Friday Sermon delivered at Masjid Mubarak, Islamabad, Tilford, UK
After reciting Tashahhud, Ta`awwuz and Surah al-Fatihah, His Holiness, Hazrat Mirza Masroor Ahmad(aba) said that after completing mention of the life of Hazrat Abu Bakr(ra), he mentioned that there were some Companions regarding whom there were further details that would be added once the series of sermons was published. However, His Holiness(aba) said that many people have been writing to him, telling him how much they have benefitted from listening to these sermons. Hence, His Holiness(aba) said that he deemed it best to mention these further details in sermons as well, so that the maximum number of people could benefit from them.
The Holy Prophet’s Love for Hazrat Hamzah’s(ra) Name
His Holiness(aba) said that he would first mention Hazrat Hamzah(ra). He was the Holy Prophet’s (sa) uncle and was very dear to him. It is narrated that the Holy Prophet(sa) loved the name “Hamzah”. Once, someone asked the Holy Prophet(sa) what they should name their newborn son; the Holy Prophet(sa) advised to name the boy after Hamzah bin Abi Muttalib for he loved that name.
His Holiness(aba) said that Hazrat Hamzah(ra) was also known as Abu Ammarah, after his daughter Ammarah who was born from his second wife Khaulah. Hazrat Hamzah(ra) also had another daughter named Umamah. It is recorded that based on the Treaty of Hudaibiyah, when it was time for the Holy Prophet(sa) to leave Makkah, Umamah came running behind the Holy Prophet(sa). Hazrat Ali(ra) took her and handed her to Hazrat Fatimah(ra) and asked her to look after her. Thereafter, Hazrat Ali(ra), Hazrat Ja’far(ra) and Hazrat Zaid(ra) all wanted to bring her under their care. The matter was taken to the Holy Prophet(sa) who said that she should remain under the care of her maternal aunt, for a maternal aunt is like a mother. His Holiness(aba) said that even the smallest of matters have been elucidated, such as this one which answers the question of why children are given to their maternal aunt or grandmother when certain relevant matters are taken to arbitration.
His Holiness(aba) said that initially, Hazrat Hamzah(ra) had expressed his allegiance to the Holy Prophet(sa) out of anger and later was regretful for having left the faith of his ancestors. He was unable to sleep that night, and so he went to the Ka’bah and prayed for his doubts to be removed. He had not even finished praying yet, that his heart was put to ease and he was convinced, upon which he went to the Holy Prophet(sa) and related the entire incident. Upon hearing it, the Holy Prophet(sa) prayed for God to grant Hazrat Hamzah(ra) steadfastness.
Flag Bearer in Various Expeditions
His Holiness(aba) said that in Safar 2 AH, the Holy Prophet(sa) granted the Islamic flag to Hazrat Hamzah(ra) in an expedition towards the Banu Zamrah in Ghaddan. The Holy Prophet(sa) spoke with the chief of the tribe which resulted in a treaty of peace between them and the Muslims. This was also the same place where the Holy Prophet’s (sa) mother passed away.
His Holiness said that in Jamadi al-Ula 2 AH, the Holy Prophet(sa) set out with a group of 150-200 Migrant Companions towards Ushairah and during this expedition, it was Hazrat Hamzah(ra) again who was bearing the white flag of the Holy Prophet(sa). This expedition also resulted in the establishment of a peace treaty.
His Holiness(aba) said that at the beginning of the Battle of Badr, the Quraish called for single combat, for which the Holy Prophet(sa) sent forth Hazrat Hamzah(ra), Hazrat Ali(ra) and Hazrat Ubaidah(ra). Both Hazrat Hamzah(ra) and Hazrat Ali(ra) were both easily victorious in their respective battles, however Ubaidah(ra) was seriously injured and succumbed to his injuries on the way back from Badr.
His Holiness(aba) said that once, before the prohibition of alcohol in Islam, Hazrat Hamzah(ra) was inebriated and it was in this state that he killed two of Hazrat Ali’s(ra) camels. The Holy Prophet(sa) was informed of this and so he went to Hazrat Hamzah(ra) and expressed his displeasure. Hazrat Hamzah(ra) was still intoxicated and so he said that everyone was subservient to his forefathers. The Holy Prophet(sa) said that it was best not to speak to him while he was in this state. Later, when alcohol was prohibited in Islam, Hazrat Hamzah(ra) immediately gave it up. His Holiness(aba) said that this sets a beautiful example for us. Sometimes when there is an instruction, some people say that they need time to adopt it, however as soon as this injunction of alcohol being prohibited was heard, the Companions wasted no time and asked no questions before adopting it wholeheartedly.
His Holiness(aba) said that Hazrat Hamzah(ra) was also the flag bearer during the expedition towards Banu Qainqah, who had already been plotting the assassination of the Holy Prophet(sa). After the Battle of Badr, the Banu Qainqah were the first among the Jewish people in Madinah to break their treaty with the Holy Prophet(sa) and started creating trouble and plotting against the Muslims. Despite the Jewish people’s expressions of hatred, the Holy Prophet(sa) remained patient. In fact he continued to honour the Jewish people. Once, a Jewish man gave precedence to Moses(as) over all prophets, in response to which a Companion reacted in a harsh manner. When the matter was taken to the Holy Prophet(sa) he said not to give him precedence over Moses(as), as a kind gesture to care for the sentiments of the Jewish man. There was another incident where a Muslim woman went to the shop of a Jewish merchant, who behaved highly inappropriately towards the Muslims woman even putting a thorn in her clothes so that when she moved she became unclothed. When the Muslims approached the Banu Qainqah to desist from such behaviour, they responded indignantly, telling the Muslims that they should not be prideful over their victory in Badr, as they would not have the same result if they were to battle them.
His Holiness(aba) said that eventually, the Holy Prophet(sa) lay siege to the fortress of Banu Qainqah and when they had no option left, they had to surrender. Although, according to their own Mosaic law they were all subject to the death penalty for their treachery, the Holy Prophet(sa) was merciful to them and offered them to resettle somewhere else. Hence, the resettlement of the Banu Qainqah was entrusted to Hazrat Ubadah bin Samit(ra).
His Holiness(aba) said that some allege that when the Banu Qainqah opened the gates to their fortress, the Holy Prophet(sa) intended to kill their soldiers, however this cannot be the case at all, for they only opened their doors after they had assurance that their lives and the lives of their wives and children would be spared. Although they may have been deserving of the death penalty, the Holy Prophet(sa) acted with mercy towards them and did not enact it. Hence, this allegation is entirely false.
