In today’s sermon, His Holiness(aba) continued mention of Hazrat Sa’d bin Abi Waqas(ra).
His Holiness(aba) said that Hazrat Sa’d bin Abi Waqas(ra) took part in the Battles of Badr, Uhud, Khandaq, Khaibar and also in the treaty of Hudabiyyah and the Conquest of Mecca. He was a very skilled archer. Hazrat Sa’d bin Abi Waqas(ra) narrates that they had to endure extremely difficult circumstances, and at times, would hardly have anything to eat during these battles except for some thorny branches.
Sariyya [expedition] Ubaida bin Harith
His Holiness(aba) said that Hazrat Sa’d bin Abi Waqas(ra) was the first to shed blood in the cause of Islam and was the first to let an arrow fly in the way of Islam during the Sariyya of Hazrat Ubaida bin Harith. The Holy Prophet(sa) had sent a group of Muslims to find out about the conspiracies the Meccans were planning against the Muslims. Upon encountering a group of Meccans, there was a slight exchange in which arrows were launched from either side; but there was no fighting further to this.
Sariyya Abdullah bin Jahsh
His Holiness(aba) stated that Hazrat Sa’d bin Abi Waqas(ra) also took part in the Sariyya of Abdullah bin Jahsh. Again, the Holy Prophet(sa) desired to gain more knowledge of the secret planning of the Meccans in order to make the necessary precautions and protect Madinah. In fact, the Holy Prophet(sa) had not even told this party of eight where they were going and for what purpose, rather, he gave them a letter which he told them to open after having travelled for two days. Upon opening the letter they learned that the Holy Prophet(sa) desired for them to go to Nakhla and find out about the planning of the Meccans. On their way, Hazrat Sa’d bin Abi Waqas(ra) and another companion, Hazrat Utbah(ra), lost their camels and could not find them.
His Holiness(aba) referenced Hazrat Mirza Bashir Ahmad(ra) in responding to the false light cast on this incident by Mr Margoliouth who asserts that they lost their camels on purpose, however every incident from their lives refutes such a notion as they were always present for the service of Islam.
The remaining group continued on and was confronted by a group of Meccans, at which point they attacked and killed one of them. The Holy Prophet(sa) was very displeased, as he had not sent them to fight, that too in one of the sacred months. The Meccans had demanded the return of the captives taken in this incident, however the Holy Prophet(sa) feared that something may happen to Hazrat Sa’d bin Abi Waqas(ra) and Hazrat Utbah(ra) who had yet to return. And so he said that until these two companions of his do not return, he will not release those captives
Rider of Islam
His Holiness(aba) said that during the Battle of Badr, despite being on foot, Hazrat Sa’d bin Abi Waqas(ra) fought very bravely – to the extent that he became known as Faris-ul-Islam, or the Rider of Islam.
Bravery in Battle of Uhud
His Holiness(aba) said that during the Battle of Uhud, the brother of Hazrat Sa’d bin Abi Waqas(ra) was fighting from the Meccan side and injured the Holy Prophet(sa) whereby he lost two of his teeth as well. Hazrat Sa’d bin Abi Waqas(ra) said that after this, he desired to kill his brother in battle with such fervor as he had never felt before. He only abandoned this pursuit when the Holy Prophet(sa) stopped him.
‘May my parents be sacrificed for you’
There is a narration stating that the Holy Prophet(sa) would hand Hazrat Sa’d bin Abi Waqas(ra) arrows during the Battle of Uhud and he would continue to launch them. It is also narrated that the Holy Prophet(sa) said to him, ‘May my parents be sacrificed for you, continue to launch arrows.’ It was an esteemed honour conferred by the Holy Prophet(sa) who said such words, which are narrated to have been said only to Hazrat Sa’d bin Abi Waqas(ra) or perhaps one other companion. It is said that Hazrat Sa’d bin Abi Waqas(ra) launched a thousand arrows during the Battle of Uhud.
A Lesson in Giving Alms
At the time of the Treaty of Hudaibiya, Hazrat Sa’d bin Abi Waqas(ra) was one of the companions who signed the treaty as a witness. During the conquest of Mecca, Hazrat Sa’d bin Abi Waqas(ra) was holding one of the three flags of the Muhajireen. At the time of the farewell pilgrimage he fell ill. When the Holy Prophet(sa) went to visit him, it is narrated that Hazrat Sa’d bin Abi Waqas(ra) only had one daughter as a heir, and asked if he could give 2/3 of his wealth in alms. The Holy Prophet(sa) refused. He asked if he could give half of his wealth in alms which the Holy Prophet(sa) refused. When he asked if he could give 1/3, the Holy Prophet(sa) agreed saying that even 1/3 was plenty. The Holy Prophet(sa) stated that it would be better to leave one’s children with wealth as opposed to leaving them in poverty lest they go around asking for money, and he said whatever he had spent would be accepted by God. The Holy Prophet(sa) also told him that he would live longer than him and that nations would benefit from him.
His Holiness(aba) presented further narrations on the subject of the amount of wealth that can be given in alms, citing a narration in which the Holy Prophet(sa) said that some give all their wealth in alms but then are left in an impoverished state, therefore alms are to be given from surplus wealth.
Battle of Qadsiyya
His Holiness(aba) related a narration which states that once while hunting, the Holy Prophet(sa) placed his hand on Hazrat Sa’d bin Abi Waqas(ra) and prayed ‘O God, let his aim never miss.’ Hazrat Sa’d bin Abi Waqas(ra) also had a great hand in garnering victory for Islam in various parts of Iraq. When an army was to go out to fight against the army of Kisra [Chosroes] during the time of Hazrat Umar(ra), Hazrat Sa’d bin Abi Waqas(ra) was elected to lead the Muslim army. Hazrat Umar(ra) lauded him by saying that ‘He is a brave man and excellent archer.’ He led an army of nearly 30, 000 to Qadsiyya. First according to the instructions of Hazrat Umar(ra), the Muslims invited the king Yazdegerd and the disbelievers to Islam. However he responded by saying that they were a lowly nation and a lowly people who were like wild beasts, and offered that he would give them enough food and clothes by which they would live comfortable lives, and in turn should leave him alone to continue on usurping lands and borders. However the Muslims responded that though they had once been as he described, God blessed them with His grace, and they were in no need for such worldly allures. This angered Yazdegerd who said that now there most certainly would be a battle. In the coming years, Islam would garner victory in Iran.
His Holiness(aba) noted that this change which was brought about in them had been due to the teachings of the Holy Qur’an and the profound impact it had on the hearts of such people who once had no inclination towards God.
His Holiness(aba) said that further mention of Hazrat Sa’d bin Abi Waqas(ra) would continue in the following Sermon.
His Holiness(aba) said that he would offer the funeral prayer in absentia for the following members:
Bushra Akram Sahiba wife of Muhammad Akram Bajwa Sahib, the Nazir Ta`limul Qur’an and Waqfe Arzi in Rabwah, Pakistan. She passed away on 25 March. She is survived by two sons and two daughters. She spent 15 years in Liberia with her husband, where she also served as the President of the Ladies’ Association. Though she was stricken with malaria and typhoid many times during the 15 years, she proved a faithful companion to her husband and also rendered great services of her own. Her progeny is now very attached to the Community as a result of her efforts. May Allah accept her prayers for her progeny and have mercy upon her soul.
Iqbal Ahmad Nasir who passed away on 14th July. His son serves as a Missionary in Burkina Faso. He was the son of a companion of the Promised Messiah(as). He was an active member of the Community, serving in various capacities including Finance Secretary. His efforts enabled many to join the fold of the Community. He is survived by his wife, three sons and three daughters. When he visited Burkina Faso, though he did not know the local language, the love and affection he showed when meeting everyone would win them over. May Allah have mercy on his soul.
Ghulam Fatima Fahmida Sahiba wife of Muhammad Ibrahim Sahib of Azad Kashmir. She passed away on 18 July after a long illness. Her progeny has proven to be very righteous as a result of her upbringing. She herself was very regular in waking up at night to offer voluntary prayers. She was very patient; her husband was imprisoned twice, once without being informed, and his funeral prayer in absentia was even offered. By the grace of Allah he would later be released. However she exhibited great patience at every step. She is survived by her husband, four sons and two daughter. Three of her sons are life-devotees. May Allah have mercy on her soul and enable her progeny to keep her virtues alive.
Muhammad Ahmad Anwar Sahib Hyderabadi who passed away on 20 May. He had the honor of giving the call to prayer atop the Minaratul Masih in Qadian. He served in Ta`limul Islam High School, also served in Gambia and various other places. He served as the vice-president of Darul Qaza, the arbitrary board in Germany. May Allah have mercy on his soul.
Saleem Hassan Al Jabi of Syria who passed away on 30 June. He accepted Ahmadiyyat after seeing the Promised Messiah(as) in a dream and pledging allegiance at his hand in the dream. Later, after seeing a picture of the Promised Messiah(as) he officially accepted Ahmadiyyat. He always taught his children to remain attached to the Community and to Khilafat. He always advised against any sort of innovation and urged his children to propagate the message of the true Islam. Many entered the fold of this Community due to his efforts. He had a great deal of love for Khilafat, and wished that whenever the time of his demise came, it should be in the midst of Khilafat. He translated books into Arabic as well. His Holiness(aba) noted the humility and sincerity he showed when he came to meet him. May Allah enable his progeny to keep his virtues alive.
Summary prepared by The Review of Religions
After reciting the Tashahhud, Ta’awwuz, and Surah al-Fatihah, Hazrat Khalifatul Masih V(aa) stated:
I was previously narrating accounts in the life of Hazrat Saad(ra) bin Abi Waqas. Hazrat Saad(ra) participated in all the battles alongside the Holy Prophet(sa), including the Battles of Badr, Uhud, Khandaq, the Treaty of Hudaibiyah, the Battle of Khaybar and the Conquest of Mecca. He was one of the most skilled archers from among the companions of the Holy Prophet(sa). (Al-Tabaqaat-ul-Kubra, Vol. 3, p. 105, Saad(ra) bin Abi Waqas Dar-ul-Kutub al-Ilmiyyah, Beirut, Lebanon, 1990)
Regarding Hazrat Saad(ra), it is mentioned in a narration that at one point during one of the battles in which the Messenger(sa) of Allah was also present, nobody was left with the Messenger(sa) of Allah except Hazrat Talha(ra) and Hazrat Saad(ra). (Sahih Muslim, Kitab-ul-Fazail Al-Sahaba, Hadith no. 2415)
Whilst describing the circumstances of departing for military campaigns with the Holy Prophet(sa), Hazrat Saad(ra) states, “We would leave for a battle together with the Holy Prophet(sa) and our condition would be such that we would not have anything available to eat except leaves of trees. Our condition was such that our passing of stool resembled the droppings of a camel or goat.”
In other words, it was very dry and not soft at all. In another narration it is mentioned that he said, “Our food in those days used to be the branches of a Babul tree.” Babul is a type tree that has many thorny branches. (Sahih al-Bukhari, Kitab-ul-Fazail Al-Sahaba Al-Nabi, Hadith no. 3728), (Jami’ Tirmidhi, Abwaab-ul-Zuhd, Hadith no. 2366)
Hazrat Saad(ra) was the first person who shed blood in the way of Allah. He was also the first person to shoot an arrow in the cause of Allah. This incident is from the Battle of Hazrat ‘Ubaidah bin Haris. (Sunan Ibn Majah, Kitab-ul-Sunnah, Hadith no. 131), (Al-Isti‘ab, Vol. 2, p. 607, Dar-ul-Jeel, Beirut) (Usdul Ghaba, Vol. 2, p. 453, Dar-ul-Kutub al-Ilmiyyah, Beirut, Lebanon, 2003)
Its details are as follows:
An expedition took place during Rabi-ul-Awwal of 2 AH, which is called the Battle of Hazrat Ubaidah bin Haris. I have previously narrated parts of this incident or perhaps have narrated the entire account; however, I will present it again with reference to what Hazrat Mirza Bashir Ahmad Sahib(ra) has written in Sirat Khatamun-Nabiyyin:
“In the beginning of the month of Rabi-ul-Awwal, the Holy Prophet(sa) dispatched a company of the Muhajireen, comprising of 60 men mounted on horses or camels, in the leadership of a close relative, Ubaidah bin Al-Harith Muttalibi. The objective of this campaign was to forestall the attacks of the Quraish of Mecca. As such, when Ubaidah bin Al-Harith and his companions covered some ground and arrived close to Thaniyyatul-Murrah (Thaniyyatul-Murrah is the name of a place situated between Mecca and Medina which the Holy Prophet(sa) passed through during his migration), they suddenly noticed that 200 armed young men had set up camp in the command of Ikramah bin Abi Jahl. The two parties encountered one another and a few arrows were exchanged in a confrontation. However, this group of idolaters then stood down from further conflict due to the fear that the Muslims probably had hidden reinforcements at their disposal and consequently, the Muslims did not pursue them. Although, two individuals from the army of the idolaters named Miqdad bin Amr(ra) and Utbah bin Ghazwan(ra) fled from the command of Ikramah bin Abi Jahl and joined the Muslims. It is written that they set out with the Quraish for this very purpose, so that they could find an opportunity to join the Muslims. The reason being, that they were Muslims at heart, but could not migrate out of fear of the Quraish due to their weakness.” (Sirat Khatamun-Nabiyyin, Hazrat Mirza Bashir Ahmad(ra), p. 328), (Mu‘jamul Buldan, Vol. 2, pp. 99-100, Dar-ul-Kutub al-Ilmiyyah, Beirut)
In Jumadi-ul-Ula 2 AH, the Holy Prophet(sa) assembled a party of eight Muhajireen under the command of Hazrat Saad(ra) bin Abi Waqas and sent them to Kharrar to obtain intelligence about the Quraish. Kharrar is an area in the Hijaz, located near Ju‘fah. They reached there but did not confront the enemy. (Mu‘jamul Buldan, Vol. 2, pp. 400, Dar-ul-Kutub al-Ilmiyyah, Beirut) (Sirat Khatamun-Nabiyyin, Hazrat Mirza Bashir Ahmad(ra), pp. 329-330)
Then there is mention of the Sariyyah Hazrat Abdullah bin Jahsh, which took place in the end of Jumadi-al-Akhir 2 AH. Hazrat Saad(ra) also took part in this battle. I have mentioned this incident before, nevertheless, I shall narrate it briefly with reference to Sirat Khatamun-Nabiyyin:
“Upon observing these very threats, the Holy Prophet(sa) decided that the movements of the Quraish should be surveyed from a closer distance, so that all the necessary intelligence with respect to them may be available on time and Medina was safeguarded from all kinds of sudden attacks. Hence, for this purpose, the Holy Prophet(sa) assembled a party of eight Muhajireen. As an act of wisdom, the Holy Prophet(sa) selected such men for this party who were from the various tribes of the Quraish, so that it was easier to obtain intelligence with regard to the hidden conspiracies of the Quraish. The Holy Prophet(sa) appointed his paternal cousin, Abdullah bin Jahsh(ra) as the commander of this party … upon ordering this sariyyah, the Holy Prophet(sa) did not even inform the commander of this party as to where he was being sent and for what purpose. Rather, upon their departure, the Holy Prophet(sa) handed him a sealed letter and said, ‘This letter contains necessary instructions for you. When you cover a distance of two days travel from Medina, open the letter and act in accordance with the stipulated instructions.’
