Friday Sermon delivered at Masjid Mubarak, Islamabad, Tilford, UK
After reciting Tashahhud, Ta‘awwuz and Surah al-Fatihah, His Holiness, Hazrat Mirza Masroor Ahmad(aba) said that two days ago was 23 March which is known in the Ahmadiyya Community as Promised Messiah(as) Day. This was the day on which the first bai’at (pledge of allegiance) was taken at his hand.
His Holiness(aba) said that the Community holds Jalsas (gatherings) to commemorate this day by recounting the purpose of the Promised Messiah’s(as) advent which was foretold by the Holy Prophet(sa) and accompanied with numerous signs.
His Holiness(aba) said that with regards to the purpose of his advent, the Promised Messiah(as) said that God commissioned him to defend Islam at a time when it was being attacked from all sides. In fact, there were about 60 million Muslims in India, and there was 60 million books written against the religion of Islam. Had God Himself not procured the means for its protection, then Islam would have been erased from the face of the earth. However God would not allow this to happen, and according to His promise, established the means for the protection of Islam.
His Holiness(aba) said that he would quote various writings of the Second Caliph, Hazrat Mirza Bashiruddin Mahmud Ahmad(ra) regarding the Promised Messiah(as). His Holiness(aba) said that hearing these incidents can be beneficial only if we ponder over them and use them as a means to strengthen our faith.
His Holiness(aba) said that one of the allegations which is usually raised against prophets is that whatever they say or teach is told to them by someone else. This allegation was also raised against the Holy Prophet(sa), whereas the things taught by the Holy Prophet(sa) could not have been told to him by any other man. His Holiness(aba) said that the same allegation was raised against the Promised Messiah(as).
His Holiness(aba) said it was alleged that Maulvi Charagh Ali used to write about various topics to the Promised Messiah(as) and the Promised Messiah(as) used those to write his book Barahin-e-Ahmadiyya. Hazrat Mirza Bashiruddin Mahmud Ahmad(ra) says that it contradicts reason to think that Maulvi Charagh Ali would take his best points and send them to someone else to publish, rather than publishing them himself. Furthermore, if one were to compare the writings of the Promised Messiah(as) with the writings of Maulvi Charagh Ali, it would become clear that there is absolutely no similarity between the two. Maulvi Charagh Ali merely gathered Biblical references in his books, whereas the Promised Messiah(as) presented such knowledge regarding Islam in his books which had never been brought to light in 1,300 years.
His Holiness(aba) quoted Hazrat Mirza Bashiruddin Mahmud Ahmad(ra) who relates that the Promised Messiah(as) used to say that it bothered him when people cursed him, but it also bothered him if they didn’t, because without opposition, the Community would not flourish. There were various occasions where opposition arose which caused disorder during the time of the Promised Messiah(as), and people thought that it would be the end of the Community. However, every time, in the face of such opposition, the Ahmadiyya Community would always come out of these hardships even stronger. His Holiness(aba) said that this has always been the case, and will continue to be the case. Even today, opponents and hypocrites do their utmost, yet the Ahmadiyya Community will persist and only get stronger.
His Holiness(aba) said that at times when opponents say things against the Community, people wish to see the reality for themselves and whether there is any truth to the claims. Once, during the time of the Promised Messiah(as) a man from Rampur came to the Promised Messiah(as) saying that he wished to pledge allegiance. The Promised Messiah(as) was surprised and asked how the man had come to know of him, as there are not many members of the Community in Rampur nor has the Community extensively propagated its message there. The man said that he was given a book by Maulvi Sanaullah in which he had written against the Ahmadiyya Community and gathered various references of the Promised Messiah(as). The man wished to check the references from the original source, and upon opening the books of the Promised Messiah(as) he was astonished at the manner in which he had praised and expressed love for the Holy Prophet(sa) and the manner in which he had defended Islam. This changed his heart and he decided to pledge allegiance to the Promised Messiah(as).
His Holiness(aba) said that another allegation raised against prophets is that they can be stern at times. Hazrat Mirza Bashiruddin Mahmud Ahmad(ra) explained that a prophet is never stern for themselves, rather it is in defence and protection of their faith. Otherwise, when it comes to themselves, prophets adopt the utmost humility. For example, once, while the Promised Messiah(as) was walking in Lahore, a man came and pushed him, however the Promised Messiah(as) did not allow those with him to retaliate. Instead, the Promised Messiah(as) said that he must have done so thinking he was defending the truth, because clerics had indoctrinated him with the thought that the Promised Messiah(as) was false. Thus, a prophet only stands to defend the faith and adopts humility when it comes to themselves.
His Holiness(aba) said that God Himself decides who to honour, and in this day and age, true honour is associated with the Promised Messiah(as). He said that clerics such as Maulvi Sanaullah were only known because of their opposition to the Promised Messiah(as). His Holiness(aba) said that the same proves today, as clerics attain prominence and are known when they raise their voices in opposition to Ahmadiyyat.
His Holiness(aba) said that once Maulvi Muhammad Husain Batalvi levelled false charges against the Promised Messiah(as) due to which a hearing was scheduled. When the Promised Messiah(as) arrived, Captain Douglas, the deputy commissioner, offered the Promised Messiah(as) a chair to sit on. Maulvi Muhammad Husain Batalvi had plotted this all in order to try and humiliate the Promised Messiah(as), so it angered him to see that the Promised Messiah(as) was being respected and had been given a chair. Thus, Batalvi also demanded to be given a chair. Upon this, Captain Douglas sternly told him that he would not be given a chair. Thus, although Batalvi wished to humiliate the Promised Messiah(as), it was in fact he who was humiliated by God.
His Holiness(aba) said that once the Promised Messiah(as) had a debate with some Christians. When the Christians realised that none of their arguments were working, they devised a plot whereby they brought some blind, deaf and disabled people and when the Promised Messiah(as) arrived, they demanded that if he claimed to be the second coming of Jesus, then he should cure this people, just as he had. The Muslims present became worried, however the Promised Messiah(as) replied that according to Islam, Jesus(as) did not physically heal such people. He said that he could show miracles similar to those shown by the Holy Prophet(sa). If Christians believe that Jesus(as) physically healed people, then the Bible also says that if one possesses faith even as much as a mustard seed, then they too can cure such people. The Promised Messiah(as) said that the Christians had made things much easier for him, and said that according to their own teaching, if they held even as much faith as a mustard seed, then they should prove it by curing these people they had brought. This answer by the Promised Messiah(as) rendered the Christians speechless.
