After reciting Tashahhud, Ta‘awwuz, and Surah al-Fatihah, His Holiness, Hazrat Mirza Masroor Ahmad(aba) said that he would continue highlighting incidents from the life of Hazrat Uthman(ra).
His Holiness(aba) said that once, the Holy Prophet(sa) said that Hazrat Uthman(ra) possessed the greatest level of modesty and humility from among his people. It is narrated that once the Holy Prophet(sa) was laying down and resting in his home. During this time, Hazrat Abu Bakr(ra) asked permission to enter and the Holy Prophet(sa) permitted him, whilst he was still lying down. Similarly, Hazrat Umar(ra) asked permission to enter and the Holy Prophet(sa) permitted him, whilst still lying down. Then, when Hazrat Uthman(ra) asked permission to enter, the Holy Prophet(sa) sat up and adjusted his clothes. Later, when asked why he had done this only when Hazrat Uthman(ra) walked in and not for the others, the Holy Prophet(sa) replied saying that he showed modesty before the same person in whose presence the angels also show modesty.
His Holiness(aba) said regarding the simplicity of Hazrat Uthman(ra), that he would arrange water for ablution at night by himself. Once someone asked him why he did not have one of his workers arrange the water, to which Hazrat Uthman(ra) replied that the workers should be given time to rest at night, hence he would arrange the water himself.
His Holiness(aba) related that Hazrat Uthman(ra) said that since he had accepted Islam, there was not a single Friday on which he did not free a slave. The only time he would not free a slave on a Friday was when there were no slaves to be freed. In that case, he would free a slave on a different day of the week. It is also recorded that during the time when his home was under siege, Hazrat Uthman(ra) freed 20 slaves.
His Holiness(aba) said that once during a battle, the Muslims were extremely hungry and did not have any food. The Holy Prophet(sa) told them that by sundown, they would have something to eat. Upon hearing this, Hazrat Uthman(ra) sent nine camels to the Holy Prophet(sa). Upon asking where they had come from, the Holy Prophet(sa) was informed that they had been sent to him as a gift by Hazrat Uthman(ra). Upon this, the Holy Prophet(sa) raised his hands and prayed for Hazrat Uthman(ra).
His Holiness(aba) said that Hazrat Uthman(ra) also had the honour of being the scribe for some revelations received by the Holy Prophet(sa). For example, he was the scribe who wrote down the revelation of Surah Muzzammil.
His Holiness(aba) said that during the Caliphate of Hazrat Abu Bakr(ra), the Holy Qur’an was compiled into the form of a single book. Later, during the time of Hazrat Uthman(ra), he was informed that there were some discrepancies in the way some people were reciting the Holy Qur’an. At the time, the original copies of the Holy Qur’an were in the care of Hazrat Hafsah(ra). Hazrat Uthman(ra) wrote to her, requesting for those transcripts so that copies could be made, and then he would return the original copies to her. Then, Hazrat Uthman(ra) gathered the senior companions from the Quraish, and instructed them to make copies of the Holy Qur’an, in the dialect of the Quraish as that was the dialect in which it was revealed; and that it should be kept in the same order as set by the Holy Prophet(sa). Thus, the Holy Qur’an remained preserved in its original form, exactly as it had been revealed to the Holy Prophet(sa).
His Holiness(aba) explained that before it had been permissible for the Holy Qur’an to be recited in different dialects as many people would not be able to understand the original dialect. Thus, in order for it to be more accessible and easily understood, this was permissible. However, by the time of the Caliphate of Hazrat Uthman(ra), Madinah had become the centre of Arabia, and tribes who had once been far and divided were now united and often met. In this manner, the original dialect became more widespread and understood by most. Thus, the initial allowance of recitation in different dialects which was based on the situation at the time, was no longer needed. Therefore, in order to ensure that the text remained exactly as it was revealed, including the dialect in which it was revealed, Hazrat Uthman(ra) took this step and ensured that copies made were in the original dialect.
His Holiness(aba) said that he will continue highlighting incidents from the life of Hazrat Uthman(ra) in the future.
His Holiness(aba) again made an appeal for prayers for Ahmadis facing hardships in Pakistan, Algeria and anywhere else in the world.
His Holiness(aba) said that he would be launching the Chinese Desk website. This website will enable people to acquire information in Chinese regarding the Community. Furthermore, various content including literature, books, questions and answers will be made available. His Holiness(aba) prayed that this website proves to be a means of guidance for the Chinese people.
His Holiness(aba) said that he would lead the funeral prayers in-absentia of the following deceased members.
Muhammad Yunus Khalid Sahib, an Imam of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community who passed away on March 15. He served the Community in Pakistan and African countries for 40 years. He is survived by his wife and son who is also a missionary. Muhammad Yunus Khalid Sahib always used to say that God always fulfilled whatever need he had. He had a zeal for serving the Community, and if called upon, he would immediately get up and do whatever service was required of him. He was at the forefront of spending in the way of Allah. His Holiness(aba) prayed that Allah Almighty treats the deceased with mercy and forgiveness.
Dr. Nizamuddin Boodhun Sahib who passed away on March 15. He received a scholarship from the Third Caliph(rh) upon which he travelled to Pakistan and studied medicine. He was then sent to serve in a hospital in Nigeria, and thereafter he served until his demise in Ivory Coast. He is survived by a son and a daughter. His Holiness(aba) prayed that may his children remain attached to the Community. Nizamuddin Boodhun Sahib possessed many great qualities and was a virtuous person. He would take special care of children and would have some toys for them in the clinic so that they could play when they came to see him. He was very caring and at times would buy medicine for the patients himself. His Holiness(aba) prayed that may Allah treat the deceased with mercy and forgiveness.
Salma Begum Sahiba who passed away on January 24. She was regular in her prayers, and possessed many virtuous qualities. She is survived by two sons and three daughters. His Holiness(aba) prayed that may Allah treat the deceased with mercy and forgiveness.
Kishwar Tanveer Sahiba who passed away on February 27. She endured various illnesses with great patience. She is survived by two sons and two daughters and many grandchildren. She possessed many great qualities. She was very generous in giving alms and to the less fortunate. His Holiness(aba) prayed that may Allah treat the deceased with mercy and forgiveness.
Abdur Rahman Hussain Muhammad Khair Sahib of Sudan who passed away on December 24, 2020. Upon hearing about Ahmadiyyat from his brother, he made great efforts to watch MTA, and eventually, in 2010, he accepted Ahmadiyyat. He possessed many great qualities. He played a pivotal role in the establishment of the Community in Sudan and presented many financial sacrifices for this cause. Many people have attested to his great qualities. He is survived by his wife, two sons and two daughters. His Holiness(aba) prayed that may Allah keep them attached to the Community and Khilafat, and may Allah treat the deceased with mercy and forgiveness.
