یَّوۡمَ یُنۡفَخُ فِی الصُّوۡرِ وَ نَحۡشُرُ الۡمُجۡرِمِیۡنَ یَوۡمَئِذٍ زُرۡقًا ﴿۱۰۳﴾ۚۖ
يَوۡمَ يُنفَخُ فِي ٱلصُّورِۚ وَنَحۡشُرُ ٱلۡمُجۡرِمِينَ يَوۡمَئِذٖ زُرۡقٗا
b. 18:100; 27:88; 36:52; 78:19. (close)
1849. The allusion in this verse primarily seems to be to the Western Christian nations who have blue eyes and are spiritually blind and possess an undying hatred for Islam. (close)
2312. Important Words:
زرقاً (blue-eyed) is the plural of ازرق and is derived from زرق which means, (1) he was blue-eyed or grey-eyed or of a greenish hue in the eye; (2) he was or became blind.زرقت او أزرقت عینه نحوی means, his eye turned towards me so that the white thereof appeared i.e. he looked askance at me on account of hatred or fear. أزرق is an epithet applied to a man having what is termed زرقة (blue colour) of the eye; blue-eyed; grey-eyed; blind from what is commonly termed as a cataract in the eye (Lane & Aqrab).
The allusion in this verse primarily seems to be to the Western Christian nations who have blue eyes and are spiritually blind and possess an undying hatred for Islam. (close)
یَّتَخَافَتُوۡنَ بَیۡنَہُمۡ اِنۡ لَّبِثۡتُمۡ اِلَّا عَشۡرًا ﴿۱۰۴﴾
يَتَخَٰفَتُونَ بَيۡنَهُمۡ إِن لَّبِثۡتُمۡ إِلَّا عَشۡرٗا
1850. "Ten days" here signifies ten centuries. The reference is to the ten centuries after the Hijrah during which the European nations remained almost in a state of dormancy. It was in the beginning of the 17th century, about one thousand years after the Holy Prophet began to preach his mission in the beginning of the 7th century AD., that the nations of Europe came out of their hibernation and began to spread over the world and conquer it. (close)
عشرا (ten days) here signifies ten centuries. The reference is to the ten centuries after the Hijrah during which the European nations remained in a state of inactivity and dormancy. It was in the beginning of the 17th century, exactly one thousand years after the Holy Prophet began to preach his mission in the beginning of the 7th century A.D., that the nations of Europe came out of their hibernation and began to spread over the world and conquer it. See also 18:20. (close)
نَحۡنُ اَعۡلَمُ بِمَا یَقُوۡلُوۡنَ اِذۡ یَقُوۡلُ اَمۡثَلُہُمۡ طَرِیۡقَۃً اِنۡ لَّبِثۡتُمۡ اِلَّا یَوۡمًا ﴿۱۰۵﴾٪
نَّحۡنُ أَعۡلَمُ بِمَا يَقُولُونَ إِذۡ يَقُولُ أَمۡثَلُهُمۡ طَرِيقَةً إِن لَّبِثۡتُمۡ إِلَّا يَوۡمٗا
1850A. Tariqatul-Qaum means, best or most upright of the people (Aqrab). Yaum here signifies one thousand years referred to in 22:48 and corresponds to 'ten days' of the preceding verse, i.e. ten centuries or a thousand years. Yaum also means time absolutely. In this sense of the word the disbelievers, when they are seized with Divine punishment, are depicted as saying that the time of their prosperity and progress was but a day. i.e. very short. (close)
یوما (a day) here signifies one thousand years referred to in 22:48 where it is said: verily, a day with thy Lord is as a thousand years of what you reckon. This یوم (a day) corresponds to عشراً (ten days) of the preceding verse, i.e. ten centuries or a thousand years.