His Holiness(aba) said that once, a person said to the Promised Messiah(as) that Muslims only listen to their clerics, and if he wanted to propagate his message, then he should have invited these clerics and explained to them that Jesus(as) has passed away, and then he should have also given various proofs for the second coming of Jesus(as) and the advent of the Promised Messiah(as). The Promised Messiah(as) said that his mission was not a man-made one, and God Himself would see to its spread and success.
His Holiness(aba) said that there was also the sign of the solar and lunar eclipses which were fulfilled as signs of the Promised Messiah’s(as) truthfulness. There were many signs that were fulfilled, however Muslims would say that even though all the signs foretold to accompany the latter day Messiah were fulfilled, it was simply a matter of coincidence that there was a claimant to being the Messiah.
His Holiness(aba) said that the Promised Messiah(as) was always supported by the help of God. There were numerous plots against the Promised Messiah(as) and various false charges levelled against him as well. However, God would bring the falsehood of these claims to light. Once, while people were plotting how to defeat the Promised Messiah(as) and came up with various schemes. One person, Maulvi Umaruddin suggested that there was no reason to devise such intricate plots, he would simply go and kill the Promised Messiah(as). He was told that such plots had already been attempted but to no avail. Maulvi Umaruddin thought that if so many attempts had been made, yet the Promised Messiah(as) was still saved, then he must be truthful. As a result, he went to Qadian and pledged allegiance to the Promised Messiah(as). There were many opponents who wished to eliminate the Promised Messiah(as), but according to His promise, God ensured that the Promised Messiah(as) was always protected.
His Holiness(aba) quoted the Promised Messiah(as) said that a seed planted by God is protected by his angels. Had this movement been initiated by man, then it would have been erased, however if it has been established by God, then it will remain strong and strive forth.
His Holiness(aba) prayed that may we fulfil our pledge of allegiance and reap the blessings of Allah by spreading the message of the Promised Messiah(as). May we never be among those who are disloyal.
His Holiness(aba) announced the launch of the Ahmadiyya Community’s website in the Kurdish language, which is yet another means of spreading the message of the Promised Messiah(as). The website comprises various articles, commentaries, videos etc. It also comprises Community literature, including writings of the Promised Messiah(as) and the Caliphs. His Holiness(aba) said that he would launch the website after the Friday prayers. His Holiness(aba) prayed that may this website be a source of blessings.
His Holiness(aba) once again made an appeal for prayers in light of the current state of the world. May Allah the Almighty save the world from destruction, enable people to see reason and to recognise their Creator.
Summary prepared by The Review of Religions.
After reciting the tashahud, ta‘awuz and Surah al-Fatihah, Hazrat Khalifatul Masih V(aba) stated:
It was 23 March two days ago. This day is known as Yaum-e-Masih-e-Maud [Promised Messiah(as) Day] in the Jamaat. On this day, the Promised Messiah(as) took the first pledge [bai‘at] of initiation. By the grace of Allah the Almighty, the Jamaat also holds gatherings in relation to this day in which the claim of the Promised Messiah(as), the purpose of his advent in accordance with the need of the time, the Holy Prophet’s(sa) prophecies regarding the Promised Messiah(as) and various aspects of his life etc. are highlighted. On one occasion, the Promised Messiah(as) mentioned the importance of his advent in accordance to the need of the time in the following manner:
“God Almighty has bestowed a great blessing in this era in that owing to His honour, He has sent an individual in support of His religion (i.e. the religion of Islam), and the Holy Prophet(sa); an individual who speaks among you in order to call people towards this light. If such disorder and corruption had not existed at this time and the various efforts in order to eradicate the religion were not made, there would be no such need (there would be no need to send someone). However, as you see, nations in every direction are bent upon eradicating Islam.”
In whichever direction one observes, they will see that efforts are being made to destroy Islam. The same situation was prevalent at that time as well when the Promised Messiah(as) made the claim and the same is the case even today. However, most Muslims are unable to comprehend this. Nevertheless, the Promised Messiah(as) stated:
“I have mentioned this in Barahin-e-Ahmadiyya as well that 60 million books against Islam have been written and published. It is strange that the population of Muslims in India is also 60 million (the population of the Muslims was 60 million at the time of when the Promised Messiah(as) mentioned this) and the number of books against Islam amounts to the same. Even if we dismiss the recent increase in publications, our opponents have already handed a book into the hands of each Muslim (living in India). If the honour of Allah the Almighty had not been aroused and if the promise of:
إِنَّا لَہٗ لَحَافِظُوْنَ
that is, ‘Most surely We are its Guardians’ were not true, then most certainly Islam would have been eradicated from the face of the earth today, so much so that not even a trace of it would have remained. However, this could not be possible! The hidden Hand of God Almighty is safeguarding it.” (Malfuzat, Vol. 1, p. 73)
Following his claim, the Promised Messiah(as) mentioned how the succour and support of Allah the Almighty was with him; how the prophecies of Allah the Almighty stated in the Holy Quran are being fulfilled in favour of him and how the prophecies of the Holy Prophet(sa) in relation to his Mahdi and Messiah are being fulfilled. As I mentioned, various gatherings are being held during which people will have heard these details and they are also being expounded upon in the programmes broadcast on MTA. People should listen [to these programmes].
I shall now present some excerpts of Hazrat Musleh-e-Maud(ra). These are those incidents or matters which Hazrat Musleh-e-Maud(ra) witnessed himself or heard directly from the Promised Messiah(as), and some of these narrations are those which were related to him by those who witnessed them directly, among whom are members of the Jamaat as well as others. On the one hand, these incidents display the truthfulness of the Promised Messiah(as), and on the other, they draw our attention towards reforming ourselves and strengthening our faith. If after having heard these, we do not pay attention to reforming and bettering ourselves, then there would be no benefit in listening to them. Therefore, we must listen to them with this mind-set and even at this present time as well, so that they may become a means to strengthen our faith.
Opponents of prophets have always had the habit of claiming that whatever knowledge and wisdom the prophets impart, has been taught by someone else. In fact, there is an allegation against the Holy Prophet(sa) in relation to the Holy Quran, that God forbid, someone else was teaching him. However, this is a book that no one can present the like thereof, and this is a challenge of Allah the Almighty.
In any case, I shall mention with regard to the Promised Messiah(as) that when he wrote Barahin-e-Ahmadiyya, he stated at the beginning that he would write a certain number of volumes, but later when he was appointed by Allah the Almighty, he stated that these matters had now been taken into the hands of Allah the Almighty and this task was in His hands. Therefore, according to the circumstances, he would continue to present those subjects which were taught to him. The opponents raised the allegation that someone was writing these literary works for him and the Promised Messiah(as) would simply present that as his own. Hazrat Musleh-e-Maud(ra) has written in relation to this in one of his speeches. In that time there was a newspaper named Zamindar and another by the name of Ihsan. He stated:
“These newspapers always wrote in opposition that a certain Maulvi Chiragh Din Sahib of Hyderabad would pen these writings and send them to the Promised Messiah(as), which he would then publish in Barahin-e-Ahmadiyya. As long as he kept writing to him, the Promised Messiah(as) would continue writing his books, but as soon as he stopped sending his writings, the Promised Messiah(as) also stopped writing his book.”
Hazrat Musleh-e-Maud(ra) then states:
“I do not understand what has happened to Maulvi Chiragh Ali Sahib. What is the matter with him that he would send the noteworthy points he could think of to the Promised Messiah(as) yet keep other minor points to himself. After all, Maulvi Chiragh Ali Sahib is a writer. Place his books alongside Barahin-e-Ahmadiyya and compare them.” He has also written some books so place them alongside Barahin-e-Ahmadiyya, is there any comparison? “Look at the status of Barahin-e-Ahmadiyya and then look at his writings?
“Furthermore, how could he write and send such peerless literary work [to the Promised Messiah(as)], yet when he wished to publish some writings under his own name, they were not anything near that calibre. Firstly, what need did he have to even write and send anything to the Promised Messiah(as)? Then, if he was to even send anything, he ought to keep the best to himself and send the ordinary work to others, as is the case with Zauq, a poet of the past. Everyone knows that he used to write poetry for Bahadur Shah Zafar, yet both Diwan-e-Zauq and Diwan-e-Zafar are available even today. It is evident after analysing these that the eloquence and articulacy found in the poetry of Zauq are not to be found in that of Zafar. It is therefore clear that when he sent anything to Zafar, it would only be the surplus, not the best of his work, even though Zafar was the king. Hence, even an ordinary person can understand that even if Maulvi Chiragh Ali did send any writings to the Promised Messiah(as), it would have made sense to keep the most intellectual points to himself, and to send the basic points to the Promised Messiah(as). The books of Maulvi Chiragh Ali Sahib are available and so are the books of the Promised Messiah(as). Place them alongside one another and compare them. There is no similarity between the two. Maulvi Chiragh Ali Sahib has only compiled references from the Bible in his books, whereas the Promised Messiah(as) has presented such knowledge of the Holy Quran which no other Muslim was able to during the last 1,300 years. Not even a hundredth; or even a thousandth of this knowledge is even present in his [Maulvi Chiragh Ali’s] books.” (Fazail-ul-Quran, No. 6, Anwar-ul-Ulum, Vol. 14, p. 350)
Whilst mentioning the clamour raised by the clerics and opponents of the Promised Messiah(as), Hazrat Musleh-e-Maud(ra) has written in one instance:
“When the Promised Messiah(as) made his claim, his state and that of his followers was seemingly very weak.” Hazrat Musleh-e-Maud(ra) states, “I was born prior to the claim of the Promised Messiah(as), and even though I did not witness the very beginning, I did witness the time that followed right after (i.e. when he developed a sense of understanding). That era was also one of great frailty for the Jamaat. The clerics were inciting the people in various ways, and causing harm in every way possible.” (Khutbat-e-Mahmud, Vol. 8, p. 248)
Yet they could not halt its progress, and the works of Allah the Almighty continue to be fulfilled.
In regard to the response of the Promised Messiah(as) to all the opposition he had to face, Hazrat Musleh-e-Maud(ra) states:
“Many a time, I have heard the Promised Messiah(as) say, ‘People hurl verbal abuse at me, and I become troubled for fear that they are ruining their life in the Hereafter as a result. On the other hand, if they do not verbally abuse me, I also become troubled because without any opposition and resistance, the Jamaat cannot progress.’”
When they hurl verbal abuse, they are also propagating the message of the Jamaat. Hazrat Musleh-e-Maud(ra) further states:
“The Promised Messiah(as) used to say, ‘I also take pleasure when people hurl verbal abuse at me; therefore, one should not pay heed to allegations and ill-speech.’”
Hazrat Musleh-e-Maud(ra) then quoted a Punjabi proverb which the Promised Messiah (as) used to cite:
اونٹ اڑاندے ای لدے جاندے نے
“That is, although a camel laments, its master is still able to load his belonging on it by stroking it with his hand. Thus, no matter what others would say, the Promised Messiah(as) continuously advised that one should always treat others with tenderness and love, and Allah the Almighty would bestow His grace.” (Khutbat-e-Mahmud, Vol. 15, p. 265)
Others would emerge from among those very people who would then accept [the truth].
At another instance, in reference to this opposition, Hazrat Musleh-e-Maud(ra) states:
“When the Promised Messiah(as) made his claim, there were only a few individuals who had accepted him. However, after some time, when Atham stood against him, people were put to trial because many began to think that the prophecy of the Promised Messiah(as) was not fulfilled according to its literal meaning. Thereafter, Lekhram also stood against him, and though the prophecy of the Promised Messiah(as) [regarding Lekhram] was fulfilled immaculately, the Hindus became impassioned in their hostility towards him and began to oppose him severely. Similarly, when Maulvi Muhammad Hussain Sahib Batalvi began to gather edicts [against the Promised Messiah(as)], the Jamaat faced another great trial. Furthermore, when Dr Abdul Hakeem fell prey to apostasy, then Jamaat underwent another trial. In short, with the passage of time, there have been a great many disturbances to the extent that those observing [the Jamaat] thought that this would be the end of the community. However, God Almighty brought about the means to remove each and every disorder and instead of bringing ruin upon the Jamaat, each strife resulted in its progress and honour. All of this is happening today as well.”