Summary prepared by The Review of Religions.
After reciting the Tashahud, Ta‘awuz and Surah al-Fatihah, Hazrat Khalifatul Masih V(aa) stated:
The accounts from the life of Hazrat Uthman(ra) were being narrated two sermons ago and I will continue to do so today as well.
Hazrat Uthman(ra) possessed a great deal of modesty and chastity in his disposition. We find a narration in relation to this. Hazrat Anas(ra) bin Malik relates that the Holy Prophet(sa) said, “From among my ummah, the most merciful towards his people is Abu Bakr; the most firm in the religion of Allah is Umar; the one who adheres to the highest standard of true modesty is Uthman; the best decision-maker among them is Ali bin Abi Talib; the most knowledgeable of the Quran, which is the Book of Allah the Almighty, is Ubayy bin Kaab; the person with the greatest understanding of what is lawful and unlawful is Muaz bin Jabal and the person with the greatest awareness of his obligations is Zaid bin Thabit. Hearken! Every nation has an ameen [custodian] and the ameen of my ummah is Abu Ubaidah bin al-Jarrah.” (Sunan Ibn Majah, Iftitah al-Kitab, Bab Fada‘il Zaid bin Thabit, Hadith 154)
Hazrat Anas bin Malik(ra) relates that the Holy Prophet(sa) said, “Abu Bakr(ra) is the most merciful towards my ummah. Umar(ra) is most firm among them with regard to implementing the commandments of Allah and Uthman(ra) is the most modest among them.” (Sunan al-Tirmidhi, Abwab al-Manaqib, Muaz bin Jabal, Hadith 3790)
Hazrat Uthman(ra) bin Affan relates, “I was never neglectful, nor did I ever desire for it.” (Sunan Ibn Majah, Kitab al-Taharah wa Sunaniha, Bab Karahat Mass al-Dhakar bi al-Yamin…, Hadith 311)
In other words, Hazrat Uthman(ra) never wished for the station of Khilafat or any other position, nor did he entertain any false desires.
With regard to Hazrat Uthman’s(ra) high level of modesty, Hazrat Aisha(ra) relates that the Holy Prophet(sa) was in her home and at the time, was lying down and had slightly removed the garment which was covering his thighs or calves. During this time, Hazrat Abu Bakr(ra) sought permission to enter and the Holy Prophet(sa) permitted him to enter but remained in the same state. Following this, they engaged in a conversation and Hazrat Umar(ra) sought permission to enter. The Holy Prophet(sa) also permitted him to enter, but again remained as he was.
Thereafter, they continued the conversation. When Hazrat Uthman(ra) sought permission to enter, the Holy Prophet(sa) sat up and adjusted his clothes. The narrator of this tradition, Muhammad, says that he did not say that all of this took place in one day as it was possible that it took place on different occasions.
In any case, when Hazrat Uthman(ra) came, they all spoke together and then left. Later, Hazrat Aisha(ra) enquired [from the Holy Prophet(sa)], “When Abu Bakr came, you remained as you were. Then Umar came, but you once again remained as you were. However, when Uthman entered, you sat up and started adjusting your clothes.” Upon this, the Holy Prophet(sa) said, “Should I not take into consideration [the high level of modesty] of that person for whom even the angels display their modesty?”
In another place, this narration has been narrated as follows, when Hazrat Aisha(ra) enquired from the Holy Prophet(sa) as to why he made this particular effort for Hazrat Uthman(ra), the Holy Prophet(sa) said, “Should I not show modesty to whom even the angels display their modesty? By that Being in Whose hands lies the life of Muhammad(sa)! The angels most certainly display the same modesty towards Uthman(ra) as they do before Allah and His Messenger(sa)! If Uthman(ra) had entered and you were near me, he would not have raised his head until he had left.” In other words, he possessed such high level of modesty that he would neither have looked up, nor uttered a single word. (Sahih al-Bukhari, Kitab Fada‘il al-Sahabah(ra), Bab Fada‘il Uthman bin Affan, Hadith 6209) (Majma‘ al-Zawa‘id wa Manba‘ al-Fawa‘id, Kitab al-Manaqib, Bab fi Haya‘ih, Hadith 14504, Dar al-Kutub al-Ilmiyyah, Beirut, 2001)
Whilst describing Allah the Almighty’s attribute of “Kareem” [the Honourable], Hazrat Musleh-e-Maud(ra) mentioned the following incident of Hazrat Uthman(ra) stating:
“There is an incident of the Holy Prophet(sa) from which we learn that one displays a great deal of modesty in the presence of a person who is highly honourable. It is stated in the ahadith that the Holy Prophet(sa) was once lying down in his home whilst a part of his legs were slightly showing. Thereupon, Hazrat Abu Bakr(ra) came and sat down. Then, Hazrat Umar(ra) came and took a seat, but the Holy Prophet(sa) remained as he was. A short while later Hazrat Uthman(ra) knocked on the door. The Holy Prophet(sa) immediately stood up and covered his legs with the cloth, stating, ‘There is a great deal of modesty in the disposition of Uthman and therefore I am reluctant to have some part of my leg showing in front of him.’
“Then, there is the hadith”, which has been mentioned already, “where Hazrat Aisha(ra) relates that the Holy Prophet(sa) was once sitting at home and had slightly removed his garment that was covering his calves. Hazrat Abu Bakr(ra) sought permission to enter whilst the Holy Prophet(sa) was in this state. The Holy Prophet(sa) remained lying down and gave him permission to enter and they continued to speak to one another. Then Hazrat Umar(ra) arrived, seeking permission [to enter]. The Holy Prophet(sa) granted him permission and remained lying as he was” perhaps lying down or sitting. “Then, a short while after Hazrat Uthman(ra) came and the Holy Prophet(sa) stood up immediately and adjusted his clothes and then permitted him to enter. When they had all left, Hazrat Aisha(ra) asked the Holy Prophet(sa), ‘O Messenger(sa) of Allah, when Hazrat Abu Bakr(ra) and Hazrat Umar(ra) came you did not do anything and remained laying as you were, but when Hazrat Uthman(ra) came why did you stand up immediately and arrange your clothes?’ The Holy Prophet(sa) replied, ‘O Aisha, should I not show modesty in front of the one before whom even the angels display their modesty?’
“Thus, observe how the Holy Prophet(sa) regarded the modesty of Hazrat Uthman(ra) whereby just as he would display his modesty in front of others, the Holy Prophet(sa) displayed modesty when Hazrat Uthman(ra) was in his presence”, meaning due to the fact that Hazrat Uthman(ra) would display modesty in front of the people, the Holy Prophet(sa) also did the same when Hazrat Uthman(ra) came before him.
After mentioning this incident, Hazrat Musleh-e-Maud(ra) stated, “Owing to God Almighty being Honourable [Kareem], mankind should strive to refrain from sin, act with modesty and obey His commandments. It should not be the case that they become fearless after committing a sin whilst assuming that just because God Almighty is very Honourable, He will grant them great favours in spite of all their sins.” Hazrat Musleh-e-Maud(ra) then states, “One should keep in mind that because God Almighty is Honourable, mankind should be modest and endeavour to abstain from sin.” (Tafsir-e-Kabir, Vol. 9, p. 259)
In relation to Hazrat Uthman’s(ra) humility and simplicity, Abdullah Rumi relates that Hazrat Uthman(ra) would make his own arrangements for the ablution he was to perform in the night. He was told that he should instruct a house-worker to make the arrangements for him, upon which he replied, “No, the night is the time for them to rest”, meaning that the workers should be given time in the night to rest. (Ibn Saad, Al-Tabaqat al-Kubra, Vol. 3, Uthman bin Affan [Beirut, Lebanon: Dar Ihya al-Turath al ‘Arabi, 1996], p. 33)
Alqamah bin Waqas narrates that Hazrat Amr(ra) bin al-Aas said to Hazrat Uthman(ra) whilst he was on the pulpit, “O Uthman(ra), you have placed this ummah in a very difficult situation.” Hazrat Uthman(ra) had delivered a sermon in which mentioned some points and also admonished the people. “So you should repent and they too should repent with you.” In other words, Hazrat Uthman(ra) had greatly instilled the fear of God in them and thus, a companion submitted this request before him. The narrator states that Hazrat Uthman(ra) immediately turned his face towards the qiblah, raised both his hands and supplicated:
اَللّٰہُمَّ إِنِّیْ أَسْتَغْفِرُکَ وَأَتُوْبُ إِلَیْکَ
“O Allah, I seek Your forgiveness and turn to You.” Those who were present at the time also raised their hands and offered this prayer. (Ibn Saad, Al-Tabaqat al-Kubra, Vol. 3, Uthman bin Affan [Beirut, Lebanon: Dar Ihya al-Turath al ‘Arabi, 1996], p. 39)
This was his level of fear [of God] and his humility that he at once raised his hands to supplicate and did not get into an argument with anyone. He instead prayed for himself and for his people.
There are numerous narrations in relation to Hazrat Uthman’s(ra) generosity and spending in the way of Allah the Almighty. Hazrat Uthman(ra) himself relates, “There are 10 things I keep hidden and only my Lord knows. I was the fourth person of all people to accept Islam; I have never listened to any vain songs and I have never uttered a lie; ever since I took the oath of allegiance at the hand of the Holy Prophet(sa) I have never touched my private area with my right hand; after accepting Islam, not a single Friday has gone by that I haven’t freed a slave, barring the Friday when I had no slave to free; in such a case, I would free a slave on a day other than the Friday; nor have I committed adultery in the era of Jahilyyah [era of ignorance prior to the advent of Islam] nor after having accepted Islam.” (Majma‘ al-Zawa‘id wa Manba‘ al-Fawa‘id, Vol. 9, p. 65, Kitab al-Manaqib, Bab fi ma Kana fih min al-Khair, Hadith 14524, Dar al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiyyah, Beirut, 2001)
Hazrat Uthman’s(ra) freed slave, Abu Saeed relates that whilst the house of Hazrat Uthman(ra) was besieged, he freed 20 slaves. (Ali Ibn al-Athir, Usdul-Ghabah fi Ma‘rifat al-Sahabah, Vol. 3, Uthman(ra) bin Affan [Beirut, Lebanon: Dar al-Fikr, 2003], p. 489)
Hazrat Abdullah(ra) bin Mas‘ud narrates:
“We were in in a battle alongside the Holy Prophet(sa) when the people were suffering with hunger, to the extent that I witnessed worry on the faces of the Muslims, and joy on the faces of the hypocrites. When the Holy Prophet(sa) witnessed these scenes, he said, ‘By Allah, the sun will not set until He has brought you provisions.’
“When Hazrat Uthman(ra) learnt of this, he said, ‘Allah and His Messenger(sa) have spoken the truth.’ So he purchased 14 camels along with the grains laden upon them and sent nine of them to the Holy Prophet(sa). Upon seeing them, the Holy Prophet(sa) asked, ‘What is this?’ He was then informed that Hazrat Uthman(ra) had sent these gifts for him. Thereupon, the countenance of the Holy Prophet(sa) was filled with joy and happiness and the faces of the hypocrites were overcome with anxiety. Then I saw the Holy Prophet(sa) raise both his hands to the point where the whiteness beneath his arms became visible and he prayed for Hazrat Uthman(ra). I had never heard the Holy Prophet(sa) pray in such a manner for anyone else before, or even after; and the prayer was:
اَللّٰہُمَّ أَعْطِ عُثْمَانَ، اَللّٰہُمَّ افْعَلْ بِعُثْمَانَ
“‘O Allah! Grant Uthman in abundance; O Allah shower Your blessings and bounties upon Uthman.’”
