کُلُوۡا وَ ارۡعَوۡا اَنۡعَامَکُمۡ ؕ اِنَّ فِیۡ ذٰلِکَ لَاٰیٰتٍ لِّاُولِی النُّہٰی ﴿٪۵۵﴾
كُلُواْ وَٱرۡعَوۡاْ أَنۡعَٰمَكُمۡۚ إِنَّ فِي ذَٰلِكَ لَأٓيَٰتٖ لِّأُوْلِي ٱلنُّهَىٰ
c. 10:25; 25:50; 32:28. (close)
a. 10:25; 25:50; 32:28. (close)
2274. Important Words:
النھی (reason) is derived from نھی (naha). They say نھاہ عن کذا i.e. he forbade him to do such a thing. نھی (nuha) is the plural of نھیة (nuhyatun) which means, reason. It is so called because reason restrains a man from doing what is bad and from all that which is contrary to reason and common sense (Aqrab).
The truths narrated in the previous verse constitute "Signs" or proofs of the existence of God. They also prove the need of Divine revelation, because they show that if God has made so much provision for the physical needs of man, He must have made similar provision for his spiritual needs also. (close)
مِنۡہَا خَلَقۡنٰکُمۡ وَ فِیۡہَا نُعِیۡدُکُمۡ وَ مِنۡہَا نُخۡرِجُکُمۡ تَارَۃً اُخۡرٰی ﴿۵۶﴾
۞مِنۡهَا خَلَقۡنَٰكُمۡ وَفِيهَا نُعِيدُكُمۡ وَمِنۡهَا نُخۡرِجُكُمۡ تَارَةً أُخۡرَىٰ
d. 7:26; 71:18, 19. (close)
b. 7:26; 71:18-19. (close)
The words, into it shall We cause you to return, give rise to a natural question, viz. where does human soul go after man dies and his body decays and is completely dissolved? The answer to this question as given by the Quran is that the human soul acquires a new body after its departure from its physical habitat and also an abode according to the nature of the deeds which man may have done during his life on earth. Man’s real sepulchre is the place to which God consigns his soul after death according to his works in this life. It is not the pit in which his dead body is placed. It is an abode of happiness or misery according to his spiritual condition.
The sentence, And from this earth shall We bring you forth once more, points to the supreme truth that man’s life does not end with the extinction and dissolution of his physical body, as it is pregnant with too big an import to end with the latter’s decay and death. If life had no great purpose God would not have created it, and after having created it He would not have made it subject to death unless there had been an afterlife. So if death were the end of all life, then the creation of man would have been "a mere sport and pastime" and this would have constituted a great reflection on the wisdom of God. The fact that God, the Source of all wisdom and intelligence, has done all this shows that He has not created man to return to dust after a life of merely 60 or 70 years but, on the contrary, He has created him for a better, fuller and everlasting life which he must live after he has shed the encumbrances of his physical tabernacle.
The verse also embodies a refutation of the religious beliefs of Pharaoh’s people who worshipped the stars. (close)
وَ لَقَدۡ اَرَیۡنٰہُ اٰیٰتِنَا کُلَّہَا فَکَذَّبَ وَ اَبٰی ﴿۵۷﴾
وَلَقَدۡ أَرَيۡنَٰهُ ءَايَٰتِنَا كُلَّهَا فَكَذَّبَ وَأَبَىٰ
a. 27:13-15; 43:48, 49; 79:21, 22. (close)
a. 27:13-15; 43:48-49; 79:21-22. (close)
The word أبی besides the meaning given in the text also means, he hated or disliked. According to this meaning the verse shows that Pharaoh not only rejected the Divine signs but also held them up to scorn and looked down upon them with contempt and disdain. (close)
قَالَ اَجِئۡتَنَا لِتُخۡرِجَنَا مِنۡ اَرۡضِنَا بِسِحۡرِکَ یٰمُوۡسٰی ﴿۵۸﴾
قَالَ أَجِئۡتَنَا لِتُخۡرِجَنَا مِنۡ أَرۡضِنَا بِسِحۡرِكَ يَٰمُوسَىٰ
b. 26:36. (close)
1828. This verse seems to refer to an insidious device of Pharaoh. He told his people that Moses who was a foreigner in Egypt was seeking to turn the ruling dynasty out of Egypt by his clever manoeuvres. (close)
b. 26:36. (close)
This verse seems to refer to an insidious device of Pharaoh. He told his people that Moses who was a foreigner in Egypt was seeking to turn the ruling dynasty out of Egypt by his clever manoeuvres. He accused Moses of rebellion and revolt against the constituted authority and of aspiring to the leadership of the Egyptians. Thus apprehending in the rise of Moses a threat to his own power and prestige he sought to incite his people against him and thus turn his personal enmity against him into national hatred.
