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Men of Excellence

DEC
14
Friday Sermon December 14th, 2018 delivered by Hazrat Mirza Masroor Ahmad(at)

NOTE: Alislam Team takes full responsibility for any errors or miscommunication in this Synopsis of the Friday Sermon.

After reciting the Tashahhud, Ta’awwuz, and Surah Al-Fatihah, Hazrat Khalifatul Masih V (aba) stated: From the accounts relating to the Companions of the Holy Prophet (sa), today, I shall speak about Hazrat Mistah bin Usasah. His name was ‘Auf, but he was known by the title of Mistah. His mother was Hazrat Umme Mistah Salma bin Sakhr, who was the daughter of Raitah bint Sakhr - the maternal aunt of Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra).

Hazrat Mistah bin Usasah migrated to Mecca and on his way, he was bitten by a snake. His relatives came to his help and took him to Medina. The Holy Prophet (sa) established a bond of brotherhood between Hazrat Mistah bin Usasah and Hazrat Zaid bin Muzayyan. Hazrat Mistah accompanied the Holy Prophet (sa) in all the battles, including the Battle of Badr.

Eight months after the Migration, the Holy Prophet (sa) dispatched Hazrat Ubaidah bin Harith with a cavalry consisting of sixty or, according to one report, eighty men. The Holy Prophet (sa) arranged a white flag for Hazrat Ubaidah bin Harith. The purpose of this expedition was to stop the trade caravan of the Quraish. This caravan consisted of 200 people who were transporting trade goods. This caravan was not only a trading caravan but was also laden with weapons. Moreover, the profits of the trade by this caravan were to be used to wage a war against Muslims. Nonetheless, when these people arrived there, no further confrontation took place between the two parties except the exchange of arrows, nor were there any lines formed for combat. The companion, who shot the first arrow from the Muslims was Hazrat Saad bin Abi Waqas. This was the first arrow shot on behalf of Islam. This was the second expedition on behalf of Islam under the leadership of Hazrat Ubaidah bin Harith. After the exchange of arrows, both parties receded. The idolaters were in such awe of the Muslims that they assumed that Muslims had a very large army at their disposal. Hence, they went back in fear and the Muslims did not pursue them any further because the goal was not to initiate war. Rather, it was to stop them and to teach them this lesson that if they were to prepare for a war against the Muslims, then the Muslims were also ready. During the battle of Khayber, the Holy Prophet (sa) gave grains weighing 50 wasq, [a unit of weight] to Hazrat Mistah and Ibn Ilyas. In those days, it was custom to give from the spoils of war. In Tabaqat-ul-Kubra, it has been recorded that he passed away at the age of 56, in the 34th year after Hijra [migration to Medina], during the caliphate of Hazrat Uthman. It is also recorded that he lived until the caliphate of Hazrat Ali and that he participated in the Battle of Siffin alongside Hazrat Ali and passed away the same year, 37th year after Hijra.

Unfortunately, Hazrat Mistah, in his simplicity, ended up joining the people, who raised false and deplorable allegations against Hazrat Ayesha (ra). At that time, Hazrat Abu Bakr, who used to support Hazrat Mistah for his boarding and lodging, vowed not to support him anymore.  Upon this, the following verse of the Quran was revealed: That is, ‘And let not those who possess wealth and plenty among you swear not to give aught to the kindred and to the needy and to those who have left their homes in the cause of Allah. Let them forgive and pass over the offence. Do you not desire that Allah should forgive you? And Allah is Most Forgiving, Merciful.

At this, Hazrat Abu Bakr (ra) once again took up his care and supported him. Furthermore, when Allah the Exalted revealed the verses regarding the exoneration of Hazrat Ayesha (ra), those who raised the accusation were also punished and Hazrat Mistah was amongst them.

The Promised Messiah (as) states: “This is a historic event indeed. …God Almighty has included in His attributes that He postpones His warning of impending punishment as a result of repentance, seeking forgiveness, prayers and charity. Similarly, He has also taught man these very morals.” So, if one makes pledge in the form of a warning, it is a good moral quality to abandon it in the face of reformation. However, breaking a promise is not permitted. One will be asked about the promises they broke but abandoning a warning will not questioned. A promise is an oath, which is made keeping in mind all the negative and positive aspects and it is necessary for one to fulfil it. If one breaks it, they will be answerable, or they will be punished for it.”

It is important to review the historical accounts of the incident of the false accusations against Hazrat Ayesha (ra). This has been recorded in Sahih Bukhari.

Hazrat Ayesha (ra) narrates, “It was a custom of the Holy Prophet (sa) he used to draw lots amongst his wives to decide, which one of his wives will accompany him in his travels. On one occasion, before a battle, he drew lots in the same manner, and the lot fell on me.” This was the time when injunctions on Pardah [observing the veil] had already been revealed. Hence, during this journey, I would sit in a litter (a covered seat), and it would be placed on the back of a camel with me inside it and wherever a halt was made, it would be placed on the ground.”

She further states: “One night, the Holy Prophet (sa) ordered for the departure. Before setting off, I went to attend to the call of nature. Just before embarking on my camel, I realised that my black sapphire neckless was missing. I went back in search of it and was delayed a short while. In the meantime, those who had been appointed to lift my litter and place it on the back of the camel arrived, and assuming that I was in the litter, lifted it and placed it on the camel.”

Hazrat Ayesha (ra) further states: “In that era, women were light in weight. The attendants, therefore, did not suspect that I was not already in the litter, when I returned after finding my necklace, lo and behold, the army had left, and the plain was empty. I became extremely worried, but I thought to myself that I should remain at my place, because when people realize that I had been left behind, they would surely return. Therefore, I sat on my spot and was soon overcome by sleep. Now, it so happened that Ṣafwan bin Mu‘aṭṭal was a Companion, whose duty was to stay behind the army (so that fallen items, etc., could be safeguarded). When he arrived from behind the army and reached my resting place just before dawn, he found me sleeping there alone. Since he had already seen me prior to the revelation of injunctions relevant to Pardah, he recognized me immediately, upon which he became flustered and said: Surely, to Allah we belong and to Him shall we return. He brought forward his camel and made it kneel close to me. I then placed my feet on his hands and sat on the camel. He then began to walk, leading the camel by its halter.”

Hazrat Ayesha (ra) further states: “We finally reached the place where the Muslim army had setup camp. This is the account, due to which those who were to be ruined, ruined themselves.” In other words, people levelled false allegations against Hazrat Ayesha (ra) and gossiped about her).

