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JAN
27
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Friday Sermon: Salat and its etiquette

Sermon Delivered by Hazrat Mirza Masroor Ahmad at Head of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community.
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NOTE: Alislam Team takes full responsibility for any errors or miscommunication in this Synopsis of the Friday Sermon

Today's Friday sermon was delivered by Khalifatul Masih V (May Allah be his Helper) from Baitul Futuh mosque, London. After Tashahhud and Surah Fātiḥah Huzoor proceded as follows

Last Friday I spoke on the importance of observing Salat and I have been receiving letters from the members of Jama'at and office bearers in which they mentioned that it was a timely reminder. They were being lazy in this regard and will try to improve their observance of Salat. May Allah help them to fulfill their promise and enable them to populate the houses of Allah.

In the beginning people are very passionate about following an instruction but as the time passes, their passion fades away.The system of Jama'at should recognize this and must constantly remind members of Jama'at . Steadfastness is the key.

Individuals exhibiting laziness is not necessarily harmful but when organization show laziness, it leads to lack of reformation and is matter of great concern. Auxiliaries and the community should pay great heed to this task - the task declared as purpose of our Creation. Such programs should be arranged that we experience progress with each day .Our progress in worship will lead us to true victories. This is quite an important principle. Jama'at should take this very seriously.

Lajna Imai'llah should play a role - they should supervise over children offering prayers. They should remind male members of their house to offer their prayers at the mosque. If women play their role, then we can experience a great reformation.

Those who make excuses that worship is a matter between themselves and God, they should remember that when we become part of a system then we have to abide by the rules.So the task of Jama'at is to remind everyone of their responsibilities. Some women also complain that when they remind their husbands, they get angry. They say we are tired so don't wake us up for Fajr. ۔ It is obligatory upon wives to remind their husbands If it was only sufficient to pray if one desires, or one is not able to wake up for Fajr .The Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) instructed us to wake each other up.

Sometimes questions are asked which are related to Salat and Fiqah, so today I'll answer some of those questions. People from different background and schools of thoughts join Ahmadiyyat and they do things differently. The Promised Messiah ( peace be on him) has taught his Jama'at better and virtuous ways.

With respect to raising hands, Rafah Yadain, It was not the practice of The Holy Prophet (peace be upon him). The Promised Messiah ( peace be on him) did not do it either

Reciting Surah Fatihah behind the Imam is an virtuous practice and is better than not reciting

Reading Bimillah out loud before reciting the Surah in Salat and saying Ameen out loud after Surah Fatihah was not adopted by the Promised Messiah (may peace be on him). There is nothing wrong with doing so.

Regarding folding hands during prayers, Promised Messiah (peace be on him) recommended one should fold his hands above the navel area.

Regarding raising your index finger, the Promised Messiah (peace be on him) said that Arabs used it when they would abuse or curse someone but Islam changed their mentality by instructing its followers to use the same finger for proclaiming the unity of God.

Promised Messiah (peace be on him) would pray in a manner consistent with the practice of Holy Prophet (peace be upon him). It is important not to dwell on minor details but a greater focus should be paid on Allah Almighty

With respect to offering Quranic prayers in Ruku Sujud, it should not be done. It is a time for great humility and word of God has exalted status. It was not the practice of The Holy Prophet (peace be upon him)

It was asked whether a Rakat should be counted if one joins in Ruku. The Promised Messiah (peace be on him) said that my personal inclination is that there is no prayer without Fatihah. But if one gets late despite trying and joins Ruku, his Rakat would be counted as this is stated in ahadith.

If the Imam is leading Asr prayer and a person comes who hasn't yet performed Zuhr prayer, then he should first perform Zuhr prayer – meaning it is preferable to keep the order of prayers. If the follower doesn't know which prayer is being lead, then his prayer would be that of the Imam. He should perform his own missed prayer afterwards. Meaning if he accidentally reads Asr prayer with the Imam first without Zuhr first, then he should do Zuhr prayer afterwards.