Hazrat Aisha(ra) relates, “When the Holy Prophet(sa) came to me, he saw some meat and asked who had sent it. I answered that it was sent by Hazrat Uthman(ra). Thereupon, I witnessed the Holy Prophet(sa) raise his hands and pray for Hazrat Uthman(ra).” (Majma‘ al-Zawa‘id wa Manba‘ al-Fawa‘id, Vol. 9, p. 64, Kitab al-Manaqib, Bab I‘anatuh fi al-Jaish al-Usrah wa Ghairih, Hadith 14520/14523, Dar al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiyyah, Beirut, 2001)
Muhammad bin Hilal narrates from his grandmother that she would go to Hazrat Uthman(ra) when his house was under siege. He says that his grandmother had a son who was named Hilal. One day, when Hazrat Uthman(ra) didn’t find her present he asked about her whereabouts and was informed that she had given birth to a son that night. He states that his grandmother said, “Thereupon, Hazrat Uthman(ra) sent me 50 dirhams and a part of a large cloth and said, ‘This is an allowance for your son and this cloth is for your son to wear. When your son turns one, we shall increase the allowance to 100 dirhams.’” (Ibn Kathir, Al-Bidayah wa al-Nihayah, Vol. 4, Ch. 7, Sanah 35 Hijri, Fasl fi Dhikr Shai min Siratih [Beirut, Lebanon: Dar al-Kutub al-Ilmiyyah, 2001] p. 206)
Ibn Saeed bin Yarbu narrates:
“I once left home in the afternoon when I was a child. I had a bird which I was making fly in the mosque when I saw a man lying there who had a beautiful countenance. Beneath his head was a brick or a piece of brick”; he placed the brick there as a pillow. “I stood there and stared in awe of his beauty. He opened his eyes and asked me, ‘O child, who are you?’ I told him who I was, then he spoke out to a child sleeping nearby, but the child did not give any response. Upon this he told me to go and bring him and I proceeded to do so. The wise man instructed the child to go and bring something and told me to sit down. Then the child went away and returned with a garment and 1,000 dirhams. He then asked me to take off the clothes I was wearing and gave me the garment to wear, in which he had placed one thousand dirhams. When I returned to my father and I told him everything that had just happened, he said, ‘O my child, do you know who it is that treated you in this way?’ I replied that I did not know except that he was a person who was sleeping in the mosque and I had never in my entire life seen a more handsome person. He said to me, ‘He was Hazrat Amirul Momineen [leader of the faithful] Hazrat Uthman(ra) bin Affan.’” (Ibn Kathir, Al-Bidayah wa al-Nihayah, Vol. 4, Ch. 7, Sanah 35 Hijri [Beirut, Lebanon: Dar al-Kutub al-Ilmiyyah, 2001] pp. 206-207)
Ibn Jarir relates that Hazrat Talha(ra) met Hazrat Uthman(ra) whilst he was going towards the mosque. Hazrat Talha(ra) stated to Hazrat Uthman(ra), “I now have the 50,000 dirhams which I owed you, therefore you may send someone to me in order to collect the money.” Upon this, Hazrat Uthman(ra) stated, “Owing to your kindness, I gift this amount to you.” In other words, he did not need to repay him.
Asmai states that Ibn Amir appointed Qatan bin Auf Halali as the governor of Kirman and so left with 4,000 Muslim soldiers. During the way, a valley had given way due to the rain and their path was obstructed as a result. Qatan feared that perhaps he would not be able to arrive at his destination on time and so he announced that whoever could cross the valley, he would be given 1,000 dirhams as a reward. Following this, people began to swim in order to go across the other side. Whenever any of the soldiers would cross the valley, Qatan would instruct that he be given his reward. Eventually, the entire army crossed the valley and thus four million dirhams were given. However, Ibn Amir, who was the governor, refused to give this money to Qatan and informed Hazrat Uthman(ra) about this matter in writing. Upon this, Hazrat Uthman(ra) stated, “Give this amount to Qatan for he has helped the Muslims in the cause of Allah.” Thus, ever since they had crossed the valley, the rewards which they were given were known as “Jawaiz” which is the plural of “Jaizah”. (Ibn Kathir, Al-Bidayah wa al-Nihayah, Vol. 4, Ch. 7, Sanah 35 Hijri, Fasl fi Dhikr Shai min Siratih [Beirut, Lebanon: Dar al-Kutub al-Ilmiyyah, 2001] p. 208)
On one occasion, Hazrat Uthman(ra) suffered from an illness and it was requested that he should appoint a Khalifa. Hisham has narrated this incident from his father. He narrates that Marwan bin Hakam told him that the year in which there was an outbreak of a disease which caused [severe] nosebleeds, Hazrat Uthman(ra) bin Affan also suffered from a severe nosebleed, to the extent that it prevented him from performing the Hajj and he even wrote down his will. In that moment, an individual from among the Quraish approached him and said, “Elect someone as the Khalifa” i.e. owing to his condition, he should appoint a Khalifa. Hazrat Uthman(ra) asked, “Have people made this request?” to which he replied in the affirmative. Hazrat Uthman(ra) asked who they wished to be appointed as the Khalifa, but to this, he remained silent. Then another person came, who the narrator says he believes was Harith and he also asked him to appoint a Khalifa. Hazrat Uthman(ra) asked, “Is this what the people are asking?” to which he replied, “Yes”. Hazrat Uthman(ra) asked, “Who should be the Khalifa?” to which the man remained silent. Hazrat Uthman(ra) then said, “Perhaps they desire to elect Zubair.” To which he replied, “Yes”. Hazrat Uthman(ra) then said, “By Him in Whose Hands is my life, as far as I know, he is the best among the people and he was the dearest to the Holy Prophet(sa).” (Sahih al-Bukhari, Kitab Fada‘il Ashab al-Nabi(sa), Bab Manaqib Manaqib Zubair bin al-Awwam, Hadith 3717)
Hazrat Uthman(ra) also had the opportunity to write down the verses which were revealed to the Holy Prophet(sa). According to one of the narrations, Hazrat Uthman(ra) had the good fortune of writing down the verses revealed in Surah al-Muzammil. Umm Kulthum bin Samama relates that she asked Hazrat Aisha(ra) if she could relate something about Hazrat Uthman(ra) because people were asking about him quite a lot. Upon this Hazrat Aisha(ra) stated, “In a night which was extremely hot, I saw Hazrat Uthman(ra) in the company of the Holy Prophet(sa) inside the house in which Hazrat Gabriel(as) was bringing down divine revelation. Whenever divine revelation was brought down to the Holy Prophet(sa), he would experience a great weight upon him. Allah the Almighty has stated:
اِنَّا سَنُلْقِیْ عَلَیْکَ قَوْلًا ثَقِیْلًا
“‘Verily, We are charging thee with a weighty Word.’ And Hazrat Uthman(ra) was sat before the Holy Prophet(sa) and was writing [the revelation] down and the Holy Prophet(sa) was stating, ‘O Uthman, write!’”
Hazrat Aisha(ra) stated that Allah the Almighty only grants a highly honourable person such nearness to the Holy Prophet(sa). (Kanz al-Ummal, Vol. 13, p. 23, Kitab al-Fada‘il, Fada‘il al-Sahabah, Hadith 36217, Dar al-Kutub al-Ilmiyyah,Beirut, 2004)
During the time of Hazrat Abu Bakr(ra), the various manuscripts of the Holy Quran were gathered together, which he kept with himself. Then they were kept with Hazrat Umar(ra) and after him, they were in the possession of Hazrat Hafsa bint Umar(ra). During the era of Hazrat Uthman’s(ra) Khilafat, the following narration is found in regard to him acquiring these manuscripts.
Hazrat Huzayfa(ra) bin Yaman relates that he was fighting along with the people of Iraq against the Syrians for the lands in Armenia and Azerbaijan. Upon returning from there, he presented himself before Hazrat Uthman(ra). Hazrat Huzayfa(ra) was concerned owing to the difference in their reading [Qiraat] of the Holy Quran in those lands. He submitted before Hazrat Uthman(ra), “O leader of the faithful, take care of the ummah lest they begin to dispute with one another over the book of Allah just like the Jews and Christians did.”