Martyrdoms of Hazrat Hamzah(ra)
His Holiness(aba) said that Hazrat Hamzah(ra) was martyred in the Battle of Uhud, something which the Holy Prophet(sa) had been foretold. Once, the Holy Prophet(sa) saw a dream in which he saw the corner of his sword being broken, which he interpreted to mean that a prominent member of his family would be martyred. Hazrat Hamzah’s(ra) body was brutally mutilated, which caused the Holy Prophet(sa) immense pain. It is narrated that the Holy Prophet(sa) was so deeply pained by this sight, that he said if he could, he would do the same to thirty people from the Quraish. It was upon this that the following Qur’anic verse was revealed:
“And if you desire to punish the oppressors, then punish them to the extent to which you have been wronged; but if you show patience, then, surely, that is best for those who are patient.” (Holy Qur’an 16:127)
Upon this, the Holy Prophet(sa) said that he would remain patient and offered expiation for what he said.
His Holiness(aba) said that the Holy Prophet(sa) and his family displayed exemplary patience upon the martyrdom of Hazrat Hamzah(ra). Aside from the flowing of tears which was natural, there was no wailing or excessive expression of grief. Initially, the Holy Prophet(sa) did not allow for Hazrat Safiyya(ra) to see the body of Hazrat Hamzah(ra), however upon her vow of patience he allowed it and she remained true to her promise.
His Holiness(aba) said that this concluded mention of Hazrat Hamzah(ra) and he would continue mentioning other Companions in the future.
Prayers for the New Year
His Holiness(aba) said that the new year is starting in two days. His Holiness(aba) prayed that may Allah the Almighty bestow His blessings with the coming of this new year. May this new year be blessed for the Community. May all plots and ploys of the enemy be foiled. May Ahmadis all across the world fulfil the purpose of their lives more than ever before.
His Holiness(aba) also enjoined prayers for the world; may Allah save the world from war. The world’s conditions continue to deteriorate and the world stands on the precipice of destruction. Everyone seems to desire nothing but their personal gain; may Allah have mercy. His Holiness(aba) also enjoined prayers for all those Ahmadis who are enduring injustices; may Allah the Almighty keep all members of the Community safe from injustice and cruelty in the new year.
Summary prepared by The Review of Religions
After reciting the tashahud, ta‘awuz, and Surah al-Fatihah, Hazrat Khalifatul Masih V(aba) stated:
Upon concluding the accounts from the life of Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddiq(ra), I mentioned that this concluded the series of accounts related to the Badri companions. However, various aspects and details of some of the companions I had mentioned previously came to light later on and I mentioned that either I would relate them at another time or they would be included once these [sermons] are published. Some people have been writing to me that they have greatly benefitted from listening to these historical accounts and that these additional details should also be mentioned in the Friday sermons. As such, I deemed it appropriate to mention these over a few sermons so that people can benefit from this and a greater number of people would be able to listen to them.
In any case, the first mention in this regard is the account related to Hazrat Hamzah(ra). He was the paternal uncle of the Holy Prophet(sa) and he was very dear to him, which is evident from the various sayings of the Holy Prophet(sa) as well as his reaction to the martyrdom of Hazrat Hamzah(ra). It is also possible that some details will be briefly mentioned again.
In one of the narrations, it is mentioned that the Holy Prophet(sa) liked the name of Hamza very much. Hazrat Jabir bin Abdillah(ra) relates, “Someone from among us had a son born in his house and he asked what to name the child. The Holy Prophet(sa) said, ‘Name him after Hamza bin Abd-il-Muttalib, which is my favourite amongst all the names.’” (Hakim al-Nishapuri, Al-Mustadrak ‘ala al-Sahihain, Vol. 5, Kitab Ma’rifat al-Sahabah, Hadith 4888, [Riyad: Nazar Mustafa al-Baz, 2000], p. 1831)
With regards to the wives and children of Hazrat Hamzah(ra), it is written in Tabaqa al-Kubra that one of the marriages of Hazrat Hamzah(ra) was to the daughter of Milla bin Malik, who belonged to the tribe of Aus. Through this marriage, Ya’la and Amir were born. Based on the name of his son, Ya’la, one of the titles of Hazrat Hamza(ra) was Abu Ya’la. Through his second marriage to Hazrat Khaula bint Qais Ansaria(ra), Hazrat Ummarah(ra) was born. Based on her name, Hazrat Hamzah(ra) chose his title of Abu Ummarah. One of Hazrat Hamzah’s(ra) marriages was with Hazrat Salma bint Umays(ra) who was the sister of Hazrat Asma’ bint Umays(ra). Through her, a daughter by the name Hazrat Umamah(ra) was born. This is the same Umamah over whom Hazrat Ali(ra), Hazrat Ja’far(ra) and Hazrat Zaid bin Harithah(ra), may Allah be pleased with them all, disputed [over her guardianship]. Each of them desired that Hazrat Umamah(ra) would stay with them. However, the Holy Prophet(sa) decided in favour of Hazrat Ja’far bin Abi Talib(ra) as the maternal aunt of Hazrat Umamah(ra), Hazrat Asma’ bint Umays(ra), was married to Hazrat Ja’far(ra).
Ummarah, Fazl, Zubair, Aqeel and Muhammad were among the children of Hazrat Hamzah’s(ra) son, Ya’la. However, all of them passed away. Thus, upon the demise of Hazrat Hamzah(ra)’ children, he did not have any progeny that continued. (Ibn Sa’d, Al-Tabaqat al-Kubra, Vol. 2, [Beirut, Lebanon: Dar al-Fikr], p. 46)
The details of the dispute between Hazrat Ali(ra), Hazrat Ja’far(ra) and Hazrat Zaid bin Harithah(ra) in relation to the [guardianship] of Hazrat Hamzah’s(ra) daughter, which was just mentioned, have been recorded in [Sahih] Bukhari in the following manner.
