Friday Sermon: Khilafat

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Friday Sermon: Khilafat

Sermon Delivered by Hazrat Mirza Masroor Ahmad at Head of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community.
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NOTE: Alislam Team takes full responsibility for any errors or miscommunication in this Synopsis of the Friday Sermon

After reciting the Tashahhud, Ta’uz, Tasmia and Sura Fatiah Hazrat Ameer-ul-Mu’mineen recited verse 56 of Sura Al-Nur and then (aba) said:

The translation of this verse is as follows:

“Allah has promised to those among you who believe and do good works that He will surely make them Successors in the earth, as He made Successors from among those who were before them; and that He will surely establish for them their religion which He has chosen for them; and that He will surely give them in exchange security and peace after their fear: They will worship Me, and they will not associate anything with Me. Then whoso is ungrateful after that, they will be the rebellious.”

This verse, as it is evident from the subject matter, declares the promise of Allah the Almighty to Muslims that Khilafat [i.e. Calipahte]will continue to remain in Islam. However, according to a saying of the Holy Prophet (sa), due to the conduct of the Muslims and the state of their faith, this blessing was to be temporarily seized from them. Nevertheless, the Holy Prophet (sa) also added that, in accordance with the promise of Allah the Almighty, this system was to be re-established. Khilafat on the precepts of prophethood was to be re-established and reinstated in the world for those who are firm in their faith, do good deeds and follow this final and complete religion.

Whilst mentioning the lack of knowledge of the Muslims, or rather the lack of understanding and ignorance of the Muslim scholars, the Promised Messiah (as) stated: “Some people deny the general connotation of the verse: [Arabic] (i.e. the broader meaning of this verse) by saying that Minkum] from among you] can only refer to the companions [of the Holy Prophet (sa)] and the rightly guided caliphate terminated with them.” The Promised Messiah (as) further states: “I ask the question, can any virtuous individual entertain the belief that the dispensation and caliphate of Prophet Moses (as) lasted for fourteen hundred years, yet that individual who was the best of all the Messengers and the best among all the Prophets – the blessings of whose dispensation was to last until the Day of Judgement – his blessings were to last only until his era, as if to say that God Almighty did not wish for the blessings of his model to be exhibited through his spiritual Caliphs”

Thus, there are people who are of this opinion as well about whom the Holy Prophet (sa) mentioned with detail. However, there are some individuals who wish to establish the Caliphate using the support of worldly powers. These people have failed to understand the clear message of God Almighty that this promise is stipulated with faith and virtuous deeds. Becoming a true servant of God Almighty is a condition attached to this promise. Three years ago, a journalist in Ireland asked me ‘what is the truth behind the system of Caliphate that has appeared in the Islamic world? What dangers are posed to your Caliphate by this?’ I explained to him that they are a group of extremists and their end will be the same as rest of the extremist organisations. Recently here in the United Kingdom an incident took place in Manchester where twenty-two or twenty-three people were needlessly killed including innocent children. This was an outrageous act of cruelty and can never be associated with the teachings of Islam at any cost. We are perturbed by these atrocious acts of terror. May Allah have mercy on the deceased and grant steadfastness to their relatives. May Allah stop the hands of these tyrants who are carrying out vicious acts in the name of Islam and Khilafat [Caliphate].

In this day and age Ahmadis are the ones who have understood the teachings of the Quran and can comprehend the directives issued by the Holy Prophet (sa) as Ahmadis because we have recognised the teachings of peace and harmony in Islam through accepting the Khatam-al-Khulafah [the Seal of the Caliphs, i.e. the Promised Messiah (as)]. In Surah Jumuah of the Holy Quran, God Almighty states: ‘And among others from among them who have not yet joined them’. When this verse was revealed, a companion enquired: ‘O Messenger of Allah (sa)! Who are those people who have not yet joined them, but still hold the status of being called companions? The Holy Prophet (sa) did not answer until the companion asked for a third time, after which the Holy Prophet (sa) placed his hand on the shoulder of Hazrat Salman, the Persian, and said: “When the faith reaches the Pleiades, some individuals from among these people would attain it.” Regarding the status of those ‘Others’ [who have not yet joined them] the Holy Prophet (sa) once said: “My people are a blessed nation, it will be difficult to decipher if the first century will be the most blessed or the last century.” Thus, the Holy Prophet (sa) himself gave the glad tidings of the blessings of the latter days. The Promised Messiah (as) came to rejuvenate Islam, while at the same time these companions, who attached themselves with the Promised Messiah (as), gained that radiance which is the light of faith. They witnessed an array of signs. To this day there are many who are emerging from the darkness to see the light, and having seen the signs they enter into the fold of the Ahmadiyya Community.