Because the Promised Messiah (peace be on him)) used to offer Sunnat prayers at home, some people misunderstood this to mean it was not mandatory. Hazrat Khalifatul-Masih I (may Allah be pleased with him)) clarified this matter stating that The Promised Messiah (peace be on him) offered all his Sunnat prayers at home. Mirza Bashir-ud-Din Mahmood Ahmad (may Allah be pleased with him) and other members confirmed this as well.

Then there is a question about saying Salat behind an Imam who takes this position as a profession? Promised Messiah (peace be on him) said that for me offering Salat behind any person who leads prayers as a profession is not correct. They lead the congregation keeping in mind the money they will gain out of it. If they won't be paid for it, then they would surely give up this task. If livelihood is earned with a pure intention it in itself is worship.

Promised Messiah (peace be on him) said that offering Salat behind any person who issues edicts of disbelief pertaining to the Messiah of the time is not allowed and is haram. These people who accuse other Muslims of apostasy are indeed the ones who shall be destroyed. Therefore, they do not deserve that any person from my Jama'at offer Salat behind them. Can a living person offer Salat that is being led by a dead person? Remember that as Allah has informed me it is Haram for you to offer prayer behind any such person. Make sure that your Imam is from amongst you. Hadith Bukhari states Imamokum minkum .

Then there was a question about saying Salat behind people who are not hostile to the Jama'at but have not accepted the Promised Messiah (peace be on him). The Promised Messiah (peace be on him) said that these people have not accepted the beliefs of this sect and have not considered any of the signs from Allah and have not pondered over the state of Muslims, have not followed the path of Taqwa. Allah says in the Holy Quran: 'Allah accepts only from the righteous' [5:28] Therefore, do not offer Salat behind a person who's Salat itself is not up to the standard to be accepted.

There is a request for prayers for the Ahmadis in Algeria. It is a new Jama'at and most members are new converts. But they are very strong in their faith. The situation is being very difficult for them .Cases are filed without any reason. Some are being sent to prison. Our people there are considered a group similar to Daish (Nauzubillah). The truth is that if in today's time, in any country if there is any group that is peaceful and abiding to the laws of their respective governments then it is the members of Jama'at Ahmadiyya. But because they had to associate some accusation to us they are coming up with their allegations. May Allah ease the situation for Ahmadis there and give them patience and may Allah reflect back these ill doings on the enemies of Ahmadiyyat. May Allah keep every Ahmadi safe from these atrocities. Ameen.