Following this, Hazrat Uthman(ra) sent a message to Hazrat Hafsa(ra) and asked her to give the various manuscripts of the Holy Quran so that he could produce various copies of the Holy Quran from it and then those manuscripts would be returned to her. And so, Hazrat Hafsa(ra) sent those manuscripts to Hazrat Uthman(ra). Hazrat Uthman(ra) then instructed Hazrat Zaid(ra) bin Thabit, Hazrat Abdullah(ra) bin Zubair, Hazrat Saeed(ra) bin Aas and Hazrat Abdur Rahman(ra) bin Harith bin Hisham to produce copies from those manuscripts. Hazrat Uthman(ra) then told the latter three of the aforementioned companions, who were from among the Quraish, that if there was a difference [in the qiraat] in their copy of the Quran and the Quran written by Zaid, then they should write it according to the language of the Quraish for the Quran was revealed in the language of the Quraish [i.e. their dialect of Arabic]. Thus, these companions worked on this task. When the copies of the Holy Quran were completed, Hazrat Uthman(ra) returned the original manuscripts of the Holy Quran to Hazrat Hafsa(ra) and sent the various newly produced copies of the Holy Quran to various countries and instructed that if there was any other copy of the Holy Quran besides this, it should be burnt. (Sahih al-Bukhari, Kitab Fada‘il al-Quran, Bab Jam‘ al-Quran Hadith 4986, 4987)
Allama ibn Al-Tin states that the difference between Hazrat Abu Bakr(ra) and Hazrat Uthman(ra) compiling the Quran was that Hazrat Abu Bakr(ra) compiled the Holy Quran fearing that if the huffaz-e-Quran [i.e. those who had committed the entire Quran to memory] passed away, then some parts of the Holy Quran maybe lost because until then, the Holy Quran had not been compiled in one single form. Thus, Hazrat Abu Bakr(ra) compiled the Holy Quran by placing the verses in the same order as the Holy Prophet(sa) had taught the companions to memorise it. On the other hand, Hazrat Uthman(ra) compiled the Holy Quran owing to the increasing difference in the dialects of the language. People began to recite the Holy Quran according to their own dialect and style of pronunciation and would deem the reading style [qirat] of others to be incorrect. Hazrat Uthman(ra) was concerned that perhaps this would lead to a more serious situation. And so, Hazrat Uthman(ra) compiled the various manuscripts, which Hazrat Abu Bakr(ra) had initially collected, into a single copy according to the sequence of its chapters. Moreover, Hazrat Uthman(ra) kept it in the language of the Quriash and the reason he gave for doing this was because the Quran was revealed in the language of the Quriash. Although initially it was also permitted that one could recite the Quran in other dialects as well for the purpose of ease; however, when Hazrat Uthman(ra) observed that there was no longer any need to do it in this manner, he instructed for it to be recited in only one style of reading [qirat].
Allamah Qurtabi states that if the question is posed that why did Hazrat Uthman(ra) feel the need to compile the Quran and standardise it to one single reading for the people even though before him Hazrat Abu Bakr(ra) had already compiled it, then the answer to this is that Hazrat Uthman(ra) did not do this in order to compile the manuscripts. This [was already done] because Hazrat Uthman(ra) had sent a message to Umm-ul-Momineen, Hazrat Hafsa(ra) requesting for those very manuscripts of the Holy Quran so that he could produce various copies from it and thereafter he would return to her the original manuscripts. Thus, the reason why Hazrat Uthman(ra) did this was because people had started to disagree with one another over the different styles of reading [qiraat] of the Quran because the companions had travelled and settled in various cities. This was leading to a very serious situation and the differences between the people of Syria and Iraq had taken the form as described by Hazrat Huzayfa(ra). (Ali Muhammad al-Salabi, Sirat Amirul Momineen Uthman(ra) bin Affan Shakhsiyyatuhu wa Asruh, Ch. 1 [Beirut, Lebanon: Dar al-Ma‘rifah, 2006]) pp. 232-231)
Whilst explaining the following verse of Sura Al-A‘la:
سَنُقْرِئُکَ فَلَا تَنْسٰى
“We shall teach thee [the Quran], and thou shalt forget [it] not.” [Ch.87: V.7]
Hazrat Musleh-e-Maud(ra) states:
“The meaning of this verse is ‘We will shall teach you the Quran, which you shall not forget till the Day of Judgment and this will continue to remain in the same form as it is today.’ This claim is testified by even the staunchest opponents of Islam who openly accept that the Holy Quran has remained preserved in the exact same form as it was first presented by the Holy Prophet(sa).
“[Theodore] Nöldeke, Sprenger and William Muir have all acknowledged in their books that apart from the Holy Quran they cannot categorically and definitely say this about any other scripture that it exists in the same form today as the founder of its religion had originally presented it. It is only the Holy Quran regarding which it can be conclusively said that it exists in the exact same form today as it was first presented by the Holy Prophet(sa) to his companions. Since they do not believe that the Holy Quran is a book revealed by God Almighty as they claim that it was written by the Holy Prophet(sa) himself, therefore they do not say that it remains preserved in the exact same form as it was revealed, but nonetheless, they do say that this book remains in the exact form as it was first presented by Muhammad(sa). For example, Sir William Muir writes in his book, The Koran, that all the various proofs grant assurance to one’s heart that the Quran which we read today is exactly the same, word-for-word, which the Prophet(sa) would recite to the people.
Sir William Muir then further writes in his book, Life of Mahomet [sic]:
“‘What we have, though possibly created and modified by himself, is still his own’.
“Similarly, he further writes:
“‘We may upon the strongest presumption affirm that every verse in the Quran is genuine and unaltered.’
“Then, Nöldeke, who is a German orientalist, writes:
“‘Slight clerical errors there may have been, but the Koran [sic] of Othman [sic] contains none but genuine elements, though sometimes in very strange order. Efforts of European scholars to prove the existence of later interpolations in the Koran [sic] have failed.’
