is the call to prayer. When Adhän is heard, it means that
the time for prayer is approaching. The call is made before obligatory
Prayers. Muadhdhin (the caller) calls out the words loudly from
a point in the mosque that his call is heard far and wide in the
neighborhood of the mosque or the venue of the Prayer.
- Iqämah is recited loudly, preferably by the muadhdhin,
or a person in the congregation, just before the start of the
obligatory part of the Prayer which is lead by the imäm,
the person leading the Prayer.
- Declaration of intention to engage in Prayer. Recited before
a set of Prayers.
- Sitting down with folded left foot folded and the right foot
- Standing upright in Prayer.
- Bending forward with hands on knees.
- Forehead touching the ground, hands flat on the sides, elbows
raised up, knees on the ground.
Al-Fätiha - The opening chapter of the Holy Qur'an.
Must be recited in every rak'ah.
Al-Ikhläs - Can be substituted by other chapters
or verses from the Holy Qur'an.
- Seeking protection from God against Satan.
- Procaliming the Supremacy of the Almighty at the start and during
the Prayer while changing posture.
- Glorification of the Almighty.