Hazrat Musleh-e-Maud(ra) further states:
“Observe the extent of opposition (there was great opposition in the time of the Promised Messiah(as) as well); how the people caused disorder for the Jamaat in various ways; how the people thought that now, Ahmadiyyat would be erased. However, every single time, instead of disappearing, by the grace of God Almighty, the Jamaat progressed even more than before.” (Khutbat-e-Mahmud, Vol. 33, p. 298)
This is a part of the history of the Jamaat, and as such all divine communities undergo the same conditions and continue to face opposition. Even now, nothing has changed, and by enduring the very same opposition, the Jamaat is progressing and, insha-Allah, will continue to progress. The opponents are exerting their strength and the hypocrites are also employing all their efforts, but Allah the Almighty fulfils His objective, and He will surely fulfil His promises, insha-Allah.
During a speech, while referring to this opposition, Hazrat Musleh-e-Maud(ra) stated:
“One aspect of this is that due to the hostility that people harbour, they do not pay heed to what we have to say. Their hearts become angered. This is, indeed, disadvantageous to us. On the other hand, there is another aspect as well. When someone hears words of opposition, then they begin to investigate whether the people are as awful as others say. They desire to observe for themselves. When such a person makes their own observation, then they are left astonished because what they had heard from others turns out to be completely wrong. In other words, the things said by the opponents were completely contrary to what the Ahmadis say. Thus, they accept the truth.”
“I remember when I was young, the Promised Messiah(as) was once seated in the mosque in a gathering and a person arrived from Rampur. He was originally from near the vicinity of Lucknow, but he lived in Rampur. He was a short and thin man. He was a writer and a poet, and the Nobleman [Nawab Sahib] of Rampur had officially appointed him to write a dictionary of Urdu metaphors. He joined the gathering and introduced himself as a resident of Rampur and a courtier of the Nobleman of Rampur. The Promised Messiah(as) asked him what had prompted him to visit here [Qadian]. He replied that he had come to take the bai‘at. Upon this, the Promised Messiah(as) said, ‘There are not many members of our Jamaat in that area’” i.e. in the area of Rampur, “‘and our message is not propagated there very much. Who from that area convinced you to come here?’”
Hazrat Musleh-e-Maud(ra) states:
“These words have echoed in my ears until today and I am unable to forget them, despite the fact that I was only 16 years old. The man spontaneously replied that it was Maulvi Sanaullah who had caused him to come here.”
“Due to my young age, I probably could not understand what he had said, but the Promised Messiah(as) started to laugh upon hearing his reply and asked, ‘How so?’ The man replied, ‘Some of the books written by Maulvi Sanaullah came to the royal court of the Nobleman. The Nobleman would read them and would tell me read to them as well. I thought to myself that I should seek out the actual references of Mirza Sahib [mentioned in these books] and see them for myself. I thought that by doing so, I would have collected excellent material to use against Ahmadiyyat; however, when I found and read those excerpts, I realised that the subject matter was completely different [from what I was told]. This intrigued me even more and I thought to read more pages. When I had read even more pages, then I came to the realisation that the honour, esteem and grandeur of the Holy Prophet(sa) mentioned by Mirza Sahib cannot be found in the hearts of these people.’ He further said, ‘I have a keen interest in the Persian language. Coincidentally, I came across the Persian Durr-e-Sameen and I began to read it. Once I started to read it, my heart became clear and I decided to come and pledge allegiance.’
“Thus, where opposition causes disorder, it also comes with advantages.” (Chashma-e-Hidayat, Anwar-ul-Ulum, Vol. 22, pp. 433-435)
In light of both circumstances, we should prepare our strategy for propagating our message. If prophets do not face opposition, they still become worried because, as mentioned by the Promised Messiah(as), opposition is the means of progress.
Speaking on this very topic, Hazrat Musleh-e-Maud(ra) states:
“The Egyptian government was very well-known power in its time (i.e. the era of the Pharaoh) and their king was very proud of his influence and strength. In the face of such a powerful king, Moses(as) held no authority. After visiting the king, he was threatened and was told that his people would be destroyed, and that if he did not desist then he, too, would be eradicated along with his people. However, Moses(as) did not desist despite everything, and said, ‘I will surely deliver the message I have been commissioned to give by God, and no power in the world can stop me.’ Jesus(as) did the very same thing, and so did the Holy Prophet Muhammad(sa).”
Hazrat Musleh-e-Maud(ra) continues:
“This is the same resolve we witnessed from the Promised Messiah(as).”
Hazart Musleh-e-Maud(ra) says:
“We have seen with the Promised Messiah(as) that the entire nation was against him, even the government in one way was against him, although towards the latter years this was not the case. Nonetheless, every nation was against the Promised Messiah(as). All the followers of other religions were against him; the clerics were against him, the custodians of shrines were against him; the ordinary people were against him; the rich and notables were all his enemies. In short, there was a storm of opposition raging all around him. Many people tried to persuade him, and some under the guise of friendship said to retract some aspects of his claims; some said that if he were to abandon such and such claim, then everyone would join his community.
“However, the Promised Messiah(as) did not show any concern for this, and instead would always openly present his claim. People would raise a hue and cry; people would be beaten and killed. Yet, despite all of these difficulties, and despite the fact that the Promised Messiah(as) was up against an entire world, and according to the apparent means, the Promised Messiah(as) did not have the power to confront them, but still he continued challenging them. In fact, I remember vividly that on many occasions the Promised Messiah(as) would say that the example of a prophet is similar to the fable often narrated by people; it is said that there was a woman in a village who was not in her senses. Whenever she would leave her home, young children would gather together to tease her, they would mock her and annoy her continuously. In response, she would swear at the children and curse them. One day, the villagers consulted each other and thought that the woman was innocent and their children irritated her unjustly. Owing to her simple nature, she cursed the children. [The thought] ‘What if her curses turn out to be true? We ought to stop our children so they do not tease her and so she stops cursing them.’
“Thus, after this consultation, they decided that the following day every villager would keep their sons at home, and nobody would be allowed outside. Thus, the following day, everyone told their sons that they would no longer be permitted to leave the house. And as extra safety precaution they bolted the doors. When dawn broke, the senile woman came out of her house as normal. She began roaming the streets for a while, she would go down one street and then another; but she would not see any of the boys. Previously, it would so happen that one boy would be pulling on her hem, another would pinch her, and some would be pushing her, while others would be clinging on to her hand and others would be mocking her. However, on that day she did not see a single boy. She waited until the afternoon and when she saw that not a single boy had come outside of their house, she decided to go to the market and stopping at every shop she would say, ‘has your house collapsed? Have your children all died? What has happened that nobody is around?’ After a while, when she visited every shop and said the same thing to everyone, the people thought that they were still receiving abuse and she was still cursing them, and they also cursed when the boys teased her as well, then what was the use of locking them away, they should let the children go outside.”