“In short, even the European writers have acknowledged that there is absolutely no doubt with regard to the physical preservation of the Holy Quran. In fact, it is word for word and letter for letter, the exact same book as Muhammad(sa) recited before the people.” (Tafsir-e-Kabir, Vol. 9, pp. 421-422)
Hazrat Khalifatul Masih I(ra) states, “People attribute Hazrat Uthman(ra) to be Jami‘ al-Quran [i.e. the collator of the Holy Quran] whereas this is incorrect. They have assumed this simply because of the rhyming pattern with the name Uthman [and Jami‘ al-Quran]. Indeed, if one were to say he was responsible for the published version of the Quran [we have today], then that would be correct to an extent. During his Khilafat, Islam spread far and wide. For this reason, Hazrat Uthman(ra) ordered for a few copies of the manuscript of the Quran to be made and sent them to Mecca, Medina, Syria, Basra, Kufa as well as to other lands. He adopted the order of the Quran as was desired by Allah the Almighty and instructed by the Holy Prophet(sa), and then ensured that the same copy reached us. Indeed, to read it and safeguard it is our responsibility.” (Haqaiq-ul-Furqan, Vol. 4, p. 272)
“During the time of Hazrat Uthman(ra), instead of the people of Mecca living only in Mecca, the people of Medina only residing in Medina, the people of Taif only remaining confined to Taif, the people of Najd remaining in Najd, the people of Yemen living in Yemen alone and being unaware of each other’s language and idioms, Medina had become the capital and all tribes had become one. Since the governance was in the hands of the people of Medina, a large portion of whom were the Muhajireen of Mecca, even the residents of Medina had learnt the Hijaz dialect of Arabic owing to their association and interaction with the Meccans. Thus, since they were responsible for enforcing the law and they were responsible for the wealth (i.e. those who were in authority) and the eyes of everyone were fixed upon them, the people of Taif, Najd, Mecca, Yemen and also the majority of the people residing in other areas would regularly travel to Medina. They would meet the Muhajireen and Ansar of Medina and learn about Islam from them. Thus, over time the official language of academia through which the teachings were imparted became one. Then, some of them even came and settled in Medina and so they fully adopted the Hijazi dialect. When these people would return to their hometowns, since they were scholars and teachers, most certainly them travelling there would have had an effect over the people.
"Aside from this, owing to the wars that were taking place, people of various tribes had the chance to stay together. Given that the officers [of the army] were the eminent companions, staying in their company would instil within them a natural desire to emulate their example and this would include learning their language as well. Although in the beginning, people may have had some difficulties understanding the Quran; however, after Medina became the capital and all the tribes of Arabia began regularly converging upon Medina as the centre of Arabia, this difficulty [in understanding the Quran] would have been removed. The reason for this is that by that time, all those who possessed a scholarly disposition became fully acquainted with the language and meanings of the Quran.
“Thus, when the people understood this fully, Hazrat Uthman(ra) ordered that from then on, only the Hijazi qirat [reading] of the Quran would be used and no one was permitted to use the other readings. The intention behind this command was that people had become acquainted with the Hijazi dialect, therefore there was no longer any reason for people to be permitted to substitute words for Hijazi Arabic [dialect].
“Owing to this command issued by Hazrat Uthman(ra), the Shias – who are opposed to the Sunnis – say that the current manuscript of the Quran is the version created by Uthman(ra). However, this allegation is completely false; up until the era of Hazrat Uthman(ra), owing to their social interactions and intermingling, the various Arab tribes had become familiar with the differences in the dialects of their language. By this time, there was no need for the permission to recite the various qiraat to remain.
“This permission was only temporary and the reason it was granted was because they were early days and there were different tribes; within these tribes a difference in dialect changed the meanings of certain words. Owing to this difference, for a brief time, those tribes were permitted to substitute the words of the actual revelation with other words revealed by God Almighty that were prevalent within those tribes. The reason for this was so that the commandments of the Holy Quran could be understood and there would be no obstacle preventing people from understanding it; also so that each tribe could read the Quran using the idioms of their language and in their own dialect.
“When 20 years had elapsed since this permission was granted, the situation had changed completely and the tribes had progressed. Those Arabs that were once several tribes had become one mighty tribe; in fact, they had become a formidable government. They were responsible for upholding the law and to provide an education. They had the power to distribute various offices and began implementing penal laws. Subsequently, there were no longer any impediments in people understanding the primary dialect in which the Quran was revealed.
“When this situation became prevalent, Hazrat Uthman(ra) annulled the permission that was only meant to be temporary and this indeed was the will of God. However, the Shias allege this to be Hazrat Uthman’s(ra) biggest mistake in that he stopped all other qiraat [readings] and only adopted one reading. However, if they had pondered over the matter, they would have realised that Allah the Almighty permitted the reading of the different qiraat in the second era of Islam, not in the early era. This proves the fact that although Holy Quran was revealed in the Hijazi dialect, the different qiraat came about as various tribes accepted Islam. The language between the different tribes varied and they either could not pronounce certain words correctly or specific words have different connotations amongst the different tribes. For this reason, in such cases where this difference would have arisen, under the directive of God Almighty, the Holy Prophet(sa) granted permission to use a word from a different dialect or to use a different word in its place. However, this difference had no bearing on the meaning or understanding of the verses; in fact, if this permission was not given, then this difference [in meaning and understanding] would certainly have arisen.
“We find proof of this from the fact that the Holy Prophet(sa) taught one qirat [reading or recitation] of a particular chapter to Hazrat Abdullah(ra) bin Mas‘ud and a different qirat of the same chapter to Hazrat Umar(ra). The reason for this was that Hazrat Umar(ra) was born and brought up in a city and Hazrat Abdullah(ra) bin Mas‘ud was a shepherd and comparatively interacted more with Bedouins. Thus, both languages were very different.
One day, Hazrat Abdullah(ra) bin Mas‘ud was reciting that same chapter of the Holy Quran and when Hazrat Umar(ra) walked past he heard Abdullah(ra) bin Mas‘ud reciting the chapter with certain differences. Hazrat Umar(ra) was astonished as to how this could be because the wording he knew was different and Abdullah(ra) bin Mas‘ud was reading it in another way. Hazrat Umar(ra) took hold of him by the neck and said, ‘I will present your matter before the Holy Prophet(sa). Some words of the chapter are different to the way you are reading them.’ Thus, Hazrat Umar(ra) brought him to the Holy Prophet(sa) and said, ‘O Messenger(sa) of Allah! You have taught me this chapter in one way and Abdullah(ra) bin Mas‘ud is reciting it in another.’ The Holy Prophet(sa) asked Abdullah(ra) bin Mas‘ud how he was reading the chapter. He became worried and began trembling thinking that he had made a mistake, but the Holy Prophet(sa) said to him not to worry and to recite it. When Abdullah(ra) bin Mas‘ud recited the chapter, the Holy Prophet(sa) said, ‘This is absolutely correct.’ Hazrat Umar(ra) responded, ‘O Messenger(sa) of Allah! You taught me in another way.’ The Holy Prophet(sa) said, ‘That way is also correct.’ The Holy Prophet(sa) then added, ‘The Holy Quran has been revealed in seven qiraat [readings]. Do not quarrel amongst yourselves about these minor differences.’ The reason behind this difference was that the Holy Prophet(sa) thought since Abdullah(ra) bin Mas‘ud was a shepherd, his dialect was different and so he taught him the reading that was closest to his dialect.