Hazrat Bara’ bin Azib(ra) relates that when the Holy Prophet(sa) intended to perform the Umrah in Dhu al-Qa’dah, the people of Mecca refused to allow him to enter Mecca. In the end, he made an agreement with them on the condition that they could come the following year to perform the Umrah and remain there for three days. When the pact was being written in the wording of “These are the conditions which Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah agrees to,” the Meccans said, “We do not accept this. If we accepted you as the Messenger of Allah, we would never have stopped you. Therefore, instead, write ‘Muhammad bin Abdillah’.” The Holy Prophet(sa) said, “I am the Messenger of Allah and I am also Muhammad bin Abdillah.” He then instructed Hazrat Ali(ra) to erase the words “Messenger of Allah”. Hazrat Ali(ra) responded, “I shall never erase it. By Allah, I shall never erase your title!” The Holy Prophet(sa) took the paper that was being written on, and despite not knowing how to write properly, he wrote, “These are the conditions that Muhammad bin Abdillah agrees to: No one shall bring a weapon to Mecca, except the swords that remain in their sheaths. They shall not take anyone back with them from among the Meccans, even if they wish to accompany them. No one from the companions shall be stopped if they wish to remain in Mecca.”
In accordance with the treaty, when they entered Mecca the following year, and the stipulated duration came to an end, the Quraish went to Hazrat Ali(ra) and said, “Tell your friend (i.e. the Holy Prophet(sa)) to depart [Mecca] as the agreed time has now passed.” The Holy Prophet(sa) then departed from there. Hazrat Hamzah’s(ra) daughter, who was following him, said, “O uncle, O uncle.” Hazrat Ali(ra) went and took hold of her hand, and said to Fatimah(ra), “Take your uncle’s daughter.” She was then placed on the mount. Now Hazrat Ali(ra), Hazrat Zaid(ra) and Hazrat Ja’far(ra) began to dispute over the matter of [the guardianship of] Hazrat Hamzah’s(ra) daughter. Hazrat Ali(ra) said, “I have brought her and she is the daughter of my uncle.” Whereas Hazrat Ja’far(ra) said, “She is the daughter of my uncle and her maternal aunt is my wife.” Hazrat Zaid(ra) said, “She is the daughter of my brother.” The Holy Prophet(sa) made his decision in the matter that she will remain with her maternal aunt, saying, “A maternal aunt holds the station of a mother.” He said to Hazrat Ali(ra), “You are mine and I am yours.” He then said to Hazrat Ja’far(ra), “You are similar to me in appearance and nature.” Then, to Hazrat Zaid(ra) he said, “You are our brother and friend.” Hazrat Ali(ra) asked, “Will you not marry the daughter of Hazrat Hamzah(ra)?” He replied, “She is the daughter of my foster brother and I am her uncle.” (Sahih al-Bukhari, Kitab al-Maghazi, Bab Umrat al-Qada’, Hadith 4251)
These minor issues nowadays can be resolved through these incidents. At times, there are cases in the Qada wherein it is questioned as to why custody is given to the maternal aunt or maternal grandmother. And so, through these accounts, such matters can be resolved.
In relation to Hazrat Hamzah’s(ra) acceptance of Islam, it is also mentioned in Raud al-Unf that aside from Ibn Ishaq, others have added further details in relation to his acceptance of Islam. Hazrat Hamzah(ra) relates, “When I was overtaken by anger (i.e. the entire incident as related by his bondwoman, as has been mentioned previously) I said, ‘I follow the religion of Muhammad(sa).’ However, I later felt remorse that I had forsaken the religion of my forefathers and I spent the night doubting this great matter to the point where I could not sleep a wink. I then went to the Kabah and prayed fervently to Allah the Almighty that He may open my heart to the truth and dispel all my doubts. I had not even completed my prayers when the doubts had completely left me and my heart was filled with certainty. The following morning, I went to the Holy Prophet(sa) and related the entire incident. Upon this, the Holy Prophet(sa) prayed that Allah the Almighty grants me steadfastness.” (Ibn Hisham, Al-Raud al-Unf fi Tafsir al-Sirah al-Nabawiyyah, Vol. 2. [Beirut, Lebanon: Dar al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiyyah], pp. 44-45)
Hazrat Ammar bin Abi Ammar(ra) relates, “Hazrat Hamzah bin Abdil Muttalib(ra) asked the Holy Prophet(sa) to show what Hazrat Gabriel(as) truly looked like. The Holy Prophet(sa) replied, ‘You do not have the capacity to see him.’ He asked, ‘Why not?’ The Holy Prophet(sa) stated, ‘Sit down where you are, if you so will.’” The narrator says, “Hazrat Gabriel(as) then appeared on the wooden part of the Kabah where the idolaters would place their clothes whilst performing the circuits. The Holy Prophet(sa) then said, ‘Now look up and see.’ When he looked up, he saw that the two feet of Hazrat Gabriel(as) were like green Zabarjad [precious stone]. He then fell unconscious.” Zabarjad is a precious stone that is similar to an emerald. (Ibn Sa’d, Al-Tabaqat al-Kubra, Vol. 3 [Beirut, Lebanon: Dar al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiyyah, 1990], p. 8) (Munjid, Zair Madah Zabar)
In Safar 2 AH, the Holy Prophet(sa) departed from Medina to Abwa’, along with a group of his companions and Hazrat Hamzah(ra) also had the opportunity to be a part of this. Hazrat Hamzah(ra) had the honour of carrying the white flag of the Holy Prophet(sa). The Holy Prophet(sa) had appointed in his place Hazrat Abu Sa’d(ra) as the governor of Medina, or according to another narration, he appointed Hazrat Sa’d bin Ubadah(ra). No battle ensued in this expedition and a peace treaty was agreed upon with Banu Damrah. This was the first expedition in which the Holy Prophet(sa) personally took part. Another name of this expedition is Waddan. (Mustafa ‘Abd al-Wahid, Subul al-Huda wa al-Rashad fi Sirat Khair al-‘Ibad, Vol. 4, Ch. 2, Ghazwat al-Abwa’ [Beirut, Lebanon: Dar al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiyyah, 1993], p. 14)
In relation to this, Hazrat Mirza Bashir Ahmad Sahib(ra) has written in Sirat Khatamun-Nabiyyin:
“Divine permission for Jihad by the sword was granted in the month of Safar, during the second year of migration. Since immediate action was required to protect the Muslims from the bloody intentions and threatening schemes of the Quraish, the Holy Prophet(sa) set out from Medina with a community of the Muhajirin, in the name of Allah the Exalted. Prior to his departure, the Holy Prophet(sa) appointed Sa‘d bin Ubadah(ra), Chief of the Khazraj, as the Amir of Medina in his absence, and set out towards the south-west of Medina on the road to Mecca until he finally reached Waddan. The people of the Banu Ḍamrah resided here. This tribe was a branch of the Banu Kinanah and in this manner, these people were the paternal cousins of the Quraish. Upon reaching here, the Holy Prophet(sa) engaged in discussions with the chieftain of the Banu Damrah, and settled a treaty by mutual agreement. The conditions of this treaty were that the Banu Damrah would maintain friendly relations with the Muslims and would not aid an enemy against the Muslims. Furthermore, when the Holy Prophet(sa) called upon them in support of the Muslims, they would come immediately. On the other hand, on behalf of the Muslims, the Holy Prophet(sa) agreed that the Muslims would maintain friendly relations with the Banu Damrah and would aid them whenever it was required. This treaty was formally written and signed by both parties. After an absence of fifteen days, the Holy Prophet(sa) returned. Another name for the Ghazwah of Waddan is also the Ghazwah of Abwa. This is because the village of Abwa is closely situated to Waddan and this was the same place where the noble mother of the Holy Prophet(sa) passed away. Historians write that in this Ghazwah, along with the Banu Damrah, the Holy Prophet(sa) was conscious of the Quraish as well. This means that in actuality, this campaign of the Holy Prophet(sa) was to put down the threatening schemes of the Quraish. Furthermore, its objective was to dispel that poisonous and threatening influence, which the caravans of the Quraish, etc., had created against the Muslims amongst the tribes of Arabia, and due to which the state of the Muslims was extremely vulnerable during these days.” (Sirat Khatamun-Nabiyyin, Hazrat Mirza Bashir Ahmad(ra), pp. 327-328)
In this expedition, Hazrat Hamzah(ra) was holding the flag of the Holy Prophet(sa):
“After this, in Jamadiyul-Ula, upon receiving news of the Quraish of Mecca once again, the Holy Prophet(sa) set out from Medina with a company of the Companions which is said to comprise of 150 to 200 men and appointed his foster brother, Abu Salamah bin ‘Abdil Asad(ra) as the Amir in his absence. In this Ghazwah as well, Hazrat Hamzah(ra) was holding the white flag of the Holy Prophet(sa). After making numerous rounds in this Ghazwah, the Holy Prophet(sa) finally reached ‘Ushairah, which was situated close to the coast and the region of Yanbu. Although a battle with the Quraish did not take place, nevertheless the Holy Prophet(sa) settled a treaty with the Banu Mudlij on terms as were agreed upon with the Banu Damrah, and subsequently returned.” (Sirat Khatamun-Nabiyyin, Hazrat Mirza Bashir Ahmad(ra), p. 329) (Mustafa ‘Abd al-Wahid, Subul al-Huda wa al-Rashad fi Sirat Khair al-‘Ibad, Vol. 4, Ch. 6, Fi Ghazwat al-Ushairah [Beirut, Lebanon: Dar al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiyyah], p. 17)
The individual duels that took place during the Battle of Badr have already been mentioned in light of various Ahadith. Hazrat Mirza Bashir Ahmad Sahib(ra) has also mentioned the details of this in the following manner:
“Now the armies had lined up before one another. However, at this time, a strange spectacle of Divine power manifested itself. The standing arrangement of both armies was such that the Muslim army appeared to be more than, or rather, double its actual number in the eyes of the Quraish. Due to this, the disbelievers were struck with awe. On the other hand, the army of the Quraish appeared smaller than its actual size in the eyes of the Muslims. Due to this, the Muslims were fortified with great confidence. The Quraish attempted to discern the correct figure of the Muslim army, so that they could console such hearts that had begun to sink. For this purpose, the chieftains of the Quraish dispatched ‘Umair bin Wahb to ride his horse around the Muslim army, so as to gather its actual number, and whether it was supported by any hidden reinforcements. Hence, ‘Umair mounted his horse and circled the Muslims, but he witnessed such awe, determination and fearlessness in the face of death on the countenances of these Muslims, that he returned immensely awe-stricken and addressed the Quraish, saying:
“‘I have not been able to spot any hidden reinforcements, but O company of the Quraish! I have witnessed that in the Muslim army, it is not men who ride upon the saddles of these she-camels, rather, death is seated upon them. Destruction is mounted upon the backs of the she-camels of Yathrib.’
“When the Quraish heard this news, a wave of anxiety rippled through their ranks. Suraqah, who had come as their guarantor, was so awe-stricken, that he fled upon his heels. When people attempted to restrain him, he said:
“‘I see that which you do not.’
“When Hakim bin Hizam heard the opinion of ‘Umair, he frantically came to ‘Utbah bin Rabi‘ah and said, ‘O ‘Utbah, after all, it is the retribution of ‘Amr Hadrami that you seek from Muhammad[sa], because he was your confederate. Would it not do if you were to pay the blood money to his heirs, and turn back along with the Quraish? You shall be forever known by a good name.’
“Utbah, who was frightened himself, could not ask for anything better, and he immediately said, ‘Of course! I agree; And after all Hakim! These Muslims are our relatives. Does it seem right for a brother to raise his sword against his brother, and father against his son? Go to Abul-Hakam (i.e., Abu Jahl) and present this idea to him.’
“Then, Utbah mounted his camel and began to convince people of his own accord that, ‘It is not correct to fight against relatives. We should turn back and leave Muhammad[sa] to his devices and let him settle his matter with the tribes of Arabia himself. We shall see what happens, and after all, it is not such an easy task to fight these Muslims, because even if you call me a coward, which I am not, I see a people who are eager to purchase death.’
“When the Holy Prophet(sa) noticed Utbah from afar, he said, ‘If there is anyone from among the army of the Quraish who possesses some nobility, then it is certainly in the rider of that red camel. If these people listened to his advice, it would do them good.’ However, when Hakim bin Hizam approached Abu Jahl, and presented this proposal to him, could it be expected that this Pharaoh of the people would be talked into such a thing? He instantly retorted, ‘Well, well, now ‘Utbah has begun to see his relatives before him!’ Then he called upon ‘Amir Hadrami, the brother of ‘Amr Hadrami, and said, ‘Have you heard what your ally, Utbah says? Especially, when the retribution of your brother is in our grips!’ The eyes of Amir began to gorge with blood in rage and according to the Arab custom, he tore off his clothes, becoming naked, and began to shout:
“‘Woe to ‘Amr! My brother is not being avenged! Woe to ‘Amr! My brother is not being avenged!’