“When they had journeyed a distance of two days from Medina, Abdullah(ra) opened the instructions of the Holy Prophet(sa), which were as follows: ‘Go forth to the Valley of Nakhlah between Mecca and Ta‘if and obtain information on the Quraish and return with news therefrom.’
“At the bottom of this letter, the Holy Prophet(sa) had written that after the objective of this mission became known, if anyone from among his companions was hesitant in accompanying this party and desired to return, then permission would be granted to do so. Abdullah(ra) read out this guidance to his companions who unanimously affirmed, ‘We happily present ourselves for this service, none of us shall return.’ Then, this party proceeded to Nakhlah. Saad(ra) bin Abi Waqas and Utbah(ra) bin Ghazwan lost their camels en-route and were separated from their companions. Despite their best efforts, they were unable to relocate their companions. The party of eight was now left with only six people.”
Hazrat Mirza Bashir Ahmad Sahib(ra) has mentioned an orientalist, Mr Margoliouth who has stated this narration and attempted to create doubt by claiming that they intentionally let their camels loose and used this as an excuse to remain behind. Hazrat Mirza Bashir Ahmad Sahib(ra) writes with regard to Hazrat Saad(ra) bin Abi Waqas and his companion:
“Each and every life event of these devotees of Islam who were ready to sacrifice their lives is a testimony to their valour and devotion. One of them was martyred at the hands of the disbelievers in the campaign of B‘ir-e-Ma‘unah, while the other distinctly participated in many dangerous battles and ultimately became the victor of Iraq.
“Therefore, to doubt the sincerity of such people, especially when that doubt is founded on self-concocted notions, is the work of Mr Margoliouth alone. It is ironic that in his book, Mr Margoliouth claims that he has written this book being completely free from prejudice.
“In any case, this small community reached Nakhlah and became engaged in their work. With the thought of concealing their classified mission, some of them shaved their heads, so that travellers etc. would not be alarmed in any way and so that they would consider them as being such people who had come with the intention of Umrah. However, they had only just arrived there, when suddenly a small caravan of the Quraish also happened to arrive, which was travelling from Ta‘if to Mecca and both parties encountered each other.” The situation was such that despite their desire not to and even though it was against their own will and the instructions of the Holy Prophet(sa)”, the Muslims finally decided that the caravan should be attacked and the people of the caravan should either be taken captive or killed. Therefore, they launched an attack in the name of Allah and as a result, one man from the disbelievers was killed and two were taken captive. However, the fourth individual unfortunately escaped and the Muslims were unable to apprehend him”, and in this way, their decision proved unsuccessful. “Thereafter, the Muslims seized the goods of the caravan and swiftly returned to Medina with the captives and the spoils … However, when the Holy Prophet(sa) found out that the Companions had attacked the caravan, he was extremely displeased and said:
مَااَمَرْتُکُمْ بِقِتَالٍ فِی الشَّھْرِ الْحَرَامِ
“‘I have not given you permission to fight in the sacred month.’ The Holy Prophet(sa) refused to accept the spoils … On the other hand, the Quraish also raised a huge hue and cry that the Muslims had violated the sanctity of the Sacred Month, since the person who had been killed, Amar bin Al-Hadhrami, was a chieftain himself.” All the while, the disbelievers came to Medina to secure the release of their captives. “However, until now, Hazrat Saad(ra) bin Abi Waqas and Hazrat Utbah(ra) bin Ghazwan had not returned. On their account, the Holy Prophet(sa) greatly feared that if the Quraish happened to seize them, they would not release them alive. Hence, for this reason, the Holy Prophet(sa) refused to release the captives until they returned and said, ‘When my men safely reach Medina, I will release yours.’ Therefore, when they both reached Medina, the Holy Prophet(sa) released both captives ... However, from among these two captives, one individual was so deeply impressed during his stay at Medina, that he became a Muslim and was later martyred at Bi‘r-e-Ma‘unah.” (Sirat Khatamun-Nabiyyin, Hazrat Mirza Bashir Ahmad(ra), pp. 330-334)
Whilst describing the circumstances prior to the commencement of the conflict on the occasion of the Battle of Badr, Hazrat Mirza Bashir Ahmad Sahib(ra) writes in Sirat Khatamun-Nabiyyin:
“The Holy Prophet(sa) began to swiftly advance towards Badr and when he neared Badr, motivated by some feeling, which narrations have not disclosed, the Holy Prophet(sa) seated Hazrat Abu Bakr(ra) behind himself and proceeded ahead of the Muslim army. At that time, the Holy Prophet(sa) encountered an old bedouin, from whom the Holy Prophet(sa) gathered during the course of conversation that the army of the Quraish had reached very close to Badr. Upon hearing this news, the Holy Prophet(sa) returned and dispatched Hazrat Ali(ra), Zubair bin Al-Awwam(ra) and Saad(ra) bin Abi Waqas to gather information. When these people arrived at the Valley of Badr, suddenly they noticed that a few Meccans were collecting water from a spring. These Companions attacked this party, taking captive an Abyssinian slave and brought him to the Holy Prophet(sa) … Then, the Holy Prophet(sa) gently enquired himself, ‘At this time, where is the army positioned?’ He responded, ‘On the opposite side of the hillock before you.’ The Holy Prophet(sa) enquired, ‘How many men are there in the army?’ He responded, ‘A multitude, but I am unaware of the exact figure.’ The Holy Prophet(sa) said, ‘Alright, then tell me how many camels are slaughtered daily for consumption?’ ‘Ten’, he responded. The Holy Prophet(sa) turned to the Companions and said, ‘It seems as if they are a force of 1,000 men.’ This estimate actually turned out to be correct.” (Sirat Khatamun-Nabiyyin, Hazrat Mirza Bashir Ahmad(ra), pp. 355-356)
I have mentioned this in detail previously. With regard to the bravery of Hazrat Saad(ra) during the Battle of Badr, there is a narration that despite being on foot, Hazrat Saad(ra) was fighting with the same valour as the cavaliers. (Al-Tabaqaat-ul-Kubra li ibn Saad, Vol. 3, p. 104, Saad(ra) bin Abi Waqas, Dar-ul-Kutub al-Ilmiyyah, Beirut, Lebanon 1990)
This is why Hazrat Saad(ra) was given the title “Faris-ul-Islam”, i.e. the Cavalier of Islam. (Umdatul Qari Sharah Sahih Bukhari, Vol. 1, p. 305, Dar-ul-Kutub al-Ilmiyyah, Beirut, 2001)
During the Battle of Uhud, Hazrat Saad(ra) was among those few companions who remained steadfast alongside the Holy Prophet(sa) in the moment of confusion. (Khutbat-e-Tahir [Jalsa Salana speech prior to his Khilafat in 1979], p.337)
Hazrat Khalifatul Masih IV(rh) mentioned the following incident during the Battle of Uhud of Utbah bin Abi Waqas, the brother of Saad(ra) bin Abi Waqas who was fighting on the side of the idolaters and who launched an assault on the Holy Prophet(sa):
“Utbah was that wretched person who launched a fierce attack upon the Holy Prophet(sa) and broke two of his lower teeth and greatly wounded his blessed countenance. When ‘Utbah’s brother, Saad(ra) bin Abi Waqas who was fighting for the Muslims heard of this malicious act of Utbah, he was filled with the desire to exact revenge. He said, ‘The eagerness I had to kill my brother was perhaps greater than any other desire I had in my life. Whilst breaking through ranks of the enemies, twice I went out in search of this evildoer to make him perish at my own hands and thus satisfy my heart’s desire. But every time he saw me, he would avoid me similar to the evasion of a fox. The third time I wished to advance through, the Holy Prophet(sa) very graciously said to me, “O servant of Allah, do you desire to lay down your life?” and thus I ended my pursuit in accordance with the wish of the Holy Prophet(sa).’” (Khutbat-e-Tahir, [Jalsa Salana speech prior to his Khilafat in 1979] p. 346)
Whilst describing the moment when there only remained a few steadfast companions near the Holy Prophet(sa) on the occasion of the Battle of Uhud, Hazrat Mirza Bashir Ahmad Sahib(ra) has written:
“The Holy Prophet(sa) would hand arrows to Saad(ra) himself and Saad(ra) would continue to shower the enemy with arrow upon arrow. At one instance, the Holy Prophet(sa) addressed Saad(ra) saying, ‘May my mother and father be sacrificed upon you – go on shooting arrows!’ Even to the very end of his life, Saad(ra) would recall these words of the Holy Prophet(sa) with great pride.” (Sirat Khatamun-Nabiyyin, Hazrat Mirza Bashir Ahmad(ra), p. 495)
In one of the narrations, it is mentioned that Hazrat Saad(ra) bin Abi Waqas relates, “On the day of Uhud, the Holy Prophet(sa) took out arrows from his quiver, scattered them out for me and said, ‘Shoot the arrows! May my parents be sacrificed for you!’” (Sahih Bukhari, Kitab-ul-Maghazi, Hadith no. 4055)
Hazrat Ali(ra) relates, “I never heard the Holy Prophet(sa) offer this prayer of his parents being sacrificed for anyone but Hazrat Saad(ra) bin Abi Waqas.”
