After reciting Tashahhud, Ta‘awwuz and Surah al-Fatihah, His Holiness, Hazrat Mirza Masroor Ahmad(aba) said he would highlight incidents from the life of the Companion Hazrat Mu’adh bin Jabal(ra).
His father’s name was Jabal bin ‘Amr and his mother’s Hind bint Sahl. Hazrat Mu‘adh(ra) was from the Udayy bin Sa‘d bin Ali branch of the Khazraj tribe.
Hazrat Mu‘adh(ra) took part in all battles alongside the Holy Prophet(sa). It is recorded that at the time of the Battle of Badr, the age of Hazrat Mu‘adh(ra) was 20 or 21.
His Holiness(aba) said that a group of youngsters from the Banu Salma accepted Islam on the occassion of the Second Pledge at Aqabah. Among them were Hazrat Mu`adh bin Jabal(ra) and Hazrat Mu'adh bin `Amr(ra). Upon accepting Islam, Hazrat Mu`adh bin `Amr(ra) wished to convey the message of Islam to his father `Amr, and Hazrat Mu`adh bin Jabal(ra) along with the other youngsters helped him in this endeavor. Thus, these youngsters would take the idol which his father ‘Amr worshipped and throw it in a gutter. They did so for three consecutive nights. After the second time ‘Amr found his idol in the gutter, he left his sword beside the idol and said that it should protect itself. However, the next day he found the idol hanging from the collar of a dog. This caused ‘Amr to think, how an idol he had worshipped his entire life could not even protect itself. Thus ‘Amr was able to recognise the One true God.
His Holiness(aba) related that upon returning to Madinah from the Battle of Uhud, the Holy Prophet(sa) heard women crying and lamenting over the martyred. The Holy Prophet(sa) asked ‘Is there no one to lament over the martyrdom of Hamzah?’ [uncle of the Holy Prophet(sa)]. Upon this, Hazrat Mu‘adh(ra) was among the companions who went and told the women that they should not lament over the martyrdom of anyone, until they had mourned the martyrdom of Hazrat Hamzah(ra). His Holiness(aba) said that though Islam does not allow wailing or expressing grief in an excessive manner, this was an expression of love and loyalty to the Holy Prophet(sa).
His Holiness(aba) said that Hazrat Mu‘adh(ra) was one of the four companions during the life of the Holy Prophet(sa) who had memorised and helped compile the Holy Qur’an. Furthermore, Hazrat Mu‘adh(ra) was of the four esteemed companions who were appointed by the Holy Prophet(sa) as teachers of the Holy Qur’an, as they had learned the entire Holy Qur’an directly from the Holy Prophet(sa).
His Holiness(aba) related that once the Holy Prophet(sa) said that Hazrat Mu‘adh(ra) had the greatest understanding of what is lawful and unlawful according to the teachings of Islam.
His Holiness(aba) related a narration from Hazrat Mu‘adh(ra) in which he said that once the Holy Prophet(sa) took hold of his hand and told him that he loved him. Then he advised him to say the following prayer after completing the Salat ‘My Lord I implore You to help me in Thy remembrance, for being grateful to You, and worshipping you in the best manner.’
His Holiness(aba) presented narrations in which it is related that Hazrat Mu‘adh was leading the Salat during which he recited long portions of the Holy Qur’an. Due to the length of the prayer, one person left the congregation and offered his own prayer. When this news reached the Holy Prophet(sa), he instructed Hazrat Mu‘adh(ra) that he should not burden the congregants by leading very long prayers. He then gave Hazrat Mu‘adh(ra) examples of some chapters of the Holy Qur’an which he should recite which are of an adequate length for leading the Salat.
His Holiness(aba) related a narration of Hazrat Mu‘adh(ra) who once asked the Holy Prophet(sa) to advise him of what deeds he should carry out in order to be saved from the fire and enter into heaven. The Holy Prophet(sa) responded that to offer prayer and not associate partners with God, to pay the Zakat, fast, and perform the pilgrimage could save a person from the fire. The Holy Prophet(sa) then said that he would inform him of actions which could open the doors of good and prosperity. The Holy Prophet(sa) said that fasting is a shield, and giving alms is like water which puts out a fire, and offering voluntary prayers in the middle of the night, and carrying out Jihad. The Holy Prophet(sa) said that the basis of all of these things was maintaining control over one’s tongue, for the injuries and various harms caused by the tongue are what land a person into the fire.
His Holiness(aba) related a narration in which the Holy Prophet(sa) called unto Hazrat Mu‘adh(ra), and said that anyone who sincerely declared their belief in the Unity of God and the fact that Muhammad(sa) was His messenger would be saved from the fire. However the Holy Prophet(sa) advised that Hazrat Mu‘adh(ra) should not spread this otherwise people would stop doing good deeds. His Holiness(aba) commented and explained that this was a matter which would not have been understood by everyone. It can be seen today that there are many who declare their belief, while their hearts are filled with shirk (associating partners with God) as they depend solely on worldly means. Furthermore, His Holiness(aba) commented that this narration makes it clear that the authority of decision and reward for belief lies solely with God Almighty, not with any human being.
His Holiness(aba) said that he would continue highlighting incidents from the life of Hazrat Mu‘adh(ra) in the future.
His Holiness(aba) said that he would lead the funeral prayers (in absentia) of the following deceased members:
Maulvi Farzan Khan who was the Missionary in-charge in Odisha. He is survived by his wife and two children. He took excellent care of the missionaries under him. He served the Community with great zeal and had a passion for spreading the message of Islam, as a result of which he was able to help people join the fold of Islam. Once he went to a village to spread the message of Islam. The people there informed him that they had a cow which would not give milk. They said that if he truly had the true message of Islam, then he should pray and blow on some milk to be given to the cow. He did so, and then prayed to God to prove the truthfulness of the Promised Messiah(as). A short while later, the cow produced milk, which overjoyed the people of the village and they accepted Ahmadiyyat. His Holiness(aba) said that everyone who has written to him expressed that he was an exemplary missionary.
Abdullah Munsiku who was a local missionary in Malaysia. He passed away on 8 October. He is survived by his wife and eight children. He saw the Promised Messiah(as) and the Second and Third Caliphs in his dreams and was also able to attend the Annual Convention in Malaysia which led to his acceptance of Ahmadiyyat. He spread the message of Islam with great passion and helped many people join the fold of Islam Ahmadiyyat.
Abdul Wahid who passed away on 12 September. He was a local Mu‘allim in Qadian. He was previously a Christian, but later on his entire family accepted Ahmadiyyat. He was very obedient and was proficient in propagating the message of Islam. He was able to help several families join the fold of Ahmadiyyat. He is survived by his wife and his three children.
His Holiness(aba) prayed for the forgiveness of these deceased members and also prayed for their families. His Holiness(aba) prayed that their children may be able to keep their virtues alive and may always remain attached to Khilafat.
Summary prepared by The Review of Religions.
After reciting the Tashahud, Ta‘awuz and Surah al-Fatihah, Hazrat Khalifatul Masih V(aa) stated:
The companion whose accounts I shall narrate today is Hazrat Muaz(ra) bin Jabal. His name was Muaz and the name of his father was Jabal bin Amr and his mother was Hind bint Sahl, who belonged to the Banu Raba‘ah branch of the Juhaynah tribe.