“This desert cry, enflamed a fire of enmity in the hearts of the Quraish and the furnace of war began to burn in full force. The taunt given by Abu Jahl infuriated ‘Utbah. Consumed by this rage, he took his brother Shaibah and son Walid and proceeded ahead of the disbelieving army. According to ancient Arab custom, he called for individual combat. A few Ansar were about to advance, when the Holy Prophet(sa) restrained them and said, ‘Hamzah, stand up! ‘Ali, stand up! ‘Ubaidah, stand up!’ All three of them were very close relatives of the Holy Prophet(sa), and it was his desire that his own kith and kin should be the first to advance in the face of danger. On the other hand, upon seeing the Ansar, ‘Utbah and his comrades cried out, ‘What do we know of you? Bring before us our equals.’ Hence, Hamzah(ra), ‘Ali(ra) and ‘Ubaidah(ra) stepped forward. According to Arab custom, each side identified itself, after which, ‘Ubaidah bin Muttalib confronted Walid, Hamzah(ra) confronted ‘Utbah and ‘Ali(ra) confronted Shaibah. Hamzah(ra) and Ali(ra) put their adversaries to dust in merely two strikes. However, two or four strong blows were exchanged between ‘Ubaidah(ra) and Walid. Eventually, both fell to the ground, having sustained heavy wounds at the hands of the other. At this, Hamzah(ra) and Ali(ra) quickly advanced and brought an end to Walid, and carried ‘Ubaidah(ra) back to their camp. ‘Ubaidah(ra), however, was unable to recover from his injuries, and passed away on the journey back from Badr.” (Sirat Khatamun-Nabiyyin, Hazrat Mirza Bashir Ahmad(ra), pp. 358-360)
During the Battle of Badr, Hazrat Hamzah(ra) also killed Tu’aimah bin Adi, a chieftain of the Quraish. (Sahih al-Bukhari, Kitab al-Maghazi, Bab Qissat Ghazwat Badr)
There is a narration regarding an incident from the time of Badr regarding Hazrat Hamzah(ra) killing Hazrat Ali’s(ra) camels while he was intoxicated. This took place prior to the prohibition of alcohol. This incident has been detailed in [Sahih] Bukhari as follows.
Hazrat Ali bin Hussain (there are various narrators) relates from his father, Hazrat Hussain bin Ali(ra) that Hazrat Ali bin Abi Talib(ra) said, “Whilst alongside the Holy Prophet(sa) on the occasion of the Battle of Badr, I received a young camel as the spoils of war and another camel was granted to me by the Holy Prophet(sa). One day, I took them to the home of an Ansari Companion and tied them with the intention of placing some Azkhar upon their backs and then selling it. (Azkhar is a type of grass that is used by people such as goldsmiths and the grass itself is fragrant). A goldsmith from the Banu Qainuqah was also accompanying me. My intention was to use the income [from the camel] for the walima ceremony after my marriage which was going to take place with Fatimah(ra). Hamza bin Abdil Muttalib(ra) was drinking alcohol in that same Ansari Companion’s house. There was also a singer with them, and when she sang: ‘O Hamzah, get up and go towards the fat young camels,’ Hazrat Hamzah(ra) was overcome with passion and took his sword and sliced the humps of both camels, gutted their stomachs, and took out their livers.”
Ibn Juraij states, “I asked Ibn Shahab whether he also cut their humps, to which he replied, ‘He cut both of their humps and took them with him.’” Ibn Shahab relates that Hazrat Ali(ra) said, “It pained me a great deal to see this. I then went to the Holy Prophet(sa); at the time, Zaid bin Harithah(ra) was also with him. I informed the Holy Prophet(sa) of this incident upon which he went [to Hazrat Hamzah(ra)] accompanied by Zaid(ra) and myself. When the Holy Prophet(sa) reached Hamzah(ra) and expressed his displeasure, Hazrat Hamzah(ra) looked up, and in his state of intoxication he said to the Holy Prophet(sa), ‘You are all servants of my forefathers.’ The Holy Prophet(sa) turned around and left (this incident took place before the prohibition of alcohol). (Sahih al-Bukhari, Kitab al-Masaqat, Bab Bai’ al-Hatab wa al-Kala, Hadith 3375)
The Holy Prophet(sa) said that while in this state it was best to not speak with him. Later, however, it is seen that when alcohol was prohibited, these people did not go anywhere near it. This was the standard to which the Companions adhered to the commandments of Allah the Almighty. They immediately broke their drinking vessels. (Sahih Muslim, Kitab al-Ashribah, Bab Tahrim al-Khamr…, Hadith 5138)
They did not say that they would wean away from it slowly, as is said by people today. First, they become addicted to such substances, which are already wrong and prohibited in Islam, and then they say that they will slowly rid themselves of this habit and say that they should be given time. In any case, this was an incident that took place; afterwards, his standards of sacrifice continued to elevate. Certainly, Hazrat Hamzah(ra) would have been greatly embarrassed by what he said.
After the Battle of Badr, during the expedition towards the Banu Qainuqah, Hazrat Hamzah(ra) was also at the forefront of this. Hazrat Hamzah(ra) held the white flag of the Holy Prophet(sa) in this expedition as well. (Mustafa ‘Abd al-Wahid, Subul al-Huda wa al-Rashad fi Sirat Khair al-‘Ibad, Vol. 4, Ch. 12, Fi Ghazwat Bani Qainuqa’ [Beirut, Lebanon: Dar al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiyyah], p. 180)
This has been explained in detail by Hazrat Mirza Bashir Ahmad Sahib(ra) who writes:
“When the Holy Prophet(sa) migrated from Mecca and arrived in Medina, there were three tribes among the Jews, which inhabited Medina at the time. Their names were the Banu Qainuqa, Banu Nadir and Banu Quraizah. As soon as the Holy Prophet(sa) came to Medina, he settled treaties of peace and security with these tribes, and lay the foundation for peaceful and harmonious cohabitation. By virtue of the agreement, all parties were responsible for maintaining peace and security in Medina, and if a foreign enemy was to attack Medina, everyone was collectively responsible for its defence. In the beginning, the Jews conformed to the treaty, and at least openly, did not create conflict with the Muslims. However, when they began to notice that the Muslims were continuing to gain strength in Medina, they began to change their attitude and firmly resolved to bring an end to this growing power of the Muslims. To this end, they began to employ all sorts of lawful and unlawful schemes, so much so that they did not even hold back from an attempt to create a rift among the Muslims and thus instigate a civil war. As such, there is a narration that on one occasion, a large group of people from the tribes of Aus and Khazraj were sitting together and conversing with love and harmony, when a mischievous Jew reached this gathering and began to mention the Battle of Bu‘ath. This was the horrific war that took place between these two tribes a few years prior to the migration, and in which many people from among the Aus and Khazraj were slain at the hands of one another. As soon as this war was mentioned, memories of the past were refreshed and scenes of ancient enmity began to run before the eyes of various emotional people. The result was that, through satirical remarks, taunt and slander, the matter escalated to such an extent that both parties found themselves at daggers drawn in the very same gathering. Thank God, however, that the Holy Prophet(sa) was notified in due time and he immediately arrived at the scene with a community of the Muhajirin and calmed both parties down; and rebuked them as well saying, ‘Do you follow a way of ignorance while I am amongst you? You do not value the favour of God that through Islam He has made you brothers.’ The Ansar were so deeply moved by this admonition that their eyes began to flow with tears, and they began to embrace one another while repenting for their action.
“When the Battle of Badr had taken place and Allah the Exalted, in His Grace, granted a convincing victory to the Muslims, despite their being few and without means over a very fierce army of the Quraish, and the prominent leaders of Mecca were mixed to dust, the Jews of Medina went up in flames of jealousy. They began to openly hurl stinging comments at the Muslims and publicly asserted in gatherings that, ‘So what if you have defeated the army of the Quraish? Let Muhammad [sa] fight us and we shall demonstrate how wars are fought.’ This escalated to such an extent that in one gathering they even uttered such words in the very presence of the Holy Prophet(sa). As such, there is a narration that after the Battle of Badr, when the Holy Prophet(sa) returned to Medina, one day, he gathered the Jews and admonished them and whilst presenting his claim, invited them to Islam. The chieftains among the Jews responded to this peaceful and sympathetic address of the Holy Prophet(sa) in the following words, ‘O Muhammad [sa], it seems that you have perhaps become arrogant after killing a few Quraish. Those people were inexperienced in the art of war. If you were to fight us, you would come to know the real likes of warriors.’ The Jews did not rest upon a mere threat, rather, it seems as if they even began to hatch conspiracies to assassinate the Holy Prophet(sa). There is a narration that in those days, when a faithful Companion by the name of Talhah bin Bara’(ra) was about to pass away, he bequeathed that ‘If I die at night, the Holy Prophet(sa) should not be notified about my funeral prayer, lest a misfortune befalls the Holy Prophet(sa) at the hands of the Jews on my account.’ Therefore, after the Battle of Badr, the Jews openly began to fuel mischief, and among the Jews of Medina, since the Banu Qainuqa were the most powerful and bold, it was they who first began to breach the treaty. As such, historians write:
“‘Among the Jews of Medina, the Banu Qainuqa were the first to break the treaty which had been settled between them and the Holy Prophet(sa). After Badr, they began to rebel fiercely and openly expressed their rancour and malice and broke their treaty and agreement.’
“However, despite such events, under the guidance of their master, the Muslims demonstrated patience in every way and did not allow themselves to take the lead in any respect. It is narrated in a hadith that after the treaty that had been settled with the Jews, the Holy Prophet(sa) would even take special care to protect their sentiments. On one occasion an argument broke out between a Muslim and Jew. The Jew asserted the superiority of Moses(as) above all the other Prophets. The Companion was angered by this and he dealt somewhat harshly with that person replying that the Holy Prophet(sa) was the most superior of all the Messengers. When the Holy Prophet(sa) was informed of this, he was displeased and rebuked the Companion saying, ‘It is not your task to go about speaking of the superiority of God’s Messengers in comparison to one another.’ Then, the Holy Prophet(sa) mentioned a partial superiority of Moses(as) and consoled the Jew. However, despite this loving conduct of the Holy Prophet(sa), the Jews continued to escalate in their mischief. Eventually, it was the Jews who created a cause for war and their heartfelt animosity could not be tamed. What happened to occur was that a Muslim lady went to the shop of a Jew in the market in order to purchase some goods. A few evil Jews, who were then sitting at the shop began to harass her in a most mischievous manner and even the shopkeeper himself committed the evil deed that while the lady was unaware, he attached the lower corner of her dress to the mantle on her back with a thorn or something of that sort. As a result, when the lady stood up to leave upon due to their rude behaviour, the lower part of her body became exposed, at which the Jewish shopkeeper and his accomplices burst out in laughter. Outraged, the Muslim lady screamed and appealed for help. It so happened that a Muslim was present nearby. He dashed to the scene and in a mutual altercation, the Jewish shopkeeper was killed. Upon this, the Muslim was showered with swords from all directions and this remarkably indignant Muslim was put to death. When the Muslims were informed of this event in national indignation, their eyes gorged with blood in rage. On the other hand, the Jews, who desired to make this incident an excuse to fight, congregated in the form of a crowd and a state of riot broke out. When the Holy Prophet(sa) was informed of this, he gathered the chieftains of the Banu Qainuqa and explained that such behaviour was not appropriate and that they should refrain from such mischief and fear God. Instead of expressing disappointment and remorse, they responded with very refractory answers and repeated their earlier threat that, ‘Do not become arrogant over your victory at Badr. When you are to fight us you shall come to know the real likes of warriors. Left with no other choice, the Holy Prophet(sa) set out towards the fortresses of the Banu Qainuqa with a force of Companions. Now, this was the last opportunity for them to express remorse over their actions, but instead, they stood ready for war. Therefore, war was declared and the forces of Islam and Judaism came forth to battle one another. According to the custom of that era, a method of warfare was that one party would secure themselves within their fortresses and wait. The opposing force would besiege the fortress and whenever an opportunity presented itself, now and then, attacks would be launched against one another. This would continue until the surrounding army would either lose hope in capturing the fortress and lift the siege, and this would be considered a victory to the ones besieged; or being unable to muster the strength to fend off the onslaught, the besieged force would open the gates of their fortress and hand themselves over to the victors. On this occasion, the Banu Qainuqa employed the same tactic, and closed themselves within their own fortresses. The Holy Prophet(sa) besieged them and this siege continued for fifteen days without fail. Finally, when all the strength and arrogance of the Banu Qainuqa had been shattered, they opened the gates of their fortresses on the condition that though their wealth would belong to the Muslims, their lives and families would be spared. The Holy Prophet(sa) accepted this condition, even though according to Mosaic Law, all of these people were liable to be put to death, and according to the initial agreement, the judgement of the Mosaic Law should have been administered to them. However, since this was the first crime committed by this nation, as a first course of action, the merciful and forgiving disposition of the Holy Prophet(sa) could never be inclined towards an extreme punishment, which should only be imposed as a final remedy. However, on the other hand, allowing such a treacherous and rebellious tribe to remain in Medina was no less than nurturing a snake in the grass, especially when a group of hypocrites from among the Aus and Khazraj were already present within Medina, and from the exterior as well, the opposition of the whole of Arabia had greatly distressed the Muslims. In such circumstances, the only judgement that the Holy Prophet(sa) could pass was for the Banu Qainuqa to leave Medina. In comparison to their crime and taking into account the circumstances of that era, this was a very mild punishment. Furthermore, the purpose of this punishment was the security of Medina. Nonetheless, for the nomadic tribes of Arabia, it was nothing out of the ordinary to move from one place to another, especially when a tribe did not own any properties in the form of land and orchards - and the Banu Qainuqa had none. The entire tribe was given the opportunity to leave one place and settle somewhere else, with great peace and security. As such, the Banu Qainuqa very peacefully left Medina and settled towards Syria. The Holy Prophet(sa) assigned the task of overseeing the necessary arrangements, etc. associated with their departure to a Companion named ‘Ubadah bin Samit(ra) who was from among their confederates. ‘Ubadah bin Samit(ra) escorted the Banu Qainuqa for a few manazil and after safely sending them off, he returned. The spoils which were attained by the Muslims consisted only of weaponry and instruments of their profession, which was that of a goldsmith.