Hazrat Ayesha (ra) further states: The key proponent who was responsible for spreading this slander was Abdullah bin Ubayy bin Salool.

After this, we reached Medina, and it so happened that as soon as we arrived, I fell ill, and this illness lasted for one month. During this time, the forged statements of the slanderers were noised widely, and rumours were spread. However, until then, I was totally oblivious to this rumour mongering. However, one thing I did notice that led me to suspect something was not right was that during my period of illness, the Holy Prophet (sa) did not extend to me the usual affection and kindness that I was accustomed to. When the Holy Prophet (sa) would visit me, he would only say, “Assalamo Alaikum”, and then enquire about my health from my parents. I was completely unaware of any allegations.

I remained unaware to till the point. I partially recovered and was well enough to attend to the call of nature with Umme Mistah bint Abi Ruham. She said to me, “Woe be to Mistah”. I said, “What an awful thing you have uttered. Do you say something unpleasant about one who had participated in the Battle of Badr?” Upon this she replied, “O innocent young lady, have you not heard the rumours people have spread?” It was then that I learnt of the allegation which was being spread against me. These words made me feel really ill. When I returned home, the Holy Prophet (sa) came to visit me as usual and said, ‘Assalamo Alaikum, how are you feeling now?’ I sought permission from the Holy Prophet (sa) to go to my parent’s home as I wanted to find out from them about what was being said about me. The Holy Prophet (sa) granted permission and I went to  my parents.  I iquired of my mother about what people were saying. My mother said, ‘O Daughter! Do not worry yourself about this. By God, it is common that when a person has a beautiful wife whom he loves, and he also has other wives, the other women say something against her.’  I spontaneously said, ‘Holy is Allah! Are people actually saying these things about me?’ Then I began to cry inconsolably and could not sleep all night. At dawn, I was still weeping for such a huge allegation had been levelled against me. In the morning, the Holy Prophet (sa) called Ali bin Abi Ṭalib (ra) and Usamah bin Zaid (ra) to seek their counsel.  He has not received any Divine revelation about the matter and consulted his trusted companions.  Usamah (ra) was reverent Hazrat Ayesha (ra) and submitted, ‘O Messenger of Allah! Ayesha (ra) is your wife and By God, We know nothing but goodness with respect to Ayesha’.”

Hazrat Ayesha (ra) states: However, Ali bin Abi Talib (ra), who had a temper in his nature, said, ‘O Messenger of Allah! Allah the Exalted has not put you in difficulty, and there are plenty of women other than her.’ perhaps, inquire of the household maid, perhaps she knows something and may be able to tell you the actual truth.’

Upon this, the Holy Prophet (sa) called for Barirah and inquired, ‘Have you ever seen anything in Ayesha (ra) as may be considered suspicious?’ Barirah responded, ‘I swear by that God who has sent you with the truth, I have never seen anything evil about her, except that on account of her young age, she is a bit careless. It often happens that she leaves the dough unattended and falls in such a deep sleep that goat ends up gobbling the dough.”

“On the same day, the Holy Prophet (sa) addressed his Companions and complained about Abdullah bin Ubay bin Salool for he had propagated this allegation. The Holy Prophet (sa) said, ‘I have been given great grief with respect to my wife. Is there anyone from among you who can take care of such an individual? By God, I know nothing of my wife except piety and goodness. Moreover, I also consider the man who has been mentioned in this connection to be pious. (referring to Hazrat Ayesha and the other person who was accused in this incident). He has never come to my home in my absence.’

Upon hearing this address of the Holy Prophet (sa), tempers flared, old tribal rivalries sparkled and an altercation almost broke out, to the extent that although no fighting took place, they were close to doing so. But the Holy Prophet (sa) came down from the pulpit and admonished everyone and diffused the situation. Everyone then fell silent and the Holy Prophet (sa) also remained silent.”

The narration from Bukhari continues. It is quite a lengthy narration. Hazrat Ayesha (ra) further states: “My state was the same as usual, in that my tears would not stop, nor could I sleep. My parents were also with me and I remained as such for two whole nights and one day. I was totally devastated. It was almost one month since the false allegations were raised. The Messenger of Allah (sa) came to my home and sat down with me for the first time after the calumny.”

Hazrat Ayesha (ra) then states: The Holy Prophet (sa) recited the Kalimah, praised God, then he addressed me saying, ‘O Ayesha! I have been informed such and such thing about you. If you are innocent, I trust that God shall affirm your innocence. If, however, you have committed a mistake, you should seek forgiveness from God and bow before him, because when a person bows before God confessing his sin, Allah accepts his repentance, and shows Mercy to him.’ When the Holy Prophet (sa) had finished his address, I noticed that my tears had dried away completely, and there was absolutely no sign of them. At that time, I looked to my father (Hazrat Abu Bakr(ra)) and asked him to respond on my behalf, but he said, ‘By God! I do not know what to say in response to the Holy Prophet (sa).’ (She of course wanted him to affirm her innocence). I then turned to my mother to respond on my behalf, but she also said, ‘By God! I do not know what to say in response to the Holy Prophet (sa).’”

Hazrat Ayesha (ra) states: “At the time, I was a young girl and did not know much of the Qur’an, but I said, ‘By God, I am aware that certain things which people have rumoured about me have reached you, now, if I advocate my innocence, and God surely knows I am innocent, you will still doubt me, but if I accept myself as being guilty, despite my being innocent, you shall believe me.” She then says: “By God, I find myself in the situation of the father of Joseph (as), who said: Patience is better for me, and it is Allah alone Whose help I seek. This is what Hazrat Jacob (as) said to the brothers of Hazrat Joseph (as) that it is Allah alone Whose help I seek against what these people assert.”

Hazrat Ayesha (ra) states: “I quoted this verse and then I turned to the other side sat on my bed hoping for God Almighty to reveal my innocence. However, by God! I never thought that a revelation would be revealed in my favour. I did not consider myself worthy that a Qur’anic revelation would be sent down to clear me of the charges.”

Hazrat Ayesha (ra) further states: However, by God, the Holy Prophet (sa) had not yet left, he began to receive a divine revelation. “Verily, those who brought forth the lie are a party from among you. Think it not to be an evil for you; nay, it is good for you. Every one of them shall have his share of what he has earned of the sin; and he among them who took the chief part therein shall have a grievous punishment.” (24:12)

After receiving the divine revelation, the Holy Prophet (sa) smiled and looked towards me saying, ‘O Ayesha! Show gratitude to God for He has affirmed your innocence.’ At this, my mother spontaneously said, ‘O Ayesha! Get up! And go the Messenger of Allah.’ However, I said that I be not thankful to anyone but God Almighty.’

