First thing, there is no concept of inherited sin in Islam. We are born without any sin or sinful conditions. Similarly if a child is born with any abnormal conditions, it is not a punishment of any sin of parents or forefathers. A basic definition of sin according to late Hazrat Mirza Bashiruudin, Khalifatul Messiah II(ra):
“Sin is an activity which renders the human soul sick and incapable of viewing the face of God. Difficulties have to be encountered in the journey which the soul undertakes as it moves towards the purpose of its creation. Activities which amount to sinning are either physical whose dangers are visible to oneself as well to others, or, they are spiritual.”.
He also describes that there are three kinds of sins (vices) and correspondingly three kinds of virtues:
Salvation from sins is achieved through developing and understanding the purpose of life as established by The Holy Quran, gaining knowledge about sinful conditions through over 600 commandments of The Holy Quran and making “righteousness” as the guiding principle of decision making. Other means proposed by Islam are: