Friday Sermon: Men of Excellence

In the Name of Allah, The Most Gracious, Ever Merciful.

Love for All, Hatred for None.

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NOV
23
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Friday Sermon: Men of Excellence

Sermon Delivered by Hazrat Mirza Masroor Ahmad(at) Head of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community.
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NOTE: Alislam Team takes full responsibility for any errors or miscommunication in this Synopsis of the Friday Sermon

After reciting the Tashahhud, Ta’awwuz, and Surah Al-Fatihah, Hazrat Khalifatul Masih V (aba) stated: I will resume relating the accounts of the Companions [of the Holy Prophet (sa)], who participated in the Battle of Badr.

The first Companion, who I shall mention about is Hazrat Sinan Bin Abi Sinaan, who belonged to the tribe of Banu Asad and was a confederate of the Banu ‘Abd ash-Shams. He participated in the Battle of Badr. He also accompanied the Holy Prophet (sa) in all of the Battles, that he faced, including Uhud, Khandaq and Hudaibiya. He is reported to be the first person, who took  Bai’at [oath of allegiance] during the Bai’at-e-Rizwan, pledging for victory or martyrdom.”

The second Companion, whose account will be given is Hazrat Mahja. His father’s name was Salih. He became the first martyr during the Battle of Badr. He came from Yemen as  a prisoner and was freed by Hazrat ‘Umar as an act of benevolence. He was from among the early Companions who migrated to Medina. When Hazrat Mahja was martyred, he was uttering the following words: “ana mahja wa ila rabbi arja’ i.e. I am Mahja and to my Lord I am returning.” Hazrat Mahja was among the people, regarding whom the following verse was revealed: i.e. “And drive not away those who call upon their Lord morning and evening, seeking His countenance.” (6:53). The Holy Prophet (sa) was very kind to poor and this verse serves as a reminder to those affluent and highly ranked people, who desired to receive more honour and respect. In response to that God Almighty stated that He has already commanded the Prophet (sa) that respecting and honouring those impoverished people, who have greatly excelled in terms of remembering Allah and worshipping Him, is more valuable in the sight of God Almighty than their personal wealth and family honour

Another Companion is Hazrat Amir bin Mukhallid. The name of his mother was Ammarah bint Khansaa. He belonged to Banu Malik bin Najjar from the Khazraj tribe. He took part in the battles of Badr and Uhud and he was martyred on the day of Uhud.

Hazrat Hatib bin Amr bin Abd-ish-Shams. Abu Hatib was his title and he belonged to the tribe of Banu Amir bin Loi. Asma bint Harith bint Naufal was his mother, who belonged to the tribe of Ashja’. Before the Holy Prophet (sa) went to Dar-ul-Arqam [House of Arqam – first designated place, where Muslims could meet and worship in secrecy], he had accepted Islam through the preaching of Hazrat Abu Bakr. Hazrat Saleed bin Amr arranged the marriage between the Holy Prophet (sa) and Hazrat Sauda bint Zam’a. Following Hazrat Khadija, Hazrat Sauda was the first lady whom the Holy Prophet (sa) took into wedlock. He [Hazrat Hatib] also took part in the Bai’at-e-Rizwan at Hudaybiyyah.

Hazrat Abu Huzaima bin Aus. The name of his mother was Amra bint Mas’ud.. He [Hazrat Huzaima] participated alongside the Holy Prophet in all battles, including the battles of Badr, Uhud and Khandaq [trench]. He passed away during the Khilafat of Hazrat Usman.

Hazrat Tamim Maula Khirash was the freed slave of Hazrat Khirash. The Holy Prophet (sa) established a bond of brotherhood between him and Hazrat Khabbab bin ‘Utbah, who was also a freed slave. He participated in the battles of Badr and Uhud.

Hazrat Munzir bin Qudamah belonged to the tribe of Banu Ghanam. He participated in the battles of Badr and Uhud, he was appointed for the care of the captives of Banu Qaynuqa.