Hazrat Muaz(ra) bin Jabal’s title was Abdur-Rahman and he belonged to the Uday bin Saad bin Ali branch of the Khazraj tribe. The author of Siyar-us-Sahabah [life of the companions] writes that Saad bin Ali had two sons, Salama and Uday. Banu Salama is the progeny of Salama.
During the era of Islam, only two individuals from the progeny of Uday bin Saad survived; they were Hazrat Muazra(ra) and his son, ‘Abd-ur-Rahman. The houses of Banu ‘Uday were situated in the neighbourhood of Banu Salama. Hazrat Muazra bin Jabal was of extremely fair complexion, had a beautiful countenance, bright teeth and beautiful eyes. Amongst his people, he was the considered most handsome, youthful and generous person.
Abu Nu‘aim relates that Hazrat Muaz(ra) bin Jabal was more compassionate, modest and generous than any other youth of the Ansar. Hazrat Muaz(ra) bin Jabal participated in the second pledge of initiation at Aqaba, along with 70 other Ansar and was 18 years old at the time of his acceptance of Islam. Hazrat Muaz(ra) bin Jabal participated alongside the Holy Prophet(sa) in all the battles, including the battles of Badr, Uhud and Khandaq. When he participated in the Battle of Badr, he was 20 or 21 years of age. His step-brother (who was born to the same mother but had a different father) was Hazrat Abdullah(ra) bin Jadd and he also participated in the Battle of Badr.
According to Usd-ul-Ghabah, the name of his step-brother was Sahl bin Muhammad bin Jadd. Sahl belonged to Banu Salama, therefore they also counted him among their tribe. When the Muhajireen of Mecca migrated to Medina, the Holy Prophet(sa) formed a bond of brotherhood between Hazrat Abdullah(ra) bin Mas‘ud and Hazrat Muaz(ra) bin Jabal. This is the only reference that can be found in this regard from the various books of history.
After accepting Islam, Hazrat Muaz(ra) bin Jabal, along with the youth of Banu Salama, broke the idols of their tribe. (Ali Ibn al-Athir, Usd-ul-Ghabah fi Ma‘rifat al-Sahabah, Vol. 5, Muaz(ra) bin Jabal [Beirut, Lebanon: Dar al-Kutub al-Ilmiyyah, 2003] 187) (Ibn Saad, Al-Tabaqat al-Kubra, Vol. 3, Muaz(ra) bin Jabal wa min Sa‘ir Bani Salamah [Beirut, Lebanon: Dar al-Kutub al-Ilmiyyah, 1990] 437-438) (Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani, Al-Isabah fi Tamyiz al-Sahabah, Vol. 6 [Beirut, Lebanon: Dar al-Kutub al-Ilmiyyah, 1995] 107-108) (Sheikh Shah Moinuddin Ahmad Nadvi, Siyar al-Sahabah, Vol. 3, Muaz(ra) bin Jabal [Karachi, Pakistan: Dar al-Isha‘ah, 2004] 497)
This incident of how he broke the idols of his family has previously been mentioned once whilst narrating the accounts of another companion and I will mention it here again.
Hazrat Amr(ra) bin Jamooh placed an idol made out of wood in his home. He named it Manaat and would show great respect to it and revere it. On the occasion of the second Bai‘at [pledge] at Aqaba, some youths from Banu Salama also pledged their allegiance. Among them was Hazrat Muaz(ra) bin Jabal and also Muaz(ra), the son of Amr [bin Jamooh] who also pledged his allegiance.
This incident that I am quoting has previously been mentioned in relation to Muaz(ra) bin Amr. Hazrat Amr(ra) bin Jamooh’s son devised a plan to call his father towards Islam. He would take the idol of Hazrat Amr(ra), which he had placed in his home, and throw it into a pit or a pile of rubbish. Some of the youths would assist him in this, including Hazrat Muaz(ra) bin Jabal. Nevertheless, he threw the idol into the pit of rubbish one day. Amr(ra) found it, brought it back home and said, “If I come to know who is doing this to my idol, I will punish him severely.”
The following day, these young men did the same with the idol and it was once again lying face down in the pit. He once again picked it up and brought it back. The third day, he cleaned the idol again and placed it in his home, but this time, he hung his sword around the idol and said, “By God! I am not aware of who is doing this to you, but I am leaving a sword with you so that you may protect yourself. You now have a sword.”
The following day, Hazrat Amr(ra) noticed that the idol was once again not in its place and found it in that very pit nearby, tied to the neck of a dead dog. Seeing this, he was taken aback and became extremely concerned and was compelled to ponder over the fact that the idol he considered to be a god and had placed in his home did not even have the strength and power to protect itself even with a sword by its side; how then could it possibly protect him? Furthermore, it was lying around the neck of a dead dog. Thus, he deeply reflected that how could this possibly be a god. Nevertheless, this incident was the cause for his inclination towards Islam and later accepting Islam. (Ali Ibn al-Athir, Usd al-Ghabah fi Ma‘rifat al-Sahabah, Vol. 4, Amr bin al-Jamuh [Beirut, Lebanon: Dar al-Kutub al-Ilmiyyah, 2003] 195)
Hazrat Muaz(ra) bin Jabal’s love and devotion to the Holy Prophet(sa) can also be gauged by the fact that when the Holy Prophet(sa) returned to Medina following the Battle of Uhud, sounds of wailing and lamenting could be heard in the streets. The Holy Prophet(sa) asked what it was? They replied that these were the wives of the Ansar, who were weeping for their martyrs. Upon this, the Holy Prophet(sa) said, “Is there no one to weep for Hamzah?” The Holy Prophet(sa) then prayed for the forgiveness of Hazrat Hamzah(ra).
When Hazrat Saad(ra) bin Muaz, Hazrat Saad(ra) bin Ubadah, Hazrat Muaz(ra) bin Jabal and Hazrat Abdullah(ra) bin Rawahah heard this, they went to their respective neighbourhoods and gathered the women of Medina who were wailing and weeping. They then said, “No one shall now mourn over the martyrs of the Ansar until they have mourned over the uncle of the Holy Prophet(sa), because he said there is no one in Medina to mourn over Hazrat Hamza(ra).” This was their love and devotion to the Holy Prophet(sa) upon seeing that he was in pain due to [the martyrdom of] Hazrat Hamza(ra). (Ibn Hisham, Al-Raud al-Anf fi Tafsir al-Sirah al-Nabawiyyah, Vol. 3, Ghazwat Uhud [Beirut, Lebanon: Dar al-Kutub al-Ilmiyyah, 1986], 95-96)
Although howling and shrieking over a departed one is forbidden, but the Holy Prophet(sa) permitted it in this instance, or perhaps having witnessed the emotions of the people, he expressed his wish for them to also express their emotions for Hazrat Hamza(ra). But in any case, howling and shrieking over the dead is forbidden in Islam and the Holy Prophet(sa) himself forbade it.