Hazrat Mirza Bashir Ahmad Sahib has narrated this incident of Hazrat Ayesha in Seerat Khatam-un-Nabiyeen [The Life and Character of the Seal of Prophets].

Commenting on this incidence, Hazrat Musleh Maud (ra) states: “Satan is constantly in search of opportunities to cause mischief and he did not let this occasion pass either.” Some simple minded companions were drawn into spreading false allegations and three people were punished for this.   God Almighty forgave Hazrat Mistah and Ibn Ilyas, he was a Badri Companion and therefore Hazrat Mistah held a lofty status. God Almighty ensured he had a pious end and preserved his elevated rank. May Allah the Almighty continue to elevate his status.


English Translation



After reciting the Tashahhud, Ta‘awuz, and Surah al-Fatihah, Hazrat Khalifatul Masih V(aba) stated:

From the accounts relating to the Companions(ra) of the Holy Prophet(sa), today, I shall speak about Hazrat Mistah(ra) bin Usasah. His name was Auf, and his title was Mistah. His mother was Hazrat Umme Mistah Salma bint Sakhr, who was the daughter of Raitah bint Sakhr, the maternal aunt of Hazrat Abu Bakr(ra). (Al-Isabatu Fi Tamyiz Al-Sahaba, Vol. 6, p. 74, Mistah bin Uthathah, Printed in Darul Kutub al-Ilmiyyah, Beirut, 1995) (Usdul Ghaba, Vol. 5, p. 150, Mistah bin Uthathah, Dar-ul-Kutb Ilmiyyah, Beirut, 2003) (Al-Isti’ab, Vol. 4, p. 1472, Mistah bin Uthathah, Dar-ul-Jeel, Beirut, 1992)

Hazrat Mistah(ra) bin Usasah migrated to Mecca along with Hazrat Ubaidah(ra) bin Harith and his two brothers, Hazrat Tufail(ra) bin Harith and Hazrat Hussain(ra) bin Harith. Prior to undertaking the journey, it was mutually agreed that they would meet at the valley of Naajeh. However, Hazrat Mistah(ra) bin Usasah remained behind because he was bitten by a snake during the journey. The following day, when those people who had already left, came to know about the incident of the snake bite, they went back and then accompanied him to Medina. While in Medina, they all stayed at the house of Hazrat Abdur Rahman(ra) bin Salama. (Al-Tabaqaat-ul-Kubra, Vol. 3, p. 37, Ubaidah bin Al-Harith, Dar-ul-Kutub al-Ilmiyyah, Beirut, 1990)

The Holy Prophet(sa) established a bond of brotherhood between Hazrat Mistah(ra) bin Usasah and Hazrat Zaid(ra) bin Muzayyan. Hazrat Mistah(ra) accompanied the Holy Prophet(sa) in all the battles, including the Battle of Badr. (Al-Tabaqaat-ul-Kubra, Vol. 3, p. 37, Ubaidah bin Al-Harith, Dar-ul-Kutub al-Ilmiyyah, Beirut, 1990)

Eight months after the Migration, the Holy Prophet(sa) sent Hazrat Ubaidah(ra) bin Harith with a cavalry consisting of sixty or, according to one report, eighty horsemen. The Holy Prophet(sa) had a white flag made for Hazrat Ubaidah(ra) bin Harith, which was held by Hazrat Mistah(ra) bin Usasah. The purpose of this expedition was to stop the trade caravan of the Quraish in its tracks. Abu Sufyan was the leader of the caravan of the Quraish. According to some narrations, this caravan was headed by Ikrimah bin Abi Jahl; the name Miqraz bin Hafs has also been reported. This caravan consisted of 200 people who were transporting trade goods. The party of the Companions(ra) caught up with the caravan at the Valley of Raabigh, which was also known as Wudaan. This caravan was not only a trading caravan but was also laden with weapons. Moreover, the profits of the trade by this caravan were to be used to wage a war against Muslims. From the events it is proven that they were fully prepared for this.

Nonetheless, when the parties arrived there, no battle took place between them except the exchange of arrows, nor were there any proper lines formed for combat. This incident has previously been mentioned whilst relating the account of another companion. The companion who shot the first arrow from the Muslims was Hazrat Sa‘d bin Abi Waqas(ra). This was the first arrow to have been shot on behalf Islam. At that occasion, Hazrat Miqdad(ra) bin Aswad and Hazrat Uyainah(ra) bin Ghazwan (according to Sirat Ibn Hisham and Tarikh al-Tabari it was Utbah bin Ghazwan) broke free from the party of the idolaters and joined the Muslims, as they had already accepted Islam and desired to join the Muslims. This was the second expedition in the history of Islam sent under the leadership of Hazrat Ubaidah(ra) bin Harith. After the exchange of arrows, both parties receded. (This incident has also been mentioned in one of the previous sermons.) The idolaters were in such awe of the Muslims that they assumed that Muslims had a very large army at their disposal to support them. Hence, they went back in fear and the Muslims did not pursue them any further. (Al-Sira Al-Halbiyyah, vol. 3, pp. 215-216, Sirya Ubaidah bin al-Harith, Dar-ul-Kutub Al-Ilmiyyah, Beirut, 2002) (Sirat ibn Hisham, vol. 1, p. 592, Sirya Ubaidah bin al-Harith, Mustafaal-Babi, Egypt, 1955) (Tarikh Al-Tabari, Vol. 2, p. 12, Dar-ul-Kutub al-Ilmiyyah, Beirut, 1987)

This was because their intention was not to initiate a war, rather, it was to stop them and warn them that if they were to make preparations to fight against the Muslims, then the Muslims would also be ready.