The followers of the Promised Messiah (as) continue to difficulties, hardships and adversity. However, they bear all the suffering and misfortune with extraordinary patience and steadfastness. The example of Algeria in this regard is right before us. The Jamaat there is not all that old, however after they accepted the Promised Messiah and thus joined the ‘latter day ones’ and have followed Khilafat, and so their faith is elevated to the highest levels. We can gauge the faith and firm belief of these [Ahmadis] who have been jailed through the following, where the writer says: ‘I also met you in my dreams. Your prayers strengthened our faith and belief and gave us comfort in jail. Certainly our release is a result of the prayers made by you and the Jama’at.’ His wife is the only Ahmadi in her entire family as all her other relatives are non-Ahmadi and have abandoned her. However pious Ahmadi women filled this gap with their love and family was formed through them.’ Apart from a handful, these Ahmadis from Algeria have never even met the Khalifa. However, because they have complete faith Allah the Almighty brings about the means for their tranquillity in the same way that at the time of the Promised Messiah (as), the means for tranquillity was created for those near to him.

Thus, in the pamphlet The Will (Al Wasiyyat), the Promised Messiah (as) writes regarding his departing this world, and the continued progress of the Jamaat through Khilafat by saying: ‘So dear friends! … But when I depart, God will send that second Manifestation for you which shall always stay with you just as promised by God in Brahin-e-Ahmadiyya. … Thus, it is inevitable that you see the day of my departure, so that after that day the day comes which is the day of ever-lasting promise. Our God is He Who keeps His promise and is Faithful and is the Truthful God. He shall show you all that He has promised.’ The institution of Khilafat which has been established through the advent of the Promised Messiahas is now the only true institution through which success and also the peace and harmony of the world can be achieved.

It is a great favour of Allah the Almighty that although the Jama’at experienced a great shock at the time of the demise of the Promised Messiahas, however Allah the Almighty immediately took care of the Jama’at through Hazrat Khalifatul Masih Ira. And so even if anyone had any intention to create mischief, it was quickly quelled. Thereafter, the Jama’at experienced another shock when Hazrat Khalifatul Masih Ira passed away and certain prominent and leading members of the Jama’at abstained from taking the Bai’at [oath of allegiance] and rejected the Khalifa and the Jama’at endured very a difficult period during this time. Then, the Jama’at faced very hostile periods during the era of the third Khalifa and despite the government’s very horrific plans, Allah the Almighty bestowed His grace and they could not hinder the progress of the Jama’at. The Leader of Pakistan at the time boasted that he will ensure that Ahmadis are forced to resort to a begging bowl, however Allah the Almighty brought about the means to ease. During the time of the fourth Khalifa, the Pakistan government intensified its persecution and again Allah the Almighty granted the means to provide comfort. Moreover, the Jama’at continued to scale new heights and newer means emerged for Tabligh [propagation of the message of Islam] and then through the satellite system we were able to do Tabligh. Then, during the era of the fifth Khalifa, the modes of Tabligh further expanded and not just thousands or hundreds of thousands but the message of the Jama’at has begun to reach millions. All of this shows that despite the temporary hurdles, the victory of Islam is destined to happen through the Promised Messiahas and the institution of Khilafat which was established after him. May the standards of every Ahmadi’s worship continue to increase so that we continue to partake of this success.

After the Friday Prayer, I shall lead a funeral prayer. The funeral is of Chaudhry Hameed Ahmad Sahib, son of Chaudhry Muhammad Suleman Akhtar Sahib. He had been living here [in the UK] for the last seven to eight years. He passed away on 20 May 2017 at the age of 42 - Surely to Allah we belong and to Him we shall return. May Allah the Almighty elevate his status and grant him mercy and forgiveness and may He also enable his children to be pious and virtuous and enable them to remain attached with Khilafat.