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Verses Cited in this Friday Sermon:
Synopsis:
  • Huzoor (May Allah be his Helper) said that after I spoke about Salat in previous sermon, many Ahmadis and auxiliary organizations have written to me and promised to bring about reform. We should remember that a constant effort is needed by the entire Nizaam or system of Jama’at in this regard.
  • It is especially the duty of Lajna Imaillah that they should inculcate the habit of regularly offering salat with children and also encouraging their spouses to pray and pray in congregation.
  • Some people become angry and irritated when advised about prayers and say that this matter is between me and God. No doubt the matter is between you and God, but it is the responsibility of Jama’at and your spouses to encourage you and advise you to be regular in prayers.
  • I will present some matters of fiqah or jurisprudence about Namaz as given by the Promised Messiah (may peace be on him).
  • Muslims enter this Jama’at from different sects. As Hakm and Adl or arbitrator and judge, the Promised Messiah (may peace be on him)) has decided these matters for us.
  • About Rafa Yadain meaning raising your hands to ears in every Rakat, there is no problem in it as it is substantiated from ahadith. The Promised Messiah ( may peace be on him) did not do this.
  • Reciting Surah Fatihah behind the Imam is an approved practice and is better than not reciting
  • Reading Bimillah out loud before reciting the Surah in salat and saying Ameen out loud after Surah Fatihah was not adopted by the Promised Messiah (may peace be on him). There is nothing wrong with doing so.
  • Reciting Quranic prayers in Ruku and Sujud should not be done even though these are positions of extreme humility. It was not the practice of The Prophet (peace be upon him) .Quranic verses have an exalted status.
  • It was asked whether a Rakat should be counted if one joins in Ruku. The Promised Messiah (peace be on him) said that my personal inclination is that there is no prayer without Fatihah.But if one gets late despite trying and joins Ruku, his Rakat would be counted as this is stated in ahadith.
  • If the Imam is leading Asr prayer and a person comes who hasn’t yet read Zuhr prayer, then he should first read Zuhr prayer – meaning it is preferable to keep the order of prayers. If the follower doesn’t know which prayer is being lead, then his prayer would be that of the Imam. He should read his own missed prayer afterwards. Meaning if he accidentally reads Asr prayer with the Imam first without Zuhr first, then he should do Zuhr prayer afterwards.
  • Because the Promised Messiah (peace be on him) used to offer Sunnat prayers at home, some people misunderstood that they may not be mandatory. Hazrat Khalifatul-Masih I (may Allah be pleased with him)) clarified this matter that he offered all his Sunnat prayers at home and Mirza Bashir-ud-Din Mahmood Ahmad (may Allah be pleased with him) and other members confirmed this as well.
  • The Promised Messiah (may peace be on him) forbade to read prayer behind any such person who declares the Promised Messiah (may peace be on him) as a Kafir or a liar. Your Imam should be from amongst yourselves. It is also forbidden to pray behind a person who stays quiet in this regard, meaning he neither believes in the Promised Messiah (peace be on him)) nor declares him false.
  • At the end, Huzoor (may Allah be his Helper) asked all Ahmadis to pray for the Ahmadis of Algeria. May Allah keep all Ahmadis safe and under His protection .Ameen.