During the battle of Khayber, the Holy Prophet(sa) gave wheat weighing 50 wasq, [a unit of weight] to Hazrat Mistah(ra) and Ibn Ilyas. (In those days, it was customary to give this from the spoils of war and this is all mentioned in Al-Tabaqat-ul-Kubra). He passed away at the age of 56, in the 34 AH, during the Khilafat of Hazrat Uthman(ra). It is also reported that he was alive even during the Khilafat of Hazrat Ali(ra) and that he participated in the Battle of Siffin alongside Hazrat Ali(ra) and passed away the same year in 37 AH. (Al-Tabaqaat-ul-Kubra, Vol. 3, p. 39, Mistah bin Uthathah, Dar-ul-Kutub al-Ilmiyyah, Beirut, 1990) (Al-Isabatu Fi Tamyiz Al-Sahaba, Vol. 6, p. 74, Mistah bin Uthathah, Dar-ul-Kutub al-Ilmiyyah, Beirut, 1995)

Hazrat Mistah(ra) is the same person who was under the care of Hazrat Abu Bakr(ra), who arranged for his maintenance and expenses. However, when the accusation was made against Hazrat Aisha(ra), Hazrat Mistah(ra) was also amongst those who leveled this allegation. At that time, Hazrat Abu Bakr(ra) pledged an oath that he would no longer take care of him and support him. Upon this, the following verse of the Quran was revealed:

وَلَا يَأۡتَلِ أُوْلُواْ ٱلۡفَضۡلِ مِنكُمۡ وَٱلسَّعَةِ أَن يُؤۡتُوٓاْ أُوْلِى ٱلۡقُرۡبَىٰ وَٱلۡمَسَـٰكِينَ وَٱلۡمُهَـٰجِرِينَ فِى سَبِيلِ ٱللَّهِ‌ۖ وَلۡيَعۡفُواْ وَلۡيَصۡفَحُوٓاْ‌ۗ أَلَا تُحِبُّونَ أَن يَغۡفِرَ ٱللَّهُ لَكُمۡ‌ۗ وَٱللَّهُ غَفُورٌ۬ رَّحِيمٌ

That is, “And let not those who possess wealth and plenty among you swear not to give aught to the kindred and to the needy and to those who have left their homes in the cause of Allah. Let them forgive and pass over the offence. Do you not desire that Allah should forgive you? And Allah is Most Forgiving, Merciful.” (Surah al-Nur: V.23)

Hence, this verse was revealed and as a result, Hazrat Abu Bakr(ra) once again took up his care and supported him. Furthermore, when God Almighty revealed the verses regarding the exoneration of Hazrat Aisha(ra), those who raised the accusation were also punished. According to some narrations, Hazrat Mistah(ra) was amongst those people who raised the allegation against Hazrat Aisha(ra) and was thus instructed to be punished with lashes by the Holy Prophet(sa). (Al-Isabatu Fi Tamyiz Al-Sahaba, Vol. 6, p. 74, Mistah bin Uthathah, Dar-ul-Kutub al-Ilmiyyah, Beirut, 1995)

The incident in regard to this allegation [levelled against Hazrat Aisha(ra)] is extremely important for it carries a vital lesson for the Muslims. Hence, it has been mentioned in great detail. Furthermore, God Almighty has also revealed verses in the Holy Quran in relation to this.

Nevertheless, the Promised Messiah(as) states:

“God Almighty has made it an integral part of His own noble attributes to avert prophecies of warning on the basis of repentance, seeking forgiveness, prayer, and charity, so did He teach the same morals to man.”

Whilst relating this incident, the Promised Messiah(as) has explained the difference between a promise and a warning. The Promised Messiah(as) further states:

“As is evidenced by the Holy Quran and the Hadith that when, out of sheer maliciousness, the hypocrites had perpetrated a calumny against Hazrat Aishah, may Allah be pleased with her, some unwary companions also had joined in this narrative. (Their intention was not to create disorder, rather they joined owing to their simple-mindedness.) One of those companions used to get his meal, twice a day, from the home of Hazrat Abu Bakr(ra). Due to this lapse, Hazrat Abu Bakr(ra) pledged that he would never again feed him as a punishment for this misdeed, whereupon the verse was revealed:

وَلۡيَعۡفُواْ وَلۡيَصۡفَحُوٓاْ‌ۗ أَلَا تُحِبُّونَ أَن يَغۡفِرَ ٱللَّهُ لَكُمۡ ‌ۗ وَٱللَّهُ غَفُورٌ۬ رَّحِيمٌ

‘Let them forgive and forbear. Do you not desire that Allah should forgive you? And Allah is Most Forgiving, Merciful.’ (Surah al-Nur: V.23)

At that, Hazrat Abu Bakr broke his pledge and restored his meals as usual. It is for this reason that it is part of Islamic morality.” Here, the Promised Messiah(as) has expounded upon a particular issue that should one pledge something by way of Waid, the breaking of that pledge is a component of good morals.

What is is Waid? The Promised Messiah(as) states:

“For instance, if someone swears that with regard to his servant, he shall strike him fifty times with a shoe, to forgive him on account of his repentance and earnest supplication is the Islamic custom, so that تخلق باخلاق اللہ  [morality mirror the attributes of Allah]. Nevertheless, it is not permissible to break a promise; one will be held accountable for the breach of promise, but not for breaking a pledge of chastisement.” (Zamima Barahin-e-Ahmadiyya, Vol. 5, Ruhani Khazain, Vol. 21, p. 181)

A promise is a pledge, which is made keeping in mind all the negative and positive aspects and it is necessary for one to fulfil it. If one breaks it, they will be held accountable and will also be handed out a punishment for it.

According to a narration in Sahih Bukhari, mentioning the details of the incident of the calumny, Hazrat Aisha(ra) narrates the following; since the details of this incident are important, therefore I will also mention these. Hazrat Aisha(ra) narrates:

“It was a custom of the Holy Prophet(sa) that when he intended to embark on a journey, he used to draw lots amongst his wives, then he would take along with him the one on whom the lot fell. On one occasion, before a battle, he drew lots in the same manner, and the lot fell on me.”

Hazrat Aisha(ra) states that her name emerged from the lot and so she accompanied the Holy Prophet(sa).

“This was the time when injunctions on purdah [observing the veil] had already been revealed. Hence, during this journey, I would sit in a palanquin (a covered seat which would be placed on the back of a camel) and wherever a halt was made, it would be placed on the ground.”

She further states:

“When the Holy Prophet(sa) set back after having finished from his expedition, and we approached near the city of Medina, one night, the Holy Prophet(sa) ordered for the departure. When I heard this announcement, I also began to walk, and went ahead of the army in order to attend to the call of nature, and returned after I had finished. (Since she had to attend the call of nature, therefore she walked away to one side). When I returned to my camel, I touched my chest and found that my necklace made from black sapphire had been lost. I went back in search of it and was delayed a short while. In the meantime, those who had been appointed to lift my litter and place it on the back of the camel arrived, and assuming that I was in the litter, lifted it and placed it on the camel.”