Hazrat Musleh-e-Maud(ra) further says:
“After narrating this fable, the Promised Messiah (as) said, ‘In a way, the case of the prophets resembles this, in that the world teases them, mocks them and act unjustly towards them. In fact, they persecute them so cruelly that it is difficult for them to live their lives. Then, a realisation develops in the hearts of one faction of society that they are acting unjustly and that they should not do so.’ The Promised Messiah (as) then said, ‘But prophets cannot abandon the world. When the world does not cause them pain, the prophets themselves shake the world and awaken them from slumber. They spread the message to them and explain to them the teachings [which they have brought]. They increase in their preaching endeavours so that the world begins to pay attention to them.’” (Khutbat-e-Mahmud, Vol. 24, p. 272-274)
Then, with regard to prophets dealing strictly, it is often asked why prophets are strict in their conduct. In relation to this, Hazrat Musleh-e-Maud(ra) states:
“The prophets are never strict for any personal reason, but only to establish the authority of Allah the Almighty in the world. If they ever show strictness and become impassioned, it is only for this reason. With regard to their own being they show the utmost humility. Regarding this, there is an incident of the Promised Messiah(as); once in Lahore, while passing through a street, a person pushed the Promised Messiah(as) owing to which he fell to the ground. The Promised Messiah’s(as) companions became enraged and it was nigh that they would beat him, but the Promised Messiah(as) said, ‘He became enraged in support of the truth.’ (Meaning that after listening to the clerics declaring Mirza Sahib to be a liar, he thought that he would exact revenge, and so he has done this because of what he considered to be the truth.) Therefore, the Promised Messiah(as) told them not to harm him. Thus, prophets never say anything with regards to their own beings, in fact, they only speak out to establish the honour of God Almighty. Therefore, one should not think that Allah’s prophets also act in this way. (That is if they ever act in a strict manner.) There is a huge difference between them and ordinary people. They only act in this way for the sake of Allah the Almighty, whereas ordinary people act harshly for their own sake.”
Hazrat Musleh-e-Maud(ra) further explains:
“Thus, if someone develops this understanding that they are indeed weak, then such a person can never go astray, (because that person would always focus on their own weaknesses and seek help from Allah the Almighty). A person goes astray when they think that they are right.”
As a result of this their arrogance becomes manifest. Therefore, we ought to look at the example of the prophets and always show humility, and in fact this is the way to safeguard oneself from sin.
There is another extract of the Promised Messiah(as) [mentioned by Hazrat Musleh-e-Maud(ra)] in relation to this.
“The Promised Messiah(as) would always mention the incident about the prayer of Hazrat Mu‘awiyyah (ra). Once, he offered the Fajr prayers after its actual time had passed. However, owing to this mistake he did not stumble; in fact, he progressed. (Satan did not take hold of him, but instead he tried to attain the pleasure of Allah.) Thus, only the one who has a realisation of sin can abstain from sin. When one becomes careless towards sin, it is at that point that they fall into trial. Therefore, a believer ought to ponder over the verse:
اِہۡدِنَا الصِّرَاطَ الۡمُسۡتَقِیۡمَ
“[‘Guide us in the right path’] and ought to understand that they are not safe from dangers, and they can only consider themselves to be safe when they hear the voice of God. Therefore, one ought to analyse their weaknesses. For a person who holds themselves accountable for their weaknesses, the doors to spirituality are opened for them. And a person who fails to do this, the paths to spirituality are closed for them, and such a person goes astray.” (Khutbat-e-Mahmud, Vol. 18, pp. 141-142)
On one occasion, the Promised Messiah(as) said that without effort in one’s worldly endeavours and in one’s religious endeavours, a person can never attain honour.
[Hazrat Musleh-e-Maud(ra) states]
“The Promised Messiah(as) would say:
“‘In this era, God has ensured that all honour is gained through me. Now, those that will attain honour will be either my followers or my enemies.’”
Just observe, the people who gain repute will either be a follower of the Promised Messiah(as) or his enemy – i.e. they consider themselves to be enemies due to religious reasons.
[Hazrat Musleh-e-Maud(ra) continues:]
“Thus, the Promised Messiah(as) would say:
“‘Just look at Maulvi Sanaullah Sahib, he is not the most eminent scholar, there are thousands of clerics just like him throughout the Punjab and India. If he has built up a reputation, then that is due to opposing me. Whether these people accept it or not, but this is the reality, that today, a person will gain honour through supporting me or by opposing me. In essence, we are the main focal point, and if our opponents gain fame, then that is because of us.’” (Tafsir-e-Kabir, Vol. 8, p. 614)
Thus, this is what we are observing even today, if the clerics are earning a livelihood, or they have earned a position then it is due to their opposition of Ahmadiyyat. And now, even politicians of certain countries, especially Pakistan, wish to further their careers by opposing Ahmadis and thereby holding onto their seats.
With regard to the ploys and schemes against the Promised Messiah(as), Hazrat Musleh-e-Maud(ra) writes:
“People conspired against the Promised Messiah(as), lodged murder cases against him, but Allah the Almighty rendered the ploys of the enemy ineffective. In an attempted murder trial, Maulvi Muhammad Hussain Batalvi came to give evidence against the Promised Messiah(as) and thought that if he was not handcuffed, then at least, he would be able to see the Promised Messiah(as) humiliated in court – God forbid. However, despite the fact that the Deputy Commissioner before whom the case was presented was English and opposed our community, and as soon as he was appointed in this district, he said, ‘Why has he (i.e. the Promised Messiah(as)) still not been punished! For he disrespects our Messiah, Jesus and says that he has died. I will be the one to punish him!’ However, when the Promised Messiah(as) appeared before him, Allah the Almighty ensured the means that as soon as he saw the face of the Promised Messiah(as), all his enmity vanished and he asked for a chair to be brought for the Promised Messiah(as) and asked for it to be placed near him, and so the Promised Messiah(as) sat down. Maulvi Muhammad Hussain Sahib Batalvi had come only to see the Promised Messiah(as) humiliated, when he saw that the Promised Messiah(as) was seated on a chair, he could not tolerate it; he asked the Deputy Commissioner, Captain Douglas for him to also be given a chair. Maulvi Muhammad Hussain thought that if the accused could sit on a chair, then why would the witness not get a chair to sit on. However, when Captain Douglas heard this, he became enraged and in a stern tone, said, ‘You will not be given a chair.’ Maulvi Muhammad Hussain Sahib said, ‘In the courtroom of his Lordship, my father would have a chair, I should also be given a chair. I am an advocate for the Ahl-e-Hadith and I have a right to a chair.’ Upon this, Captain Douglas said: ‘Enough with your nonsense, move back and stand up straight.’