Regarding Hazrat Umar(ra), the Holy Prophet(sa) considered that since he belonged to the city, therefore he should be taught the Meccan dialect in which the Quran was primarily revealed. Thus, the Holy Prophet(sa) permitted Hazrat Abdullah(ra) bin Mas‘ud to recite the chapter in his own dialect and Hazrat Umar(ra) to recite the chapter in the dialect known in the city. These minor differences have arisen due to the various qiraat [readings]. However, there was no difference in the actual meaning of the text and everyone knew that this was a natural consequence of the various civilisations, education and differences in the dialects.”
Hazrat Musleh-e-Maud(ra) further states:
“[…] The [Muslim] civilisation and government transformed individual tribes into one nation and one language and everyone became familiar with Hijazi Arabic. Therefore, Hazrat Uthman(ra) thought that to keep the use of different Qiraat would be the means of creating division [among the tribes] and he was absolutely correct. For this reason, he stopped the common use of different qiraat, but the qiraat themselves would remain preserved in the books of qiraat. Thus, keeping this virtuous intention in mind, he forbade the common use of any other qiraat other than the Hijazi script, which was the original dialect. Subsequently, in order to unify both Arabs and non-Arabs alike for the recitation of the Quran, he permitted the Hijazi script which was the initial qirat [reading].” (Tafsir-e-Kabir, Vol. 9, pp. 49-51)
There are a few accounts remaining, which I will narrate in the future, insha-Allah. I will again request to pray for the Ahmadis in Pakistan and Algeria and also all those Ahmadis around the world who are facing great difficulties. Pray that Allah the Almighty may remove their hardships. Especially in Pakistan, owing to the constitution, at times, difficulties are created for Ahmadis and they do not have any sort of freedom there.
Similarly, in Algeria certain government officials are creating difficulties. May Allah safeguard Ahmadis from every kind of difficulty.
After the Friday prayers, I will launch a website for the Chinese Desk. This website has been created with the assistance of the Central [Markazi] IT Team, through which people will be able to acquire detailed information regarding Islam and Ahmadiyyat in the Chinese language. The website can be accessed through “alislam”, which is the main website of the Jamaat and accessed separately as well.
Content has been uploaded on the website under various topics and the new edition of the Chinese translation of the Holy Quran is also available on it; 23 books and pamphlets have also been put on the website. It also has information in the form of questions and answers. Under the section of The Promised Messiah(as), there is an introduction to the Promised Messiah(as) and the Khulafa.
On the homepage, it also provides links to six different websites of the Jamaat and also has the phone, fax and email details for people to get in contact.
May Allah the Almighty enable this website to become a means of guidance for the Chinese people and may their hearts become receptive to the message of Islam and Ahmadiyyat.
In addition to this, I will lead some funeral prayers [in absentia]. The first funeral and mention is of Respected Muhammad Yunus Khalid Sahib, who was a missionary and passed away on 15 March  at the age of 67 owing to heart failure.
اِنَّا لِلّٰہِ وَاِنَّا اِلَیْہِ رَاجِعُوْنَ
[Verily to Allah we belong and to Him shall we return.]
Muhammad Yunus Sahib’s paternal grandfather and his brother, Hazrat Mian Murad Baksh Sahib(ra) and Hazrat Haji Ahmad Sahib(ra) [respectively] were among the companions of the Promised Messiah(as). A delegation of six people set off from Prem Kot, district of Hafizabad and travelled to Qadian on foot. Hazrat Haji Ahmad Sahib was present in this delegation. He pledged allegiance to the Promised Messiah(as) and also requested water from him for tabarruk [blessings].
Respected Yunus Khalid Sahib completed his matriculation exams from Rabwah after which he gained admission to Jamia Ahmadiyya. During Jamia, he also completed his Arabic Fazil [course]. By the grace of Allah, he was a musi [part of the Al-Wasiyyat Scheme]. In 1980, he graduated with a Shahid degree and then had the opportunity to serve for 40 years in various places inside Pakistan and abroad, in countries throughout Africa.
Among those he leaves behind are his wife, Mariam Siddiqa Sahiba, and one son, Ateeq Ahmad Mubashar who is a missionary.
Ateeq Ahmad Mubashar states, “My father was a scholar who practiced what he preached. He would often say to me that Allah the Almighty treated him similar to the manner of Hazrat Khalifatul Masih I(ra) in that whenever he desired something, Allah the Almighty would fulfil that need of his, and I am personally a witness to this fact.”
Then his son writes with reference to Rana Mubarak Ahmad Sahib, who used to be the local president in Lahore who said that whenever there was some work related to the Jamaat that needed to be done, Murabbi Sahib [this missionary] would take it up right away and would not even stop to consider whether or not he was wearing shoes. He would go out swiftly in order to compete the task. He was at the forefront of presenting financial sacrifices.
The president of the Jamaat in Haripur Hazara said that Murabbi Sahib was an excellent example for the Community in Tarbela with regard to financial contributions. He would also regularly make financial contributions on behalf of his deceased elders. His brother-in-law says that he was very conscious of his financial contributions and would pay special attention to his contributions towards his Wasiyyat chanda.
He was extremely devoted to his prayers and was extremely devout. He would find the less fortunate and silently provide them financial aid. He would even help the daughters of family members who were less-fortunate by arranging for their dowry [i.e. the gifts given by the bride]. His relatives say that they have now been deprived of a sincere person who provided financial aid; a loving and kind person. May Allah the Almighty grant the deceased His forgiveness and mercy.
The next funeral is of respected Dr Nizamuddin Budan Sahib from Ivory Coast. He passed away on 15 March :
[Verily, to Allah we belong and to Him shall we return.]
He was 73 years of age. He obtained his primary education from Mauritius. In 1968, he received a scholarship from Hazrat Khalifatul Masih III(rh), upon which he enrolled in a medical college in Pakistan. He first completed his FSc from Talim-ul-Islam College and then he enrolled in medical college. He completed his MBBS from the Dow Medical College.
Then in 1978, Hazrat Khalifatul Masih III(rh) appointed him as the in-charge of the Ahmadiyya Clinic in Nigeria and he had the opportunity to serve there until 1984 in this capacity. When Hazrat Khalifatul Masih III(rh) visited Ghana in 1980, a group from Ivory Coast travelled to Ghana and was honoured to have an audience with the Hazrat Khalifatul Masih III(rh). The group requested Hazrat Khalifatul Masih III(rh) that they desired for there to be a hospital in Ivory Coast just as the Ahmadiyya Jamaat in Ghana had hospitals. Hazrat Khalifatul Masih III(rh) accepted this request and thus the process began.