Hazrat Aisha(ra) further states:

“In that era, women were light in weight and flesh did not accumulate their bodies in abundance, as they used to eat very little food. The attendants, therefore, did not suspect that I was not already in the litter.”

Hazrat Aisha(ra) then says:

“Furthermore, at the time, I was still a young girl. Hence, they lifted the litter and also got the camel on its feet and proceeded. In any case, when I returned after finding my necklace, lo and behold, the army had left, and the plain was empty. I thought to myself that I should remain at my place, because when people would realise that I had been left behind, they would surely return. Therefore, I sat on my spot and was soon overcome by sleep. Now, it so happened that Safwan bin Mu‘attal Sulami Zakwani was a companion whose duty was to stay behind the army (so that fallen items, etc., could be safeguarded). When he arrived from behind the army and reached my resting place just before dawn, he found me sleeping there alone. Since he had already seen me prior to the revelation of injunctions relevant to purdah, he recognised me immediately, upon which he became flustered and said, ‘Surely, to Allah we belong and to Him shall we return.’ Upon him reciting this, I awoke from my sleep. He then brought the camel near to me and sat it down. I then mounted it. He then began to walk, leading the camel by its halter.”

Hazrat Aisha(ra) further states:

“We finally reached the place where the Muslim army had set up camp at midday and everyone was resting in their camps. This is the account, due to which those who were to be ruined, ruined themselves.”

In other words, people started to level allegations against Hazrat Aisha(ra) and began issuing false statements about her.

Hazrat Aisha(ra) further states:

“The key proponent who was responsible for spreading this slander was Abdullah bin Ubayy bin Salul.

“After this, we reached Medina, and it so happened that as soon as we arrived, I fell ill, and this illness lasted for one month. During this time, the forged statements of the slanderers were noised widely, and rumours were spread. However, until then, I had absolutely no notion of this calumny. However, one thing I did notice that led me to suspect something was not right was that during my period of illness, the Holy Prophet(sa) did not extend to me the usual affection and kindness that I was accustomed to in illness.

“The allegation was made, rumours spread widely and the Holy Prophet(sa) also came to learn of this. She says that during her illness, she did not receive the same affection from Holy Prophet(sa) that she would normally receive.

“When the Holy Prophet(sa) would visit me, he would only say, ‘Assalamo Alaikum’, and then enquire about my health from my parents. I was completely unaware of this allegation.

“I remained unaware till the point that I had recovered from my illness and was still in a state of weakness, and it was not until Umme Mistah and I went towards the direction of Minasi to attend the call of nature. In those days we used to leave in the night, and this was before the time we had made lavatories close to our homes.”

In those days people would go outside of their homes to attend the call of nature and women would go in the evening when it was nightfall.

Hazrat Aisha(ra) further states:

“In those days, we followed the traditional customs of the Arabs and would go into the wilderness to attend the call of nature. Umme Mistah bint Abi Ruham and I were both going when all of a sudden she tripped over her outer garment and stumbled. Upon this she said, ‘Woe be to Mistah.’ I said, ‘What an awful thing you have uttered. Do you say something unpleasant about one who had participated in the Battle of Badr?’ Upon this she replied, ‘O innocent young lady, have you not heard the rumours people have spread?’ It was then that I learnt of the allegation which was being propagated about me. I had recovered from my illness and was still in a state of weakness, but upon hearing this, my illness worsened.

“When I returned home, the Holy Prophet(sa) came to visit me as usual and said, ‘Assalamo Alaikum, How are you feeling now?’ I sought permission from the Holy Prophet(sa) to go to my parent’s home as I wanted to find out from them about what was being said about me. The Holy Prophet(sa) granted permission and I went to them and enquired of my mother about what people were saying. My mother said, ‘O Daughter! Do not worry yourself about this. By God, it is common that when a person has a beautiful wife whom he loves and he also has other wives, the other women say something against her.’ I spontaneously said, ‘Holy is Allah! Are people actually saying these things about me?’ Then I began to weep, and my tears would not stop. I did not sleep all night. At dawn, I was still weeping for such a huge allegation had been levelled against me.

“In the morning, the Holy Prophet(sa) called Ali(ra) bin Abi Talib and Usama bin Zaid(ra) to seek their counsel in regard to leaving his wife and severing his relation with her, because there had been quite a delay in revelation being sent down. (As there had been an allegation raised against her, the Holy Prophet(sa) sought advice on deciding whether he should stay with Hazrat Aisha(ra) or not). Owing to the Holy Prophet’s(sa) love for his wives, Usama(ra) submitted, ‘O Messenger of Allah! Aisha(ra) is your wife and by God, we know nothing but goodness with respect to Aisha(ra).’”

Hazrat Aisha(ra) states:

“However, Ali(ra) bin Abi Talib, (who was a little haste in nature) said, ‘O Messenger of Allah! Allah the Exalted has not put you in difficulty, and there are plenty of women other than her.’ Hazrat Ali(ra) then said, ‘Nonetheless, enquire of the household maid, perhaps she knows something and may be able to tell you the actual truth.’

“Upon this, the Holy Prophet(sa) called for Barirah and inquired, ‘Have you ever seen anything in Aisha(ra) as may be considered suspicious?’ Barirah responded, ‘I swear by that God who has sent you with the truth, I have never seen anything evil about her except that on account of her young age, she is a bit careless. It often happens that she leaves the dough exposed and falls in such a deep sleep that the goats come and consume it.’”

By citing this example, she proved her innocence from any evil, but said her only flaw was that she would be overcome by sleep.

“On the same day, the Holy Prophet(sa) addressed his Companions and complained about Abdullah bin Ubay bin Salul for he had propagated this allegation. The Holy Prophet(sa) said, ‘I have been given great grief with respect to my wife. Is there anyone from among you who can take care of such an individual? By God, I know nothing of my wife except piety and goodness. Moreover, I also consider the man who has been mentioned in this connection to be pious (referring to Hazrat Aisha and the other person who was accused in this incident). He has never come to my home in my absence.’

“Upon hearing this address of the Holy Prophet(sa), Sa‘d bin Mu‘az, stood up and submitted, ‘O Messenger of Allah! I shall seek revenge against the individual who has raised such an allegation. If this person is from our tribe, we consider him worthy of death, and shall sever his head at once. If he is from our brethren (i.e. from the Khazraj tribe), even still, we are prepared to do as you command.’