After the conquest of Mecca, the Holy Prophet(sa) went to Hunain. Hunain is a valley situated north-east of Mecca, near Ta‘if. The Holy Prophet(sa) kept Hazrat Muaz(ra) bin Jabal in Mecca, so that he could teach the people of Mecca about Islam and the Holy Quran. (Ibn Saad, Al-Tabaqat al-Kubra, Vol. 2, Muaz(ra) bin Jabal, [Beirut, Lebanon: Dar al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiyyah, 1990] 265) (Sayyid Fadl al-Rahman, Farhang-i-Sirat [Karachi, Pakistan: Zawwar Academy Publications, 2003], 109)
Hazrat Muaz(ra) bin Jabal fully participated in the Battle of Tabuk. When the Holy Prophet(sa) enquired about Hazrat Kaab(ra) bin Malik, who, at the time, had remained behind in Medina, a man from the Banu Salama tribe spoke ill of Hazrat Kaab(ra) bin Malik. In response, Hazrat Muaz(ra) bin Jabal reproached that man and then submitted to the Holy Prophet(sa), “O Messenger(sa) of Allah, we only see good in him, we do not see anything bad.” (Sahih al-Bukhari, Kitab al-Maghazi, Bab Hadith Kaab(ra) bin Malik…, Hadith 4418)
This was their standard of morals that they would not speak ill of someone behind their back.
Qatadah relates that he heard Hazrat Anas(ra) say, “In the time of the Holy Prophet(sa), four people compiled the Holy Quran, who were all among the Ansar. They were: Hazrat Muaz(ra) bin Jabal, Hazrat Ubayy(ra) bin Kaab, Hazrat Zaid(ra) bin Thabit and Hazrat Abu Zaid(ra).” Hazrat Abu Zaid(ra) was the paternal uncle of Hazrat Anas(ra). (Sahih Muslim, Kitab Faza‘il al-Sahabah, Bab min Faza‘il Ubayy bin Kaab…, Hadith 2465)
Hazrat Abdullah bin Umar(ra) narrates that he heard the Holy Prophet(sa) say, “Learn the Quran from four people – Ibn Mas‘ud(ra), Salim(ra) the freed slave of Abu Huzayfa(ra), Ubayy(ra) bin Kaab and Muaz(ra) bin Jabal.”
This narration I have just cited is from Sahih al-Bukhari. (Sahih al-Bukhari, Kitab Manaqib al-Ansar, Bab Manaqib Muazra bin Jabal, Hadith 3806)
Hazrat Musleh-e-Maud(ra) has explained this Hadith which I previously mentioned in relation to Hazrat Kaab(ra). Hazrat Musleh-e-Maud(ra) states:
“The Holy Prophet(sa) appointed a group of teachers who taught the Holy Quran; they [learned and] memorised the entire Holy Quran from the Holy Prophet(sa) and taught it to others. These were four esteemed teachers who were responsible for learning the Holy Quran from the Holy Prophet(sa) and teaching it to others and there were many companions under them who would also teach the Holy Quran to others. The names of these four esteemed teachers are Abdullah bin Mas‘ud(ra), Salim(ra), the freed salve of Abu Huzayfa(ra), Muaz(ra) bin Jabal and Ubayy(ra) bin Kaab. The first two were Muhajireen and the latter two were Ansar. With regard to their work, Abdullah(ra) bin Mas‘ud was a labourer, Salim(ra) was a freed slave, while Muaz(ra) bin Jabal and Ubayy(ra) bin Kaab were chieftains of Medina. Thus, the Holy Prophet(sa) appointed qaris [reciters] keeping in view every member of society.
“It is narrated in a Hadith that the Holy Prophet(sa) used to say:
خُذُوا الْقُراٰنَ مِنْ اَرْبَعَۃٍ (مِنْ) عَبْدِاللّٰہِ بِنْ مَسْعُوْدٍ وَ سَالِمٍ وَ مُعَاذِ بِنْ جَبَلٍ وَاُبَیِّ بِنْ کَعْبٍ
“‘Anyone who desires to read the Quran should learn from the following four individuals; Abdullah bin Mas‘ud, Salim, Muaz(ra) bin Jabal and Ubayy bin Kaab.’
“These were the four people who either learned the entire Quran from the Holy Prophet(sa) or would recite it before him to ensure they did not make any mistakes. Aside from them, there were also many other companions who learned various portions of the Holy Quran directly from the Holy Prophet(sa).
“It is related in another narration that on one occasion, when Hazrat Abdullah(ra) bin Mas‘ud [was reciting the Quran, he] pronounced a word differently. Hazrat Umar(ra) stopped him and said that it should be pronounced in such and such manner. Hazrat Abdullah(ra) bin Mas‘ud stated that the Holy Prophet(sa) taught him to pronounce it in that very manner. Hazrat Umar(ra) took him to the Holy Prophet(sa) and complained that he did not recite the Quran correctly. The Holy Prophet(sa) asked Abdullah(ra) bin Mas‘ud to recite. When he recited it, the Holy Prophet(sa) said he was reciting correctly. Thereupon Hazrat Umar(ra) submitted, ‘O Messenger(sa) of Allah, you taught me to pronounce the word differently.’ The Holy Prophet(sa) told him that that was also correct.
“This shows that in addition to the four companions who learnt the Holy Quran from the Holy Prophet(sa), there were others who used also to learn portions of the Holy Quran from him. Hazrat Umar’s(ra) submission that he had been taught to pronounce a certain word in a particular way shows that he too used to learn the Quran from the Holy Prophet(sa) himself.” (Dibachah Tafsir al-Quran, Anwar-ul-Ulum, Vol. 20, pp. 427-428)
Hazrat Anas bin Malik(ra) relates that the Holy Prophet(sa) said, “From among my Ummah, the most merciful to them is Abu Bakr(ra); the one who most strictly adheres to the religion of Allah is Umar(ra); the most modest is Uthman(ra); the best decision-maker is Ali(ra) bin Abi Talib; the most knowledgeable of the Holy Quran is Ubayy(ra) bin Kaab; the most knowledgeable of what is lawful and unlawful is Muaz(ra) bin Jabal and the person with the greatest awareness of his obligations is Zaid(ra) bin Thabit. Hearken! Every nation has an ameen [custodian] and the ameen of my ummah is Abu Ubaidah(ra) bin al-Jarrah.” This narration has previously been mentioned as well in a similar manner. (Sunan Ibn Majah, Kitab Iftitah al-Kitab fi al-Iman wa Faza‘il al-Sahabah wa al-Ilm, Bab Faza‘il Khubbab, Hadith 154)
Hazrat Abu Hurairah(ra) relates that the Holy Prophet(sa) said, “What an excellent man is Abu Bakr; what an excellent man is Umar; what an excellent man is Abu Ubaidah bin al-Jarrah; what an excellent man is Usaid bin Hudair; what an excellent man is Thabit bin Qais bin Shammas; what an excellent man is Muaz bin Jabal and what an excellent man is Muaz bin Amr bin al-Jamooh.” This is a narration of Musnad Ahmad bin Hanbal.
(Musnad Ahmad bin Hanbal, Vol. 7, p. 502, Hadith 9421, Alam al-Kutub, Beirut, 1998)
Hazrat Muaz(ra) bin Jabal relates that the Messenger(sa) of Allah took hold of his hand one day and said, “O Muaz! By Allah, I love you”. Hazrat Muaz(ra) replied, “May my parents be sacrificed for you; I too love you.” The Holy Prophet(sa) then said, “O Muaz(ra), I advise you to never forget to recite after every prayer:
اللّٰہُمَّ أَعِنِّیْ عَلٰى ذِکْرِکَ وَشُکْرِکَ وَحُسْنِ عِبَادَتِکَ
‘O Allah, help me remember You, to be grateful to You and to worship You in an excellent manner.’” (Musnad Ahmad bin Hanbal, Vol. 7, p. 380, Hadith 22470, Alam al-Kutub, Beirut, 1998)
Hazrat Muaz(ra) bin Jabal relates that the Holy Prophet(sa) said, “Shall I not tell you about one of the doors to paradise?” Hazrat Muaz(ra) bin Jabal submitted, “Of course.” The Holy Prophet(sa) said to recite:
لَا حَوْلَ وَلَا قُوَّۃَ إِلَّا بِاللّٰہِ
‘There is no might or power except with Allah.’” (Musnad Ahmad bin Hanbal, Vol. 7, p. 374, Hadith 22450, Alam al-Kutub, Beirut, 1998)
Hazrat Muaz(ra) bin Jabal narrates that he enquired from the Holy Prophet(sa) as to what the most excellent kind of faith was. The Holy Prophet(sa) replied, “The most excellent form of faith is to instil love for Allah and to only express your hatred for His sake, and to remain occupied in the remembrance of Allah.” Hazrat Muaz(ra) then asked, “O Messenger of Allah, what else?” The Holy Prophet(sa) answered, “Love for others what you love for yourself. You must like for others that which you like for yourself, and you must dislike for them that which you dislike for yourself.” (Musnad Ahmad bin Hanbal, Vol. 7, p. 385, Hadith 22481, Alam al-Kutub, Beirut, 1998)
Hazrat Jabir bin Abdillah(ra) narrates that Hazrat Muaz(ra) bin Jabal would pray with the Holy Prophet(sa) and then return to his tribe and lead them in prayer. (Sahih al-Bukhari, Kitab al-Adhan, Bab idha Salla thumma amma Qauman, Hadith 711)
He would first come to Masjid al-Nabawi and offer prayers there, after which he would return to his home and lead his people in prayer. This is a narration from Sahih al-Bukhari.
Hazrat Jabir(ra) narrates that Hazrat Muaz(ra) would offer prayers with the Holy Prophet(sa) and then would return to his people and lead them in prayers. One evening, he offered the Isha prayer behind the Holy Prophet(sa). When he returned to his people, he led them in prayers and began reciting Surah al-Baqarah [chapter 2 of the Holy Quran]. Upon this, one person separated himself from the congregation, said ‘salam’ [to indicate the end of prayer] and began to pray on his own. When he saw that a lengthy chapter was being recited, he said ‘salam’ and began to offer the prayer on his own. Seeing him do this, the people called out his name and said, “Have you become a hypocrite?” They admonished him for leaving the congregational prayer and praying on his own and asked him whether he had become a hypocrite. Upon this he replied, “No, by God, I am not a hypocrite. I will certainly go to the Holy Prophet(sa) and inform him of what I have done. If I was a hypocrite, I would have secretly offered my prayers. I will certainly inform the Holy Prophet(sa) of all this.”
Subsequently, he came to see the Holy Prophet(sa) and said, “O Messenger(sa) of Allah! We transport water from one place to another on our camels and ensure people have water in their homes. Thus, we work all day long. Hazrat Muaz(ra) offered the Isha prayers with you and then came to his own neighbourhood and began reciting Surah al-Baqarah.” The Holy Prophet(sa) turned to Hazrat Muaz(ra) and said, “O Muaz! Do you wish to place the people in a trial? Why do you cause hardship for the people?” The Holy Prophet(sa) then advised what to recite and repeated it again.
According to the narration of Hazrat Jabir(ra), the Holy Prophet(sa) said: “You ought to recite Surah al-Shams, Surah al-Duha, Surah al-Lail and Surah al-A‘la.” The Holy Prophet(sa) mentioned these four chapters as an example. This is a narration of Sahih Muslim. (Sahih Muslim, Kitab al-Salah, Bab al-Qira‘ah fi al-Isha, Hadith 465)
There is a narration in Sahih al-Bukhari as follows: Hazrat Jabir(ra) bin Abdillah Ansari relates that one evening, a man was taking his camels, which would transport water and coincidentally, he saw that Hazrat Muaz(ra) was leading prayers in the mosque. Upon seeing him, he tied down his camels and began offering prayers behind Hazrat Muaz(ra). Hazrat Muaz(ra) began reciting Surah al-Baqarah or Surah al-Nisa. This individual stopped his prayers and left, but later found out that Hazrat Muaz(ra) was displeased by this act of his. Hence he came to the Holy Prophet(sa) and complained about Hazrat Muaz(ra). Upon hearing this, the Holy Prophet(sa) said to Hazrat Muaz(ra) three times, “O Muaz! You wish to put the people through a grave trial? Why do you put the people through difficulty by reciting long surahs [chapters of the Holy Quran]? Why did you not recite: Surah al-A‘la, Surah al-Shams, Surah al-Lail, because in the congregation behind you, there are elderly people, some of whom are weak and there are also those who have other needs.” As mentioned earlier, this is a narration of Sahih al-Bukhari. (Sahih al-Bukhari, Kitab al-Azan, Bab man shaka amamahu idha tawwala, Hadith 705)
In light of the advice of the Holy Prophet(sa) to Hazrat Muaz(ra) bin Jabal about reciting shorter surahs in [congregational] prayers, Hazrat Khalifatul Masih II(ra) writes:
“It was the preference of the Holy Prophet(sa) to recite Surah al-A‘la, Surah al-Ghashiyah, Surah al-Fajr and other similar surahs [in terms of length] in obligatory prayers. Al-Nisai has related from Hazrat Jabir(ra) that once, Hazrat Muaz(ra) bin Jabal was leading the prayers. A person came and joined in the [congregational] prayers behind him. Hazrat Muaz(ra) prolonged the prayers; according to some narrations, he began to recite Surah Al-e-Imran or Surah al-Nisa.
“When the prayer became prolonged, he stopped his prayers and moving to one side, began to pray on his own. When he concluded his prayer, he left. After the prayer finished, someone informed Hazrat Muaz(ra) of what happened in that one person came and joined the prayer, but when the prayer became prolonged, he stopped the prayer and moving to one side, he began to pray on his own. After he finished, his prayer he then left. Hazrat Muaz(ra) said that perhaps he was a hypocrite and then related the entire incident to the Holy Prophet(sa). (In this narration, Hazrat Musleh-e-Maud(ra) has stated that Hazrat Muaz(ra) went to the Holy Prophet(sa) himself.) He said, ‘O Messenger of Allah! I was leading the prayer when such and such person joined the prayer. But when the prayer became prolonged, he left the prayer and began to pray on his own and left once he finished.’
“When the person against whom the complaint was raised found out that the incident had been mentioned to the Holy Prophet(sa), he also came to see the Holy Prophet(sa) and submitted, ‘O Messenger(sa) of Allah! I came to offer the prayers and joined in when he [i.e. Hazrat Muaz(ra)] was leading the prayers. However, he prolonged the prayers. We work all day long and my camel was also tied up without any food. Therefore, I stopped praying in congregation and prayed on my own to one side of the mosque. I then returned home and fed my camel.’ Upon hearing this, the Holy Prophet(sa) was displeased with Hazrat Muaz(ra) and said to him, ‘O Muaz! You will place the people in great difficulty. Why do you not recite Surah al-A‘la, Surah al-Shams, Surah al-Fajr or Surah al-Lail? Why did you not recite these chapters and why did you choose to recite the longer chapters?’
“From this incident we can conclude that the Holy Prophet(sa) has deemed these [aforementioned] chapters of average length. Indeed, under special conditions, one may recite the longer chapters, or when one is unwell, they may recite even shorter chapters. However, these chapters are of average length which ought to be recited during the prayers in which the Imam recites a portion of the Holy Quran out aloud.” (Tafsir-e-Kabir, Vol. 8, pp. 497, Tafsir Surah al-Fajr)
It should also be remembered that this does not mean that only these chapters can be recited. The Holy Prophet(sa) has given a general instruction that one should not recite long chapters in congregational prayers. However, one can recite the chapters according to their own circumstances or according to what they have learnt. Some people have memorised shorter chapters and because there is nobody else to lead the congregation, they have to lead the prayers. Therefore, it is permissible for them to recite shorter chapters as well. However, the general instructions of the Holy Prophet(sa) is that longer chapters are not to be recited in the congregational prayers because there are various people in the congregation, some of whom are elderly, some are unwell or labourers.
Hazrat Muaz(ra) bin Jabal relates:
“I was riding behind the Holy Prophet(sa) and there was nothing between him and me but the rear part of the saddle, when he said, ‘O Muaz bin Jabal!’ to which I replied, ‘I am present O Messenger of Allah and at your service!’ The Holy Prophet(sa) travelled for a short while, when again, he said, ‘O Muaz(ra) bin Jabal!’ to which I replied, ‘I am present, O Messenger(sa) of Allah and I am at your service.’ He then again travelled for a short while and said, ‘O Muaz bin Jabal!’ to which I replied, ‘I am present, O Messenger(sa) of Allah, and I am at your service!’ The Holy Prophet(sa) then said, ‘Do you know what right Allah has upon His servants?’ I submitted, ‘Allah and His Messenger(sa) know best.’ The Holy Prophet(sa) said, ‘Verily the right of Allah over His servants is that they should worship Him and not associate anything with Him.’ The Holy Prophet(sa) then rode a short distance and then said, ‘O Muaz bin Jabal!’ to which I replied, ‘I am present O Messenger of Allah and I am at your service!’ The Holy Prophet(sa) said, ‘Do you know what rights the servants have upon Allah?’” Firstly, people must fulfil the rights they owe to Allah the Almighty. When they fulfil these rights and act accordingly, then people have rights over God Almighty.) “I replied, ‘Allah and His Messenger(sa) know best.’ The Holy Prophet(sa) said, ‘It is that Allah will not punish them.’”
When people obey Allah the Almighty’s commandments, then they are granted the right that Allah will not punish them. This is a narration of Sahih Muslim. (Sahih Muslim, Kitab al-Iman, Bab al-Dalil ala man mata ala al-Tauhid, Hadith 30)
Hazrat Muaz(ra) bin Jabal narrates:
“I was once travelling in the company of the Holy Prophet(sa). Whilst we were on the journey, I moved closer and enquired, ‘O Messenger(sa) of Allah, tell me of a deed that will take me to Paradise and will keep me away from the Hellfire.’ The Holy Prophet(sa) said, ‘You have asked me about a great matter indeed! Yet it is attainable for whom Allah makes it easy for.’ He further said, ‘Worship Allah and do not associate any partners with Him; observe prayer; pay the Zakat; fast in the month of Ramadan and perform the pilgrimage to the House of Allah.’
“The Holy Prophet(sa) then said, ‘Shall I not inform you about the doors to attain goodness?’ The Holy Prophet(sa) then explained, ‘I shall inform you about the doors to attain goodness. Fasting is a shield and charity washes away sins just as water extinguishes a fire; and for one to offer prayers in the middle of the night (i.e. to offer Tahajud prayers).’
“The Holy Prophet(sa) then recited the following verse:
تَتَجَافٰى جُنُوْبُہُمْ عَنِ الْمَضَاجِعِ یَدْعُوْنَ رَبَّہُمْ خَوْفًا وَّ طَمَعًا وَّ مِمَّا رَزَقْنٰہُمْ یُنْفِقُوْنَ۔ فَلَا تَعْلَمُ نَفْسٌ مَّا اُخْفِیَ لَہُمْ مِّنْ قُرَّۃِ اَعْیُنٍ جَزَآءًۢ بِمَا کَانُوْا یَعْمَلُوْنَ
“‘Their sides keep away from their beds; and they call on their Lord in fear and hope and spend out of what We have bestowed on them. And no soul knows what joy of the eyes is kept hidden for them, as a reward for their good works.’ [Ch.32: V.17-18]
“The Holy Prophet(sa) further said, ‘Shall I not inform you of the best deed, its pillar and its peak?’ The Holy Prophet(sa) then stated, ‘It is to perform Jihad.’ He then said, ‘Shall I not tell you the foundation of all this (i.e. it is a fundamental matter upon which everything rests)?’ I said, ‘Yes, O Messenger(sa) of Allah.’ And so, the Holy Prophet(sa) took hold of his tongue and said, ‘To restrain this.’
“I submitted, ‘O Prophet(sa) of Allah, will we be held accountable for what we say with it?’ The Holy Prophet(sa) said, ‘May Allah bless you, O Muaz! There is nothing that throws people into the Hellfire upon their faces except what you reap from your tongues?’” (Sunan Ibn Majah, Kitab al-Fitan, Bab Kaff al-Lisan fi al-Fitnah, Hadith 3973)
This means to pass harsh and hurtful remarks or injuring one’s sentiments through one’s speech is something that can lead to discord. Furthermore, it can lead to many other evils. Whether one’s words are the cause of evil or become a means of spreading evil and sin, then according to the Holy Prophet(sa) it will cause them to be thrown in the Hellfire on their faces. Therefore, one ought to be mindful of what they say and use their tongue [and words] to spread virtuous deeds.