“Instead of witnessing the Promised Messiah(as) being humiliated, God Almighty in turn humiliated him [Maulvi Hussain]. This is what transpired inside the courtroom. When Maulvi Sahib came outside, in order to show the people that he received a chair inside as well, he came outside and sat on a chair in the veranda. However, since a servant always does what he sees his master do, when the clerk saw that Maulvi Sahib did not get a chair inside, but is now sitting on a chair in the veranda, he thought that if his superior [officer] saw this, he would be angry with him, and so he immediately rushed over and said, ‘You do not have permission to sit here, please vacate the seat.’
“In this way, those outside were also able to witness for themselves how much respect was given to Maulvi Sahib in the courtroom. Overcome with rage and fury, Maulvi Sahib moved ahead and sat on a sheet of cloth that someone had laid outside on the floor. Incidentally, the person whom the sheet belonged to arrived and said, ‘Get off of my sheet as it will become impure for you have come to give a testimony in the court against a Muslim and in favour of a Christian.’ Thus, one ought to remember that when Allah the Almighty bestows His help, there is no one that can stop it. Let alone an officer in the police or a policeman, even the most elite of men have no guarantee of life and Allah the Almighty can destroy the enemy in a matter of seconds. Hence, one ought to prostrate before Allah the Almighty and supplicate to Him. Indeed, it is destined for believers to be subjected to trials, therefore if one remains patient and continues to remain occupied in prayer, then Allah the Almighty shall remove those trials.” (Khutbat-e-Mahmud, Vol. 15, pp. 184-186)
There was a debate between the Promised Messiah(as) and the Christians and the proceedings of this debate have been recorded in the Promised Messiah’s(as) book, “Jang-e-Muqaddas” [The Holy War]. Whilst mentioning this debate in one of his sermons, Hazrat Musleh-e-Maud(ra) has stated with reference to Hazrat Khalifa Awwal(ra):
“Hazrat Khalifa Awwal(ra) used to say, ‘We witnessed an incident during the debate with Atham whereby initially we were left perplexed, but then our level of faith ascended as high as the heavens. When the Christians became tired of debating and realised that none of their arguments were fruitful, they tried to create ridicule by mischievously gathering a few Muslims, who were either blind, deaf, unable to walk or physically handicapped and made them sit to one side prior to the debate. When the Promised Messiah(as) arrived, they immediately brought these people before him and said, “One cannot resolve disputes through dialogue. You claim to have come in the likeness of Jesus and he would grant sight to those who were blind, grant the ability to hear to those who were deaf and he would heal those who were physically handicapped. In order to save you from any trouble, we have gathered some people who are either blind, deaf and physically handicapped. If you really have come in the spirit of the Messiah, then cure them of their ailments.”’ Khalifa Awwal would say, ‘We were also sat there at the time and upon hearing them say this, our hearts completely sank. Even though we knew that there was no truth to what they were attributing to Jesus(as), but still our hearts sank for we thought that today they would have the opportunity to mock and ridicule. However, we looked towards the Promised Messiah(as), there was not a single expression of any kind of displeasure or anxiousness upon his countenance. When they finished saying what they had to say, the Promised Messiah(as) stated to the Christian priest, “According to the teachings of Islam, my belief regarding the Messiah in whose spirit I have come did not heal such blind, deaf and physically handicapped people. In fact, this is your belief that Jesus(as) physically healed such people. Moreover, it is written in your book that if one has even the slightest level of faith, they can move the mountains upon their command and if they place their hands over the sick, they will be cured. Thus, you cannot pose this question to me for I can only demonstrate those miracles which my Master, Hazrat Muhammad Mustafa(sa) showed. If you seek those miracles of me, then I am ready to show them. As for those kinds of miracles [in question], your book has mentioned that if any Christian who possesses faith even as much as a grain of mustard seed then they can show such miracles as shown by Jesus(as). Thus, you indeed have saved me from the trouble by gathering these blind, deaf and the physically handicapped. They are now present here and if you possess faith even as much as a grain of mustard seed, then grant them cure.”’ Hazrat Khalifa Awwal(ra) would say, ‘The Christian clergymen were left astounded by this response and some of their most reputable priests began to remove those sick people from there.’ And so, Allah the Almighty bestows honour upon His close servants at every occasion and teaches them such responses by which their opponents are left completely stunned.” (Khutbat-e-Mahmud, Vol. 23, pp. 88-89)
There is an incident relating to the opposition towards the Promised Messiah(as) which took place in Sialkot. [Hazrat Musleh-e-Maud(ra)] states:
“The Promised Messiah(as) travelled to Sialkot and the maulvis issued an edict that whoever attended the Promised Messiah’s(as) lecture their marriage would become annulled. However, Hazrat Mirza Sahib(as) personality was so captivating that people completely disregarded the edict. And so, the maulvis stationed people along the way in order to stop them from going. They also gathered stones so they would throw it at those who did not stop and they would drag people away from the actual venue, so that they could not listen to the lecture. BT Sahib was the city inspector in Sialkot at the time and later became a superintendent in the police force; however, I do not what office he holds now.” This was at the time of narrating this incident. “BT Sahib was responsible to oversee this event. When people began to raise a hue and cry and started to create disorder, BT Sahib had also heard the lecture of Hazrat Sahib(as) and was therefore astounded because the lecture was against the Arya and Christians and even if whatever Mirza Sahib(as) had said was against the views of the maulvis, even then no allegation could be levelled against Islam. What was said was against the Christians and if it were true then it proved the truthfulness of Islam, therefore he thought that what reason did the Muslims have to create disorder. Even though he was a governmental officer; however, he stood up and addressed the Muslims saying, ‘He states that the god of the Christians is dead, so why are you becoming enraged? Does it not go in your favour what he says?’ Hence, this is precisely the manner in which they treat us. (In other words, the opponents.) From what it appears is that they don’t mind if someone from amongst the Muslims enters the Arya faith, so as long as they do not listen to the words of Mirza Sahib(as).”