“Upon this, Sa‘d bin Ubadah, chief of the Khazraj tribe, stood up, and though he was a righteous man, at the time, he was overcome by the honour of his tribe and said, ‘You have spoken a lie. By God! You shall not kill a man from our tribe, nor do you possess the power to do so.’ Thereafter they began to argue with one another. Upon this, Usaid bin Huzair stood up and addressed Sa‘d bin Ubadah saying, ‘You are a liar, By God! we shall surely kill the one who has made this allegation.’ He even said: ‘In fact you are a hypocrite, for you argue on behalf of the hypocrites.’ This exchange of remarks incensed some from among the Aus and Khazraj, and an altercation almost broke out, to the extent that although no fighting took place, they were close to doing so. But the Holy Prophet(sa) came down from the pulpit and admonished everyone and diffused the situation. Everyone then fell silent and the Holy Prophet(sa) also remained silent.”

The narration from Bukhari continues. It is quite a lengthy narration. Hazrat Aisha(ra) further states:

“My state was the same as usual, in that my tears would not stop, nor could I sleep. My parents were also with me and I remained as such for two whole nights and one day. I felt as if my liver would burst into pieces and I would die. I was sitting by my parents in this very state, weeping, when a lady from the Ansar sought permission and entered, and began to weep with me in a sympathetic manner. At this, the Messenger of Allah(sa) arrived in the house of Hazrat Abu Bakr(ra) and sat down next to me. This was the first day that he had sat down with me after the calumny.”

Prior to this, the Holy Prophet(sa) did not sit next to Hazrat Aisha(ra). He would enquire about her health from far and return or ask through the maid, and when she had returned back home, he would go there and enquire about her. Hazrat Aisha(ra) further states:

“A month had elapsed, but no divine revelation had been sent down in my case. For a whole month since the allegation, the Holy Prophet(sa) did not come and sit next to me, but on that day, he did and was waiting for God Almighty to reveal something.”

Hazrat Aisha(ra) then states:

“The Holy Prophet(sa) recited the Kalimah [Islamic declaration of faith], then he addressed me saying, ‘O Aisha(ra)! I have been informed of such and such thing about you.’” This was the first time the Holy Prophet(sa) enquired about this matter from Hazrat Aisha(ra). “‘If you are innocent, I trust that God shall affirm your innocence. If, however, you have committed a mistake, you should seek forgiveness from God and bow before Him, because when a person bows before God confessing their sin, Allah accepts their repentance, and shows Mercy to them’ When the Holy Prophet(sa) had finished his address, I noticed that my tears had dried away completely, and there was absolutely no sign of them. At that time, I looked to my father (Hazrat Abu Bakr(ra)) and asked him to respond on my behalf, but he said, ‘By God! I do not know what to say in response to the Holy Prophet(sa).’ (She, of course, wanted him to affirm her innocence.) I then turned to my mother to respond on my behalf, but she also said, ‘By God! I do not know what to say in response to the Holy Prophet(sa).’”

Hazrat Aisha(ra) states:

“At the time, I was a young girl and did not know much of the Quran, but I said, ‘By God, I am aware that certain things which people have rumoured about me have reached you (i.e. that this heinous allegation has been levelled against me) and you have been affected by these statements. In fact, you have considered them to be true.’”

Hazrat Aisha(ra) says:

“Hence, if I advocate my innocence, and God surely knows I am innocent, you will, however, doubt me since this rumour has been propagated so much, but if I accept myself as being guilty, despite my being innocent and God Almighty also being aware of my innocence, you will believe me.” If she admitted to it then he may have thought that there was truth behind it.

Hazrat Aisha(ra) then said: “By God, I find myself in the situation of the father of Joseph(as), who said, ‘Patience is better for me, and it is Allah Alone Whose help I seek.”’

“This is what Hazrat Jacob(as) said to the brothers of Hazrat Joseph(as) that it is Allah Alone Whose help I seek against what these people assert.”

Hazrat Aisha(ra) further states:

“I quoted this verse and then turned to the other side and sat on my bed hoping for God Almighty to reveal my innocence.” She knew she was innocent and God Almighty would establish her innocence. “However, by God! I never thought that a revelation would be revealed in my favour. I knew that God Almighty would declare my innocence, but never thought that a revelation would be sent down. I did not consider myself worthy for a Quranic revelation to be sent down to clear me of the charges, and that God the Exalted would declare my innocence in such a manner, whereby he would send down a revelation in the Holy Quran. I thought that perhaps the Messenger of Allah would be shown a vision in his sleep wherein He would declare my innocence.”

Hazrat Aisha(ra) further states:

“However, by God, the Holy Prophet(sa) had not yet left this sitting, nor had any other person of the household left, when he began to receive a revelation and was overtaken by the arduous state, which he would experience upon the receipt of divine revelation. He would sweat so much that even on a cold day, he would be dripping with sweat. After some time, this state left him. The Holy Prophet(sa) smiled and looked towards me saying, ‘O Aisha! Show gratitude to God for He has affirmed your innocence.’ At this, my mother spontaneously said, ‘O Aisha! Get up and go the Messenger(sa) of Allah.’ However, I said that I would not go to him, nor would I be thankful to anyone but God Almighty. God Almighty had revealed, ‘Verily, those who brought forth the lie was a party from among you.’

“When my innocence had been affirmed by God Almighty through divine revelation, Hazrat Abu Bakr(ra), who would grant regular support to Mistah bin Usasah due to his kinship, pledged that as Mistah had taken part in slandering Aisha, he would no longer render him this support.

“However, shortly thereafter, the verses of Surah al-Nur were revealed in which God Almighty stated (I have already quoted the verse previously and the translation is as follows):

“‘And let not those who possess wealth and plenty among you swear not to give aught to the kindred and to the needy and to those who have left their homes in the cause of Allah. Let them forgive and pass over the offence. Do you not desire that Allah should forgive you? And Allah is Most Forgiving, Merciful.’

“Hazrat Abu Bakr(ra) stated, ‘Indeed, by God, I desire for my sins to be covered and that God Almighty forgives me.’ Thus, the allowance Mistah used to receive was reinstated. Moreover, prior to my being absolved, the Holy Prophet(sa) enquired of Hazrat Zainab(ra) bint Jahash as to her opinion of me after what had happened. She responded by saying, ‘O Messenger of Allah! I seek to protect my eyes and ears from evil, thus I consider Aisha to be a pious and God-fearing lady.’”