Hazrat Kaab(ra) bin Malik narrates that Hazrat Muaz(ra) bin Jabal would pass edicts [fatwas] during the lifetime of the Holy Prophet(sa) and also during the caliphate of Hazrat Abu Bakr(ra) in Medina. (Ibn Saad, Al-Tabaqat al-Kubra, Vol. 2, Muazra bin Jabal [Beirut, Lebanon: Dar al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiyyah, 1990], 265)
Muhammad bin Sahl bin Abi Khaithamah narrates on the authority of his father that during the Holy Prophet’s(sa) life, three men from the Ansar and three men from the Muhajireen would pass edicts. They were Hazrat Umar(ra), Hazrat Uthman(ra), Hazrat Ali(ra), Hazrat Ubayy(ra) bin Kaab, Hazrat Muaz(ra) bin Jabal and Hazrat Zaid bin Thabit(ra). (Ibn Saad, Al-Tabaqat al-Kubra, Vol. 2, Bab Ahl al-Ilm wa al-Fatawa min Ashab Rasul Allah [Beirut, Lebanon: Dar al-Kutub al-Ilmiyyah, 1990], 267)
Abdur Rahman bin Qasim narrates from his father that whenever Hazrat Abu Bakr(ra) would be faced with a matter in which he needed to consult with those who possessed good judgment and knowledge of jurisprudence, he would call individuals from among the Muhajireen and the Ansar and these included Hazrat Umar(ra), Hazrat Uthman(ra), Hazrat Ali(ra), Hazrat Abdur Rahman(ra) bin Auf, Hazrat Muaz(ra) bin Jabl, Hazrat Ubayy(ra) bin Kaab and Hazrat Zaid(ra) bin Thabit. All of these individuals would issue the fatwas [edicts] during the era of Hazrat Abu Bakr(ra). (Ibn Saad, Al-Tabaqat al-Kubra, Vol. 2, Bab Ahl al-Ilm wa al-Fatawa min Ashab Rasul Allah [Beirut, Lebanon: Dar al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiyyah, 1990], 267)
In other words, they formed the jurisprudential committee and were permitted to issue edicts based on their knowledge they had attained from the Holy Prophet(sa).
During the era of Hazrat Abu Bakr(ra), Hazrat Muaz(ra) bin Jabl migrated to Syria and settled there. Upon this, Hazrat Umar(ra) stated that Hazrat Muaz(ra) bin Jabl’s departure had a left a void in Medina and amongst the people of Medina in the field of jurisprudence and in those matters regarding which he would issue edicts. Hazrat Umar(ra) requested Hazrat Abu Bakr(ra) that he should stop him from leaving as people greatly needed him. However, Hazrat Abu Bakr(ra) refused saying that he could not stop anyone who had made a decision and desired to embrace martyrdom. Hazrat Umar(ra) stated, “By God, one can attain martyrdom even whilst laying on their bed.” (Ibn Saad, Al-Tabaqat al-Kubra, Vol. 2, Muazra bin Jabal [Beirut, Lebanon: Dar al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiyyah, 1990], 265)
Thaur bin Yazid relates that when Hazrat Muaz(ra) bin Jabl would offer the Tahajud prayer in the night, he would recite the following prayer:
“O Allah! My eyes are asleep whilst the stars are shining brightly. You are the Living, the Self-Subsisting and All-Sustaining. O Allah! My desire to attain paradise is lacking and I am weak and lack the strength to escape from the hellfire. O Allah! Enable me to become among the guided, and save this for it to be granted to me on the Day of Judgment – surely You do not go against Your promise.” (Ali Ibn al-Athir, Usd al-Ghabah fi Ma‘rifat al-Sahabah, Vol. 5, Muaz(ra) bin Jabal [Beirut, Lebanon: Dar al-Kutub al-Ilmiyyah, 2003], 188) Such was the level of fear of God he had.
Hazrat Anas(ra) bin Malik relates that the Holy Prophet(sa) stated to Hazrat Muaz(ra) bin Jabal whilst he was sat behind the Holy Prophet(sa) on the saddle, “O Muaz bin Jabl!”
“O Messenger(sa) Allah, I am here at your service”, responded Hazrat Muaz(ra) bin Jabal. The Holy Prophet(sa) stated, “O Muaz!” Again, he answered, “O Messenger(sa) Allah, I am here at your service.” The Holy Prophet(sa) again called his name and he submitted, “O Messenger(sa) Allah, I am here at your service.”
After calling his name out three times, the Holy Prophet(sa) said, “Whoever, with sincerity of heart, testifies that there is none worthy of worship except Allah and Muhammad(sa) is the Messenger of Allah, then Allah will surely safeguard him from the Hellfire.” Upon this, Hazrat Muaz(ra) submitted, “O Messenger(sa) of Allah, shall I not convey this to the others as it will be a source of joy for them?” The Holy Prophet(sa) replied, “Then they will only rely on this one thing and abandon all other virtues, therefore do not tell this to others.” Hazrat Muaz(ra) only revealed this saying of the Holy Prophet(sa) at the time of his demise, and even then, only did so lest he committed a sin for not having conveyed the words of the Holy Prophet(sa). (Sahih al-Bukhari, Kitab al-Ilm, Bab man Khassa bi al-‘Ilm Qauman, Hadith 128)
Hazrat Muaz(ra) felt that he ought to convey this saying to the scholars of the time but did not do this while he was alive and in good health.
Hazrat Waliullah Shah Sahib(ra) has written about this in the commentary of Bukhari. There were certain hadith in relation to a subject and whilst mentioning those, he also included this particular hadith and stated:
“This particular intellectual statement is only addressed to certain people because others could suffer greatly on account of failing to understand its proper meaning. It is not enough to simply proclaim that ‘there is none worthy of worship except Allah and Muhammad(sa) is the Messenger of Allah’ and then assume that there this no need to carry out any other deed.”
In reality, this has become the condition of the Muslims, who are Muslim in name only. They recite the Kalimah [declaration of faith] and fail to carry out any other deed. Hazrat Shah Sahib(ra) further writes:
“This hadith has explained that there is a particular context to such statements.”
He was mentioning various ahadith and this particular hadith was also included in that. He then further writes:
“Hazrat Ibn Mas‘ud(ra) has recorded Hadith with the correct sanad [chain of narrators] in Sahih Muslim, which is as follows:
مَا اَنْتَ بِمُحَدِّثٍ قَوْمًا حَدِیْثًا لَا یَبْلُغُہٗ عُقُوْلُھُمْ اِلَّا کَانَ لِبَعْضِھِمْ فِتْنَۃٌ
“The gist of the aforementioned saying of the Holy Prophet(sa) is that one should address people in accordance to their intellect and level of understanding because certain statements can lead to fitnah.”
In any case, he further writes:
“We see that how some people claim to be believers have made the mere verbal declaration of ‘there is none worthy of worship except Allah …’ as a way of freeing mankind from enduring the hardships of the Shariah by granting them a ‘certificate’ for their faith and whilst showing a complete disregard to all other religious obligations.”
Every maulvi [Muslim cleric] who delivers sermons from his pulpit claims that whoever offers their prayers behind him and recites the Kalimah he would be granted the certificate of faith and there is no need to do anything else.
He further writes:
“It was in the presence of these very believers who had verbally testified their complete belief to whom the Holy Prophet(sa) stated that in the Latter Days, faith would neither be in the hearts, nor uttered from tongues of the people of that time; rather, it would ascend into the Pleiades. This was in reference to the Latter Days. Thus, it was in this context that the Holy Prophet(sa) mentioned this hadith regarding the Kalimah.