On the occasion of the Battle of Uhud, the Holy Prophet(sa) said to Hazrat Saad(ra), “May my parents be sacrificed for you! Continue to fire arrows O mighty youth! Continue to fire arrows!” (Jami‘ al-Tirmidhi, Kitab-ul-Manaqib, Hadith no. 3753)
Here, it is also worth mentioning that a note has been added that in history, aside from Hazrat Saad(ra), the name of Hazrat Zubair(ra) bin Al-Awam is also found regarding whom the Holy Prophet(sa) said:
فِدَاکَ اَبِیْ وَاُمِّیْ
“May my parents be sacrificed for you!” This is a narration from Bukhari. (Sahih al-Bukhari, Kitab-ul-Fazail Al-Sahaba Al-Nabi, Hadith no. 3720)
Mentioning the incident of the Battle of Uhud, Hazrat Saad(ra) relates that on the day of Uhud, the Holy Prophet(sa) made reference to both of his own parents, saying may they be sacrificed for Hazrat Saad(ra). Hazrat Saad(ra) relates that there was a man from among the idolaters who had caused trouble for the Muslims. The Holy Prophet(sa) said to him, i.e. to Hazrat Saad(ra), “Shoot arrows! May my parents be sacrificed for you!” Hazrat Saad(ra) says, “I shot one arrow that did not have an arrowhead, into his side [of the idolater], as a result of which he died and he was left exposed from his lower region. I saw that the Holy Prophet(sa) expressed happiness. (Sahih Muslim, Kitab-ul-Fazail Al-Sahaba, Hadith no. 2412)
In another narration, this incident has been recorded in the following manner that this idolater, whose name is mentioned as Hibban in the books of history, shot an arrow that struck Hazrat Umm-e-Ayman in the lower region of her body, whilst she was occupied in providing water for the wounded. Upon this, Hibban began to laugh. The Holy Prophet(sa) gave an arrow to Hazrat Saad(ra), which struck the throat of Hibban. He fell backwards leaving him exposed, as result of which the Holy Prophet(sa) smiled. (Al-Isaba, Vol. 3, p. 64, Saad bin Malik, Dar-ul-Kutub al-Ilmiyyah, Beirut, 1995)
Regarding this hadith [saying of the Holy Prophet(sa)], which is from Sahih Muslim, the Noor Foundation has translated it and added an explanatory note, which is very adequate and appropriate. It states that this joy of the Holy Prophet(sa) was as a result of the favour of Allah in that He removed a dangerous enemy from the path with an arrow that did not even have an arrowhead. (Sahih Muslim, Vol. 13, p. 41, Noor Foundation)
In one narration, it is mentioned that on the day of the Battle of Uhud, Hazrat Saad(ra) fired one thousand arrows. (Roshan Sitari, Ghulam Bari Saif, Vol. 2, p. 71)
Hazrat Saad(ra) bin Abi Waqas was among those companions, who on the occasion of the Treaty of Hudaybiyyah also signed on the treaty. (Sirat Khatamun-Nabiyyin, Hazrat Mirza Bashir Ahmad(ra), p. 769)
On the occasion of the conquest of Mecca, Hazrat Saad(ra) bin Abi Waqas held one of the three flags of the Muhajireen. (Al-Tabaqaat-ul-Kubra, Vol. 3, p. 105, Saad(ra) bin Abi Waqas, Dar-ul-Kutub al-Ilmiyyah, Beirut, 1990)
Hazrat Saad(ra) fell ill on the occasion of Hajjat-ul-Wada [the farewell pilgrimage]. Mentioning this, Hazrat Saad(ra) relates:
“I fell ill in Mecca and was close to death. The Holy Prophet(sa) came to visit me. I said to him, ‘O Messenger(sa) of Allah! I have a great abundance of wealth and only one daughter as the inheritor. Am I permitted to give two-thirds away as charity? The Holy Prophet(sa) replied in the negative. I asked may I give half as charity? The Holy Prophet(sa) answered in the negative. I asked if I may give one-third as charity? The Holy Prophet(sa) agreed to this, but said that even this was too much. Following this, the Holy Prophet(sa) said, ‘Leaving your offspring in an affluent state is better than leaving them in poverty and for them to have to beg from people. You will be rewarded for whatever you spend, so much so that you will be rewarded even for the morsel of food you give to your wife to eat.’ I said, ‘O Messenger(sa) of Allah! Will I be left behind in my migration?’ The Holy Prophet(sa) said, ‘Even if you are left behind, your status and rank will be elevated by the deeds you will perform to seek the pleasure of Allah. I am certain that you will remain alive after my passing.’ He further said, ‘So much so that some nations will benefit from you and some people will suffer loss.’” (Sahih al-Bukhari, Kitab-ul-Faraidh, Hadith no. 6733)
In another narration, it is mentioned that after this, the Holy Prophet(sa) prayed in the following words:
“O Allah! Enable my companions to fulfil the purpose of their migration and do not permit them to return unsuccessful.” (Sahih al-Bukhari, Kitab-ul-Janaiz, Hadith no. 1295)
There is a narration in which Hazrat Saad(ra) relates, “When I fell ill, the Holy Prophet(sa) came to visit me and asked, ‘Have you left a will?’ I replied, ‘Yes’. The Holy Prophet(sa) asked, ‘How much [have you left]?’ I replied, ‘All my wealth has been left in the way of Allah.’ The Holy Prophet(sa) asked, ‘What have you left for your children?’ I replied, ‘They are in a state of affluence.’ The Holy Prophet(sa) said, ‘Then pledge one tenth as your will.’ Hazrat Saad(ra) narrates that he continued saying this and the Holy Prophet(sa) continued replying in the same manner.”