Hazrat Harith bin Hatib. His title was Abu Abdullah. His mother’s name was ‘Umama bint Samit. He belonged to the Ansar tribe of Aus. He set off with th Holy Prophet (sa) to take part in the battle of Badr, when they arrived at at Rauha, the Holy Prophet (sa) appointed Hazrat Harith bin Hatib as the leader of the tribe of Banu ‘Amr bin ‘Auf and sent them back to Medina. However, considering both of them among the companions that participated in the battle of Badr, they were also given a share of the spoils of war. Including the battles of Badr, Uhud and Khandaq [trench], he was also blessed to take participate alongside the Holy Prophet (sa) in the Bai’at-e-Rizwan. During the battle of Khaybar, a Jew shot an arrow at him from the top of the fort, which struck the head of Hazrat Harith bin Hatib and resulted in his martyrdom.

Hazrat Tha’labah bin Zaid. He belonged to the Ansar tribe of Banu Khazraj. He participated in the battle of Badr Hazrat Tha’labah bin Zaid’s title is Al-Jiz. He is called Al-Jiz due to his brave heart, determination and resolve.

Hazrat Uqbah bin Wahab. He was from the tribe of Banu ‘Abd-is-Shams, who had an oath with ‘Abd Manaf. Including the battles of Badr, Uhud and Khandaq [trench], he participated in all battles alongside the Holy Prophet (sa).

Hazrat Habib bin Aswad (ra). Hazrat Habib bin Aswad bin Saad was a freed slave from the Ansar tribe Banu Haram. He took part in the Battles of Badr and Uhud. He left behind no children. We also find mention of him by the name of Khubaib.

Hazrat Haseema Ansaari (ra). He belonged to the Banu Ashja tribe. He was a confederate of Banu Ghanam bin Maalik bin Najaar. He participated in the Battles of Badr, Uhud, Khandaq [trench] and all other battles with the Holy Prophet (sa). He passed away in the era of Hazrat Muawiya bin Abi Sufiyan.

Hazrat Raafay bin Harith. His full name was Raafay bin Harith bin Sawad. He belonged to Ansar tribe of Banu Najjar. He took part in all the battles alongside the Holy Prophet (sa), including the Battle of Badr, Uhad, Khandaq. He passed away during the Khilafat of Hazrat Usman.

Hazrat Rukhaila bin Thalaba  took part in the Battles of Badr and Uhud. He was from a branch of the Banu Khazraj Tribe called Banu Bayaza. He accompanied Hazrat Ali (ra) during the Battle of Siffin

Hazrat Jaabir bin Abdullah bin Rayaab is amongst the first six men who accepted Islam in Mecca from among the Ansaar. Hazrat Jaabir took part in all battles along with the Holy Prophet (sa) including Badr, Uhud and Khandaq.

Hazrat Saabit bin Aqram bin Thalaba was another Companion who took part in the Battle of Badr. His name was Hazrat Saabit bin Aqram bin Thalaba bin Addi bin Ajlaan. He was confederate of the Ansari Tribe Banu Amr Bin Auf. In addition to Badr, he took part in all other battles with the Holy Prophet (sa).