“In relation to the tribe of Banu Qainuqa, some narrations state that after they opened their gates and surrendered themselves to the Holy Prophet(sa), he intended to kill the men who took part in the battle because of their treachery and rebellion. And it was Abdullah bin Ubaiy bin Sulul, the Chief of the hypocrites, who persuaded the Holy Prophet(sa) to forgo his intention. However, there is no evidence to prove such assertions. The historians do not consider such narrations reliable. Furthermore, in other narrations, it is clearly recorded that Banu Qainuqa opened their gates on the very condition that they and their families would be spared. It is therefore impossible that the Holy Prophet(sa) would take a different approach and try to kill them after having accepted this condition. Thus, such assertions are utterly false. Nonetheless, the fact that the people of Banu Qainuqa themselves pleaded to be spared proves that they understood they were deserving of the punishment of death. However, they sought mercy from the Holy Prophet(sa), and after being promised forgiveness, they opened their doors so that their lives would be spared. Although the Holy Prophet(sa), as an embodiment of mercy, forgave them, in the sight of God Almighty, they were not worthy of being left to live in this world due to their crimes and misconduct. Thus, according to narrations, within a year of settling into their new home after being exiled, they were ravaged by an epidemic that killed every member of their tribe. The Battle of Banu Qainuqa took place in Dhul Hijjah in the 2 AH.” (Sirat Khatamun-Nabiyyin, Hazrat Mirza Bashir Ahmad(ra), pp. 457-461)
Hazrat Hamzah(ra) was a flag bearer during this battle. (Ibid, p. 461)
Hazrat Hamzah(ra) was martyred during the battle of Uhud. This has been previously mentioned as well. News of this incident had already been given to the Holy Prophet(sa) by Allah the Almighty through Divine revelation. Hazrat Anas bin Malik(ra) narrates that the Holy Prophet(sa) stated, “I saw in a dream that I was pursuing a ram and the tip of my sword was broken. I interpreted that I would kill the ram of the people, in other words, their commander and with regards to the tip of the sword, I interpreted this to be someone from my family.” Subsequently, Hazrat Hamzah(ra) was martyred and the Holy Prophet(sa) killed Talha who was the flag-bearer of the idolaters. (Hakim al-Nishapuri, al-Mustadrak ‘ala al-Sahihain, Vol. 5, Kitab Ma’rifat al-Sahabah, Hadith 4896, [Riyad: Nazar Mustafa al-Baz, 2000], p. 1831)
Hazrat Hamaza’s(ra) face was mutilated and his nose and ears were cut off and his stomach was cut open. The Holy Prophet(sa) was extremely pained upon witnessing his condition and stated, “If Allah grants me victory over the Quraish, then I shall mutilate thirty of their men.” And according to another narration he stated, “I shall mutilate 70 of their men.” Upon this, the following verse was revealed:
وَإِنۡ عَاقَبۡتُمۡ فَعَاقِبُواْ بِمِثۡلِ مَا عُوقِبۡتُم بِہِۦ ۖ وَلَئِن صَبَرۡتُمۡ لَہُوَ خَیۡرٞ لِّلصَّـٰبِرِینَ
“And if you desire to punish the oppressors, then punish them to the extent to which you have been wronged; but if you show patience, then, surely, that is best for those who are patient.” (16:127)
Upon this, the Holy Prophet(sa) stated that they shall remain patient and he gave an offering instead to atone for the oath he had taken.
(Ibn ‘Abd al-Barr, Al-Isti‘ab fi Ma’rifat al-Ashab, Vol. 1 [Beirut, Lebanon: Dar al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiyyah], p. 426)
Hazrat Ibn Abbas(ra) relates that the Holy Prophet(sa) stated, “Last night when I entered paradise (he was shown this in a vision), I saw that Jafar was ascending with the angles and Hamzah was resting against a throne.” (Hakim al-Nishapuri, Al-Mustadrak ‘ala al-Sahihain, Vol. 5, Kitab Ma’rifat al-Sahabah, Hadith 4887, [Riyad: Nazar Mustafa al-Baz, 2000], p. 1831)
Hazrat Anas(ra) narrates that on the day of Uhud, the Holy Prophet(sa) walked past Hazrat Hamzah(ra) and his nose and ears had been cut off. Upon this, the Holy Prophet(sa) stated, “If I were not to take into account the grief and sorrow of Safiyyah, I would have left him in this state to the point that Allah would have lifted his body through the stomachs of the birds and vultures.” Thereafter, his body was wrapped in a sheet. (Hakim al-Nishapuri, Al-Mustadrak ‘ala al-Sahihain, Vol. 5, Kitab Ma’rifat al-Sahabah, Hadith 4890, [Riyad: Nazar Mustafa al-Baz, 2000], p. 1832)
Upon the martyrdom of Hazrat Hamzah(ra) and witnessing his body, the Holy Prophet(sa) was extremely emotional but showed great patience. He also advised Hazrat Hamzah’s(ra) sister, who was his paternal aunt, to demonstrate patience and this has been previously mentioned as well. Then, there is the incident of stopping the women of the Ansar from wailing and lamenting and this was mentioned by Hazrat Khalifatul Masih IV(rh) in one of his speeches at Jalsa Salana prior to his Khilafat, which illustrates the lofty morals of the Holy Prophet(sa). Although this incident has been briefly mentioned previously in light of various Ahadith, however, it would be appropriate to mention this particular reference as well.