By seeking to protect her eyes and ears meant that she could not utter anything false on account of them and thus she found Aisha to be a pious lady.

Hazrat Aisha(ra) further states:

“This was despite the fact that from among all the wives of the Holy Prophet(sa), Zainab was the only one who competed with me. However, due to her virtue, Allah the Exalted saved her from taking part in this calumny. However, her sister Hamna bint Jahash was siding with those who had spread the rumours and perished alongside them.” (Sahih Bukhari, Kitab al-Shahadat, Bab Ta’dil al-Nisa…, Hadith 2661, Vol. 4, pp. 721-731, Nazarat Isha’at, Rabwah) (Sahih Bukhari, Kitab al-Maghazi, Bab Hadith al-Ifk, Hadith 4141, Vol. 8, p. 325, Nazarat Isha’at, Rabwah)

Hazrat Mirza Bashir Ahmad(ra) has narrated this incident of Hazrat Aisha(ra) in Sirat Khatamun-Nabiyyin [The Life and Character of the Seal of Prophets] which I have already mentioned from Bukhari. The additional aspect mentioned therein is that she narrated:

“When the Companion said إِنَّا لِلَّهِ وَإِنَّآ إِلَيۡهِ رَٲجِعُونَ [Surely, to Allah we belong and to Him shall we return], I woke and immediately covered my face with my scarf, as the commandment regarding the veil had already been revealed. By God, he did not speak a word to me (he did not say anything) and I did not hear any other words uttered by him apart from these (i.e. إِنَّا لِلَّهِ وَإِنَّآ إِلَيۡهِ رَٲجِعُونَ – Surely to Allah we belong and to Him shall we return). Following this, he brought his camel forward, made it kneel down near me and placed his foot on both of its knees so that it did not stand up all of a sudden. Subsequently, I mounted the camel.” (Sirat Khatamun-Nabiyyin, Hazrat Mirza Bashir Ahmad(ra), p. 563)

In Bukhari it is mentioned that she placed her feet on the hands to mount the camel, however here it states he placed his feet on the knees of the camel so that the camel would not suddenly stand up.

As Hazrat Aisha(ra) has mentioned that the revelation of God Almighty in relation to her was of great importance for her. Hazrat Aisha(ra) says:

“This revelation was of great significance to me as I was not expecting it.”

In any case, this was a very important incident and there was a grave allegation being raised against a family member of the Holy Prophet(sa). Hazrat Aisha(ra) held an exalted status and one of the reasons for this was that the Holy Prophet(sa) had stated about her: “I receive the most revelations in the house of Aisha” and because of the revelation of a specific portion in Surah al-Nur which contained detailed instructions for the believers regarding their reaction towards those who had falsely accused her. Hence, there are ten or eleven verses of the Holy Quran which address this matter. Apart from what I have already stated from the Hadith, now I would like to mention what Hazrat Musleh-e-Maud(ra) said about the verse which Hazrat Aisha(ra) mentioned. However, firstly, I will share the verse under comment:

إِنَّ ٱلَّذِينَ جَآءُو بِٱلۡإِفۡكِ عُصۡبَةٌ۬ مِّنكُمۡ ‌ۚ لَا تَحۡسَبُوهُ شَرًّا لَّكُم  ‌ۖ  بَلۡ هُوَ خَيۡرٌ لَّكُمۡ ‌ۚ لِكُلِّ ٱمۡرِىٍٕ مِّنۡہُم مَّا ٱكۡتَسَبَ مِنَ ٱلۡإِثۡمِ ‌ۚ وَٱلَّذِى تَوَلَّىٰ كِبۡرَهُۥ مِنۡہُمۡ لَهُ ۥ عَذَابٌ عَظِيمٌ

“Verily, those who brought forth the lie are a party from among you. Think it not to be an evil for you; nay, it is good for you. Every one of them shall have his share of what he has earned of the sin; and he among them who took the chief part therein shall have a grievous punishment.” (Surah al-Nur: V.12)

This verse is followed by others in which further details have been mentioned. Hazrat Musleh-e-Maud(ra) further writes:

“When they arrived in Medina, Abdullah bin Ubay bin Salul and his associates began to spread rumours that God forbid, Hazrat Aisha(ra) remained behind intentionally and that she had a relationship with Sufwan.”

This was the companion who had brought her afterwards to Medina on a camel. Hazrat Musleh-e-Maud(ra) further writes:

“This rumour was repeated so much that some Companions(ra), out of their misjudgment, started to believe that this was true. One such companion was Hassan(ra) bin Thabit, another one was Mistah(ra) bin Usasah, and a female companion named Hamnah(ra) bint Jahash who was the Holy Prophet’s(sa) sister-in-law. Hazrat Aisha(ra) was shocked for being left behind to the extent that she became ill after returning to Medina. Since she was very young, the fear of being left alone in the wilderness was a factor in her becoming ill. This is what she was going through and at the same time the hypocrites continued to spread rumours, which eventually reached the Holy Prophet(sa). Due to her illness, the Holy Prophet(sa) did not ask Hazrat Aisha(ra) about the allegations being raised by the hypocrites. At the same time, the rumours were spreading day by day.

“Hazrat Aisha(ra) states, ‘I was astonished to see the Holy Prophet(sa) when he would return home. His face looked indifferent and he would not speak to me.’ She states, ‘He would seem extremely worried and would ask others about her condition, then leave. She states, ‘I sought his permission one day and left for my parents’ house.’ It was here that the incident took place when she left to attend the call of nature with another woman who was her relative and would also go with her. The lady mentioned the name of her son Mistah and said, ‘May he be ruined.’ Upon hearing this, Hazrat Aisha(ra) enquired, ‘Why would you say such a thing?’ The woman responded, ‘Why should I not say such things? Are you not aware of what he has been saying?’”

Hazrat Musleh-e-Maud(ra) states:

“This woman was looking for an opportunity to mention to Hazrat Aisha(ra) the things that were being said and what she was being accused of because she was not aware of this. When Hazrat Aisha(ra) heard about it, she became distressed. She returned home and, as it was mentioned before, she had not fully recovered, but knowing what was being said about her increased her illness.”

