Summary and Outcome of the Events Described
These are the actual events which transpired in the final days of the Khilafat of Hazrat ‘Uthman(ra). After learning of these events, no one can even imagine that Hazrat ‘Uthman(ra) or the companions had any involvement in these conflicts. The love, devotion and forbearance with which Hazrat ‘Uthman(ra) served in the last six years of his Khilafat is to his credit. The like of this cannot be found in any other community, except for among the servants of God, the Holy. He selflessly occupied the seat of Khilafat and returned to his True Beloved selflessly. In perilous times when the blood of even the most patient of men boils with rage, Hazrat ‘Uthman(ra) adopted such a manner that those who were thirsty for his blood could not even find the lamest excuse to kill him. Ultimately, the rebels had to put Hazrat ‘Uthman(ra) to the sword and in this manner they confessed that they were the oppressors and Hazrat ‘Uthman(ra) was innocent.
Similarly, it is clearly evident from these events that the companions had no objection against the Khilafat of Hazrat ‘Uthman(ra). Until the very last breath, they were loyal and even when it was impossible for them to help in any way, putting their own lives in danger they continued to protect Hazrat ‘Uthman(ra). These events also establish that neither did the appointment of governors by Hazrat ‘Uthman(ra) have anything to do with these conflicts, nor was the tyranny of these governors a cause. The allegation against Hazrat ‘Ali(ra), Hazrat Talhah(ra) and Hazrat Zubair(ra) of secretly conspiring, is also absolutely false. All three of these companions strove to remove this conflict with such loyalty and sympathy that even biological brothers cannot match [their efforts], let alone exceed them. The allegation which is levelled against the ansar that they were displeased with Hazrat ‘Uthman(ra) is false because we see that all the chiefs among the ansar endeavoured to ward off this conflict.
The real cause of this disorder was that upon witnessing that Islam could not be destroyed by overt schemes, the enemies of Islam turned their attention towards hatching secret conspiracies. Using the name of prominent companions, they secretly began to create factions among the Muslims. The means that they had employed have now become manifest to the people. The rebels persuaded criminals who had served sentences to join them and bribed robbers. They weakened the administration of the State by spreading false concepts of equality. They weakened the faith of people under the guise of religion and prepared a community through thousands of schemes and tactics. Then, through lies, fabrication and deception, these people created such circumstances that it became difficult for Hazrat ‘Uthman(ra) and the other companions to resist. We know not what the outcome would have been, but from the events we know this much, even if it had been the Khilafat of Hazrat ‘Umar(ra), this conflict still would have arisen; the allegations which were levelled against Hazrat ‘Uthman(ra) would also have been levelled against Hazrat ‘Umar(ra); for Hazrat ‘Uthman(ra) did nothing which Hazrat ‘Umar(ra) and Hazrat Abu Bakr(ra) had not done.
Due to a shortage of time, since the events of the Khilafat of Hazrat ‘Ali(ra) were mentioned in only a few minutes and were very brief; hence, I deleted this part during my second reading.