. A similar matter was presented before Hazrat Khalifatul Masih the Second (ra), and he stated: “This is the appropriate penalty for this, unless such a person is extremely poor and does not bear the strength, then he should instead seek repentance and should fulfil the requirements of the punishment to the best of his means.”

Hazrat Aus bin Samit was also a poet. Hazrat Aus bin Samit and Shadad bin Aus Ansari took residence in Baitul Muqadas. Hazrat Aus passed away in Palestine in 34 Hijri at the age of 72 years.

Hazrat Arqam bin Abi Arqam. His title was Abu ‘Abdullah. Hazrat Arqam’s mother was Umaimah bint Harith. He was amongst the first companions to accept Islam. According to some sources, eleven people had entered the fold of Islam at the time of his acceptance of Islam. Hazrat Arqam owned a house outside of Mecca near the mountain of Safa which is well-renowned in history by the name of ‘Dar-e-Arqam’ in which the Holy Prophet (sa) and the early Muslims would perform worship. This was the place where Hazrat ‘Umar accepted Islam after which the total number of Muslims was forty. The Holy Prophet (sa) made Dar-e-Arqam his headquarters in the fourth year of his prophethood and worked in it until the end of his sixth year. Historians write that the last person to accept Islam in the Dar-e-Arqam was Ḥazrat ‘Umar (ra), the acceptance of whom strengthened the Muslims to the extent that they left the Dar-e-Arqam and began to preach openly”

Hazrat Arqam participated in the Battle of Badr alongside the Holy Prophet (sa) and the Holy Prophet (sa) gave him a sword from the spoils of war at Badr. Hazrat Arqam (ra) fought in the Battles of Badr, Uhud and all other Battles with the Holy Prophet(sa) and the Holy Prophet(sa) also gave him a house in Medina. On one occasion, the Holy Prophet (sa) appointed him to collect the Sadaqah. It is also noted in history that Hazrat Arqam was among the participants in the Hilful Fudul, the pact made by the elders of Mecca prior to Islam, in order to help the poor, and in which the Holy Prophet (sa) too participated. Hazrat Uthman bin Arqam, son of Hazrat Arqam (ra), relates that “my father passed away in 53AH at the age of 83.”

Hazrat Basbas bin Amr (ra). According to one source, his name was Basbas bin Bishar. Hazrat Basbas (ra) participated in the Battle of Badr and Uhud.

Hazrat Tha’labah bin Amr Ansari. Hazrat Tha’labah belonged to the Banu Najjar tribe. His mother’s name was Kabsha who was the sister of the renowned poet, Hazrat Hassan bin Thabit. Hazrat Tha’labah participated in the Battle of Badr and all other battles alongside the Holy Prophet (sa). He is among those Companions who destroyed the idols of Banu Salma. Hazrat Tha’labah passed away during the Khilafat of Hazrat Umar (ra) in the Battle of Jisr, i.e. the Battle of the Bridge. The Battle of Jisr took place in 14AH. In Tabari it is recorded to have taken place in 13AH, which was fought against the Iranians. Both armies – the Muslims led by Hazrat Abu Ubaid and the Iranians led by Bhaman Jazawiyya - met at the Euphrates River. There was a Jisr, i.e. bridge built to cross the river. This is why it is known as the Battle of Jisr. Some are of the opinion that Hazrat Tha’labah passed away during the Khilafat of Hazrat Usman (ra).

Hazrat Tha’labah bin Ghanamah. He belonged to the Banu Salma tribe of the Ansar. Hazrat Tha’labah is counted among those seventy Companions who participated in the second Bai’at Aqabah at the hands of the Holy Prophet (sa). When Hazrat Tha’labah accepted Islam, he broke the idols of Banu Salma, his own tribe, along with Hazrat Mu’adh bin Jabal and Abdullah bin Unais. Hazrat Tha’labah fought in the Battles of Badr, Uhud and Khandaq. During the Battle of Khandaq he was martyred by Hubairah bin Abi Wahab. According to another narration he was martyred in the Battle of Khaibar.

Hazrat Jabir bin Khalid. He belonged to the Ansar tribe of Banu Dinaar. Hazrat Jabir bin Khalid participated in the Battle of Badr and Uhud.

Hazrat Harith bin Nu’man Umayyah Ansari and he belonged to the Aus tribe of the Ansar. He participated in the Battles of Badr and Uhud alongside the Holy Prophet (sa). He was present in the Battle of Siffin on the side of Hazrat Ali (ra).

Hazrat Harris bin Anas Ansari. His mother’s name was Hazrat Umme Shareek and his father’s name was Anas bin Ra’fi. His mother also had the honour of accepting Islam and entering into the Bai’at [pledge of allegiance] of the Holy Prophet (sa). He participated in the Battles of Badr and Uhud and was martyred in the latter. During the Battle of Uhud, Hazrat Harith was among those few companions who remained on the mountain pass with Hazrat Abdullah bin Jubair and as a result of this he was martyred.

Hazrat Huraith bin Zaid Ansari. He belonged to the Banu Zaid bin Harith branch of the Khazraj tribe. He participated in the Battle of Badr along with his brother, Hazrat Abdullah – he was the one who was taught the Azan in a vision. He also participated in the Battle of Badr. His brother was also taught the words of the Azan in a dream.

Hazrat Harith bin As’imah. He belonged to the Banu Najjar tribe of the Ansar and was martyred in during Bir-e-Ma’uniah. The Holy Prophet (sa) established a bond of brotherhood between Hazrat Harith and Hazrat Suheeb bin Sinan. Hazrat Harith bin As’imah departed with the Holy Prophet (sa) on the day of Badr, however, when they reached Al Rauh, he did not have the strength to proceed further. Consequently, the Holy Prophet (sa) sent him back to Medina, yet, he was granted the same amount from the spoils of war as those who had participated in the Battle of Badr. Despite not physically participating in the Battle of Badr, he nevertheless had the desire to do so and left for Badr accordingly. However, owing to his ill health, or perhaps he fell ill on route, he was sent home. Seeing his passion and devotion, the Holy Prophet (sa) counted him among the companions who took part in the Battle of Badr. He was present during the Battle of Uhud and on the day when some of the people left their post, Hazrat Harith remained steadfast.

Hazrat Harith had pledged to the Holy Prophet (sa) to sacrifice his life. Hazrat Harith was part of the delegation that went to Bir-e-Maunah. When the incident of Bir-e-Maunah was taking place and the Companions (ra) were being martyred, Hazrat Harith and Amr bin Ummayah had gone to graze the camels. Nonetheless, according to the narration which specifies these two names, when they returned to their camp, they saw that the birds had congregated there and from this they understood that their companions had been martyred. Hazrat Harith enquired from Hazrat Amr as to what they should do. Amr replied, “I think we should go back and inform the Holy Prophet (sa).” However, Hazrat Harith said, “I will not turn away from the place where Munzir was martyred.” And so, he went ahead and was martyred whilst fighting against them.

May God Almighty continue to elevate the rank of the Companions who took part in the Battle of Badr.