Hazrat Musleh-e-Maud(ra) continues to narrate the incident:

“The Holy Prophet(sa) called Hazrat Umar(ra), Hazrat Ali(ra) and Usama bin Zaid(ra) for consultation with regard to what to do about this matter. Hazrat Umar(ra) and Usama bin Zaid(ra) both stated, ‘This is a false accusation which has been spread by the hypocrites. There is no truth to it whatsoever.’ However, Hazrat Ali(ra) who was slightly haste in his nature stated, ‘Whether it is true or not, what is the need of maintaining relations with a woman who has been accused of such an allegation?’ At the same time, as it has already been mentioned, he also said, ‘You could ask her maid. If there is something, she would know.’ Therefore, the Holy Prophet(sa) asked Barirah, Hazrat Aisha’s(ra) maid, ‘Are you aware of any flaws in Aisha?’ She responded, ‘Apart from her habit of falling asleep due to her tender age, there are no flaws in her.’ She narrated the same incident which was mentioned before, that is, she falls asleep quickly and falls into deep sleep. After listening to this, the Holy Prophet(sa) came outside and gathered the companions. Then he said, ‘Who shall guard me from the person who has caused me this pain?’ The Holy Prophet(sa) was speaking about Abdullah bin Ubay bin Salul who had caused him this pain. Hazrat Sa‘d bin Mu‘az, who was the chief of the Aus tribe, stood up and said, ‘O Messenger(sa) of Allah! We are ready to kill that person if he is amongst us. If he is amongst the Khazraj, even then we are ready to kill him.’”

Hazrat Musleh-e-Maud(ra) further states:

“Satan is constantly in search of opportunities to cause mischief and he did not let this occasion pass either. The Khazraj tribe was unaware of just how much grief this caused the Holy Prophet(sa), so when Sa‘d bin Mu‘az spoke up, other tribes became incensed. Sa‘d bin Ubadah then stood up telling Sa‘d bin Mu‘az, ‘You would never kill one of our people. You do not have the strength to do so.’ During this exchange of words, another companion stood up and said, ‘We will kill him and let’s see who tries to protect him.’”

Hazrat Musleh-e-Maud(ra) further writes:

“This confrontation did not remain confined to mere words, it escalated to the point where the people of the Aus and Khazraj tribes began drawing their swords from their sheaths and were close to fighting one another. It was only with great difficulty that the Holy Prophet(sa) was able to calm them down. The Aus tribe said that they would kill whoever had grieved the Holy Prophet(sa), whereas the Khazraj tribe claimed that this was not being said out of their sincerity, as the Aus tribe were well-aware that the person was from among the Khazraj tribe and this is the only reason why they made such a claim. Nonetheless, it is well-documented that the Holy Prophet(sa) had love for both these tribes, but Satan had caused mischief and discord between the two of them.”

Hazrat Musleh-e-Maud(ra) further writes:

“Anyone can easily understand how delicate the situation was at that time. On one side, the Holy Prophet(sa) had been afflicted with so much misery, and on the other side, the state of affairs between the Muslims had reached the point where swords were being raised. Hence, it is Satan who causes such disarray, even amongst people of pious nature.”

Hazrat Musleh-e-Maud(ra) further relates the same incident as has been related by Hazrat Aisha(ra) when she was asked about the event. In reply to which she said:

“If I accept [what they assert] I will be lying and if I plead my innocence, the people will not believe me. Hence, at this point, I will only repeat what Jacob(as), the father of Joseph(as) said:

فَصَبۡرٌ۬ جَمِيلٌ۬  ‌ۖ  وَٱللهُ ٱلۡمُسۡتَعَانُ

That is, ‘So comely patience is good for me. And it is Allah alone Whose help is to be sought.’ (Surah Yusuf: V.19)

Hazrat Aisha(ra) then said that she stood up and went over to her bed. Soon after this, the verse (which I recited earlier) was revealed in which it stated, ‘Verily, those who brought forth the lie are a party from among you. Think it not to be an evil for you; nay, it is good for you. Because through this, the punishment of those people who labelled allegations would soon come to light and also you have been bestowed a wise teaching. Indeed, every one of them shall have his share of what he has earned of the sin; and he among them who took the chief part therein shall have a grievous punishment.’

“Nevertheless, after this revelation, the Holy Prophet’s face began to radiate. Hazrat Aisha(ra) says that her mother told her to stand and thank the Holy Prophet(sa), but she said that she would only thank God Almighty.” (Tafsir-e-Kabir, Vol. 6, pp. 269-271)

Nonetheless, as has been mentioned earlier, Hazrat Musleh-e-Maud(ra) has also explained this incident in one of his sermons and stated:

“Due to labelling allegations against Hazrat Aisha(ra), three people received lashes. From among them, one was Hassan(ra) bin Thabit, who was poet laureate to the Holy Prophet(sa), one was Mistah(ra), who was the uncle of Hazrat Aisha(ra) and also the cousin of Hazrat Abu Bakr(ra). He was so poor that he lived in the house of Hazrat Abu Bakr(ra). He would eat from there and Hazrat Abu Bakr(ra) would get clothes made for him. The third person was a woman; all three received punishments.” (Khutbaat-e-Mahmud(ra), Vol. 18, pp. 279-280)

This is also mentioned in Sunan Abi Daud. (Sunan Abi Daud, Kitab-ul-Hudud, Bab Hadd-ul-Qazif, Hadith 4474-4475)

According to some narrations they received punishment, whereas others are of the opinion that they did not receive any punishment. (Tafsir al-Qurtubi, Vol. 15, p. 169, Surah Nur, Mu’assisa al-Risala, Beirut, 2006)

Nonetheless, irrespective of whether they received punishment or not, God Almighty forgave them. He received the punishment for this in this world, but I as I mentioned earlier, he also participated in later expeditions. He was a Badri companion and therefore, Hazrat Mistah(ra) held a lofty status. God Almighty ensured he had a pious end and preserved his elevated rank. May God Almighty continue to elevate his status.

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Verses Cited in this Friday Sermon:
About Friday Prayer

The Jumu'ah (Friday) prayer is one form of congregational worship in Islam. It takes place every Friday. Regular attendance at the Jumu'ah prayer is enjoined on the believer. According to a Saying of Muhammad(sa) this congregational prayer is twenty-five times more blessed than worship performed alone. (Bukhari)

Friday Prayers in the Quran

“O ye who believe! When the call is made for Prayer on Friday, hasten to the remembrance of Allah, and leave off all business. That is best for you, if you only knew.” more

Friday Prayers in the Hadith

“… (He who) offers the Prayers and listens quitely when the Imam stands up for sermon, will have his sins forgiven between that Friday and the next” (Bukhari)

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