On 18 March 1983, Doctor Sahib travelled from Lagos to Ivory Coast and met with officials from the ministry of health. Since he spoke French and a French-speaking doctor was required there, he was transferred there from Nigeria, and he subsequently received permission to open an Ahmadiyya dispensary there [in Ivory Coast].
He was able to serve in Ivory Coast from 1984 until his demise. By the grace of Allah he was a musi. His wife has passed away; he has a son named Bashiruddin Mahmud Budan and a daughter Nashmia Aisha Mubaraka.
May Allah the Almighty keep these children attached to Khilafat and the Jamaat.
Abdul Quyoom Pasha Sahib, Missionary-in-Charge of Ivory Coast says “He [Doctor Sahib] served as the medical officer at the Ahmadiyya Clinic in Abidjan, Ivory Coast for about 36 years. He was a very good doctor, a good person, and a senior member of the Community in Ivory Coast.”
“I worked with Doctor Sahib for about 18 years. I found him to be a good person in every aspect. He helped everyone, provided guidance in matters related to the Jamaat, was hospitable, possessed good qualities, spoke eloquently, and was an honourable person. He held various offices in the Community as well. He was extremely generous and would treat children with great kindness and affection. He often kept items which he could give to children as gifts at the clinic; whenever a child patient came to the clinic, he would give them a gift such as toys or sweets. He would render great help to students staying at the mission [house] as well as poor Ahmadi families.”
One of the missionaries from there writes that if he did not have any patients to see, then he would be occupied in assisting the youth or the elders in their moral training. If he did not have any patients to see he would not remain idle; rather, he would occupy himself with some sort of work related to the Jamaat. In this way, at times he would be translating either Malfuzat, or the Friday Sermon into the French language and then would distribute copies to members of the Jamaat. He was always prepared to serve humanity. He would personally purchase medicine for poor patients and he would also provide household necessities such as rice and oil. May Allah the Almighty grant the deceased His forgiveness and mercy.
The next funeral is of Salma Begum Sahiba, wife of Dr Raja Nazir Ahmad Zafar Sahib, who passed away on 24 January  at the age of 85.
[Verily, to Allah we belong and to Him shall we return.]
By the grace of Allah, her father Raja Fazal Daad Khan Sahib was the first Ahmadi in his family. Those who have written about her, including her children, have said that the length of her prayers was often recounted amongst their family as an example. She possessed many great qualities, had a joyful personality, was devoted to serve others, righteous, loyal and brave. She possessed great qualities, was wise, very steadfast, and honourable. She was devoted to her prayers, was patient and grateful, content and would place her trust in Allah.
By the grace of Allah the Almighty, she was a musia. She is survived by two sons and three daughters.
May Allah the Almighty grant the deceased His forgiveness and mercy.
The next funeral is of respected Kishwar Tanweer Arshad Sahiba, wife of Abdul Baqi Arshad Sahib, Chairman of Al-Shirkatul Islamiyyah UK. She passed away on 27 February  at the age of 87:
The deceased endured her illness and various aliments in her final years with great steadfastness. By the grace of Allah, she met her Lord in a state of contentment with His will. She is survived by two sons, two daughters and grandchildren.
One of her sons-in-law is Naseer Dean Sahib, who is currently serving as the national vice-president of the Jamaat in the UK.
Her son Nabil Arshad has also been blessed to serve during the time of the Hazrat Khalifatul Masih IV(rh) and also whenever I called upon him to serve, he would come right away and continues to do so. She provided good moral training to her children.
She possessed many great qualities and was especially particular about cleanliness. She was very well-organised, devoutly sincere and virtuous. She was mindful of offering prayers and keeping fasts and would be at the forefront in presenting financial contributions; she would be very generous in giving alms.
Arshad Baqi Sahib writes:
“She resided in London for a long period of time. During this time, after the migration of Hazrat Khalifatul Masih IV(rh) in 1984, she supported me a great deal in the work related to the Jamaat and always gave precedence to this work. She kept her home a place of peace and a reflection of heaven at all times. Hazrat Khalifatul Masih IV(rh) used to say that in terms of peace and tranquillity, her home was his favourite.”
Her daughter says:
“She would express gratitude to God in all circumstances; whether in ease or hardship she would happily accept the Divine decree and never complained.” She also resided in Saudi Arabia for some time where she had the opportunity to serve Ahmadis who travelled for Hajj or Umrah. May Allah the Almighty grant the deceased His forgiveness and mercy.
The next funeral is of Abdur Rahman Hussain Muhammad Khair Sahib of Sudan, who passed away on 24 December  at the age of 56:
Before being introduced to the Jamaat, he did not associate with any Islamic sect; in fact, he had some doubts about certain concepts such as abrogation [of the verses of the Quran] and jinn.
His older brother, Uthman Hussain Sahib used to work in Saudi Arabia, where he was introduced to the Ahmadiyya Community and he mentioned this to Abdur Rahman Sahib – this took place in 2007. Upon hearing about Ahmadiyyat from his brother, Abdur Rahman Sahib was keen to watch MTA. At the time, it was difficult to watch MTA in his area, and in his attempts [to watch MTA] he changed the dish antenna many times and spent a lot of money. Eventually, he was able to watch MTA. Then it became his habit that upon returning from work, he would often spend his time watching MTA.
Eventually, when his heart had become content, he accepted Ahmadiyyat in 2010. After accepting Ahmadiyyat, he preached to all of his relatives and friends. Among the deceased’s virtuous qualities were humility and meekness, hospitality, caring for the poor and good dealings.
In 2013, he had the opportunity of rendering notable services in the establishment of the Jamaat in Sudan, for which he presented great financial sacrifices. He also provided financial aid to many of the poorer members of the Jamaat. When Ahmadis belonging to a poor tribe of an area in Sudan began facing injustices from the people of that area, the deceased provided great financial aid, tended to their needs and took care of the people. Every Friday, he would bring people from various places to the prayer centre, and then after the Friday prayer, he would take them back home as well. Even non-Ahmadis attest to his virtuous qualities.
He was regular and generous in paying his financial contributions. He was a member of the first administrative body [of the Jamaat] in Sudan and undertook this responsibility until his demise. He is survived by his wife, two sons and two daughters.
May Allah the Almighty keep strengthen their connection to the Jamaat and Khilafat and grant the deceased His forgiveness and mercy.
As I mentioned, I will offer these funeral prayers [in absentia] after the Friday prayer.
Original Urdu transcript published in Al Fazl International, 23 April 2021, pp. 5-10. Translated by The Review of Religions.