In other words, Hazrat Saad(ra) wished to give a greater amount in charity, while the Holy Prophet(sa) was advising to give less, to the extent that he permitted him to give one-third and even that was a substantial amount. (Sunan al-Nisai, Kitab-ul-Wasaiyyah, Hadith no. 3661)
In any case, those who have knowledge of this and those in the field of jurisprudence [fiqh] have deduced from this narration that no more than a third of one’s wealth can be given away as part of one’s will. (Jami‘ al-Tirmidhi, Abwaab-ul-Wasaiyyah, Hadith no. 2116)
Regarding this matter, Hazrat Musleh-e-Maud(ra) states:
“Ahadith also support that after one has taken out their expenses, giving away the remaining wealth in its entirety is not an Islamic injunction. Thus, the Holy Prophet(sa) said:
یَجِیْءُ اَحَدُکُمْ بِمَالِہٖ کُلِّہٖ یَتَصَدَّقُ بِہٖ وَیَجْلِسُ یَتَکَفَّفُ النَّاسَ اِنَّمَا الصَّدَ قَۃُ عَنْ ظَھْرِ غِنًی
“‘Some of you bring all their wealth and donate it for charity [sadaqah], but then go around begging from others. Charity ought to be given on surplus wealth.’
“Similarly, the Holy Prophet(sa) said:
إِنْ تَذَرْ وَرَثَتَکَ أَغْنِیَاءَ خَیْرٌ مِنْ أَنْ تَذَرَہُمْ عَالَۃً یَتَکَفَّفُونَ النَّاسَ
“‘It is better for you to leave your heirs in an affluent state rather than leaving them destitute so they are not left having to seek wealth from others.’
“Similarly, it is narrated in the hadith that Hazrat Saad(ra) bin Abi Waqas sought permission to distribute two-thirds of his wealth but the Holy Prophet(sa) forbade him. He sought to distribute half but the Holy Prophet(sa) stopped him from that as well. Then he sought permission to distribute a third of his wealth upon which the Holy Prophet(sa) granted permission, saying, ‘You can give a third, though even a third is a large amount:
اَلثُّلُثُ وَالثُّلُثُ کَثِیرٌ
“Thus, the notion that Islam commands any wealth which exceeds one’s needs ought to be distributed [as part of their will], is completely against Islam and is contrary to the practice of the Companions(ra). This is because according to the practice, the Companions(ra) there were some who, at the time of their demise, bequeathed a wealth amounting to hundreds of thousands to their heirs as part of their inheritance.” (Tafsir-e-Kabir, Vol. 2, p. 494)
It is stated in one narration that Hazrat Saad(ra) bin Abi Waqas relates, “When I fell ill in Mecca, the Holy Prophet(sa) came to visit me. When he placed his hand on my chest, I felt the coolness of his hand upon my heart. Placing his hand, he said, ‘You have an ailment of the heart. Go to Harith bin Kaladah, brother of Banu Thaqif; he is a physician. Tell him to take seven Ajwa dates from Medina and crush them along with their pits and give it to you to drink as a medicine.” (Al-Tabaqaat-ul-Kubra, Vol. 3, p. 108, Saad(ra) bin Abi Waqas, Dar-ul-Kutub al-Ilmiyyah, Beirut, 1990)
It is stated in one narration that the Holy Prophet(sa) appointed a specific person in Mecca to tend to Hazrat Saad(ra) and stressed the fact that if Hazrat Saad(ra) passed away in Mecca, he should not be buried there, but instead he should be brought to Medina to be buried. (Al-Tabaqaat-ul-Kubra, Vol. 3, p. 108, Saad bin Abi Waqas, Dar-ul-Kutub al-Ilmiyyah, Beirut, 1990)
Hazrat Musleh-e-Maud(ra) relates an incident of Hazrat Saad(ra) regarding hunting:
“The Holy Prophet(sa) would not hunt himself, rather it is proven through a hadith that he would have others hunt for him. Thus, during one expedition, he called Hazrat Saad(ra) bin Abi Waqas and said, ‘Look, there is a deer, shoot it with an arrow.’ When he was about to shoot the arrow, the Holy Prophet(sa) lovingly placed his chin on Hazrat Saad’s(ra) shoulder and said ‘O Allah! Make him attain his target successfully.’” (Tafsir-e-Kabir, Vol. 5, p. 124)
Allah the Almighty enabled Hazrat Saad(ra) bin Abi Waqas the honour of conquering Iraq.
Once, during the Battle of Khandaq, the Companions(ra) went to the Holy Prophet(sa) and said that there was a boulder in the ditch which would not break. The Holy Prophet(sa) went and struck the boulder thrice with a pickaxe and with every blow, the boulder crumbled slightly; the Holy Prophet(sa) proclaimed “Allahu Akbar” [Allah is the greatest] in a loud voice and the Companions(ra) also followed in raising the slogan. During this incident, while striking one of the blows, the Holy Prophet(sa) said, “I have been shown the white palaces of Midian falling.” What he saw was fulfilled at the hands of Hazrat Saad(ra). (Roshan Sitarey, Ghulam Bari Saif, Vol. 2, p. 79)
There were two great powers in the surroundings of Arabia; the Persian and the Byzantine empires. Much of Iraq was under the control of the Chosroes and his royal palaces were situated in Midian. The famous battles of Midian, Qadisiyyah, Nahawand, and Jalula were fought under the leadership of Hazrat Saad(ra) bin Abi Waqas.
The background to Midian is that it is located by the Tigris River, a little south of Baghdad in Iraq. Since many cities were established here one after the other, the Arabs gave it the name of Midian, meaning a cluster of cities. Qadisiyyah was also a city in Iraq where a famous battle was fought between the Muslims and the Persians, known as the Battle of Qadisiyyah. Present day Qadisiyyah is located 15 farsakh [approximately 50 miles] from Kufa. Nahawand is a city located in present day Iran and is seventy kilometres south of Hamadan, the capital of the region. Jalula is a city in present day Iraq which is located near the eastern corner of the Tigris River. A battle between the Muslims and the Persians was fought here. It was named Jalula because the city became filled with the corpses of Iranians.
In Iraq, during the Caliphate of Hazrat Abu Bakr(ra), Hazrat Musanna(ra) bin Haritha sought permission to attack, as the Persians constantly caused trouble on the border. Hazrat Abu Bakr(ra) granted permission and sent a large army with Hazrat Khalid(ra) bin Walid to assist. When Hazrat Abu Ubaida(ra) submitted to Hazrat Abu Bakr(ra) for reinforcements in Syria, Hazrat Abu Bakr(ra) sent Hazrat Khalid(ra) to help him and Hazrat Khalid(ra) bin Walid appointed Hazrat Musanna(ra) to deputise in Iraq. However as soon as Hazrat Khalid(ra) left Iraq the campaign lost momentum. When Hazrat Umar(ra) became the Caliph, he returned attention towards the campaign in Iraq. Hazrat Musanna(ra) had consecutively rendered defeat to enemies in Buwaib and other battles and taken hold of a large expanse of land in Iraq. At that time, Iraq was under the control of the Chosroes. When the Persians saw the strength of Muslims in battle and their consecutive victories, it opened their eyes. They replaced their queen, Buran Dukht, with Yazdegerd, the true heir of Chosroes. Upon ascending the throne, he immediately united all the powers of the Iranian empire and kindled a fire of fury and revenge in the entire nation against Muslims. Under these circumstances, Hazrat Musanna(ra) was forced to retreat from the Arabian border. When Hazrat Umar(ra) came to know of these incidents, he sent emissaries throughout Arabia, who delivered passionate addresses calling on the Muslims to take a stand against Chosroes. The result was that it stirred emotions in Arabia and resulted in people hearkening from all directions, ready to present themselves for the sake of Islam with their lives in the palms of their hands, [as it were]; flocking to the royal court of the Caliphate.