Hazrat Salma bin Salama Hetook part in the Battle of Badr. He was amongst the Ansar and belonged to Banu Ashar from the Banu Aus tribe. He was amongst the first to believe in the Holy Prophet (sa) when the news of his advent reached Medina. He participated in the first and second Bait-e-‘Aqbah. He had the honour of participating in all the battles alongside the Holy Prophet (sa), including the Battle of Badr. Hazrat Umar appointed him as the ruler of Yamama during his Khilafat. He narrates an incident from his childhood: “Once, when I was young and was sitting amongst a few of my family members, a Jewish scholar came there and started speaking about the Day of Judgment, reckoning and weighing of good and evil deeds and heaven and hell. He stated: ‘The polytheist and idol worshippers shall be thrown in hell fire.’  Since his family members were idol worshippers, they did not understand the concept of the dead being raised once again. They asked this Jewish scholar: ‘Will the dead actually be raised once again and will be held accountable for their actions in the hereafter?’ They had no concept of the afterlife. He responded: ‘Yes.”’ They enquired: ‘Is there a sign for this?’ In response, he pointed towards Mecca and Yemen and stated: ‘A prophet will emerge from here.’ The asked him: ‘When will this prophet emerge?’ He pointed towards me. I was a child at the time. He pointed towards me and said: ‘If this boy lives on, then he shall surely see that prophet.’” Hazrat Salma says: “Only a few years had passed since this incident that we heard about the advent of the Holy Prophet (sa) and we all accepted him.” All the idol and fire worshipers, everyone accepted him. “That same Jewish scholar was also alive at the time, but he did not accept the Holy Prophet (sa) due to jealousy. During the Khilafat of Hazrat Usman (ra) when the discord increased significantly, Hazrat Salma bin Salama went into seclusion and devoted himself to the worship of God. That is, he isolated himself in worship of God due to the increased conflicts and discords.  At the time of his demise, his was 74 years of age. He passed away in Medina.

Hazrat Jabr bin Atiq who was a Companion who participated in the Battle of Badr. He participated in the Battle of Badr and in all the other battles with the Holy Prophet (sa). He lived in Medina and remained there till the demise of the Holy Prophet (sa). Hazrat Jabr bin Atiq’s title was Abdullah. At the conquest of Mecca, he was the flagbearer for Banu Mu’awiyah bin Malik. Hazrat Jabr bin Atiq passed away at the age of 71.

Hazrat Thabit bin Tha’labah was among the 70 Companions during the second Bai’at of Aqbah. He accompanied the Holy Prophet (sa) during the Battles of Badr, Uhad, Khandaq, Hudaibiyyah, Khaibar, the conquest of Mecca and during the Battle of Ta’if. He was martyred during the Battle of Taif.

Hazrat Suhail bin Wahb He belonged to the Banu Fehr branch of the Quraish tribe. He accepted Islam in its early years. After accepting Islam, he migrated to Abyssinia and stayed there for a long time. When Islam began being preached openly, he returned to Mecca and then went to Medina after the Holy Prophet (sa). He later passed away in Medina and the Holy Prophet (sa) led his and Hazrat Suhail’s funeral prayer in the mosque.

Hazrat Tufail bin Harith He in the Battles of Badr, Uhud, Khandaq and all other battles with the Holy Prophet (sa). The Holy Prophet (sa) established the bond of brotherhood between Hazrat Tufail bin Harith and Mundhir bin Muhammad. Hazrat Tufail passed away at the age of 70 in 32AH.

Hazrat Abu Saleed Usairah bin Amr  His father, Amr, was also known by the title of Abu Kharijah. He was with the Holy Prophet (sa) in the Battle of Badr and all the other battles. He belonged to the Adiyy bin Najjar branch of the Khazraj tribe. His father, Abu Kharijah bin Amr bin Qais was also a Companion who participated in the Battle of Badr. His son Abdullah narrated from him that the Holy Prophet (sa) forbid the eating of the meat of a donkey and at the time the pots were filled with the donkey meat being cooked in them, so they emptied the pots right away.

Hazrat Tha’labah bin Hatib Ansari was a Companion from Banu Amr bin Auf. He participated in the Battle of Badr and Uhud. He belonged to the Banu Amr bin Auf branch of the Aus tribe, as has been mentioned. There are narrations stating that he participated in the Battle of Badr and some other battles. Huzoor (aba) presented strong historical evidence refuting an inappropriate narration regarding Hazrat Tha’labah bin Hatib.