Hazrat Khalifatul Masih IV(rh) says:
“The Holy Prophet’s(sa) love for Hazrat Hamzah(ra) can be ascertained through the words which the Holy Prophet(sa) spoke in the evening of the day of Uhud whilst standing beside the body of Hazrat Hamzah(ra). The Holy Prophet(sa) stated, ‘O Hamzah! May Allah never allow me to experience the anger and pain that I felt upon standing where you have been martyred.’ At that time, the Holy Prophet’s(sa) paternal aunt, i.e. Hazrat Hamzah’s(ra) sister, Hazrat Safiyyah(ra) had also learnt of this news and reached there. Fearing that she perhaps would not be able to control her emotions, the Holy Prophet(sa) did not allow her to see Hazrat Hamzah’s(ra) body. However, when she promised that she would show patience, the Holy Prophet(sa) permitted her. In any case, she stood at the spot where Hazrat Hamzah(ra) had been martyred and saw that her beloved brother, who was like a courageous lion of God and the lion of His Messenger(sa) was lying in a state whereby the wicked people had ripped open his chest and taken his liver out and they had also severely mutilated his face. Though she was overcome with extreme grief and sorrow, however, Safiyyah(ra) kept to her promise and continued to demonstrate patience. She did not even utter a single word of impatience, but tears rolled down her cheeks. She recited inna lillah… [To Allah we belong…] and whilst crying she sat down at that very spot. Her tears continued to stream downm and yet she did not utter a word. The narrator states that the Holy Prophet(sa) also came and sat down and tears began to flow from his eyes. When Hazrat Safiyyah’s(ra) tears would stop, so too would the Holy Prophet’s(sa) and just as Hazrat Safiyyah’s(ra) eyes would begin to shed tears again, so too would the Holy Prophet’s(sa). They remained in this state for several minutes and apart from silently shedding their tears, there was no other expression of grief or sorrow by the Holy Prophet(sa) and his family. Indeed, this was the blessed example of the Holy Prophet(sa). When the Holy Prophet(sa) entered Medina, the whole of Medina was echoing with sounds of wailing and lamenting upon the grief of their loved ones who had been martyred in Uhud. When the Holy Prophet(sa) heard this, he said in a very heartfelt manner, ‘There is no one to cry for Hamzah(ra).’ After all, how could there be anyone to cry for Hamzah(ra) for the family of the Holy Prophet(sa) were reminded day and night to always exhibit patience. When some of the Ansar heard these heartfelt words of the Holy Prophet(sa), they immediately stood up and ran towards their homes and instructed their women to abandon their mourning and only mourn for Hamza(ra) alone. Within moments, the howling and shrieking for Hamzah’s(ra) death could be heard and every house was in mourning for Hamzah(ra). Further intensifying their lamentations and weeping, the women of the Ansar gathered around the house of the Holy Prophet(sa). Upon hearing the noise, the Holy Prophet(sa) looked outside and saw a crowd of women from among the Ansar. The Holy Prophet(sa) prayed for them and thanked them for their sympathies, however, stated that it was not permissible to shriek and wail in that manner over the dead. Hence, from that day on, the practice of wailing and howling over the dead was abandoned. May we sacrifice our lives at the feet of the Holy Prophet(sa). How great of a teacher he was in imparting moral excellences, who descended from the spiritual heavens to teach us faith. He possessed such wisdom and insight and was able to delve deep into human nature. If the Holy Prophet(sa) had immediately prohibited the women from shrieking and wailing over their loved ones who had been martyred, this instruction may have been hard for them to bear. However, the Holy Prophet(sa) did this in such a wise manner by first directing their lamentation for his uncle Hamzah(ra) and then prohibiting them from such a practice by stopping them from doing it over his own uncle. Allah has full knowledge of who he is going to select and he chose such an excellent guide for His creation, who was well aware of the subtleties and finite details of human nature and would take into consideration the sentiments of his followers to such an extent. When one reflects upon these characteristics of the Holy Prophet(sa), one’s heart is filled with passion and love for him and naturally proclaims from the core of their heart that ‘our lives, wealth and progeny are ready to be sacrificed at your feet. O Messenger(sa) of Allah! Countless salutations of blessings and peace be upon you. O ye whose beauty and kindness is like a never-ending ocean. O Messenger(sa) of Allah! Countless salutations of blessings and peace be upon you. I swear by the God, Who is one and to Whom belong the entire heavens and the earth that there is no one like you amongst His creation in the entire heavens and the earth.’” (Khutbat-e-Tahir, Address at Annual Convention Prior to Khilafat by Hazrat Khalifatul Masih IV(rh), pp. 364-366, Tahir Foundation, 2006)
In this account of Hazrat Hamzah(ra), the noble character of the Holy Prophet(sa) was also mentioned. The accounts [of Hazrat Hamzah(ra)] end here and I will mention some accounts of some other companions in the future.
The New Year is starting the day after tomorrow, insha-Allah. Pray that Allah the Almighty bestows upon us all the blessings of the New Year. May this new year be a means of blessings for the Jamaat in every respect. May Allah the Almighty cause the ploys of the enemy to be completely ruined. May Allah the Almighty enable the jamaats all over the world to fulfil the purpose of their creation even more than before.
Also, pray for the world in general that may Allah the Almighty save them from conflict and warfare. The situation of the world is becoming increasingly perilous and is on the verge of utter destruction. Everyone is only concerned about their own interests. May Allah the Almighty have mercy.
Also, pray for your brothers who are facing oppression. May Allah the Almighty protect the Jama’at in the coming year from every kind of injustice and cruelty.