Hazrat Umar(ra) sought counsel as to who should be appointed to lead this expedition. Upon the suggestions of the people, Hazrat Umar(ra) prepared to lead it himself, however Hazrat Ali(ra) and other prominent companions were against this. Subsequently, Hazrat Saeed bin Zaid’s name was proposed but in that very instance, Hazrat Abdur Rahman(ra) bin Auf stood up and said, “O Leader of the Faithful! I know just the individual for this expedition.” Hazrat Umar(ra) enquired who it was and Hazrat Abdur Rahman(ra) bin Auf proposed the name of Hazrat Saad(ra) bin Abi Waqas. Upon this, everyone agreed with the proposal of Hazrat Saad(ra). Regarding Hazrat Saad(ra), Hazrat Umar(ra) stated:
اِنَّہٗ رَجُلٌ شُجَاعٌ رَامٍ
“He is a brave and fearless man; and an excellent archer.”
Hazrat Musanna(ra) was waiting for Hazrat Saad(ra) along with 8,000 brave soldiers at Zi Qar, which is a place situated between Kufa and Wasit, but during this, he passed away. [Prior to his demise] he had appointed his brother Hazrat Muana(ra) as the commander of the army. According to the instructions he had received, Hazrat Muana(ra) met Hazrat Saad(ra) and conveyed to him the message of Hazrat Musanna(ra). Hazrat Saad(ra) took an assessment of the strength of his army which consisted of approximately 30,000 soldiers. Hazrat Saad(ra) organised the army by dividing them under each flank and also appointed an officer for both. They then proceeded ahead and besieged Qadisiyyah. The Battle of Qadisiyyah took place towards the end of 16 AH. The disbelievers numbered approximately 280,000 and also had 30 elephants and the Iranian army was under the command of Rustam. Hazrat Saad(ra) invited the disbelievers to Islam and for this he sent Hazrat Mughirah(ra) bin Shu‘ba. In response, Rustam stated that the Muslims were enduring hardship and they were only doing this in order to alleviate their condition. Therefore, he said he would grant them provisions in such abundance that it will be plentiful for them. Hazrat Mughirah(ra) replied that they had answered the call of God’s Messenger(sa) and were inviting them to profess belief in the One God and His Prophet(sa). If they were to accept this invitation, then it would be better for them, otherwise the matter between them would settled by the sword, i.e. a battle. It was they [Iranians] who instigated the battle; the Muslims on the other hand did not want to fight and in fact called them towards Islam, but since they insisted on fighting, hence the Muslims said in that case the matter would be settled by the sword.
Upon hearing this, Rustam became enraged and since he was an idolater, he said, “I swear by the sun and the moon, before the light of day, we shall begin the battle and will destroy all of you.”
Hazrat Mughriah(ra) replied:
لَاحَوْلَ وَلَا قُوَّۃَ اِلَّا بِاللّٰہِ
“Allah alone is the source of all power.”
After saying this, he mounted on his horse. Hazrat Saad(ra) had received instructions from Hazrat Umar(ra) that they were to first invite them to Islam. Therefore, Hazrat Saad(ra) sent a delegation which included the famous poet and cavalier, Hazrat Amr(ra) bin Ma‘di Karib and Hazrat Asha‘th(ra) bin Qais Kindi. When they saw Rustam, he enquired where they were going, to which they replied that they were going to meet with his King [Wali]. Thereafter, this detailed conversation took place between the two. The members of this delegation stated that the Holy Prophet(sa) had promised them that they would be granted control of his land. In reply, Rustam asked for a basket full of dirt and said, “Here you go, you can place our land on top of your head.”
Hazrat Amr(ra) bin Ma‘di Karib quickly stood up and placed the basket of dirt in his sack and stated that this was to serve as a sign to indicate that they would indeed take control of their land. Thereafter, they went to the royal court of the King of Iran and conveyed to him the message of Islam. The king became enraged and ordered them to leave his royal court and also stated that had they not come as emissaries, he would have had them killed. He then ordered Rustam to teach them a lesson they would never forget. It was a Thursday, after the Asr prayer when the battle commenced. Hazrat Saad(ra) raised the slogan of “Allahu Akbar” [Allah is the greatest] three times and upon reciting this for the fourth time, the battle began. Hazrat Saad(ra) was unwell at the time and sat on an elevated secure post in the fortress of Udhaib, directing his forces. (Roshan Sitarey, Ghulam Bari Saif, Vol. 2, pp. 79-82) (Atlas Fatuhat-e-Islamiyyah, p. 81, p. 100, p. 188, p. 126) (Mu‘jam-ul-Buldan, Vol. 4, p. 333, Dar-ul-Kutub Al-Ilmiyyah, Beirut)
Hazrat Musleh-e-Maud(ra) has also narrated this incident as follows:
“During the time of Hazrat Umar(ra), Yazdegerd, the grandson of Khosrow Parviz ascended to the throne and began to make extensive preparations to fight against the Muslims. In response to this, Hazrat Umar(ra) sent an army under the command of Hazrat Saad(ra) bin Abi Waqas. Hazrat Saad(ra) chose Qadisiyyah as the location for battle and also sent a map of the area to Hazrat Umar(ra). Hazrat Umar(ra) expressed his approval of the location but along with this instructed that it was his duty to first send a delegation to the King of Iran and invite him to accept Islam. And so, upon receiving this instruction, he sent a delegation to meet Yazdegerd. When this delegation arrived at the royal court of the King of Iran, he asked his translator to enquire why they had come. When he asked them this question, Hazrat Numan(ra) bin Muqarrin, who was the leader of the delegation, stood up and after mentioning about the advent of the Holy Prophet(sa), said, ‘The Holy Prophet(sa) has commanded us to spread the message of Islam and invite the entire world to the true faith. In accordance to this commandment, we are here before you and invite you to Islam.’ Yazdegerd became infuriated at this reply of his and said, ‘You are a nation that are like wild beasts and who eat carrion. If it is owing to hunger and scarcity of provisions that has compelled you to fight then I am willing to grant all of you with enough provisions of food and drink that you will be able to comfortably live for the rest of your lives.’ Even though he was the one to instigate the fighting, but yet was levelling the accusation against the Muslims. In any case, he further stated, ‘I shall also provide you with clothes and you can take all of these provisions and return to your country. Furthermore, withdraw your men who are protecting your borders and allow me to continue expanding my territory as I please. Why would you want to endanger your lives by engaging in a battle with us?’
“When he finished saying what he had to say, Hazrat Mughirah(ra) bin Zurrarah stood up on behalf of the Muslim delegation and said, ‘Whatever you have said about us is absolutely true. Indeed, we were a nation like wild beasts and would eat carrion. We would even eat snakes, scorpions, locusts and lizards. However, Allah the Almighty bestowed His blessings upon us and sent His Messenger(sa) to guide us. We accepted him and acted in accordance to what he said and as a result, a revolutionary change has taken place within us. Thus, those ills which you have spoken of no longer remain in us and we are not going to be tempted by anything you offer. The battle between you and us has now commenced and the matter will be settled in the battlefield. The temptation of offering worldly wealth and material cannot deter us from our objective.’
“When Yazdegerd heard this, he became extremely angry and told one of his servants to go and bring a sack of soil. When the sack of soil arrived, he called the leader of the Muslim delegation to step forward and said that since they had rejected his offer, therefore they would receive nothing except for a sack of soil. The companion earnestly stepped forward and lowered his head and had the sack of soil placed on his back. He then sharply stood up and they all swiftly made their way out from the royal court. Whilst departing from there, he loudly said to the fellow members of the delegation, ‘Today, the king of Iran has handed us the soil of his land with his own hands.’ They then mounted their horses and raced off. When the king heard this, he was shocked and ordered the servants of his royal court to go after them and bring back the sack of soil because by giving them the soil of his land with his own hands was a bad omen. However, by then they had travelled far off into the distance.