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Synopsis:
  • (24:56) Allah has promised to those among you who believe and do good works that He will surely make them Successors in the earth, as He made Successors from among those who were before them; and that He will surely establish for them their religion which He has chosen for them; and that He will surely give them in exchange security and peace after their fear: They will worship Me, and they will not associate anything with Me. Then whoso is ungrateful after that, they will be the rebellious.
  • In this verse of the Holy Quran, Allah has promised Khilafat to Muslims with the conditions of faith and good actions. The Holy Prophet (sa) had foretold that Allah would re-establish the institution of Khilafat in the latter days. We see many wrong notions about Khilafat being preached today by some Muslims scholars. Some even say that there is no need for Khilafat now and that all Muslims should try to act upon Islamic teachings according to his or her understanding.
  • In the commentary of the verse of Khilafat, the Promised Messiah (as) has rejected this interpretation that the Khilafat of the Holy Prophet (sa) was only limited to 30 years. He said that how can any righteous Muslim believe that the Khilafat of Hazrat Musa continued for over 1400 years, but for the Master of all Prophets of God (sa), Allah limited it to only 30 years. This interpretation is entirely wrong.
  • Then we see some Muslims today who want to establish Khilafat through power and worldly government. These people do not understand that Allah has conditioned Khilafat in the Holy Quran with faith and good deeds. These extremist groups are supported by worldly powers which will disappear once they stop receiving their funding. They have done nothing but create chaos. For example, the recent killing of over 20 people in Manchester was absolutely brutal and has nothing to do with Islamic teachings or the institution of Khilafat. Similarly, it pains us to see thousands being killed in Muslim countries and those being killed by indiscriminate bombings of powerful nations. Following the Quran and accepting the Messiah of this age, we have sympathy for all such people.
  • The system of Khilafat is one that changes fear into peace and is a source of strengthening the faith. This is the system mentioned in Surah Jumu’ah (ch. 62) by the Holy Quran and further expounded upon by the Holy Prophet (sa) that Allah will send a reformer in latter days. He said that my Ummah is a blessed Ummah; it won’t be apparent whether its first days are more blessed or its latter days. Huzur (aba) said that that these blessed latter days will not come by following clerics and worldly leaders. This is only possible by following the Promised Messiah (as) who was sent by Allah for this purpose.
  • Ahmadis should always remember that along with the promise of Khilafat, Allah has drawn our attention towards his worship. If you will uphold your worship of God, all of your fears will be replaced with peace and harmony. We have seen the history of Khilafat-e-Ahmadiyya that God’s help has always been with the Jama’at and this help and progress continues to increase today with the message now reaching millions of people worldwide. This is all due to the promises of Allah with the Promised Messiah (as) which he has outlined in the booklet ‘the Will’.
  • The enmity of Islam and Ahmadiyyat continues to grow today, but remember that the eventual victory of Islam is decreed at the hands of the Promised Messiah (as) and Khilafat-e-Ahmadiyya. It doesn’t matter how much effort the enemies put in as they are decreed to fail.
  • May Allah enable us to increase in our worship of God so that we become part of this victory. Ameen.
  • Huzur also said that he would lead the funeral prayers of Chaudhry Hameed Ahmad sahib who passed away on May 20th 2017 after Jumu’ah prayers
  • حضورِ انور ایدہ اللہ تعالیٰ بنصرہ العزیز نے تشہد ، تعوز اور سورۃ فاتحہ کے بعد آیتِ استخلاف کی تلاوت فرمائی جس کا ترجمہ ہے: ’’[24:56] تم میں سے جو لوگ ایمان لائے اور نیک اعمال بجا لائے اُن سے اللہ نے پختہ وعدہ کیا ہے کہ انہیں ضرور زمین میں خلیفہ بنائے گا جیسا کہ اُس نے اُن سے پہلے لوگوں کو خلیفہ بنایا اور اُن کے لئے اُن کے دین کو، جو اُس نے اُن کے لئے پسند کیا، ضرور تمکنت عطا کرے گا اور اُن کی خوف کی حالت کے بعد ضرور اُنہیں امن کی حالت میں بدل دے گا۔ وہ میری عبادت کریں گے۔ میرے ساتھ کسی کو شریک نہیں ٹھہرائیں گے۔ اور جو اُس کے بعد بھی ناشکری کرے تو یہی وہ لوگ ہیں جو نافرمان ہیں۔‘‘
  • فرمایا: قرآن کریم کی اس آیت میں اللہ تعالیٰ نے خلافت کا وعدہ فرمایا ہے اور اس کی شرائط ایمان اور نیک اعمال رکھی ہیں۔ اس زمانہ کیلئے آنحضرت صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم کی پیشگوئی تھی کہ اللہ تعالیٰ مسلم اُمّہ میں دوبارہ خلافت علی منھاج النبوۃ قائم کریگا۔ آجکل مسلمان علماء میں خلافت کے متعلق بہت غلط تصورات پائے جاتے ہیں۔ بعض لوگ تو یہ بھی کہتے ہیں کہ کسی کے دین کوچھیڑو نہ اور نہ اپنا دین چھوڑو۔
  • آیتِ استخلاف کی تفسیر میں حضرت مسیح موعود علیہ السلام نے اُن لوگوں کی اس تفسیر کو رد فرمایا ہے جوکہتے ہیں کہ منکم سے مراد صحابہ ہی ہیں اور اور خلافت راشدہ انہی کے زمانہ میں ختم ہو گئی ۔آپؑ نے فرمایا کہ کسی نیک دل انسان کی کیسے یہ رائے ہوسکتی ہے کہ حضرت موسیٰ ؑکے تابعین میں تو 1400 سال تک خلافت رہی اور وہ جو کامل نبی تھا اُس کی برکات صرف اُسی زمانہ کیلئے مخصوص تھیں۔ چنانچہ یہ نہایت ہی غلط عقیدہ ہے کہ خلافت صرف 30 سال کیلئے محدود تھی۔
  • پھر بعض لوگ ایسے بھی ہیں جو دنیاوی طاقت اور زور پر خلافت قائم کرنا چاہتے ہیں ۔یہ لوگ اللہ تعالیٰ کی اس بات کو نہیں سمجھتے کہ یہ وعدہ ایمان اور نیک اعمال کے ساتھ مشروط ہے۔ ان تنظیموں کے پیچھے دنیوی طاقتیں ہیں ۔ یہ خلافت نہیں ہے بلکہ یہ شدت پسند گروہ ہیں۔ جب اِن کے دنیوی آقا اپنے دنیاوی مقاصد ملنے کے بعد اپنا ہاتھ کھینچ لیں گے تو یہ تباہ و برباد ہو جائیں گے۔ انھوں نے دنیا بھر میں صرف تباہی ہی پھیلائی ہے۔ پچھلے دنوں میں ان لوگوں نے مانچسٹر میں 20 سے زائد لوگوں کو قتل کر دیا ۔ ایسی بربریت کا اسلام یا خلافت سے کوئی تعلق نہیں ہے۔ اسی طرح جو مسلمان ممالک میں قتل و غارت ہے اور جنہیں بلا امتیاز بامبز کے ذریعہ قتل کیا جا رہا ہے ۔ ہم احمدی مسلمانوں کو قرآنی تعلیم کو سمجھتے ہوئے اور مسیح موعود علیہ السلام کو ماننے کی وجہ سے ان سے ہمدردی ہے۔