Hazrat Saad bin Usman bin Khaldah Ansari took part in the Battle of Badr. He was among those companions who left their post during the Battle of Uhud, however God Almighty forgave them all in the Holy Quran. On one occasion the Holy Prophet (sa) went to Bir-e-Ehaa at Harrah, which in those days was under the occupation of Hazrat Saad, and Hazrat Saad left his son Abadah, to supply water to the people. Hazrat Abadah was not able to recognise who the Holy Prophet (sa) was. When Hazrat Saad returned and Hazrat Abadah narrated the description of the person who came, Hazrat Saad said that this was the Holy Prophet (sa) whom you did not recognise. He then urged his son to rush and meet him immediately. When he went after him, the Holy Prophet (sa) put his hand on Hazrat Abadahs head and prayed for him. Hazrat Saad bin Usman was 80 years old when he passed away

Hazrat Amir bin Umaiyyah took part in the Battle of Badr and was martyred in the Battle of Uhad. He belonged to the tribe of Banu Adi bin Najjar. Hazrat Hasham bin Amir relates that the Holy Prophet (sa) was asked about the burial arrangements of those martyred in the Battle of Uhad, the Holy Prophet (sa) instructed to dig a large grave and place two to three bodies in each. The Holy Prophet (sa) also instructed that the person who had memorised the Holy Quran the most should be buried first.

Hazrat Amr bin Abi Surha, He belonged to the tribe of Banu Harith bin Fehr and his title was Abu Saeed. He passed away in 30 Hijri in Medina during the era of Hazrat Usman (ra). They also took part in all the battles alongside the Holy Prophet (sa), including the Battle of Uhad and the Ditch.

Hazrat Asma bin Hussain, who belonged to the tribe of Banu Auf bin Khazraj. took part in the Battle of Badr. He embraced Islam prior to the Battle of Badr and the first thing he after that was take part in the Battle of Badr and was thus honoured to be counted among the Companions who took part in the Battle of Badr. He also took part in the Battle of Uhad. There is also no mention about the year of his demise in any account of history.

Hazrat Muaz bin Muiz was martyred during the incident of Bir-e-Mauna. He belonged to the tribe of Zarqi which was part of the Khazraj tribe. According to some narrations, he took part in the Battle of Badr and Uhad and was martyred during the incident of Bir-e-Mauna.

Hazrat Sa’d bin Zaid Al-Ashari belonged to the Ansar tribe of Banu Abdil Ashar. He took part in the Battle of Badr and according to some he was also present on the occasion of Bai’at Aqabah. He took part in all the battles alongside the Holy Prophet (sa), including the Battle of Badr, Uhad and the Ditch. The Holy Prophet (sa) sent the prisoners from Banu Quraiza in his supervision and in return of them he purchased horses and weapons from Najad.  According to a narration, Hazrat Sa’d bin Zaid presented a sword from Najran to the Holy Prophet (sa) as a gift and the Holy Prophet (sa) then gave that sword to Hazrat Muhammad bin Musalma and said, “Do Jihad in the way of God Almighty with this. However, when people begin to dispute amongst themselves then throw this on a stone and remain at home.” i.e. not to take part in any kind of discord or disorder.

May God Almighty enable the Muslims of today to also adhere to this, who are currently killing one another. And may He establish the peace in the world. May God Almighty continue to elevate the status of the Companions and may He also enable us to perform virtuous deeds, offer sacrifices and lead our lives with sincerity and devotion.

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About Friday Sermon

The Jumu'ah (Friday) prayer is one form of congregational worship in Islam. It takes place every Friday. Regular attendance at the Jumu'ah prayer is enjoined on the believer. According to a Saying of Muhammadsa this congregational prayer is twenty-five times more blessed than worship performed alone. (Bukhari)

Friday Sermons in the Quran

“O ye who believe! When the call is made for Prayer on Friday, hasten to the remembrance of Allah, and leave off all business. That is best for you, if you only knew.” more

Friday Sermons in the Hadith

“… (He who) offers the Prayers and listens quitely when the Imam stands up for sermon, will have his sins forgiven between that Friday and the next”(Bukhari)