Then Hazrat Waliullah Shah Sahib(ra) mentions the following narration:
مَنْ لَقِیَ اللّٰہَ لَا یُشْرِکُ بِہٖ شَیْئًا
“One who abstains from every kind of shirk [idolatry] right till his death, will enter paradise.”
“The wisdom behind the Holy Prophet(sa) repeatedly calling Hazrat Muaz’s name and then remaining silent upon his response was in order to arouse his interest and passion to listen to the words of the Holy Prophet(sa). Thus, the Holy Prophet(sa) only told him this was once he was fully attentive and eager to listen.”
Shah Sahib(ra) further writes:
“This was so that he would be able to truly understand what the Holy Prophet(sa) was going to say and so it would leave an impression on him. Thus, the Holy Prophet(sa) repeated his name three times in order to draw his attention on this matter. On the other hand, Hazrat Muaz(ra) greatly honoured what the Holy Prophet(sa) stated and did not disclose this to anyone, except towards the end of his life and even then it was only in fear of being held accountable by Allah the Almighty for not having conveyed something of knowledge to at least the scholars of the time.” (Translation of Sahih al-Bukhari, Vol. 1, pp. 211-212, Nazarat Ishaat Rabwah)
Today, Muslims profess to be believers and although they recite the Kalimah and believe that they are free from shirk; however, their hearts are filled with all kinds of shirk. They place their trust in material things and if the true state were to be revealed of the prominent religious speakers, their condition is the same.
In regard to the aforementioned hadith – in which it states that Allah the Almighty would safeguard those from the Hellfire who recite the Kalimah – it also proves that the reward of this lies with Allah alone. It is not the duty of man to issue an edict regarding one who recites the Kalimah whether they are a Muslim or not. Such self-issued edicts are also against the Quranic teachings as well.
Nowadays, during the [Islamic] month of Rabi al-Awal it is common for Muslims to be commemorating Milad-ul-Nabi; however, the actual thing is to adopt the teachings and the blessed example of the Holy Prophet(sa). One should not simply consider themselves to be the only Muslims in their own view, rather they ought to leave matter of others who recite the Kalimah with Allah the Almighty to judge. Such acts will grant happiness to the soul of the Holy Prophet(sa) and such deeds of his ummah will become a source of joy for him.
Alongside invoking salutations upon the Holy Prophet(sa), we should express our gratitude to Allah the Almighty that He has not abandoned the religion of the Holy Prophet(sa); in fact, in accordance with His divine promise and as prophesied, He has sent the Promised Messiah(as) for the revival of faith, who has taught us the true essence of adhering to the Kalimah and the commandments of the Shariah, so that we truly become amongst those who will be safeguarded from the hellfire.
May Allah the Almighty also grant wisdom to those who reject the Promised Messiah(as) to understand. May Allah the Almighty also enable us to fully understand the true teachings of Islam and the real spirit of the Kalimah and act accordingly.
“In the year when the Battle of Tabuk took place, we also left with the Holy Prophet(sa) and the Holy Prophet(sa) would join the Zuhr and Asr prayers and also the Maghrib and Isha prayers. One day, the Holy Prophet(sa) read the prayers slightly later. He came out and led the Zuhr and Asr prayers and then returned to his residence. He then came out again and led the Maghrib and Isha prayers. The Holy Prophet(sa) then stated, ‘Tomorrow, you will, insh-Allah, reach the springs of Tabuk.’”
To clarify, it does not mean that the Holy Prophet(sa) led all four prayers together; rather, he joined the Zuhr prayer with the Asr and read it at the very last moments of when Asr can be offered and similarly offered the Maghrib and Isha prayer at the earliest time when Maghrib can be offered. In any case the Holy Prophet(sa) stated:
“Tomorrow when the sun has fully risen, you will reach the spring of Tabuk. (The Holy Prophet(sa) estimated that they would roughly reach during the day.) Whoever among you reaches it should not touch its water or drink from it until I arrive.”
The narrator states, “Upon arriving, two individuals had already reached before us and there was a very small stream of water coming from it, almost as thin as the lace of a shoe. The Holy Prophet(sa) asked both these individuals if they had touched the water and they both replied that they had taken water from it and also drank from it.”
The Holy Prophet(sa) admonished them both, asking why they had taken some water despite the fact that he had forbidden them from doing so; and he continued to say to them that which Allah willed. The narrator says that little by little, people began taking water out of the spring until some water had accumulated in a bowl – there was only a small stream of water. The narrator says that the Holy Prophet(sa) washed both hands in the bowel and washed his face as well. Then he took the water and poured it back into the spring, meaning he washed his face whilst standing by the stream and the excess water fell back into the spring. Upon this, the spring began flowing rapidly; when the Holy Prophet(sa) washed his face and hands in the spring and the excess water fell back into the spring, what was once a light stream began to quickly flow and people were able to drink to their fill. Then the Holy Prophet(sa) said, “O Muaz! If you live long enough, you will see this place become filled with gardens.” (Sahih Muslim, Kitab al-Faza‘il, Bab fi Mu‘jazat al-Nabi, Hadith 706)
According to the books of ahadith, we learn that this miracle occurred when the Holy Prophet(sa) had just arrived in Tabuk. According to Sirat Ibn Hisham this event took place on the way back from Tabuk, in a valley named Mushaqaq. (Ibn Hisham, Al-Raud al-Anf fi Tafsir al-Sirah al-Nabawiyyah, Ghazwat Tabuk fi Rajab Sanah Tis‘ [Beirut, Lebanon: Dar al-Kutub al-Ilmiyyah, 2001], 821-822)
Imam Malik(rh) has also mentioned this incident in his book, Muwatta. Whilst explaining this hadith, Muhammad bin Abdul Baqi Zarqani writes that Abu Waleed Waji states that this was a prophecy which had already been fulfilled and the Holy Prophet(sa) specifically mentioned Hazrat Muaz(ra) because he had moved to Syria and that was where he passed away. The Holy Prophet(sa) was informed through revelation that Hazrat Muaz(ra) would see this place and through the blessings of the Holy Prophet(sa), that valley would become a place full of trees and gardens.
Allamah ibn Abdul Barr relates that Ibn Waddaha states that he visited the entire area surrounding that spring. He found the lushness and greenery of its trees to the extent that perhaps it would remain so until the end of time, which was exactly as the Holy Prophet(sa) had prophesied. (Sharh Zurqani ala al-Muwatta, Vol. 1, p. 436, Kitab Qasr al-Salah fi al-Safar, Bab al-Jam‘ baina al-Salatain, Dar Ihya al-Turath al-Arabi, Beirut, 1997)
It is written in Atlas Seeratun Nabawi that “one of the government officials in Tabuk said, ‘Until two years ago, this spring was continuously flowing for 1,375 years. Then tube wells were dug in areas at a lower altitude, and thus the water from this spring moved towards the tube wells. After being distributed among 25 tube wells, this spring has only just dried up.’ Afterwards, he took us to a tube well where we saw a four-inch pipe was installed and water was flowing from it with great force, without the use of any machine. We were told that the other tube wells were similar to this one. It is due only to the blessings from the miracle of the Holy Prophet(sa) that there is such an abundance of water in Tabuk, that apart from Medina and Khaibar, we have not seen as much water anywhere else. In fact the reality is that the amount of water in Tabuk is even more than these two places. Due to this water, gardens are being planted everywhere in Tabuk, and according to the prophecy of the Holy Prophet(sa), Tabuk is filled with gardens, which continue to increase by the day.” (Atlas Sirat Nabawi, p. 431, Dar al-Islam, 1424 AH)
The remaining accounts from the life of Hazrat Muaz(ra) bin Jabal will be mentioned in the future sermon, insha-Allah.