In this verse Pharaoh leaves out Aaron and addresses only Moses. He seems to have regarded Aaron as too insignificant to be considered worthy of notice. (close)
فَلَنَاۡتِیَنَّکَ بِسِحۡرٍ مِّثۡلِہٖ فَاجۡعَلۡ بَیۡنَنَا وَ بَیۡنَکَ مَوۡعِدًا لَّا نُخۡلِفُہٗ نَحۡنُ وَ لَاۤ اَنۡتَ مَکَانًا سُوًی ﴿۵۹﴾
فَلَنَأۡتِيَنَّكَ بِسِحۡرٖ مِّثۡلِهِۦ فَٱجۡعَلۡ بَيۡنَنَا وَبَيۡنَكَ مَوۡعِدٗا لَّا نُخۡلِفُهُۥ نَحۡنُ وَلَآ أَنتَ مَكَانٗا سُوٗى
c. 7:112, 113; 26:37. (close)
c. 7:112, 113; 26:37-40. (close)
2278. Important Words:
سوی (equal) is derived from سوی (saviya). They say سوی الرجل i.e. the affair of the man became established. ساواہ means, it was or became equal to it and like it in measure, extent, size, quantity or amount and in value, etc. سوی (siwan) or سوی(suwan) means, equal; or equal in respect of its two extremities; uniform or even; equidistant or midway between two parties or two places; مکاناً سوی also means, a marked place (Lane & Aqrab). See also 2:109 and 19:11.
The verse shows that Pharaoh possessed some sense of fairness. He seems to act with justice and impartiality in regard to the controversy that was to take place between Moses and the magicians. (close)
قَالَ مَوۡعِدُکُمۡ یَوۡمُ الزِّیۡنَۃِ وَ اَنۡ یُّحۡشَرَ النَّاسُ ضُحًی ﴿۶۰﴾
قَالَ مَوۡعِدُكُمۡ يَوۡمُ ٱلزِّينَةِ وَأَن يُحۡشَرَ ٱلنَّاسُ ضُحٗى
d. 26:39. (close)
1829. There seems a curious analogy here between Moses and the Holy Prophet, viz. that whereas the contest between Moses and the magicians in which they were fully and finally routed took place at the time of Duha, the Holy Prophet also entered Mecca as conqueror at the time of Duha which marked the final defeat of disbelief and idolatry in Arabia. (close)
a. 26:39. (close)
It seems a curious analogy that whereas the contest between Moses and the magicians in which they were fully and finally routed took place at the time of ضحی, the Holy Prophet also entered Mecca as a conqueror at the time of ضحی which marked the final defeat of disbelief and idolatry in Arabia.