  • حضور انور ایدہ اللہ تعالیٰ بنصرہ العزیز نے فرمایا کہ گزشتہ خطبہ میں نماز کی طرف توجہ دلائی گئی تھی جس کے بعد احمدیوں کے بہت سےخط موصول ہوئے جس میں انفرادی طور پر اور ذیلی تنظیموک نے بھی اپنی اصلاح کا وعدہ کیا ہے۔ ہمیشہ یاد رکھنا چاہئے کہ ہر چیز کےاعلیٰ نتائج کیلئے مستقل مزاجی ضروری ہے۔ یہ انسانی فطرت ہے کہ کام کے شروع میں بہت جوش ہوتا ہے اور پھر آہستہ آہستہ سستی پیدا ہوتی ہے۔ نظام کو کبھی سست نہیں ہونا چاہئے کیونکہ جماعت کے افراد کی اصلاح اس پر منحصر ہے۔اس لئے عبادت کے پہلو میں مستقل ترقی ہونی چاہئے ۔
  • حضور نے فرمایا کہ بعض لوگو ں کا یہ حال ہے کہ اگر ان کو نماز کی طرف توجہ دلائی جائے تو وہ غصہ کرتے ہیں اور کہتے ہیں کہ یہ انسا ن اور خدا کا معاملہ ہے۔ انکو یہ یاد رکھنا چاہیئے کہ بیشک بندہ اور خدا کا معاملہ ہے لیکن توجہ دلانا بہرحال نظام کا کام ہے اور بیویوں کا کام ہے اور ان کی ذمہ داری ہے۔ اس لئے ایسی سوچ بہرحال غلط ہے۔ فرمایا کہ میں حضرت مسیح موعود علیہ السلام کے حوالہ سے بعض ایسی فقہی باتیں نماز کے متعلق پیش کروں گا جن کے بارہ میں لوگ پوچھتے ہیں۔ مختلف فرقوں سے لوگ جماعت میں داخل ہوتے ہیں لیکن حضرت مسیح موعود علیہ السلام نے بطور حکم و عدل ان باتوں کافیصلہ کیا ہے۔
  • مثلا رفع یدین کی بات ہے یعنی ہر رکعت میں ہاتھ کانوں کو لگانا۔ حضرت مسیح موعود علیہ السلام نے فرمایا ہے کہ اس میں کوئی حرج نہیں اور حدیث میں بھی دونوں طریق ملتے ہیں۔ اگر کوئی کرے تو لڑنے کی ضرورت نہیں۔ مگر خود اسِکو باقاعدہ طور پر نہیں اپنایا۔ پھر فاتحہ خلفِ امام کاہے یعنی امام کے پیچھے سور فاتحہ پڑھنا حضرت مسیح موعود علیہ السلام سے باقاعدہ طور پر ثابت ہے۔فرمایا کہ یہ ضروری ہے لیکن اگر کوئی خاموشی سے تلاوت سنے اور نہ پڑھے تو اس کی بھی نماز ہو جاتی ہے۔
  • رکوع اور سجود چونکہ انکساری اور تذلل کے مقام ہیں اس لئے ان میں قرآنی دعاؤں کو نہیں پڑھنا چاہئے۔ حدیث سے ثابت ہے کہ رکوع میں اگر کوئی شامل ہو جاتا ہے تو س اس کی وہ رکعت ہو جاتی ہے۔اگر امام عصر کی نماز پڑھا رہاہے اور ایسا شخص آ جائے جس نے ظہر نہیں پڑھی تو اسے ظہر پہلے پڑھنی چاہئے۔ یعنی نمازوں کی ترتیب برقرار رکھنا زیادہ ضروری ہے۔ اگر معلوم نہ ہو اور وہ جماعت میں شامل ہو جائے تو اس کی بھی وہی نماز ہو گی جو امام پڑھا رہا ہےاور جو رہ گئی ہے وہ پھر بعد میں پڑھ لے۔
  • چونکہ حضرت مسیح موعود علیہ السلام سنتیں گھر پر پڑھتے تھے اس لئے بعض لوگوں نے سمجھ لیا کہ شاید سنتیں پڑھنا ضروری نہیں۔ حضرت خلیفہ اول رضی اللہ نے فرمایا کہ یاد رکھنا چاہئے کہ حضور علیہ السلام گھر پر سنتیں ادا کرتے تھے۔ اس کی گواہی حضرت مرزابشیر الدین محمود احمد رضی اللہ عنہ اور دوسرے اشخاص نے بھی دی۔حضرت مسیح موعود ؑنے ایسے لوگوک کے پیچھے نماز پڑھنے سے منع فرمایا ہے جو آپؑ کی تکذیب و تکفیر کرتے ہیں اور اسی طرح جو لوگ خاموش ہیں یعنی نہ تصدیق کرتے ہیں اور نہ تکفیر ا ن کے پیچھے بھی نماز پڑھنے سےمنع کیا ہے۔
  • آخر پر حضورِ انور نےالجزائر کی جماعت کیلئے دعا کی درخواست کی جہاں پولیس اور حکومت کی طرف سےاحمدیوں پر جھوٹے مقدمےدرج کئے جا رہے ہیں۔ اللہ تعالیٰ تمام احمدیوں کو ا ن کے شر سے بچائے۔ آمین۔
About Friday Sermon

The Jumu'ah (Friday) prayer is one form of congregational worship in Islam. It takes place every Friday. Regular attendance at the Jumu'ah prayer is enjoined on the believer. According to a Saying of Muhammadsa this congregational prayer is twenty-five times more blessed than worship performed alone. (Bukhari)

Friday Sermons in the Quran

“O ye who believe! When the call is made for Prayer on Friday, hasten to the remembrance of Allah, and leave off all business. That is best for you, if you only knew.” more

Friday Sermons in the Hadith

“… (He who) offers the Prayers and listens quitely when the Imam stands up for sermon, will have his sins forgiven between that Friday and the next”(Bukhari)