  • خلافت کا نظام تو خوف کو امن میں بدلنے والا نظام ہے اور تمکنتِ دین کا نظام ہے۔ یہ وہ نظام ہے جسکا ذکر اللہ تعالیٰ نے سورۃ جمعہ میں فرمایا اور آنحضرت صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم نے اس کی وضاحت فرمائی کہ آخری زمانہ میں تجدیدِ دین کیلئے اللہ تعالیٰ ایک مصلح کو بھیجے گا۔ آنحضرت صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم نے فرمایا کہ میری امت ایک مبارک امت ہے۔ میری امت کا مجھے نہیں معلوم اوّل زمانہ بہتر ہے یا آخری زمانہ بہتر ہے ۔یہ آخری زمانہ ان دنیا داروں کے پیچھے چلنے سےواقع نہ ہو گا۔ یہ صرف حضرت مسیح موعود علیہ السلام کی پیروی سے ہی ممکن ہے جنکو اللہ تعالیٰ نے اسی مقصد کیلئے دنیا میں بھیجا۔آج بھی نشانات دیکھ کر لوگ اسلام احمدیت میں داخل ہو رہے ہیں۔ اور یہ انقلاب دنیا بھرمیں پھیلتا جا رہا ہے۔
  • احمدیوں کو یاد رکھنا چاہئے کہ خلافت کے وعدہ کے ساتھ اللہ تعالیٰ نے مومنین کو عبادت کی طرف توجہ دلائی ہے۔ اگر عبادت کے معیار قائم ہیں تو آپکے تمام خوف امن میں بدلتے جائیں گے۔ ہم نے خلافتِ احمدیہ کی تاریخ میں یہی دیکھا ہے کہ اللہ تعالیٰ کی نصرت ہمیشہ جماعت کے ساتھ رہی اور آج بھی یہ نصرت اور ترقی کے مناظر ہمارے سامنے ہیں۔ یہ سب کچھ اس وجہ سے ہو رہا ہے کہ حضرت مسیح موعود ؑسے خدا تعالیٰ نے وعدہ فرمایا تھا جسکی تفصیل آپ نے رسالہ الوصیت میں بیان فرمائی۔
  • اللہ تعالیٰ کا ہم پر احسان ہے کہ آپ ؑ کے وصال کے بعد خدا تعالیٰ نے پہلے خلیفہ کے ذریعہ جماعت کو سنبھال لیا ۔پھر خلیفہ ثانی ؓ کے ساتھ جب جماعت کے چند سرکردہ علیحدہ ہوگئے تو آپ نے جماعت کو سنبھال لیا ۔تیسری اور چوتھی خلافت میں بھی جماعت پر ابتلاء آئےاور پھر اب پانچویں خلافت میں مزید ترقیات مل رہی ہیں اور جماعت کا پیغام لاکھوں سے نکل کر کروڑوں میں جانے لگ گیا ہے اوراب مخالفت کئی ملکوں میں شروع ہو گئی ہے یہی سچائی کی دلیل ہے اور ترقی کی دلیل ہے ۔اللہ تعالیٰ اپنے وعدہ کے مطابق ترقیات دے رہا ہے۔ یہ سب باتیں ظاہر کر رہی ہیں کہ اسلام کا غلبہ آپ ؑ کے بعد جاری نظام خلافت سے ہی ہونا ہے ۔مخالفین جتنا چاہے زور لگا لے ان کے حصہ میں ناکامی و نامرادی ہے ۔
  • اللہ تعالیٰ ہم سب کو توفیق دے کہ ہمارے ایمان بھی مضبوط ہوں اور اعمال صالحہ بھی کرنے والے ہوں اورہم سب اعمال صالحہ میں ترقی کرتے چلے جائیں ۔آمین
  • حضرت خلیفۃ المسیح نے فرمایا کہ وہ جمعہ کی نماز کے بعد مکرم چوہدری حمید احمد صاحب کی نماز جنازہ بھی پڑھائیں گے ۔ آپ کی وفات 20 مئی 2017 کو ہوئی۔
About Friday Sermon

The Jumu'ah (Friday) prayer is one form of congregational worship in Islam. It takes place every Friday. Regular attendance at the Jumu'ah prayer is enjoined on the believer. According to a Saying of Muhammadsa this congregational prayer is twenty-five times more blessed than worship performed alone. (Bukhari)

Friday Sermons in the Quran

“O ye who believe! When the call is made for Prayer on Friday, hasten to the remembrance of Allah, and leave off all business. That is best for you, if you only knew.” more

Friday Sermons in the Hadith

“… (He who) offers the Prayers and listens quitely when the Imam stands up for sermon, will have his sins forgiven between that Friday and the next”(Bukhari)