“In the end, it turned out exactly as they had said and within a few years, Iran came under Muslim rule. How did this extraordinary change come about within the Muslims? This is because the Quranic teachings brought about a revolutionary change in their morals and conduct. It brought an end to their lowly way of life and instead, elevated them to possess the most excellent morals and character. As a result of this they were able to spread the message of Islam to the world and by following the teachings of Islam, they were able to convert others as well to become true Muslims. They were never overawed by any kind of fear, danger or power.” (Tafsir-e-Kabir, Vol. 6, pp. 204-205)
There are some accounts from the life of Hazrat Saad(ra) bin Abi Waqas, which I will insha-Allah narrate in the future sermon.
I will lead some funeral prayers in absentia today as well.
The first funeral is of respected Bushra Akram Sahiba, wife of Muhammad Akram Bajwah Sahib, who is serving as the Nazir Talim-ul-Quran and Waqf-e-Arzi in Pakistan. She passed away on 25 March 2020 at the age of 66:
اِنَّا لِلّٰہِ وَاِنَّا اِلَیْہِ رَاجِعُوْن
“Surely to Allah we belong and to Him shall we return.”
Due to the current circumstances, I was not able to lead the funeral prayer at the time. The deceased was a musia [part of the scheme of Al-Wasiyyat]. She leaves behind two sons and one daughter.
Bushra Akram Sahiba spent 15 years in Liberia with her husband, respected Muhammad Akram Bajwah Sahib. During this time, she had the opportunity to serve as the Sadr Lajna Imaillah Liberia. During the civil war in Liberia, she stayed with her husband and children for 15 days in the army barracks whilst under detention.
Muhammad Akram Bajwah Sahib writes:
“Bushra Sahiba spent 37 years with a life-devotee”, i.e. Akram Sahib, “whilst demonstrating utmost sincerity, patience and loyalty. Particularly, when I was appointed in Liberia as a missionary and was serving as the Amir [National President]. For a period of 23 years of our stay there, she assisted me in works of tabligh and tarbiyat. She would also help serve the guests and also assist me in other Jamaat matters as well and also had the opportunity to serve as the Sadr Lajna Imaillah of Liberia. During the 15 years she spent Liberia, she suffered from malaria and typhoid on numerous occasions, but despite this, she exhibited utmost patience and proved to be a faithful companion. She provided her children with excellent moral training based on the principles of faith.”
By the grace of Allah, her children are very loyally attached to the Jamaat.
Mansoor Nasir Sahib, who is a life-devotee and is perhaps serving as the principal of high school writes:
“Continuously, for three years, while I was serving in Liberia on my own, I was accommodated in their own home and afforded with great hospitality and she took care of me like one of her own children or a younger brother.”
May Allah the Almighty enable her children to become the recipient of her prayers and also enable them to continue her good deeds. May He grant her His forgiveness and mercy.
The second funeral is of Iqbal Ahmad Nasir Sahib Pirkoti of Karaundi, district Khairpur. He passed away on 14 July 2020 at the age of 82:
His son, Akbar Ahmad Tahir Sahib, is currently serving as a missionary in Burkina Faso. He writes, “Iqbal Ahmad Nasir Sahib was the son of respected Mia Noor Muhammad Rafiq(ra), who was a companion of the Promised Messiah(as). He was the paternal grandson of Mian Imam Din Sahib, who was also a companion of the Promised Messiah(as) and he was the nephew of Mian Pir Muhammad Sahib and Hafiz Muhammad Ishaq Sahib, who were also companions of the Promised Messiah(as). He would always actively take part in all Jamaat activities and for a long time served as the finance secretary. He also had the opportunity to serve as the zaim for Ansarullah, imam-ul-Salat [leading prayers], murabbi-e-Atfal [moral training of children], etc.”
He further writes, “Right from my childhood, I observed that he would put some money aside in a box. When he was asked about this, he said that he puts his Chanda money aside separately so that he can present his Chanda on time. He would carry out tabligh with great passion and enthusiasm and he became the means of many blessed souls joining the Jamaat. He was devoted to prayers, regular in his Salat and fasting and in offering the Tahajud prayer. Upon me continuously insisting him, he came to Burkina Faso in 2016 and during his time here, he attended all the various Jalsas and gatherings of the Jamaat. He would passionately raise slogans in order to motivate the attendees and also to seek the contentment of his heart because for a long time there have been no Jalsas of the Jamaat in Pakistan, thus this was a desire that always remained in his heart.”
He leaves behind his wife, Bashira Beghum Sahiba, three daughters and three sons.
The amir and missionary in-charge of Burkina Faso writes:
“Although in the beginning when he came here, he had difficulty with the language” as French is spoken in Burkina Faso; “however, people were able to understand him owing to the love he showed everyone. He would greet people with so much love that whoever met him would hold him in high regard. Even the local people here spoke very highly of him at his demise.”
He further writes:
“After the deceased passed away, Bapina Sahib, our national secretary ishaat [publications] shared his picture and wrote that he met him during his stay in Burkina Faso and found him to be a truly amazing Ahmadi.”
May Allah the Almighty shower His forgiveness and mercy on him and enable his children to become the recipients of his prayers. His son who is a missionary serving there was unable to attend the funeral.
The third funeral is of Ghulam Fatima Fahmida Sahiba, who was the wife of Muhammad Ibrahim Sahib, of Dollian Jattan in the district of Kotli, Azad Kashmir. She passed away at the age of 72 on 18 July 2020 after a lengthy illness.
“Verily to Allah we belong and to Him shall we return.”
In 1944, her father performed the Bai‘at. His name was Naik Muhammad, but was commonly known as Kaleh Khan. Prior to performing the Bai‘at, he saw in a dream that he was going to meet a saintly gentleman. When he saw the saintly man, he ran to him and embraced him. The saintly man said to him, “Kaleh Khan! When are you coming over to us?” Kaleh Khan sahib replied, “I am already here.” When later he saw the picture of Hazrat Khalifatul Masih II(ra), he recognised him and said that he was the man he had seen in his dream. Subsequently, he wrote a letter in order to perform the Bai‘at. After performing the Bai‘at, his wife said that she also wished to perform the Bai‘at and thereafter, she too performed the Bai‘at. Both husband and wife were very sincere and the character of the late Fahmida Fatima Sahiba had a deep impact on the moral training of their children as well. She was regular in her five daily prayers, offering the Tahajud prayers and reciting the Holy Quran. Her children often saw her awake in the nights, offering fervent supplications before God Almighty. When women were permitted [owing to the circumstances] to attend the Friday prayers, she would go to the mosque one hour before the Friday prayers in order to offer her voluntary prayers and offer supplications.
She was very courageous and patient. Her husband was imprisoned on two occasions in 1965 and 1971 war [between Pakistan and India].
On the first instance, for a long time, there was no news whether her husband was alive. It was thought that he had been martyred and his funeral prayer in absentia was also offered. Despite this, she was convinced that he was alive and that he would certainly return. Subsequently, Allah the Almighty bestowed His grace and her husband returned after being freed. Aside from her husband, respected Muhammad Ibrahim sahib, the deceased, is survived by four sons and two daughters. Three sons are life devotees [Waqf-e-Zindagi]. Muhammad Javed Sahib is serving as a missionary in Zambia and was unable to go to Pakistan on his mother’s demise. May Allah the Almighty grant her His forgiveness and mercy and may He enable her children to continue her virtuous deeds.