The day of festival seemed to be the holy day of the people of Pharaoh when they were expected to assemble in large numbers and to behave with unusual dignity and decorum. (close)
فَتَوَلّٰی فِرۡعَوۡنُ فَجَمَعَ کَیۡدَہٗ ثُمَّ اَتٰی ﴿۶۱﴾
فَتَوَلَّىٰ فِرۡعَوۡنُ فَجَمَعَ كَيۡدَهُۥ ثُمَّ أَتَىٰ
1830. The expression. Jama‘a Kaida-hu, besides the meaning given in the text may also mean: He mustered all his designs; he contrived all sorts of plans; he did all that he could do. (close)
The expression جمع کیدہ besides the meaning given in the text may also mean: He mustered all his designs; he contrived all sorts of plans; he did all that he could do. (close)
قَالَ لَہُمۡ مُّوۡسٰی وَیۡلَکُمۡ لَا تَفۡتَرُوۡا عَلَی اللّٰہِ کَذِبًا فَیُسۡحِتَکُمۡ بِعَذَابٍ ۚ وَ قَدۡ خَابَ مَنِ افۡتَرٰی ﴿۶۲﴾
قَالَ لَهُم مُّوسَىٰ وَيۡلَكُمۡ لَا تَفۡتَرُواْ عَلَى ٱللَّهِ كَذِبٗا فَيُسۡحِتَكُم بِعَذَابٖۖ وَقَدۡ خَابَ مَنِ ٱفۡتَرَىٰ
1831. The verse lays down an infallible criterion to test the truth of a claimant to Divine revelation, viz. that a forger of lies against God, though he may appear to progress and prosper for a short while, ultimately perishes and comes to a miserable and ignoble end. This is a truth writ large on the pages of all religious history. (close)
2281. Important Words:
فیسحتکم (destroy you utterly) is derived from سحت which means, he earned unlawful money.سحته او أسحته means, he destroyed him or it; exterminated him or it; he corrupted it. سحت رأسه means, he shaved his head so as to remove the hair utterly. ماله سحت means, his property may be taken and destroyed with impunity; دمه سحت means, his blood may be shed with impunity (Lane & Aqrab). See also 5:43.
The verse lays down an infallible criterion to test the truth of a claimant to Divine revelation, viz. that a forger of lies against God, though he may appear to progress and prosper for a while, ultimately perishes and comes to a miserable and ignoble end. This is a truth writ large on the pages of all religious history. (close)
فَتَنَازَعُوۡۤا اَمۡرَہُمۡ بَیۡنَہُمۡ وَ اَسَرُّوا النَّجۡوٰی ﴿۶۳﴾
فَتَنَٰزَعُوٓاْ أَمۡرَهُم بَيۡنَهُمۡ وَأَسَرُّواْ ٱلنَّجۡوَىٰ
This verse shows that the warning which Moses held out to the magicians in the words, forge not a lie against Allah, had had its effect on them with the result that some of them seemed to have wavered and vacillated. The words, they argued their affair among themselves, indicate that disagreement arose between them whether or not they should oppose Moses. Therefore in order to come to a final decision whether they should enter the lists against him or should withdraw, they held a secret consultation. (close)
قَالُوۡۤا اِنۡ ہٰذٰٮنِ لَسٰحِرٰنِ یُرِیۡدٰنِ اَنۡ یُّخۡرِجٰکُمۡ مِّنۡ اَرۡضِکُمۡ بِسِحۡرِہِمَا وَ یَذۡہَبَا بِطَرِیۡقَتِکُمُ الۡمُثۡلٰی ﴿۶۴﴾
قَالُوٓاْ إِنۡ هَٰذَٰنِ لَسَٰحِرَٰنِ يُرِيدَانِ أَن يُخۡرِجَاكُم مِّنۡ أَرۡضِكُم بِسِحۡرِهِمَا وَيَذۡهَبَا بِطَرِيقَتِكُمُ ٱلۡمُثۡلَىٰ
a. 7:110-111; 26:35, 36. (close)
1831A. Tariqah means, way of life; ideal; institution, tradition (Lane). (close)
a. 7:110-111; 26:35-36. (close)
2283. Important Words:
طریقتکم (your traditions) is derived from طرق. They say طرق الطریق i.e. he travelled or beat the road. طرق الباب means, he knocked at the door. طریقة means, a way, course, rule, habit, custom or tradition, manner or mode; path, road. طریقة القوم means, the best, the most excellent, the eminent or noble person among the community (Lane & Aqrab).
المثلی (best) is the feminine of أمثل which is derived from مثل. They say مثل فلان فلاناً i.e. he became like such a one. أمثل(amthalo) or مثلی means, coming nearest to the model, i.e. the best. امثال القوم means, the best and the noblest persons in the community. They say المریض الیوم أمثل i.e. the patient today is in the best of health (Lane, Aqrab & Mufradat). See also 13:7.
The reference in the words, "they said," is to the members of Pharaoh’s party. It is they who spoke these words to incite the reluctant magicians to take the field against Moses. They brought two charges against Moses and Aaron. First, that Moses and Aaron sought to turn them out of their country by deceitful means; secondly that they intended to destroy their religion and the sacred traditions which they (people of Pharaoh) had inherited from their forefathers. (close)