I will lead some funeral prayers [in-absentia] after the Friday prayer and will also mention some details regarding them.
The first is of Maulvi Farzand Khan Sahib, who was the Missionary-in-Charge of the Khurdah Dunya Garh District in Odisha. He was diabetic and on 10 September, he suddenly developed typhoid and severe pneumonia due to which he was admitted to hospital and it was there that he passed away according to Divine decree:
اِنَّا لِلّٰہِ وَاِنَّآ اِلَیْہِ رَاجِعُوْن
[Surely to Allah we belong and to Him shall we return.]
He was a musi. He is survived by his wife, Sakina Begum, his daughter, Fariha, and his son, Rehan.
He was always at the forefront of his service to the Jamaat. He was very virtuous. He took care of the missionaries and muallimeen working under him. He was kind-hearted, humble, had high moral standards and was extremely pious and sincere.
He enrolled in Jamia Ahmadiyya Qadian in 1980 and graduated in 1988 and then entered the practical field of work. He served for 32 years with great effort, sincerity and exhibiting the true spirit of devotion. During this time, he was able to help many people convert to Ahmadiyyat in various places and also established many chapters of the community.
His wife, Sakina Begum Sahiba, says that Maulvi Sahib used to relate that his first posting was in Haryana, where there was no official building of the Jamaat, nor were there any Ahmadis there. He would go to various places, propagating the message [of Islam Ahmadiyyat] and establishing centres.
Whilst doing this, once he ended up in a village of the Haryana province and propagated the message of Ahmadiyyat to them. A local man there said that one of their cows was unable to produce milk. If his community was truthful, then he should blow on something and give it to him, so that his cow could drink it and produce milk. The local man said that if he was truthful and this miracle occurred, then his entire family would accept Ahmadiyyat.
Maulvi Sahib said that he recited Surah al-Fatihah, Durood Sharif and said some prayers after which he blew on some water and gave it to the man, who took the water and left. Maulvi Sahib says that he spent the entire night in that village sitting under a tree, praying for Allah Almighty to manifest this miracle as a sign for the truthfulness of the Promised Messiah(as).
Maulvi Sahib says that at the break of dawn, he saw someone coming towards him, carrying a bucket. When he looked inside the bucket he saw that it was milk and the person said, “Maulvi Sahib, our cow has produced milk, and in our happiness, my entire family and I have realised that the Ahmadiyya Community is true and we now join this Community.”
His son Rehan says, “He was extremely humble, very kind-hearted and met everyone with great love and affection. He lived his life for the sake of the pleasure of Allah the Almighty and for the service to the Community. He fully adhered to every instruction and guidance of the Khalifah and advised us to do the same. He always treated us with kindness and love. Along with his service to the Community, he would help my mother in carrying out work around the house. He safeguarded his prayers throughout his life and ensured that we did so as well. He always advised us to tread upon the right path.”
All the missionaries and muallimeen who worked with him have all written that he was an exemplary missionary; he was extremely kind and they never saw him express any anger.
The second funeral is of Abdullah Mulsiku Sahib who was a local missionary in Malaysia. On 7 October, he fell unconscious and was taken to the hospital, but he could not be revived and passed away that same night.
He was 68 years of age. He was a musi. He is survived by his wife and eight children. He was the father-in-law of two missionaries in Malaysia, Salahuddin Sahib and Masroor Ahmad Sahib.
Abdullah Mulsiku Sahib was born in the Philippines and after graduating from university, he joined the Muslim organization called Moro National Liberal Front. This organisation fought against the government and its purpose was to establish an Islamic rule in the Philippines. In 1973 his parents migrated from the Philippines to Malaysia and settled in Sandakan Sabah. In any case, Allah the Almighty had granted him a pure heart; the Promised Messiah(as) appeared in his dreams many times as well and the Second Khalifa(ra) and the Third Khalifa(rh).
It was according to Divine will that he was able to attend the Annual Convention of Takinabalu in 1973. Seeing the Convention and experiencing it proved to be faith-inspiring and thus, he accepted Ahmadiyyat. The area in Sandakan where he lived did not have a missionary. His soul had a thirst for knowledge, hence, he satiated this thirst by extensively studying the Community’s literature. He had a passion for propagating the message of Islam Ahmadiyyat. He practically implemented this passion by propagating the message of Ahmadiyyat to his friends, family and throughout his area.
As a result of his efforts, many people joined the fold of Islam Ahmadiyyat. It was due to this very passion for propagation that he dedicated his life and was then posted as a missionary. He also had the opportunity of serving in the Philippines alongside Khairuddin Baros Sahib for some time.
As a result of his virtuous disposition, zeal for knowledge, humility, and fear of Allah Almighty, he was able to render great service there as well. He would also debate with Christians. He brought many people into the fold of Islam.
He could not speak Urdu but had a great desire to learn. He had memorised many quotes and poems [in Urdu]. He was extremely hospitable; he would particularly tend to the hospitality of those who came for the Friday prayer. He was a man of discipline and desired for everyone to be disciplined as well and thus, he undertook the tarbiyat [moral and spiritual training] of others accordingly. He had difficulty in walking for the past few years, but he never allowed this to pose any hindrance to his work.
The third funeral is of Abdul Wahid Sahib, who was a muallim in Qadian. He passed away on 12 September at the age of 56.
He was originally from a Christian household. His older brother, a retired teacher, was the first from his family to be have the honour to accept Ahmadiyyat. His entire family later accepted Ahmadiyyat. After accepting Ahmadiyyat, Abdul Wahid Sahib did a three-year course in Jamiatul Mubashireen. Upon graduating, he went to various regions to propagate the message of Islam Ahmadiyyat. He was also entrusted with the duty of talim and tarbiyat in various areas of Qadian. He was very obedient and worked with great zeal. He was very skilled in the work of tabligh and it was as a result of his propagation that three Christian families and three other non-Ahmadi families in Qadian entered into the fold of Ahmadiyyat.
By the grace of Allah the Almighty, two people from among these families are also musi, meaning not only did they accept Ahmadiyyat, but they have also excelled in virtue. He is survived by his wife, a son and two daughters. His son graduated from Jamia Ahmadiyya this year as a missionary.
May Allah the Almighty elevate the station of all these deceased and grant them all His forgiveness and mercy. May their progenies continue in their good deeds and may Allah the Almighty fulfil the desires which they had for the upbringing of their children. Among those are some who are life devotees; may Allah enable them to become the true helpers of Khilafat. May Allah the Almighty grant them His forgiveness and mercy.
As I said, after leading the Friday prayer, I will lead the funeral prayer [in absentia] insha-Allah.
Original Urdu published in Al Fazl International, 13 November 2020, pp. 5-10. Translated by The Review of Religions.