The next funeral is of respected Muhammad Ahmad Anwar Sahib Hyderabadi, who passed away on 22 May  at the age of 94:
“Verily to Allah we belong and to Him shall we return.”
Ahmadiyyat entered his family through his grandfather, Sheikh Daud Ahmad Sahib. In their early years, Muhammad Ahmad Anwar Sahib’s father sent him and his brother, Majeed Ahmad Sahib, for studies to Qadian. He also had the good fortune of giving the Azan from the Minaratul Masih in Qadian.
From the outset, Muhammad Ahmad Sahib remained in the company of Hazrat Khalifatul Masih II(ra). After the partition [of India], he came to Rabwah with Hazrat Khalifatul Masih II(ra). He also served as the driver for Hazrat Khalifatul Masih III(rh). He later completed his education, first attaining a diploma in physical education and then an MA in Urdu and Islamiat [Islamic studies]. After completing his graduation, he served in Talim-ul-Islam College for a long time. From 1973 to 1976, he dedicated himself and went to The Gambia. From 1978 to 1986, he taught Islamic studies in a girls college in Nigeria. In 1988, he migrated from Pakistan to Germany and in 2009, he moved to the UK and settled here. The deceased has four sons and two daughters, all of whom are married. He served as the Naib Sadr of the qaza board in Germany and also served as naib auditor for Germany Jamaat.
His daughter, Amatul Majeed Sahiba says, “My father was highly devoted to his prayers. He considered Salat, Quran, fasting and serving Khilafat as the sole purpose of his life and would advise us of the same.”
May Allah the Almighty grant him His mercy and forgiveness.
The last funeral is of respected Saleem Hasan Al-Jabi Sahib of Syria. He passed away on 30 June  at the age of 92.
His daughter, Lubna Al-Jabi and granddaughter, Hiba Al-Jabi, who is the wife of Dr Bilal Tahir Sahib, both reside here in the UK.
She writes, “Saleem Al-Jabi Sahib was born in the suburbs of Damascus in 1928. Saleem Al-Jabi sahib was introduced to Ahmadiyyat at the age of 18 through respected Abu Dhahab Sahib, a modest Ahmadi farmer. Upon this, Al-Jabi Sahib performed the Istikhara prayer and in a dream, he saw that he was performing the Bai‘at of the Promised Messiah(as). Subsequently Abu Dhahab Sahib gave him the Arabic translation of The Philosophy of the Teachings of Islam. Seeing the picture of the Promised Messiah(as), he went to the amir [national president] of Syria Jamaat at the time, Munir Al-Husni Sahib and performed Bai‘at. He faced severe opposition from his father and relatives, yet Al-Jabi Sahib remained steadfast. He then had the opportunity to go to Pakistan during the Khilafat of Hazrat Khalifatul Masih II(ra). He spent six years in Rabwah in the company of Hazrat Musleh-e-Maud(ra). He gained religious knowledge and also learnt the Urdu language. Upon the instructions of Hazrat Musleh-e-Maud(ra), he married in Pakistan and Hazrat Musleh-e-Maud(ra) led his Nikah. His wife was Pakistani.
His granddaughter, Hiba Al-Jabi Sahiba writes, “Our grandfather would always advise us and take time out for our education and moral upbringing. He would emphasise the importance of spiritual advancement and remaining attached to Khilafat.”
His wife passed away a few years ago. He has six children; one of the children, Dr Naeem Al-Jabi Sahib was kidnapped a few years ago and until now, there is no information of his whereabouts. Waseem Al-Jabi, the father of Hiba Al-Jabi, is a member of the Jamaat and lives in Poland. Similarly, two daughters and two sons are in Syria. Hiba Al-Jabi Sahiba also serves the Jamaat here [in the UK] and particularly gives good advice in relation to the translation of books. She also helps her husband, Bilal Tahir in his translation work. May Allah the Almighty increase her in her sincerity and loyalty and also increase her knowledge.
The daughter of the deceased, Lubna Abdul Khabir Al-Jabi writes, “[Our father] would stop us from following wrongful customs and innovations. He would advise us to forge a connection with Allah the Almighty and to perform tabligh [propagating the message of Islam]. He would spend generously on the poor. Many families in Lebanon and Syria performed the Bai‘at owing to Al-Jabi sahib, including some Christians as well.”
She further writes, “The last advice he gave to us was to always remain firmly attached to Khilafat and always act on the advice imparted by the Khalifa of the time. [He advised] not to show negligence in matters of tabligh, offer supplications for everything and never worry about any injustice received in the way of the truth.”
Umar Alaam Sahib, National President of Lebanon Jamaat, writes:
“Prior to accepting Ahmadiyyat, we would read the books of Saleem Al-Jabi Sahib which contained signs of the advent of the Imam of the Age [i.e. the Promised Messiah(as)] and his blessed Jamaat. When we had read these books, he would then further explain to us in detail about the Promised Messiah(as) and about his Jamaat. He would then instruct us that we must perform the Bai‘at.”
This was his own unique style; it is not necessary that this would be applicable in every situation. Nonetheless, he performed tabligh in this manner and owing to his preaching endeavours, many people accepted Ahmadiyyat. He would then advise us to leave his books and instead, read the books of the Promised Messiah(as), Khulafa and books of the Jamaat.”
“As the first Ahmadis in Lebanon, we performed the Bai‘at due to Al-Jabi Sahib. We acknowledge this favour upon us and are thankful to him and offer prayers for him.”
Mu‘taz Al-Qazaq Sahib, who is Syrian but is currently residing in Canada writes:
“When I was the local president of a Jamaat in Syria, I had the opportunity to meet Al-Jabi Sahib on many occasions. Whenever Khilafat was being discussed, he would always say that he would like to depart this world in the company of Khilafat.”
Mir Anjum Parvez Sahib, who is a missionary and serving here in the Arabic desk, writes:
“Whenever he would receive a directive from the Khalifa, he would demonstrate complete obedience. He would openly say that he would obey every command issued by the Nizam-e-Jamaat.”
In 2011, he came to the UK from Syria to attend Jalsa Salana. He would say that there was no greater honour for him than to depart this world in the company of Khilafat. Many people accepted Ahmadiyyat due to Al-Jabi Sahib and the majority of them were loyal to the Jamaat and Khilafat.
Many people have written letters to me stating that they learnt a lot from Al-Jabi Sahib and accepted Ahmadiyyat because of him. Al-Jabi sahib would say, “Hazrat Maulana Ghulam Rasool Rajeiki Sahib(ra) said to me that I ought to translate his book, Hayat-e-Qudsi so that the Arab people would become acquainted about the lives of the Companions of the Promised Messiah(as).”
Thus, he translated Hayat-e-Qudsi in Arabic. Arabic was his mother tongue, but aside from this, he spoke Urdu to a good level and also Persian. He could also speak English to a basic level. In 2005, when I went to Qadian, he met me in a mulaqat, which was very brief, but he met me with great humility. He then met me at the UK Jalsa Salana and said with great humility, “I have complete conviction in the truthfulness of Khilafat-e-Ahmadiyyat. I am fully obedient to Khilafat and have the utmost regard for it. Please pray for me that I always remain firmly attached to the Nizam-e-Jamaat.”
May Allah the Almighty enable his children and his progeny to remain ever loyal to Khilafat and remain attached to it. May Allah grant him His mercy and forgiveness.
After the Friday prayers, as mentioned before (or perhaps I did not mention it earlier), I will lead the funeral prayer in absentia of all the deceased members.
Original Urdu transcript published in Al Fazl International, 14 August 2020, pp. 5-10. Translated by The Review of Religions.