یوم also means time absolutely. In this sense of the word the disbelievers, when they are seized with Divine punishment, are depicted as saying that the time of their prosperity and progress was but a day i.e. very short. In fact the period of ease and comfort, however long, looks very short when misfortunes and miseries overtake a person. So this word may have been used here in the sense of "a short time." (close)
وَ یَسۡـَٔلُوۡنَکَ عَنِ الۡجِبَالِ فَقُلۡ یَنۡسِفُہَا رَبِّیۡ نَسۡفًا ﴿۱۰۶﴾ۙ
وَيَسۡـَٔلُونَكَ عَنِ ٱلۡجِبَالِ فَقُلۡ يَنسِفُهَا رَبِّي نَسۡفٗا
a. 56:6; 70:10; 101:6. (close)
1851. The reference in the word al-Jibal (mountains) here is to the powerful Christian nations of the West. The prophecy in this verse is in regard to their complete destruction. The decline of the West has already begun. The last two World Wars have greatly weakened it (Spengler’s "Decline of the West" & Toynbee’s "A Study of History"). See also 1666. (close)
a. 56:6; 70:10; 101:6. (close)
2315. Important Words:
الجبال (mountains) is the plural of جبل (a mountain). Figuratively, the word جبل means, (1) chief of a tribe or community; (2) a learned man who towers above those around him (ھو جبل) i.e. he is like a mountain and does not move from his place); (3) a niggard; (4) a great hardship or calamity (Lane & Aqrab). See also 13:32.
The reference in the word الجبال (mountains) here is to the powerful Christian nations of the west. The prophecy contained in this verse is that these great powerful nations will be scattered as dust. The decline of the west has already begun. The last two World Wars have considerably weakened the hold of the West over the East and eastern nations are gradually coming into their own.
This decline of the West is too patent to be overlooked and western political thinkers themselves realize and admit it. The reader is referred to Spengler’s "Decline of the West", and Toynbee’s "A Study of History". See also 18:8, 9. (close)
فَیَذَرُہَا قَاعًا صَفۡصَفًا ﴿۱۰۷﴾ۙ
فَيَذَرُهَا قَاعٗا صَفۡصَفٗا
2316. Important Words:
قاعاً (barren and level) is derived from قاع which means, he desisted, recoiled or drew back; he inclined to one side while walking. القاع means, an even place; plain or level land that produces nothing; plain or soft land, low and free from mountain and herbage (Aqrab & Lane).
صفصفا (level plain) is derived from صف which means, he placed or stationed in a row.
صفصف means, a level or an even tract of land or ground. ارض صفصف signifies, a smooth and level or even land or a waterless desert (Lane).
The reference in the verse seems to be to the complete destruction of the material power and resources of the western nations. See also 18:8, 9. (close)
لَّا تَرٰی فِیۡہَا عِوَجًا وَّ لَاۤ اَمۡتًا ﴿۱۰۸﴾ؕ
لَّا تَرَىٰ فِيهَا عِوَجٗا وَلَآ أَمۡتٗا
1852. The allusion seems to be to the rise of Socialism and Democracy when great and powerful empires will be swept away and there will be a general levelling up of the social and economic conditions of different sections of human society. (close)
2317. Important Words:
امتاً (elevation) is infinitive noun fromأمت (amata). أمت means, he measured it; he betook himself to it. أمت (amtun) means, a measure of distance; doubt; curvity or crookedness or unevenness; ruggedness in one place and smoothness in another; one part being high or more prominent than another; an elevated place; a hillock, etc. (Lane & Aqrab).
The allusion seems to be to the rise of socialism and democracy in our own time when great and powerful empires were to be swept away and there was to be a general levelling up of the social and economic conditions of different sections of human society. This process has already begun. (close)
یَوۡمَئِذٍ یَّتَّبِعُوۡنَ الدَّاعِیَ لَا عِوَجَ لَہٗ ۚ وَ خَشَعَتِ الۡاَصۡوَاتُ لِلرَّحۡمٰنِ فَلَا تَسۡمَعُ اِلَّا ہَمۡسًا ﴿۱۰۹﴾
يَوۡمَئِذٖ يَتَّبِعُونَ ٱلدَّاعِيَ لَا عِوَجَ لَهُۥۖ وَخَشَعَتِ ٱلۡأَصۡوَاتُ لِلرَّحۡمَٰنِ فَلَا تَسۡمَعُ إِلَّا هَمۡسٗا
1853. The Holy Prophet. (close)
2318. Important Words:
ھمساً (subdued sound) is derived from ھمس (hamasa). They say ھمس الصوت i.e. he whispered in a subdued tone. ھمس الطعامmeans, he chewed the food while his mouth was shut. ھمس الی بحدیثه means, he narrated to me his story in a low voice. ھمس بالقدم means, he walked stealthily. الھمس means, low or subdued voice; or subdued sound of footsteps. أخذا ھمساً means, I seized him with a terrible seizure (Aqrab).
الداعی (the Caller) may refer to the Holy Prophet or his representative or Khalifah. The verse also alludes to the decline and ultimate destruction of the material power of the West and to the rise and ascendancy of Islam through a great Muslim Caller i.e. the Promised Messiah. (close)
یَوۡمَئِذٍ لَّا تَنۡفَعُ الشَّفَاعَۃُ اِلَّا مَنۡ اَذِنَ لَہُ الرَّحۡمٰنُ وَ رَضِیَ لَہٗ قَوۡلًا ﴿۱۱۰﴾
يَوۡمَئِذٖ لَّا تَنفَعُ ٱلشَّفَٰعَةُ إِلَّا مَنۡ أَذِنَ لَهُ ٱلرَّحۡمَٰنُ وَرَضِيَ لَهُۥ قَوۡلٗا
b. 21:29; 78:39. (close)
a. 21:29; 78:39. (close)
The words "in whose case the Gracious God grants permission" may apply to both the intercessor and the person for whom intercession is made.
The expression "and with whose word of faith He is pleased" refers to Muslims. Elsewhere the Quran says about the true followers of Islam: "Allah is well pleased with them, and they are well pleased with Him" (58:23). The verse under comment means to say that at that time Islam will be in the ascendance and all progress and prosperity will fall to the lot of its followers. Allah will be well pleased with them and they will be well pleased with Him. (close)
یَعۡلَمُ مَا بَیۡنَ اَیۡدِیۡہِمۡ وَ مَا خَلۡفَہُمۡ وَ لَا یُحِیۡطُوۡنَ بِہٖ عِلۡمًا ﴿۱۱۱﴾
يَعۡلَمُ مَا بَيۡنَ أَيۡدِيهِمۡ وَمَا خَلۡفَهُمۡ وَلَا يُحِيطُونَ بِهِۦ عِلۡمٗا
a. 2:256; 21:29. (close)
1854. The words 'all that is behind them' refer to great accomplishments they will have already made, and the words 'that is before them' refer to the great achievements they will aspire to make in the future. (close)
a. 2:256; 21:29. (close)
The allusion in the verse seems to be to the great material achievements of the western nations. The words "all that is behind them" refer to the great accomplishments that they will already have made in the past and the words "that is before them" refer to the great achievements they will aspire to make in the future. (close)
وَ عَنَتِ الۡوُجُوۡہُ لِلۡحَیِّ الۡقَیُّوۡمِ ؕ وَ قَدۡ خَابَ مَنۡ حَمَلَ ظُلۡمًا ﴿۱۱۲﴾
۞وَعَنَتِ ٱلۡوُجُوهُ لِلۡحَيِّ ٱلۡقَيُّومِۖ وَقَدۡ خَابَ مَنۡ حَمَلَ ظُلۡمٗا
1854A. Wujuh means, great leaders (Aqrab). (close)
The theme of the preceding verses regarding destruction of the power of the great and powerful western nations and their abasement continues in this verse. The verse may also signify that these great nations will humble themselves before God—they will humbly accept God’s true religion—Islam. (close)