[Hazrat Musleh-e-Maud(ra)] further states:
“The fact of the matter is that this view of theirs is not correct. We, however, are affected if a Muslim changes his faith.
“The Promised Messiah(as) would often say:
اے دل تُو نِیز خاطِر اِیناں نِگاہ دار
کآخِر کنند دعوئ حُبِّ پیمبرم
“‘O my heart! Have consideration for these people; for after all they claim to be the beloveds of my Prophet(sa).’” (Tarikh Shuddhi Malkana, Anwar-ul-Ulum, Vol. 7, p. 192)
Thus, we feel pain when they change their faith or stray away from the truth.
On one occasion, someone said to the Promised Messiah(as), “I have great admiration for you; however, you have made a huge mistake. The fact is that the ulema [scholars] do not listen to what anyone says because they know that if they accept it then that would be a means of humiliation for them and people would say that they couldn’t think of it and someone else understood the matter correctly instead. Hence, in order to make them agree to something is that one has to make them be the first ones to say it. When you realised that Jesus (as) had passed away, you should have invited some of the most prominent scholars to a meeting and then presented this matter before them. You should have explained that by believing in Jesus(as) to be alive strengthens the position of the Christians. Subsequently, they cause harm to Islam by raising allegations. They claim that our prophet has passed away and the founder of their faith is alive in the heavens, hence he is more superior; in fact, he is God. You should have posed this question to them and asked for a response. The scholars you would have invited would have asked you for a response and then you should have said, ‘Though the view you all hold is the one that is correct; however, my view is that such and such verse [of the Holy Quran] proves the death of Jesus(as).’ The scholars present would have immediately agreed to it and would have told you to announce it and that they would support you.”
This was the method this individual proposed to the Promised Messiah(as) in order to convince the scholars to agree with the Promised Messiah(as). He then further said:
“In the same way, you could have said that the ahadith mention that the Messiah is going to return; however, if Jesus(as) has passed away then what would those traditions mean. Upon this, one of the scholars would have said that you are the Messiah and in this way all the other scholars would have agreed to this.”
Upon hearing this suggestion, the Promised Messiah(as) stated:
“If my claim was merely owing to human endeavour, then no doubt I would have done it in this way. However, this was owing to the commandment of God. I did just as God informed me. Ploys and deception are employed in response to the deceitful ploys of man; however, Divine communities never have any fear of these. This is not our work; rather, it is the work of God and He is the one Who shall convey this message.” (Khutbat-e-Mahmud, Vol. 12, pp. 196-197)
The occurrence of the eclipse of the moon and the sun is a very well-known incident in our Jamaat. A maulvi who opposed the Jamaat and perhaps lived in Gujrat would always say that people should not be deceived by the claims of Mirza Sahib(as) for it has been clearly recorded in the traditions that one of the signs of the Mahdi is that in his time, the sun and the moon will be eclipsed in the month of Ramadan. So as long the sun and the moon are not eclipsed in the month of Ramadan, one should not believe his claims to be true. It so happened that he was still alive when the prophecy regarding the eclipse of the sun and the moon was fulfilled. One of his neighbours was an Ahmadi and he mentioned that when the sun was eclipsed, the maulvi became anxious and went on top of his roof and whilst walking from one side to the other, he would repeat, “Now people will definitely go astray, now people will definitely go astray.” He failed to understand that by accepting Hazrat Mirza Sahib(as) upon the fulfilment of the prophecy, people would be guided instead of going astray. The Christians at the time [of the advent of the Holy Prophet(sa)] also believed that all the signs had been fulfilled which were mentioned in their earlier scriptures, but on the other hand, upon hearing of the claim of the Holy Prophet(sa) they would say that it was a sheer coincidence that a liar had claimed to be a prophet. In the same way, the Muslims believe that the signs are being fulfilled, but it so happened that a liar has made the claim. This is the condition of the Muslims and what is astonishing is that this incidentally only happens to a so-called liar and not a truthful person [in their eyes].” (Tafsir-e-Kabir, Vol. 10, p. 56)
Regarding the Promised Messiah’s(as) past, Hazrat Musleh-e-Maud(ra) says:
“Every evil takes root gradually. Never is it the case that a person goes to sleep while being truthful and wakes up as the worst of liars. He never lied about anyone, yet as soon as he wakes up he begins lying about God. Accordingly, let us examine the life of the Promised Messiah(as) before his claim. He announced many times to the Hindus, Sikhs and Muslims here, ‘can you raise any allegation regarding my past life?’ Yet no one had the courage to respond. In fact, they would attest to his piety. Maulvi Muhammad Hussain Batalvi – who went on to become a staunch opponent – attested in his publication that the Promised Messiah’s(as) life was pure and free from fault. In his newspapers, Mr Zafar Ali Khan’s father attested to the fact that in his early years the Promised Messiah(as) was a virtuous individual. Hence, how could it be that a person had been unblemished and virtuous for 40 years, completely changed and went astray overnight? Psychiatrists and psychologists agree that the flaws and moral faults develop over time, as opposed to an immediate change in a person’s morals. Therefore, ponder over how unblemished, flawless and enlightened his past was.” (Mi‘yar-e-Sadaqat, Anwar-ul-Ulum, Vol. 6, pp. 60-61)
Then, let us see how Allah the Almighty helped the Promised Messiah(as). Hazrat Musleh-e-Maud(ra) writes:
“God’s help accompanies His prophets. One cannot be considered as a messenger of God if they do not experience His help. People come close to ending the prophet’s life, however God’s help arrives and causes His prophet to be successful leaving the ploys of his opponents to be completely foiled. Such was the opposition against the Promised Messiah(as). Various plots were hatched to kill him; people were even appointed to kill him, but their plots became known and they failed. False charges of attempted murder were made against him, such as the false murder charge filed by Martin Clarke. In fact someone even said that he had been hired by the Promised Messiah(as). Moreover, the magistrate, thinking that no one had yet seized this claimant to being the Mahdi and Messiah and so he would be the one to do it; however, the same magistrate said that in his view this was a false charge, and he continued repeating this. Eventually, that person was separated from the Christians and kept in the custody of the police officer. Eventually, the person then began crying and confessed that he had been taught by the Christians and thus, God completely annihilated this false charge.”
Similarly, Hazrat Musleh-e-Maud(ra) states:
“Maulvi Umaruddin Sahib Shimlavi is a passionate missionary of our Community. He recounts his own incident of how he became an Ahmadi by assessing upon the same standard. He recalls that in Shimla, Maulvi Muhammad Hussain, Maulvi Abdur Rahman Siyah and some others were consulting about how they should challenge the Promised Messiah(as). Maulvi Abdur Rahman Sahib said that the Promised Messiah(as) had announced he would no longer engage in debates. They should publish an announcement for a debate; if he responded then they could say that he lied by first publishing an announcement saying that he would no longer engage in debates with anyone yet he had now accepted a debate. If he did not accept the debate then they could simply raise a hue and cry that he avoided the challenge. Upon this, Maulvi Umaruddin Sahib asked why all of this was necessary, he could simply go and kill him and put an end to the matter. Maulvi Muhammad Hussain said, ‘Boy, what do you know, we have tried everything.’ The thought occurred to Maulvi Umaruddin Sahib that if God was protecting someone so much, then he must be from God.” He was just a boy, yet he thought that if Allah the Almighty was protecting him so much and protecting him against all the plots being made against him then he must have been sent by God. “Then, when he was returning after having pledged allegiance, he met Maulvi Muhammad Hussain Batalvi at the station, who asked where he was going. He replied that he had just returned from Qadian after having pledged allegiance. Maulvi Muhammad Hussain said that he had turned out to be very evil and said that he would write to his father. He replied, ‘Maulvi Sahib, whatever has happened was because of you’. The opponents try to end the beloved of Allah the Almighty, yet he continues to be saved. God helps bestows upon him His Divine knowledge and honours him in every field.” (Mi‘yar-e-Sadaqat, Anwar-ul-Ulum, Vol. 6, pp. 61-62)
[Hazrat Musleh-e-Maud(ra) states:]
“Similarly, Maulvi Muhammad Hussain Batalvi Sahib also claimed that he would destroy Mirza Sahib. Maulvi Muhammad Hussain Batalvi Sahib had been childhood friends with the Promised Messiah(as); he would stay in contact with him and would praise his writings. Immediately after the Promised Messiah(as) made his claim, he [Muhammad Hussain Batalvi] said that he was the one who had elevated him to this rank, and he would be the one to now destroy him […] Then, the Promised Messiah’s(as) own relatives announced, and some even published in newspapers that this person had merely taken this up as a way of earning money and should not be given any attention. Thus, they attempted to turn the entire world against him.”
Then, Hazrat Musleh-e-Maud(ra) says:
“I was old enough to remember that many workers who are known as Kameen in farming terms refused to work at the Promised Messiah’s(as) home (the workers refused to work at the home of the Promised Messiah(as), despite him belonging to a family of landowners). The proponents of this were in fact members of our own family. Hence, our own people and strangers alike wished to erase and completely destroy him; however, God said to His servant, ‘A prophet came to the world, but the world did not accept him; but God will accept him and will manifest his truth with powerful assaults’. A lonely and helpless man stood in Qadian, where the mail arrived only once a week, where there wasn’t even a primary school, where people did not even have a single rupee’s worth of flour; this person was neither a cleric, nor did he possess much property. Although the Promised Messiah(as) belonged to a respectable family, he did not possess a great deal of property like royalty or noblemen. He stood as a single man before the world and announced from the very outset that God would spread his name to the corners of the world. Is there anyone today who can say that the name of the Promised Messiah (as) did not reach the corners of the world?” (Khutbat-e-Mahmud, Vol.1, pp. 324-325)
Today, we see that there is no corner of the world where the name of the Promised Messiah(as) has not reached.
The Promised Messiah(as) states:
“A liar’s falsehood is enough to destroy him. Any undertaking which serves to prove the majesty of Allah the Almighty and manifest the blessings associated with His prophet and is a plant which has been planted by Allah the Almighty’s own hand, then the angels protect it. Who then can destroy it? Remember, if my movement is a mere business as people have said, then any remnant of it will be erased. However, if this is from God – and surely it is from Him – then even if the entire world opposes it, it will increase and flourish and the angels will protect it, (insha-Allah). Even if a single person does not remain with me and no one helps me, I have firm faith that this movement will prove successful (insha-Allah).” (Malfuzat, Vol. 8, p. 148)
May Allah the Almighty enable us to honour our pledge of allegiance to him and spread his message throughout the world. May we reap the blessings and rewards of Allah the Almighty. May we never be among the disloyal; rather, may we become counted amongst those who are loyal. May Allah the Almighty grant us this ability.
I will announce a website that I will be launching today. This is yet another means of spreading the message of the Promised Messiah (as) to the corners of the world. This is the Jamaat’s website in Kurdish; islamahmadiyya.krd. This website will be overseen by Dr Ismail Muhammad Sahib along with a team consisting of members from the Kurdish Jamaat. The purpose of this website is to give Kurdish readers the opportunity to learn about the Ahmadiyya beliefs by reading about them in their own language for the first time. This website will primarily be in the Sorani dialect of Kurdish while there will also be some material in the Badini dialect as well. This website will comprise news, articles, commentaries, books, Friday sermons and a video section. With help from the Kurdish translation committee, various books of the Promised Messiah(as) and other Jamaat books will also be available on the website. There will be books of the Promised Messiah(as), books of Hazrat Khalifatul Masih II(ra) along with other Jamaat literature, including The Philosophy of the Teachings of Islam, Jesus in India, The Need for the Imam, The Truth of the Mahdi, Invitation to Ahmadiyyat, The Institution of Khilafat and others. Insha-Allah, this website will be launched after the Friday prayer. May Allah the Almighty make it a source of blessings.
I would also like to say that continue praying in light of the current world situation. May Allah the Almighty save the world from destruction, grant sense to people and enable them to recognise their Creator.
Official Urdu translation published in Al Fazl International, 15 April 2022, pp. 5-10. Translated by The Review of Religions.